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1998-2000 Catalog 

On the Cover 

The Trumpet Triton shell, Charonia tritonis linne, 
is a fitting symbol for the waterfront home of 
the Eckerd College Tritons. 


Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 5 

Descriptions of Courses and Maj ors 27 

Autumn Term and Winter Term 113 

Campus and Student Life 1 14 

Admission 117 

Financial Aid 120 

Expenses 132 

Faculty 139 

Administration 144 

Board of Trustees 146 

Calendar of Events 148 

Index 150 

Campus Map 152 

Correspondence Directory 153 


St. Petersburg, Florida 


The basic mission of Eckerd College is to aid the personal development of humane 
and competent persons of all ages to learn, lead, and serve in the local, national, 
and even international realms of a pluralistic and increasingly complex society. In 
so doing, Eckerd College has as its ultimate aims to assist persons to fulfill their 
God given potential, to improve the quality of life in our society at large and, more 
specifically, to contribute to the vitality of congregations which are local expres- 
sions of the Christian Church. 

Eckerd College is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools (1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, Georgia 
30033-4097, Tel. 404-679-4501) to award the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of 
Science degrees. A coeducational college of the liberal arts and sciences, it is 
related by covenant to the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). The campus is located 
on 267 acres of tropical waterfront property in a suburban area of St. Petersburg, 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida Presbyterian College and admitted its 
first students in 1960. In 1972, the college's name was changed to honor Jack M. 
Eckerd, a prominent Florida civic leader and businessman whose gifts and commit- 
ments to the institution have helped to insure its continuing excellence. More 
than 8,000 graduates are seeking to lead lives of leadership and service in commu- 
nities throughout the world. 


Tliis catalog is designed to give a comprehensive 
picture of Eckerd College. We are proud of what 
we have achieved, and welcome the reader to join 
us in an exciting and continuing educational 
adventure. As you read this document, you should 
he aware of certain basic commitments that have 
guided the college's history and planning. These 
commitments and the efforts to achieve them 
have enabled Eckerd College to be distinctive 
among the 3,000 colleges and universities in the 
United States. 


The primary' purpose of the educational program is 
to foster the personal development of each 
student. We seek to prepare students for the basic 
responsibilities of life, and especially for compe- 
tent, humane leadership and service. We are 
vitally concerned with the development of whole 
persons, and therefore encourage the intellectual, 
spiritual, cultural, social, emotional and physical 
growth of each student. While education is a 
lifelong process the Eckerd experience is designed 
to assist students to go beyond the limitations 
imposed by ignorance, narrowness, conformity, 
self'Centeredness, and irresponsibility'. Our aims 
are to help individuals achieve excellence in 
thought and conduct; and to spark their imag- 
ination about future possibilities. 


Eckerd College seeks to combine the Christian 
faith and liberal education in the belief that a 
Christian college is better able to contribute to 
individual development than any other type ot 
college. To give focus to its Christian com- 
mitment, the college maintains an active cov- 
enant relationship with the Presbyterian Church, 
(U.S.A.); however, the college community is not 
narrowly sectarian. It includes among its faculty, 
students, and staff individuals of many denomina- 
tions, faiths and points of view. 

As a church-related college community, we seek 
to give the Christian faith a full hearing in a 
setting where students are free to accept or reject, 
but not ignore it. Confident in the belief that all 

truth is of God, we seek to develop an atmosphere 
of free and open inquiry into all aspects of faith 
and knowledge. Our aim is to assist students to 
clarify their beliefs, assess their values, and learn to 
act responsibly on the basis of their convictions. 


The relatively small size of the Eckerd student 
body allows numerous opportunities for close 
personal relationships between students and 
faculty. Each Eckerd student has a faculty aca- 
demic adviser, known as a "Mentor," who seeks to 
facilitate the total growth of students and helps 
them to get the most out of their college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the primary 
importance of teaching, it has developed a 
reputation for excellence in the teaching of 
undergraduates. Many Eckerd College faculty 
members are engaged in primary scholarship and 
artistic creativity and, wherever possible seek to 
involve students in these enterprises. The 
intention of the faculty is to provide an educa- 
tional environment characterized by high expecta- 
tion, personal attention and enthusiasm for 


While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field of 
study, it is equally committed to general education. 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an informed awareness of the major 
elements of their cultural heritage, explore various 
perspectives on the central concerns ot human 
existence, assume increased responsibility for their 
own growth, and master the skills that are 
necessary to understand and deal with a rapidly 
changing and increasingly complex world. 

The general education program for entering 
Freshmen is made up of the autumn tenn project, 
composition, computation, foreign language, and 
the Western Heritage in a Global Context 
sequence in the first year; one course in each of 
five value-oriented perspectives in the second and 
third year; and a course in the Quest for Meaning 
in the Senior year. 


The commitment to individual development 
includes a commitment to helping students 
prepare themselves for a vocation. Through more 
than thirty formal majors and pre-professional 
programs, opportunities are available to develop 
the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for 
successful careers. In addition, through indepen- 
dent study and individually designed areas of 
concentration, students are encouraged to 
supplement and adapt the formal curriculum to 
their particular interests and aspirations. 

The college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a variet>^ of settings. Internships, jobs, 
and other off-campus learning experiences, both 
in this country' and abroad, enable students to 
integrate theory and practice, and help them to 
clarify' their values and career choices. Because 
they are committed to a participatory educational 
process, faculty engage students in the learning of 
science, theatre, management and other disci- 
plines by doing. The aim is to assist each student to 
become a self-directed, competent, humane 
person capable ot making a significant contribu- 
tion to society. 


There is a rich diversity among Eckerd College 
students which is educationally desirable. Students 
come to campus from more than 40 states and 30 
foreign countries. They enroll from urban, 
suburban, and rural areas; from developed and 
developing countries; and from a variety of 
cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds. The 
cosmopolitan nature of the Eckerd campus 
enriches the total educational experience as 
students learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of community 
based upon common objectives, concerns and 
experiences. Academic interests provide the basis 
for a sense of community, which is enhanced by 
worship, student activities, athletic events, 
concerts, lectures, and other opportunities for 
shared experiences. Because most students reside 
on campus, they have the enriched experiences 
that occur when people are learning both how to 
learn and how to live together. 


Eckerd College is nationally known for pioneering 
new programs designed to deal directly with the 
varying needs of college students. It has shown the 
will to improve education, and the vision and 
courage to take steps that will facilitate the growth 
of students. Many of its programs of interdiscipli- 
nary study, independent study, international 
education, values inquiry, and student orientation 
and advising have become models for other 
educational institutions. Within the context of its 
objectives as a church-related college of the liberal 
arts and sciences, it continues to seek better ways 
oi meeting its commitments. 


Ever)' student upon entering Eckerd College is 
asked to sign a promise to uphold the following 
statement of Shared Commitment: 

The choice to join the community of scholars of 
Eckerd College commits each student to the 
values embodied in the mission and objectives of 
this church-related college of liberal arts and 
sciences. Inherent in this commitment is the 

1 . To use one's abilities and opportunities to 
pursue personal and academic growth and 

2. To exercise respect for human dignity in 
attitudes and relationships. 

3. To conduct oneself with integrity in academic 
work and as a citizen of the college community. 

4- To respect the rights and property of other 
students and their need for an environment 
conducive to scholarly work. 

5. To respect the rights and property of Eckerd 
College and to protect its reputation as a 
college of distinction with a student body of 
high quality. 

6. To respect and learn from human differences 
and the diversity of ideas and opinions. 

7. To seek out opportunities to prepare for a life 
of leadership and service. 

Each student's commitment to these ideals obligates 
that student to abide by college regulations and to 
work with others to prevent the following behaviors 
that threaten the freedom and respect that mem- 
bers of the Eckerd community enjoy: 

1 . Academic dishonesty 

2. Chronic interference with the right to study 

3 . Willful destruction of property 

4. Theft 

5. Personal violence 

6. Bigotry 

7. Dismptive intoxication 

Thus all students share a commitment to excel- 
lence and to the creation ot a college community 
in which they can take pride. 


Since Eckerd College (then knovvn as Florida 
Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it has 
earned a reputation for creating new and better 
opportunities for learning. Eckerd has been 
consistently rated among the foremost of Ameri- 
can colleges and universities. 

The college looks for superior methods of educating 
its students, not in order to be difterent, but to offer a 
more rewarding and useful educational experience. 

For example, you have probably come across such 
expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," "miniterm," 
"interim," or "winter term." (All of them mean 
essentially the same thing: separating the two 
terms of an academic year with a one month 
period of study on a single topic.) The winter term 
is an Eckerd College concept. This innovation was 
created and tested first on the Eckerd College 
campus; then other colleges found it so exciting 
that they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter tenn in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhaps the best way 
of providing you with an understanding of the 
Eckerd experience is to take you on a "verbal tour" 
of the academic program. 


Shortly after you have been accepted as an Eckerd 
student, you will receive material about selection 
of a Mentor. The original Mentor was the guide 
and companion of Odysseus. As you are, in a 
sense, embarking on your odyssey, it is fitting that 
you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will have 
continuing support and counsel from a faculty 
Mentor, who is more than the con\'entional 
faculty' adviser. Mentors are faculty members who 
have been specially trained to help you in your 
academic program, career planning, and personal 
growth. You choose your own Mentor before you 
enter Eckerd, from a descriptive list of Mentors 
and projects. In your Freshman year, you will take 
at least one course from your Mentor, and together 

you will work out the rest of your academic 
program for the first academic year. 

When you become an upperclass student, you may 
choose a new Mentor^a specialist in your area of 
academic concentration. The two of you will 
continue to plan your academic program, includ- 
ing independent and directed studies, internships, 
off-campus programs, work experience, career 
planning, foreign study, and the many other 
options that Eckerd offers. 


Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1-4 calendar. 
The fall and spring semesters are fourteen weeks in 
length, and are each followed by examination 
periods. Courses during the semester are offered for 
the full fourteen weeks, and ordinarily a full-time 
student will enroll for tour of these courses each 

The three-week autumn term for Freshmen occurs 
prior to the beginning ot the fall semester, while 
the four week winter temi (January) falls between 
the two regular semesters. During these shorter 
terms, students will enroll for no more than one 
academic project at a time. This format provides 
for independent investigation of a topic in a 
concentrated manner. 


As a Freshman, you will start your Eckerd College 
experience in mid-August, when you enroll for 
autumn term. In contrast to the usual Freshman 
orientation of two or three days, autumn term lasts 
three weeks. It is designed for Freshmen only, and 
provides an intensive foretaste of college living 
and academic work. 

During autumn term, you will take one academic 
project, for credit, from your Mentor. This project 
is stimulating in content, teaches basic academic 
skills, and focuses on the interdisciplinary nature 
of learning. The course will give you a clear idea of 
what is expected of you at Eckerd. Autumn term 
provides an excellent opportunity- for certain kinds 
of interest and competency testing that will allow 
you to begin your academic program in courses 
that are best suited to your current stage of 

You will also learn a great deal about living, 
working, and playing in a college community. The 
student Resident Adviser in your residence hall 

will be on hand during autumn term to help you 
make the transition into college life. In fact, the 
entire staff of the college and the autumn term 
faculty will participate with you in periods of 
inquiry, reflection, and fun. The sense of commu- 
nity that develops will assist you to take full 
advantage of the opportunities and resources 
available on campus. By the time the upperclass 
students return in September, you will be well 
established in campus life. For more information 
about autumn tenn see page 97. 


An important part of your studies throughout your 
career at Eckerd College will be in general 

During your Freshman year, you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called Western 
Heritage in a Global Context I and II that will 
explore the cultural riches of the past. Your 
discussion sections in these courses will be led by 
your Mentor. In addition you will be expected to 
demonstrate writing competency by assembling a 
portfolio of your collegiate writing for evaluation 
by the faculty; take one college level computation 
course or demonstrate competency by examina- 
tion; and take one year of a foreign language or 
demonstrate competency at the first year by 
evaluation of the language faculty'. 

During your Sophomore and Junior years, you will 
choose four courses from a list of options in each 
of five broad perspectives on human existence: the 
aesthetic, environmental, global, scientific, and 
social relations. The courses will be distributed 
over four collegia other than your own collegium 
so as to provide involvement with significantly 
different modes of inquiry. 

Seniors will take a course, Quest for Meaning, that 
will focus on issues of meaning, purpose, and 
value, with special attention to the Judaeo- 
Christian perspective. 


Winter term is a special four- week period in January 
that emphasizes independent study. You may enroll 
in projects designed by professors, or design your 
own with the sponsorship of a professor. 

All winter term projects must have strong 
academic merit. A typical project requires you to 

select a subject, gather inforaiation, organize it, 
and present it as a paper, a short story, a painting, a 
performance, or a piece of equipment. Freshmen 
may take a winter tenn in addition to autumn 
term, and substitute a fifth winter term for one of 
the 32 courses required for graduation. The winter 
term in the Senior year is usually spent working on 
a comprehensive examination or senior thesis or 
project required for completion of a major. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adopting a winter term program, 
making it possible to exchange students and to 
increase the range of projects offered. Eckerd 
College also cooperates with other 4-1-4 colleges 
in sponsoring winter term projects abroad or in 
major cities and interesting locations in the 
United States. Many winter term projects include 
at least eight contact hours per week, which meets 
the Veteran's Administration standards for full 
tuition benefits. For more information about 
winter term see page 97. 

For a special Freshman Bridge program during 
winter term, see the Foundation Collegium, #5, 
page 7. 


During the past few years, educators have become 
aware that the traditional division of learning into 
academic "departments" is not necessarily the best 
way to organize the educational process. Increas- 
ingly popular among colleges is the interdiscipli- 
nary major, in which the student combines courses 
from two or more disciplines to form an individual 
academic program. At Eckerd, we have established 
interdisciplinary "collegia," which encourage new 
combinations of studies and demonstrate the 
interrelatedness of knowledge. 

The word "collegium" goes back to medieval days, 
when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e.; persons 
communicating without artificial obstacles to 
discourse) pursuing a common objective (which in 
Eckerd 's case is learning). The word vividly 
describes what we are trying to do: to bring you 
(the student) together with a highly knowledge- 
able person (the professor) in an atmosphere 
where you can debate freely, challenge one 
another's viewpoints, learn together. 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according to 
the intellectual discipline required to master them. 
You learn mathematics and physics in similar 
ways, for example; but you learn dance differently, 
and a foreign language in still another way. 

Eckerd faculty members choose to affiliate with a 1. 

particular collegium, depending upon their 

approach to their subject. You will do the same. 

At the end of your Freshman year you will focus 

upon a major or area of concentration and affiliate 

with the collegium that best suits your perception 

ot that study. Your concentration does not have to 

lie in a single field, such as history or biology. You 

can create your oun concentration by combining ^ 

those studies that will help you achieve your career or 

professional goal. For example, if you wish to become 

an environmental economist, you can combine 

economics and biology-, thus creating your owti 

concentration to fit your own goal. The collegium 

concept makes this interdisciplinary approach to 

learning a natural one that is easy to accomplish. 3. 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium" students 
and faculty alike~as partners in learning. Professors 
bring high expectation to the learning process; 
students are expected to become independent 
learners and researchers, able to take maximum 
advantage of their professors' strong qualifications. 
Each collegium has its own decision-making 
group, composed of professors and students, which 
gives students an important voice in the academic 
decisions of the college. 



Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps unique, 
program for all Freshmen through the Foundations 
Collegium. This is the first-year home for students, 
helping them to establish a foundation for their 
upper-level studies. The collegium's program 
includes four important parts: 

Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid 
August to take a three-week course before the 
opening of the fall semester early in Septem- 
ber. During this time, they also complete their 
testing, orientation, and registration. Fresh- 
men choose from 18 projects limited to about 
20 students each. The professor for that 
course will be the Mentor for those students. 

The Mentorship. Eckerd College has 
expanded the notion of the academic adviser 
to allow more help, care, and encouragement 
to its students. Each Freshman has a Mentor 
from the faculty who helps to guide him or 
her through the Freshman year. 

Western Heritage in a Global Context. All 

Freshmen are required to take Western Heritage 
in a Global Context 1 (fall) and Western 
Heritage in a Global Context II (spring). These 
courses explore central concepts and materials 
of civilization and introduce Freshmen to the 
themes of Eckerd College's general education 
program, the aesthetic, environmental, global, 
scientific, and social relations perspectives. 
Western Heritage in a Global Context courses 
are interdisciplinary, using lecture and discussion 
fonnats. The discussion sections are the same 
groups, with the same instructor, as the autumn 
term groups. 

Skills Development. Ever^' student must 
demonstrate proficiency, or take courses to 
develop skills, in composition, foreign 
language, information technology, oral, and 
quantitative skills. For more details see page 
16 under Degree Requirements, and under 
Composition in the course listings. Founda- 
tions also provides a Writing Center to assist 
students with their writing. 

5. Leadership and Self -Discovery Practicum. 

First year students have the opportunity to 
participate in an optional winter term 
designed specially for them. The seminar, 
taught by various members of the Eckerd 
College staff, enable students to develop 
learning skills, life planning skills, and 
leadership skills and increase their own self- 
understanding. The goal of the seminar, 
which combines worthwhile learning with 
enjoyable experiences, is to provide first year 
students with the enhanced skills and 
knowledge that will help them get the most 
from an Eckerd College education. Partici- 
pants receive a final grade of Credit or No 
Credit and earn a credit towards graduation. 
Cost of the program is $300 plus room, board, 
and fees. 

At the end of the Freshman year, students choose 
an upper-level collegium and a new Mentor; any 
students still unsure of what to choose can get 
help from the Foundations office and/or Career 



Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe diat d^ie urgent problems of today' racism, 
environmental pollution, overpopulation, world 
hunger and crime'are problems of human behavior. 
Therefore, diere is much to be gained by developing 
mediodological and conceptual tools to understand 
better both individual and collective behavior. 
Students will take introductory courses in psychology 
or sociology. In addition, courses are available in the 
fields of economics, sociology, psychology, manage- 
ment, political science, business administration, 
finance, accounting, marketing, and statistics. 


The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks to 
promote an understanding of the breadth of human 
cultural achievements through languages, area 

studies, anthropology, international business, and 
related disciplines. The Collegium serves as both a 
window and a gateway to the cultures of the world: 
a window for those who learn in the classroom from 
professors who have lived and studied in other 
cultures; a gateway for those who wish to visit these 
cultures after preparatory study on campus. 
Language study in French, German, Italian, 
Japanese, Spanish, or Russian can be integrated into 
a major program, an interdisciplinary concentration 
with another discipline (such as management, 
political science, or comparative literature), or it 
may simply serve to round out a student's liberal arts 
program. Anthropology allows students to learn 
about the peoples and cultures of the worid, past 
and present, while becoming well versed in the 
research methods, theoretical perspectives (such as 
culture change) and practice applications of 
anthropology in today's world. Some students may 
decide to plan their studies around a particular area 
of the world. In such cases, the International 
Education office gives assistance in planning 
appropriate study-abroad experiences. Comparative 
Cultures graduates have chosen careers in teaching, 
interpreting, foreign service, religious vocations or 
international business. 


Creative Arts Collegium faculty are dedicated to 
promoting the development of creativity in each 
person and the integration of the physical, 
emotional, intellectual, and spiritual dimensions 
of the self. Sharing a belief in the value of 
experiential learning, members of the Collegium 
recognize that students learn as much through 
experiencing the creative process as in the 
completion of a product. In addition to the 
programs in art, music, theatre, and creative 
writing, where students are encouraged to explore 
and express their talents within the context of 
freedom with responsibility, the Collegium 
includes the human development, where learning 
to help others realize their full potential is the 
primary goal. Interdisciplinary study, independent 
work, and application of knowledge in the 
community are fostered in the Creative Arts 


The Collegium of Letters is composed of students 
and faculty- who have in common an interest in 
human beings, past and present" their history, 
literary and artistic products, religious commit- 
ments, political involvements, and philosophical 
groupings. The study of who we are by looking at 
what we are doing and the works and institutions 
created by our predecessors provides the relevance, 
vitality, and excitement of our program. This 
humane interest has value in and of itself. In 
addition, it provides a fundamental background for 
a wide variety ot futures"vocational or through 
professional and graduate schools"as the experi- 
ence of our graduates attests. 


The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings 
together biologists, chemists, environmentalists, 
earth scientists, marine scientists, computer 
scientists, mathematicians, physicists, and those 
interested in the health professions, including 
medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry and 
medical technology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on the 
development of the skills of obser\'ation, ex- 
perimental design, problem-solving, research and 
the study of the principles and concepts that are 
necessary to successful scientific investigation. 
The programs in the natural sciences are geared to 
provide students with information and techniques 
that can be applied to the problems of a changing 

more traditional print resources. During all four 
years the emphasis is on providing the personal 
attention that makes for a quality learning 

Designed to meet the needs of undergraduate 
students and conveniently located in the center of 
the campus, the library's book collection contains 
approximately 125,000 carefully selected volumes. 
In addition, the library subscribes to approxi- 
mately 900 periodicals and provides access to 
thousands of others through a variety of electronic 
resources. The library's catalog and electronic 
subscriptions are accessible via both the campus 
Intranet and, in most cases, the World Wide Web. 
To augment its own holdings, the library has a 
reciprocal borrowing agreement with the Poynter 
Library at the University of South Florida - St. 
Petersburg and provides computerized interlibrary 
loan access to thousands of other libraries 
throughout the United States. 

Quiet carrels and carpeted lounge areas inter- 
spersed throughout the open stack collections 
provide an open and inviting environment for 
study and leisure reading. Indeed, openness is a 
hallmark of the Eckerd experience. The library 
staff prides itself in being approachable, in 
providing individual attention, and in teaching 
students how to effectively and efficiently navigate 
the complex information maze. To learn more 
about the library, visit our web site at <http:// 
www. eckerd . edu/library > . 


The library supports the educational mission of 
the college by providing facilities, resources and 
services designed to enhance the student's learning 
experience. In this constantly changing and 
increasingly complex world the ability to locate 
and use needed information has become a crucial 
skill. The primary goal of the library staff is to 
help students achieve competancy in making use 
of available knowledge. Instruction in the 
effective use of library resources begins in Autumn 
Term and progresses through upperclass levels 
where students are encouraged to make use of 
sophisticated computer technology, as well as 

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The cocurricLilar program recognizes the fact that 
some of the most valuable learning experiences 
happen outside the classroom. Students have the 
opportunity to get involved in organizations and 
activities guided by themselves. 

The program offers something other colleges are 
now only beginning to emulate. Graduates have 
not only a transcript of what they have done 
outside of the classroom. The Cocurricular 
Transcript can be a valuable supplement when 
applying for jobs, graduate work, fellowships, and 
other post-graduate opportunities. To begin this 
transcript, stop by Campus Activities, located in 
Lindsey Hall. 

There are five major cocurricular areas in which 
you can be involved. It is expected that you will 
document your involvement in all the areas 
while at Eckerd. 


You will have the opportunity to engage in 
significant service activities that help the student 
to develop leadership and other interpersonal 
skills, make a significant contribution to the 
welfare of others, and encourage a lifelong 
commitment to service. 

Career Exploration 

You will have the opportunity to explore the 
relationship of your undergraduate experience to 
the world of work and your occupational skills and 
interests; to apply and enhance acquired knowl- 
edge in career-related situations; and to establish 
enduring beneficial relationships with persons 
engaged in occupations or professions related to 
your interests. 

Physical/Personal Development 

You will have the opportunity to engage in 
activities that help you develop an awareness of 
the importance of personal and physical well- 
being and to acquire skills that contribute to a 
sense of well-being. 


You will have the opportunity to develop the skills 
and abilities necessary to be an effective leader 
and contributor to the larger society. 

Honors and Awards 

You will have the opportunity to document the 
recognition you receive from the college or other 
groups and organizations. 


In recent years, Eckerd college has made major 
investments in information technology. A fiber 
optic network using high-speed ATM technology 
has been extended to every dormitory, classroom 
building and office building on campus. There are 
general purpose computing labs, including small 
labs in dormitory clusters, and more specialized 
labs, such as the scientific computing lab and 
those in the physics, chemistry, biology, marine 
science, mathematics, psychology, and creative 
arts areas. Microsoft Office and many specialized 
software packages are installed on these systems or 
accessible via local area networks. Scanning 
stations, laser and color ink jet printers and other 
peripheral equipment are also provided. Full-time 
professional staff and student lab assistants serve 
the campus community in many of these labs and 
in other settings, as well. 

Each student has an email account, and on- 
campus residents have voice mail and cable TV 
available in their dorm rooms. Dorms, classrooms, 
and labs are wired into the campus network and 
connected to the Internet through a high-speed 
Tl line. Many classrooms and auditoriums have 
permanent video-data projectors, and there is also 
a video production studio. The library has a state- 


of-the-art automation system and a multitude of 
infomiation resources available on the World 
Wide Web and on CD-ROMs. 

The Director of Instructional Technology Pro- 
grams serves as an in-house consultant to faculty 
who want to redesign their courses to make better 
use of technology', and the Academic Resource 
Center provides hardware, software, and network- 
ing support to those faculty members. 

Eckerd College intends to remain technologically 
advanced and to provide both its students and its 
faculty with tools that can make the academic 
process both more effective and more efficient. 



Eckerd College regards liberal education as 
essential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: tor law 
and medical school, medical technology, the 
ministry, engineering, management, business 
administration, and selected public service, human 
development and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional ex- 
perience through intensively supervised intern- 

ships rather than by professional and pre- 
professional courses that tend to limit the scope 
and quality of liberal education. Students in 
management take certain specialized courses, such 
as accounting, and prepare themselves through 
internships carefully planned with the Mentor of 
the management program. Similarly, human 
relations occupations involve a thorough liberal 
arts base, to which are added supen'ised field and 
employment experiences designed to meet the 
particular interest and need of the student. 


Eckerd College's Human Resource Institute 
includes the Personnel and Global Human 
Resources Management program which studies the 
ways in which organizations and societies produce 
behaviors to achieve their objectives; the Human 
Resources Measurement program which studies 
the processes used to evaluate human resource 
management; and the Human Resources Asso- 
ciation which facilitates cooperative relationships 
between the Institute and organizations interested 
in advancing human resources management and 
measurement research. 

The Institute was initially organized at the 
University of Michigan in 1969 by William Pyle. 
It moved to Eckerd College in 1986 when Dr. Pyle 
joined the faculty as professor of management and 


Director of the Human Resource Institute. Dr. 
Pyle in currently the Harold D. Holder Professor 
of Management and International Business at 
Eckerd College. 

Since its inception, over one hundred Fortune 500 
and other major firms in the U.S. and abroad have 
sought to advance personnel and human resources 
management and measurement research through 
their financial support of the Institute. 

The Institute works closely with Eckerd College's 
academic programs including the college's 
concentration in Personnel and Global Human 
Resource Management by involving students in its 
industry research projects and encouraging its 
business and industry association members to 
provide students with work experience, intern- 
ships, and career opportunities. 


The engineering and applied science program is 
designed for students who wish to combine a 
broad, values-oriented knowledge base with one of 
many fields of engineering or applied science. 
Students may pursue a career in applied science or 
one of many engineering disciplines including 
electrical, civil, chemical, industrial, aerospace, 
textile, nuclear, biomedical, or systems engineer- 
ing. Students complete all requirements tor majors 
at both institutions. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular 
admission and spend three years at Eckerd taking 
mathematics and science courses that will qualify 
them to enter an engineering program at the 
Junior level. In general, students take Calculus I, 
II, and III; Differential Equations; Chemistry I and 
II; Physics I and II; and Introduction to Computer 
Science, along with the general education 
requirements and the requirements of an Eckerd 
College major. Some of the courses required for 
the Eckerd College major may be completed at the 
other institution. The detailed curriculum depends 
on the student's choice of engineering college and 
specific degree program. Students may attend an 
engineering winter term before they transfer to the 
engineering college. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (requirements of grade 
point average vary somewhat) and recommen- 

dation of Eckerd College, a student is admitted to 
an engineering college, where the dual-degree 
requirements may normally be completed in two 
years. The student is then awarded degrees from 
both Eckerd College and the engineering school. 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree 
programs in engineering and applied science with 
Washington University (St. Louis), Auburn 
University, the University of Miami, Columbia 
University and Georgia Institute of Technology. 
Students may also apply to engineering schools 
with which we do not have formal agreements. 
Many engineering schools accept transfer stu- 
dents. Several such schools have supplied us with 
advice and information on which courses would 
best prepare students to transfer into engineering 
at the Junior level. 

Due to the sequential prerequisite requirements, it 
is vital tor dual degree candidates to obtain 
counseling early in their career at Eckerd College. 


Eckerd College provides both an Air Force and 
Army ROTC program through cross-enrollment 
agreement with the University of South Florida in 

Air Force ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of either a four year or two year program, 
are commissioned as second lieutenants and 
guaranteed a position in the active Air Force. 
Completion of 12-16 course hours of instruction 
and enrollment in a weekly, non-credit leadership 
laboratory are required of all students. 

Army ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of four courses in military science, a weekly 
leadership laboratory, and one summer camp, are 
commissioned in the United States Army. 

Both programs are open to men and women, and 
scholarships are available on a competitive basis to 
qualified students. See ROTC under the course 
description section of this catalog. 



The purpose of the Farris and Victoria Rahall 
Communication Program is to help students 
develop effective oral communication skills; teach 
the fundamental principles of fair, responsible and 
ethical journalism; and provide practical experience 
through internships. In addition to offering courses 
in media ethics, the Rahall Professor of Communi- 
cations works closely with faculty across the 
curriculum to provide opportunities for students to 
develop their speaking skills, and with a variety of 
media firnis in the Tampa Bay area to place students 
on internships in the communication industry. 


The purpose of the Writing Center is to enhance 
student learning by helping them to become more 
organized in investigating and more articulate in 
formulating ideas. Working closely with the 
Foundations Collegium, the staff and tutors of the 
Writing Center aid students who wish to improve 
writing skills and competence in research. 
Assistance is offered to all Eckerd students, with 
special workshops on preparation of Writing 
Competency portfolios, tutoring for non-native 
writers, consulting on Senior theses, and indi- 
vidual help on all writing tasks. 

Resources include 18 Macintosh workstations, 
desktop publishing, CD-ROM databases, software 
for collaborative writing, word processing, data 
graphics, design, page layout, hypermedia; a library 
of composition theory and pedagogy; professional 
and peer consultants. 


Eckerd College believes that a liberally educated 
person should be at home in other cultures, and 
tries to give every student the chance to study 
abroad. Consequently, Eckerd offers a variety of 
overseas programs, including short terms in the 
winter and summer, and full year or semester 
programs for students in almost all majors. 

Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter term offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Programs 
are led by Eckerd faculty members who have 

professional expertise in the country visited. 
Projects vary each year, but typically programs are 
available in such places as Italy, England, Greece, 
Austria, Mexico, Russia, South America, Asia, 
and the Caribbean. 

Semester and Year Abroad 

Varied locations and curricula provide a wide 
range ot opportunities. Programs are available in 
London where the Eckerd College Study Centre is 
staffed by both American and British faculty. 
Eckerd also has exchange arrangements with two 
universities in Japan - Kansai Gaidai near Osaka 
and Nanzan University in Nagoya - and with 
Ewha Womans University in Seoul, Korea as well 
as with United Kingdom institutions in Plymouth, 
Aberdeen, and Glasgow. Through our affiliation 
with the International Student Exchange Program 
(ISEP) many exchange opportunities worldwide 
are available, and recently students have spent a 
year or semester in locations such as Sweden, 
Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Australia, 
Germany, Argentina, Uruguay, and France. 

The Office ot International Education counsels 
with students in an effort to provide individuals 
with study abroad programs best suited to their 
particular academic needs. 

Summer Term Abroad 

Study abroad opportunities may be available 
during the summer months in a variety of loca- 
tions. Offerings change from year to year, and may 
cover a broad range of topics. The Program for 
Experienced Learners (PEL, in cooperation with 
the International Education office, plans summer 
tenn programs that are open to all students. 
Previous programs have included study/travel to 
London, Paris, Greece, and Mexico. The Interna- 
tional Education office provides catalogs and 
resource materials for students to review when 
planning independent study/travel projects.. 


Our academic calendar permits off-campus study 
for periods of one month (January), one semester 
(14 weeks), and up to a full academic year. 
Upperclass students are encouraged to take 
advantage of programs and facilities not available 
at Eckerd through the off-campus program. It is 
possible to participate in group projects with a 


faculty' leader or to contract independent studies 
of the student's own design. During winter term 
(January), group projects such as an archaeological 
dig in the Southwest, government operations in 
Washington, DC, or urban problems in Chicago 
are possible. Independent projects for individual 
students have been undertaken in industry, the 
Argonne Laboratories, marine research, and at an 
Indian reservation. The winter term, through 
cooperation with other schools having a similar 
calendar, provides for intensive projects on other 
campuses throughout the United States. 

The Off-Campus Programs office assists students 
in making arrangements, preparing contracts, and 
providing information and ideas related to various 
choices. The subject of the project determines the 
particular off-campus location. 


Eckerd College provides an opportunity for qualified 
students to earn a semester of credit in an academic, 
scientific, and practical experience leading to a 
realistic understanding of the sea, sponsored by the 
Sea Education Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the 
semester (the six- week sea component) for a 
practical laboratory experience. For course 
descriptions see page 87. Students interested in 
the Sea Semester are required to make application 
through the International Education and Off- 
Campus Programs office. 


Eckerd College has been committed to inter- 
national education since its inception. While we 
continue to provide opportunities for students to 
enrich their education abroad (see International 
Education page 12) one need go no further than 
the campus itself to experience a truly cosmopoli- 
tan environment. The International Student 
Affairs office sponsors support programs and 
activities for students coming from more than 40 
different nations to pursue a variety of studies 
here. There are two distinct groups of interna- 
tional students at Eckerd College: those who study 
in the ELS Language Center and those who are 
degree seeking students. 

These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to face 
opportunities for cross-cultural exchange in 
classroom and other settings. The breadth of this 
experience is celebrated annually during the 
Festival of Cultures with exhibits, entertainment, 
and ethnic delicacies from around the world. 


A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social, and political 
realities of life. With increasing insistence, 
employers and professional associations are asking 
career-minded students to relate fundamental 
education in liberal arts fields to long-range plans. 
Further, they stress the value of a solid liberal arts 
background for business or professional careers. 

Woven into your academic program during your 
four years at Eckerd is a program to help you 
examine your career and professional goals. The 
Career Services Program offers one or more of a 
variety of experiences: one-to-one and group 
diagnostic career counseling to assist in making 
decisions which integrate academic programs, 
career planning, and general lifestyle; internship 
and field experience placements which involve 
unpaid work experiences of observation either 
with a professional person or in a special social 
environment; paid work experiences related to 
current academic studies and long-range career 
goals; discipline internships such as community 
studies, leisure studies, or management; and 
placement services to assist you in finding part- 
time and summer employment while in school, 
but primarily to enable you to select either the 
appropriate post-graduate education or the 
vocational career that fits your personal aptitudes, 
desires, and objectives. 


The summer temi is an eight-week term consisting 
of two four-week sessions. Courses are available in 
June (session A), July (session B), and through the 
full eight-week summer term. A preliminary 
announcement of courses and fees is published in 
April. Regularly enrolled Eckerd students and 
students enrolled and in good standing at other 
colleges and universities are eligible for admission. 
High school students who have completed their 
Sophomore year and present evidence (usually a 


transcript and a recommendation from a principal 
or counselor) of their ability to do introductory 
level college work, are eligible for admission with a 
scholarship which covers 50 percent of the regular 
tuition. Students entering Eckerd in the summer 
with the intention ot becoming degree candidates 
must make formal application for admission to the 
Dean of Admissions. 

Summer courses may replace courses missed during 
the academic year or accelerate graduation. 
Additional information about summer term courses 
maybe obtained trom die Summer School office. 


The Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) is a 
degree-completion program designed specifically 
for adult learners who are strongly motivated, yet 
have career or personal obligations which keep 
them from enrolling in a more traditional degree 
program. Because of the flexible and personal 
nature of the program, most students are able to 
continue working full-time while pursuing the 
bachelor's degree. 

PEL was founded on the belief that learning is not 
necessarily limited to a fonnal classroom setting. 
Credit may be awarded when experiential learning 
is comparable to academic coursework, relevant to 
academic goals, and well documented. 

Admissions Requirements 

Qualities such as personal commitment, perse- 
verance and self-discipline are necessary for 
success in PEL. 

Basically, the guidelines for admission are: 

1 . Applicants must be at least 25 years of age. 

2. Applicants must have a high school diploma or 
high school equivalency diploma. College 
experience is desirable; transfer credit for "C" or 
better grades will be awarded when coursework 
is appropriate for a liberal arts and sciences 
education and is relevant to career goals. 

3. Applicants must complete an application, 
including an essay, and demonstrate goals 
consistent with program objectives and the 
ability' and motivation to benefit from the 

4. Following admission, students must complete 
the required Life, Learning and Vocation 
course with a C or better grade. 

Meeting Degree Requirements 

The Bachelor's degree requires successful comple- 
tion of a minimum of 36 courses. Students may 
meet degree requirements through transfer credit, 
experiential learning, formal courses, directed or 
independent study, tutorials, travel/study pro- 
grams, and residential program courses. PEL offers 
courses in St. Petersburg, north Pinellas County, 
Tampa, Ocala, and Sarasota. 


Major and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded either the Bachelor of Arts 
or Bachelor of Science degree, the same degrees 
conferred in the residential program. Students pursue 
a variety of majors or concentrations, including 
business management, human development, 
organizational studies, American smdies, interdisci- 
plinary' humanities, creative wTiting, and others. The 
degree preserves the basic features of the Eckerd 
College program by emphasizing die liberal arts as 
part of each student's education, but also recognizes 
the importance of relating general knowledge to 
special career concerns. 

Financial Aid 

Several types of financial aid are available to 
qualified students, including the Pell Grant, 
Florida Resident Access Grant, Federally Insured 
Student Loans, and VA benefits. 

When Eckerd College started the Program for 
Experienced Learners, it set PEL tuition rates 
considerably lower than those for the Residential 
Program. Given this tuition discount, Eckerd 
College scholarships that are available for students 
in the Residential Program may not be used in the 
Program for Experienced Learners. 

Another popular form of financial assistance for the 
PEL students is through tuition reimbursement 
programs sponsored by private corporations and 
government agencies. Many PEL students have 
found that their employers are very cooperative in 
helping to meet their college expenses. Information 
on private loans and payment plans is also available. 

For More Information 

Additional information on financial aid, ad- 
missions requirements, and the Program for 
Experienced Learners may be obtained by writing: 
Program for Experienced Learners Eckerd College, 
4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, FL 
33711. Or caU: (727) 864-8226; e-mail: 


The Eckerd College Alumni Association (ECAA) 
has as its dual mission to provide support and 
services for the alumni of Eckerd College and to 
support Eckerd College in its mission to provide 


the best possible educational experiences for the 
students of today and tomorrow. To this end, the 
ECAA is involved with communications, events, 
and annual student scholarship support through a 
variety of programs that range from regular 
publications, special events, and a network of over 
20 chapters and clubs, to cooperative program- 
ming with Academics, Admissions, Career 
Services, the Eckerd College Organization of 
Students, International Education, and Student 
Affairs. Offering a platform for a life-long 
relationship with Eckerd College, the ECAA's 
activities are directed by a 25-member board of 
directors, and are supported by the professional 
staff of the Offices of Alumni & Parent Relations 
and Institutional Advancement. 

Inquiries should be addressed to: Director, Alumni 
& Parent Relations, Eckerd College, 4200 54th 
Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 
Phone (727) 864-8219; fax (727) 864-8423; e- 
mail: Web site address: 


The Academy of Senior Professionals at Eckerd 
College (ASPEC) has a mission to continue to 
enrich the quality of life and learning through 
engagement with members, students, faculty and 
the community. It is devoted to the development of 
multi-generational collegiate learning, scholarly 
activity, research, writing and the encouragement of 
individual or group projects of importance to 
members, to the college and the broader community. 

ASPEC is a unique membership organization, 
composed of persons who have distinguished 
careers in education, business, the arts and 
sciences, government service, diplomacy, religion, 
medicine and health care, human services, 
engineering, military and similar endeavors. 
Through lectures, forums, publications, and 
special projects members continue to share and to 
contribute to human knowledge. 

Through both the Faculty and Student Colleague 
programs, career counseling, and other fomial and 
information contacts, members contribute their 
knowledge and experience in and out of the classroom. 

ASPEC is designed for those who have and will 
continue to "make a difference" in their professions 
and communities. Its members enrich their cultural 
experiences, make constmctive contributions to 
society, and pursue their own interests in collaboration 

with congenial colleagues within the multi genera- 
tional educational community' ot Eckerd College. 

Most members have a home within a fifty mile 
radius of St. Petersburg and are in the region for at 
least three months of the year. 

Inquiries should be addressed to: Director, 
ASPEC, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue 
South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. Phone (727) 
864-8834; fax (727) 864-2964; e-mail: Web site address: http:// 
u'\\ w. eckerd . edu/aspec . 



In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
student must spend at least four semesters and two 
short terms, including the Senior year, in the 
college or in an approved off-cam-pus program. 

Any student who wishes to request an exemption 
from or a modification of an all-college require- 
ment may petition the Dean of Faculty using 
forms available in the Office of the Registrar. 
Petitions must include detailed reasons for the 
request, and receive prior approval from the 
student's Mentor and coUegial chairperson. 


In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
transfer student must spend at least four semesters 
and two short terms, including the Senior year, in 
the college or in an approved off-campus program. 

Students transferring to Eckerd College as Sopho- 
mores are considered exempt from Western Heritage 
in a Global Context, foreign language, and quantita- 
tive requirements. Students transferring as Juniors 
are also considered exempt from any two of the four 
required Sophomore/Junior perspectives. 

All transfers must meet the following general 
education requirements: composition competency 
(i.e., writing portfolio), technological competency, 
Quest for Meaning, and senior seminar. Transfer 
students may exempt up to two of the four required 
Perspective courses depending on their class standing 
at the time of entr\'. In addition, all transfer students 
must meet the requirements of their intended major. 

Any student who wishes to request an exemption 
from or a modification of an all-college require- 
ment may petition the Dean of Faculty- using 

forms available in the Office of the Registrar. 
Petition's must include detailed reasons for the 
request, and receive prior approval from the 
student's mentor and coUegial chairperson. 

Bachelor of Arts Degree 

Unless modified in individual cases by action of 
the Dean of Faculty', the following requirements 
must be fulfilled by all students in order to qualify 
for formal recommendation by the faculty for the 
Bachelor of Arts degree: 

1 . The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 
32 courses, plus an autumn tenn in the 
Freshman year and a winter tenn project in 
each subsequent year. 

a. A Freshman may take a winter term in 
addition to autumn term, and substitute that 
winter term for one of the 32 courses. 

b. The winter term project in the Senior 
year normally consists of the preparation for 
comprehensive examinations, theses, or 

2. Composition Competency: students must 
submit a portfolio of their own compositions 
to be evaluated. Specifications for the 
contents of the portfolios are available from 
the Director of Writing Excellence. 

Usually, the pieces in the portfolio are essays, 
reports, examinations, or creative work 
written in courses, and all students must 
submit their portfolio for evaluation before 
the second semester of the Junior year. 

Students may not register for Senior projects, 
theses, or comprehensive examinations 
without having received writing competency 
for their portfolio. 

Composition courses and the Writing Center 
provide instruction in preparing writing 
competency portfolios; students whose portfolios 
are judged inadequate must take a composition 
course before resubmitting their portfolio. 

Since portfolio evaluation is conducted only 
twice each year, students are strongly urged to 
consult with their Mentors and the Writing 
Center staff well before the March and October 
deadlines, and to submit their portfolios before 
completing eighteen course credits. 

3. Foreign language (normally in the Freshman 
year): one year of foreign language at the 
college level for students entering the college 


as Freshman, or the equivalent as demon- 
strated hy a college administered proficiency 
examination or the equivalent as determined 
by the language faculty. 

4. Information technology competency: 
demonstration of basic skills in the Freshman 
year; advanced competency in the major. 

5. Oral competency: skill development begin- 
ning in the Freshman year; certification ot 
competency by graduation. 

6. Quantitative Competency (normally in the 
Freshman year): one college level math- 
ematics, computer science, formal logic or 
statistics course, or one course that uses the 
computer as a major learning tool, desig- 
nated by an M following the course number. 
Competency may also be satisfied by passing 
an appropriate proficiency examination 
administered by the college. 

7. Western Heritage in a Global Context I and 

II, WHF 181 and 182. Students for whom 
English is a second language and who have not 
resided in the mainland U.S. for more than two 
years may substitute WHF 183C U.S. Area 
Studies tor Western Heritage in a Global 
Context I, which shall also fulfill the require- 
ment for a course within the Global Perspective. 
There is a special section of Western Heritage in 
a Global Context II for international students. 

8. Four courses (nonnally in the Sophomore and 
Junior years), one each from a list of options in 
the following five areas: the Aesthetic 
Perspective, the Environmental Perspective, 
the Global Perspective, the Scientific 
Perspective, the Social Relations Perspective, 
distributed over four difterent upper division 
Collegia other than the student's Collegium. 

9 . One course in the Senior year in The Quest 
for Meaning. 

10. College Program Series: Students attend at least 
four events each semester of their Freshman and 
Sophomore years from a selection of at least 
twelve events identified each semester as part of 
the College Program Series. These events 
include presentation of topics of current interest, 
artistic events, musical or dramatic productions, 
and events focusing on issues of meaning, 
purpose, and value. 

1 1 . The completion of a major (from the list of 35 
majors fomially approved by the faculty), or an 
independently designed area of concentration. 

The area of concentration must be approved by 
three members of the faculty, with an approved 
study plan filed in the Registrar's office no later 
than fall semester of the Junior year. 

12. The satisfactory completion in the Senior 
year of a comprehensive examination, thesis, 
or creative project in the major or area of 
concentration with a grade of C or better. 
(This culminating evaluation may include a 
test or other means for assessing the effective- 
ness of the college's academic programs) . 

Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree: 

1 . The satisfactory completion of the course and 
all-college requirements as outlined in 
sections 1-12 above. 

2. Completion of a major or area of concen- 
tration in one of the natural sciences or 
mathematics, including the satisfactory 
completion of at least sixteen courses in the 
Natural Sciences Collegium, as specified hy 
each discipline, including not more than one 
of the four required perspective courses. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts 
degree by completing at least twelve but fewer 
than sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
Collegium, as specified by each discipline, 
including not more than one of the four required 
perspective courses. 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathematics 
may substitute specified courses outside the 
Collegium to satisfy the minimum requirement for 
courses within the Collegium. Interested students 
should consult their Mentors for information on 
gaining approval for such substitutions. 

See each discipline's description in the course 
section of this catalog for specific requirements. 

Students transferring to Eckerd College as 
Sophomores are considered exempt from Western 
Heritage in a Global Context, foreign language, and 
quantitative requirements. Students transferring as 
Juniors are also considered exempt from any two of 
die tour required Sophomore/Iunior perspectives. 


More than 60 percent of entering freshmen 
(including athletes) eventually graduate from 
Eckerd College (based upon the 1988-89 entering 
Freshman class). For more information on 
graduation/retention rates, please contact the 
Office of Admissions. 


The Ford Apprentice Scholar Program at Eckerd 
College, initiated by a grant from the Ford 
Foundation, provides opportunity for 20 selected 
Juniors each year to participate in a two year 
enhanced program designed to develop the skills 
and habits of professional scholars, and to encour- 
age them to consider college and university 
teaching as a career. 

The students selected take a course in the Junior 
year in the history' of ideas, and do optional 
research with their Faculty' Sponsor during the 
summer. In the Senior year, they work closely with 
the Faculty Sponsor in an enhanced major and 
take a Senior Colloquium. Funds are available for 
summer and research support. 


The Honors Program at Eckerd College provides 
enhanced opportunities for independent study and 
research to students of outstanding ability. 

Selected students are brought together for close 
interaction and advanced work, such studies 
receiving permanent recognition on the students' 

A special brochure is available from the Dean of 
Admissions concerning the four years of the 
Honors Program but a brief description follows. 
First-year Honors students meet for special sessions 
of the college's two Freshman core courses. 
Western Heritage in a Global Context 1 and II, for 
which an extra course credit is awarded. The 
second and third years oi the Honors program 
center around Honors courses in five areas or 
perspectives, these being the Aesthetic, the 
Environmental, the Global, the Scientific, and the 
Social Relations Perspectives. Seniors in the 
Honors Program participate in a colloquium in 
which they present their Senior thesis research, 
creative projects, or their work for comprehensive 

Students who wish to be considered for the Honors 
Program in the Freshman year must file an accept- 
able application for admission to Eckerd College by 
February 15. In addition, interested students must 
file an application for the Presidential Scholarship 
competition by March 1 . The students selected as 
Presidential Scholars will be the group invited to 
the Freshman Honors program. Presidential 
Scholars are chosen by a committee of faculty and 
students on the basis of high school academic 
records, personal essays, teacher recommendations, 
standardized test scores, and evidence of leadership 

and service to others. Interested students are 
encouraged to write the Dean of Admissions for 
additional infonnation. 

New transfer students and students already 
enrolled in the college, including students who 
may have applied unsuccessfully to the Honors 
Program earlier, are also eligible for admission as 
vacancies in the program occur at the upper levels. 
Students who are interested in making application 
to the Honors Program after they are enrolled in 
the college should contact the director ot the 
Honors Program. 


The following National Honor Societies have 
chapters at Eckerd College: 

Alpha Kappa Delta - Sociology 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, on 
overall GPA of 3.0, a major in sociology, a GPA of 
3.0 in sociology courses, and at least four regular 
courses in sociology. The purpose of this society is 
to promote an interest in the study of sociology. 

Delta Phi Alpha - German 

Requirements: two years of college German, a 3.0 
average in German courses and 2.5 overall. New 
members must be elected unanimously. The 
society meets monthly, sponsors German-related 
events, off-campus speakers, and a weekly kaffee 
klatch for all students of German. 

Omicron Delta Epsilon - Economics 
Lamba Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, class 
rank in upper one-third with a 3.0 in economics 
courses and at least four economics courses The 
society recognizes the accomplishments of 
economics students. 

Omicron Delta Kappa - Leadership 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing with 
high grade point average, selected on the basis of 
exemplary character, responsible leadership and 
service in campus life. The purpose is to encourage 
good campus citizenship by recognizing significant 
achievement in the various aspects of college life. 

Pi Mu Epsilon - Mathematics 
Gamma Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: at least two years of mathematics 
including Calculus I and 11 with at least a B 
average. The purpose is to promote scholarly 
activity in mathematics among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Delta Pi - Spanish 

Requirements: three years, or the equivalent, of college 
Spanish with a 3.0 or better in all Spanish courses, and 
rank in upper 35 percent of class with a minimum of 
2.75. The purpose is to promote scholarly activity in 
Spanish among students in academic institutions. 

Sigma Xi - Scientific Research 

Requirements: demonstrated aptitude for scientific 
research and intention to pursue a career in 
science, nomination by a Sigma Xi member based 
on such criteria as academic excellence, scientific 
research usually culminating in a paper, presenta- 
tion at a scientific meeting, or a senior thesis. The 
purpose is to advance scientific research, encour- 
age interdisciplinary cooperation, and assist the 
wider understanding of science. 


At Eckerd College, efforts are made to tailor 
programs of study to the particular needs and 
interests of individual students. To help guide 
students with the selection of courses, the faculty 
has approved a number of disciplinary and 
interdisciplinary majors. 

Brief descriptions of majors are included under 
each discipline heading in the course description 
section of this catalog. Students desiring more 
specific information about major programs should 
consult their Mentors, coUegial chairpersons and 
discipline coordinators. A list of the faculty- 
approved majors follows. 

A major or concentration must require at least 
eight but no more than sixteen courses, of which 
at least eight in a discipline major must be in the 
discipline. No major or concentration can require 
more than twelve courses in one discipline. 

Students desiring to design their own programs of 
study are encouraged to develop an individualized 
area of concentration in cooperation with their 
Mentors. The proposed plan of study must 
ultimately be approved and have identified with it 
a specific committee of at least three faculty 
members. The approved study plan must be filed 
in the Registrar's office early in the Junior year. 


American Studies 




Comparative Literature 

Computer Science 

Creative Writing 


Environmental Studies 




Human Development 


International Business 

International Relations 

and Global Affairs 
International Studies 


Marine Science 


Modem Languages 





Political Science 

Religious Studies 
Russian Studies 
Visual Arts 
Women's and Gender 


Credit toward a degree is awarded for satisfactory 
course completion, independent study, directed 
study, academic work certified by another accred- 
ited degree granting institution, and proficiency 
demonstrated by examination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course completion. 
A normal full-time academic load is eight courses 
plus an autumn temi in the Freshman year and 
eight courses plus a winter term project in each 
subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent study 
by students who exhibit both the self-discipline 
and mastery of the methodologies demanded by 
the subject matter selected by the student. An 
independent study project is designed by a student 
in consultation with the professor who is to 
supervise and evaluate the work. An academic 
contract, drawn in advance, specifies the subject 
and method of inquiry, the texts, the purpose of 
the project, and the basis of evaluation and credit. 
Each contract must be approved by the Director of 
Independent Study. Independent study options are 
available for both on and off-campus opportuni- 
ties. Freshmen are not permitted to take off- 
campus independent studies. Independent study 
forms are available from the Registrar. 

Provision is also made for credit by directed study. 
Both independent study and directed study require 
advance planning by the instructor and student. 
While initiative rests with the student for design 
of independent study, in directed study the 
instructor is responsible for supplying a syllabus 
which defines the program. Directed study syllabi 
are available from the Registrar. 

Credit is granted by transfer from accredited 
degree-granting institutions, up to a limit of 16 
courses, plus one autumn and one winter temi. A 
student entering Eckerd College should request 
that a transcript of work done in other institutions 

be sent to the Registrar. When the transcript has 
been evaluated, the applicant is notified of the 
credit accepted by transfer. Eckerd College students 
who wish to enroll for part of their programs at 
other institutions should have the approval in 
advance of their Mentors, appropriate discipline 
faculty, and the Registrar. For more information on 
transfer credit, please see page 102. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is awarded 
when a student applies for it with the Registrar and 
successfully completes appropriate examinations. 
College Level Examination Programs are recog- 
nized for both advanced placement and academic 
credit. For more information on CLEF, see page 104- 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a 
student's program. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may be 
accorded credit if closely coordinated with the 
student's academic program. Such experience 
ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular course or 
independent study project. 


The standard grading system of the college is A 
(Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satis- 
factory Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unac- 
ceptable Work). All courses in which a grade of C 
or higher has been earned shall count toward 
fulfilling degree requirements. A course in which 
a D grade is earned may fulfill degree require- 
ments only when a grade of B or higher is earned 
in another full course. 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that all 
course requirements are not complete by the end 
of the term and that, in the judgment of the 
instructor, extension of deadline is appropriate. 
Unless an earlier deadline is set by the instructor, 
a student will have thirty days into the next 
regular semester to complete the required work. If 


the work is not completed hy that time, or the 
shorter deadline imposed by the instructor, the 
Incomplete will automatically become an E 

In case of formal voluntary withdrawal before the 
end of the eighth week of a semester, a grade of W 
is recorded. If withdrawal occurs after that point, a 
grade of F is recorded. A W that results from an 
involuntary withdrawal must be validated with the 
Registrar at the time of withdrawal or as soon 
thereafter as possible. 

A Credit/No Credit grading option is available in 
each course/project for students who are at least 
second semester Freshmen. Students desiring this 
grading option must petition for the approval of 
the course instructor, the Mentor, and the Dean of 
Faculty. Petitions must be submitted prior to the 
beginning of a semester or term. Grades of Credit 
and No Credit cannot be subsequently changed to 
letter grades. 

All grades are reported to students and entered on 
the official record of the college. Grades of F will 
not be removed from the transcript. A notation 
will be recorded on the transcript of any substitute 
grade earned. Students may not repeat a course for 
credit unless they receive a D, need to repeat the 
course in order to progress in sequence, and have 
the approval of the instructor and academic dean. 


Students are expected to attend all classes in 
courses for which they are registered. There is no 
college-wide attendance requirement, but 
individual instructors may impose attendance 
requirements in particular courses. 


At the close ot each semester the Academic 
Review Committee reviews the progress of every 
student who fails a course, receives a voluntary 
withdrawal (referred to hereafter by W), has more 
D than grades of B or better, is on academic 
probation, or is otherwise identified as not making 
satisfactory academic progress. Mentors, instruc- 
tors and student personnel staff may be consulted. 
The Committee may place on probation or dismiss 
any student who in its judgment is not making 
satisfactory academic progress. In making such 
judgments, the Committee is guided by the 
following standards and notifies the Financial Aid 
office of each financial aid recipient affected. 


A student who accumulates two or three F grades, 
or a combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by two to five 
courses, or one more D than B or better grades, is 
placed on academic probation. 

Students placed on academic probation are 
notified of this action by the Academic Review 
Committee and advised ot how to remove the 
probationary status. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester during the probation period. 

Students admitted on probation may have no 
more than two F or W grades in their first semester 
and must have at least one C or better in order to 
enroll for a second semester. 



Normal progress toward graduation is the comple- 
tion of four courses each semester and a short term 
each year with grades of C or better. 


A student who accumulates four F grades, or a 
combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by six courses, or 
four more D than B or better grades, in addition 
to being placed on probation, will be notified that 
he or she is subject to dismissal for any additional 
F, D, or W. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester while subject to dismissal. 



Probation: any one of the following 
2 or 3 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling behind by 

2 to 5 courses 
1 to 3 more D than B or better grades 

Subject to Dismissal: any one of the following 
4 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling behind by 

6 courses 
4 more D than B or better grades 


5 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in falling behind 

by 7 courses 
5 more D than B or better grades 

Second Dismissal: any one of the following 
Additional: 2 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling behind 

by 3 courses 
3 or more D than B or better grades 




A student placed on probation or subject to 
dismissal as a result of F and W grades for a second 
consecutive semester, or as a result of D grades for a 
fourth consecutive semester, is suspended from 
participation in college sponsored extracunicular 
activities, and the directors of the activities notified, 
so that the student may devote full time to study. 


Probationary status remains in effect until the 
student completes four courses in Eckerd College 
in one semester with C or better grades and the 
overall number of B or better grades at least equals 
the number of D grades. 


A student who accumulates five or more F grades, 
or a combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by seven courses or 
more, or five or more D than B or better grades, is 
dismissed for at least one semester. 

Students dismissed for academic reasons are 
notified in advance of the next regular semester by 
the Academic Review Committee. This notice 
also advises the student whether and, if so, when 
and how to be considered for re-admission. 

To apply for re-admission after dismissal, a student 
should write to the Dean of Students, who shall 
obtain the approval of the Dean of Faculty as chair 
of the Academic Review Committee before 
authorizing readmission. 


A student who is re-admitted after having been 
dismissed for a limited period of time for academic 
reasons shall be admitted on probation, but is 
dismissed again if he or she accumulates an 
additional two F grades, or a combination of F and 
W grades that results in falling behind normal 
progress by more than two courses, or three more 
D than B or better grades. 


Withdrawal from the college at any time is official 
only upon the completion of the withdrawal form 
available in the Registrar s office. Requests for re- 
admission following withdrawal should be sent to the 
Dean of Students. Students may withdraw to enroll 
in another college for courses not available here but 
important to the student's total program. Such 
courses may be transferred upon the student's return, 
but must be approved in advance by the Mentor, 
discipline faculty and Registrar. Students requesting a 
withdrawal should consult with the Registrar. 


The Dean's List is published following the fall 
semester and the spring semester and includes 
students who completed four courses with a grade 
point average of 3.75. Students with incomplete 
grades at the time of publication are not eligible. 


Eckerd College awards diplomas with Honors to a 
few students in each graduating class. The criteria 
and designation for graduation with Honors are: 
High Honors - 3.8 grade point average or above, 


Honors - 3.6 to 3.7 grade point average for courses 
taken at Eckerd College. To be eligible for Honors 
a student must have completed at least 18 Eckerd 
College courses. Students graduating with fewer 
than 18 Eckerd College course credits with a grade 
point average of 3.66 or above, will graduate with 
the designation of Distinction. 


Registration dates are listed in the calendar at the 
back of this catalog. Upon completion of proce- 
dures as outlined in registration materials, the 
student's registration is approved by the 
Controller's office and the Registrar. Students who 
preregister late will be charged a $30 fee. Proof of 
payment must accompany the registration. 

All courses for which the student wishes to 
registrar for credit must be listed on the official 
registration form. The student is responsible for 
every course listed and can receive no credit for 
courses not listed on this form. After registra- 
tion day, official changes in registration may be 
made only through official drop/add cards 
approved by instructors whose courses are 
involved. Unless a course is officially dropped, a 
grade of F will be incurred if the students fails to 
meet the obligations of the course. No course 
may be added after the drop/add deadlines which 
are printed in the calendar in the back of this 


Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audit a course without fee, subject to permission of 
the instructor. Part-time students or students not 
registered for credit may attend courses as auditors 
subject to formal permission of the instructor and 
payment of an auditor's fee of $430. Entry is made 
on the student's permanent record concerning 
audited classes. A course taken for audit may be 
changed to credit with the instructor's permission, 
if the change is filed with the Registrar by the end 
of the eighth week of a semester. 


Courses may occasionally be canceled because of 
low enrollment; however, should this be the case, 
students will be notified in advance and assisted 
with arranging a satisfactory substitute. 


In compliance with Section 438 of the "General 
Education Provisions Act," entitled "Family 
Educational Rights and Privacy Act," the follow- 
ing constitutes the College's policy instructing 
students on the procedures available to provide 
appropriate access to personal records while 
protecting the confidentiality of these records. 

A "student" is defined as one who has attended or 
is attending Eckerd College and whose records are 
in the files of the College. Student records in 
which this policy applies do not include files 
retained by individual faculty/staff members which 
are not accessible to any other person except a 
substitute designated by the faculty/staff member. 

Public infomiation is limited to name, address, e- 
mail address, phone, major field of study, dates of 
attendance, admission or enrollment status, class 
standing, degrees and awards, student organiza- 
tions, and sports and athletic information. 

Public information shall be released freely unless 
the student files the appropriate form requesting 
that certain information may not be released. 
This form is available at the Registrar's Office. 
Public information which cannot be restricted 
includes name, enrollment status, degrees, and 
dates of attendance. 

A student's educational record is open to the 
students, with the following exceptions: 

Confidential letters of recommendation 
placed in files prior to January' 1, 1975. 

Records of parent's financial status. 

Employment records (see below). 

Medical records (see below). 

The employment records to which students do not 
have access are records kept in the normal course 
of business which relate exclusively to students as 
employees. Medical records are kept in the 
Student Health Center. This office rigidly 
protects the confidentiality of those records, but 
they can be reviewed by a physician or appropriate 
professional of the student-patient's choice. 

Student records are open to members of the 
faculty and staff who have a legitimate need to 
know their contents, except where access is 
prohibited by special policies such as those 
governing medical records. TTie determination of 
those who have a "legitimate need to know" will 


be made by the person responsible for the mainte- 
nance of the records. This determination must be 
made scrupulously and with respect for the 
individual whose records is involved. 

The College has established the following 
procedures enabling the student to have access to 
his or her record: 

The student may see his or her record by 
submitting a written request at the office 
where the records of interest is maintained. 

Access is to be granted promptly and no later 
than thirty days from the date o( the request. 

The student may make the request in person 
or by mail, but the request may always be 
required to be in writing. 

The student may obtain upon request copies 
of documents to which he or she is entitled. 
The College may charge for these copies. 

The student may request and receive interpre- 
tation of his or her record from the person (or 
designee) responsible for the maintenance of 
the record. 

If the student considers the record faulty, he 
or she can request and receive review of the 
case to the end that the record will be 
corrected if judged faulty or in violation of 

Normally, records can be released - or access given 
- to third parties (i.e., anyone not a member of the 
faculty and staff) only at the written request of the 
student. Without the consent of the student, 
released to third parties may be given only as 

To a specific list of persons, primarily includ- 
ing Eckerd College officials. 

To Federal, State, and local officials as 
required by law. 

To appropriate persons in an emergency 
situation when necessary to protect the 
welfare of the individual. 

To parents of a student who is a dependent for 
income tax purposes. 

A student may secure from the Registrar's Office a 
consent form authorizing the release of specified 
records to specific individuals. A notification of 
releases made to third parties must be kept in the 
student's record. This notification is open only to 
the student and the person in charge of the record. 

The third party must be informed that no release 
of personally identifiable data authorized without 
the written consent of the student. 

This policy does not preclude the destruction of 
any record if the College does not consider it 
germane. Persons in charge of records should 
ensure that only pertinent items are retained in 
student files. 




(Alphabetically by Discipline) 

Meaning of Letters and Numbers 

1 . The first two letters indicate the discipline 4- 
offering the course. 

2. The third letter indicates the collegium. A- 
Creative Arts; L-Letters; C-Comparative 

Cultures; B-Behavioral Science; N-Natural 5. 

Sciences; F-Foundations; I-lntemational 
(offered abroad). 

3. Interdisciplinary courses are indicated by the 
coUegial designations CRA-Creative Arts, 
BEB-Behavioral Science, CUC -Comparative 
Cultures, LTL-Letters, NAN-Natural 6. 
Sciences, FDF-Foundations, INI-a course 

offered abroad, and QFM indicates Quest for 
Meaning perspective course. 

The first digit of the three numbers indicates 
the level of the course: 1 and 2 indicate a course 
at the Freshman or Sophomore level; 3 and 4 
indicate a course at the Junior or Senior level. 

The second and third digits are used at the 
discretion of the collegium. 
331-332 indicates Special Topics 
410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

Perspective courses are indicated by a letter 
after die diird digit: A-Aesdietic, G-Global, E- 
Environmental, N-Scientific, S-Social Rela- 
tions. Courses which meet the computation 
requirement are indicated by M after the digits. 

The required four different perspective courses must be taken in four different collegia. 

Opportunities for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts are negotiated 
between the student and the faculty sponsor. Independent study contract forms are available in the 
Registrar's office. 

Directed studies are listed in this catalog. Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the Registrar's 
office. Some directed studies are available through the Program for Experienced Learners only. Please consult 
the PEL Director for a list of these. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minor consists of five courses from a 
single major, to be determined by the faculty in charge of the major. A minor may be earned only in those 
courses in which a major exists. 

DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSES AND MAJORS (Alphabetically by Discipline) 


Aesthetic perspective courses provide an introduc- 
tion to the powers, purposes, and expressive 
devices of the visual, performing, or literary arts. 
Whether in creative expression, aesthetic analysis, 
or historical appreciation, all assert the centrality 
of the arts as a means of human growth and 
expression, and provide students with a basis upon 
which to understand the creative process and 
make informed aesthetic value judgements. 

AHL 202A Introduction to Greek Art 

For description see Art. 

AML 201 A Introduction to American Studies 

AML 3 1 1 A The Politics of Race in 
American Fiction 

For description see American Studies. 

ARA 329A The Art Experience 

For description see Art. 

ARI 32 1 A British Painting 1 760-1960 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 


Aesthetic Perspective Courses 

CLL 200A Classical Mythology 
CLL 260A Greek & Roman Drama 
CLL 261 A Greek Tragedy and It's Lifluence 
CLL 27 1 A Greek Literature and Civilization 

For description see Classics. 

CRA 141 A Introduction to the Arts 

History of music, literature, the visual arts, 
architecture, dance, and film correlated with the 
history of Western civilization for a deeper 
understanding and appreciation of the arts of the 
Western world. 

CRA 203 A Aesthetics East and West 

Compare several art forms of the East and West, 
looking at what distinguishes art and what social 
and economic uses it serves in different cultures. 
Visits to museums and performances. 

CRA 225 A Music and Architecture 

Fundamentals of art criticism applied to various 
"multimedia" phenomena; aesthetic theories 
extracted. Freshmen by permission of instructor. 

CRA 384A 20th Century American Women in 
the Arts 

For description see Literature. 

FDF 222A Writing Narrativ^Constructing 

For description see Composition. 

FRC 370A Literature and Film in Postwar France 

FRC 308A Introduction to French Literature 
and Culture 

For descriptions see Modern Languages, French. 

GRC 203 A The World As Theater 

GRC 205A Heroes: Ethics on Stage ( 1600-1996) 
(in translation) 

GRC 206A Heroes: Ethics on Stage (16004996) 
(in German) 

GRC 255A The Third Reich in German Films 
(in translation) 

GRC 256A The Third Reich in German Films 
(in German) 

GRC 355 A Kafka, Mann, Wolf: Ethics of Prose 
(in translation) 

GRC 356A Kafka, Mann, Wolf: Ethics of Prose 
(in German) 

For descriptions see Modem Languages and 
Literatures, German. 

HIC 244A Cultural History of Russia 
HIL 363 A Renaissance Italy and the Arts 
HIL 3 74 A Celtic Culture and History 

For description see History. 

LII 3 13 A Contemporary British Novels 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings 

LIA 242 A Introduction to Native American 


LIA 267 A Literature of Healing and Dying 

LLA 281 A The Rise of die Novel 

LL\ 282A The Modem Novel 

LIL 349A Fiction from Around the World 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

LI/THA 362A Film and Literature 

LIL 209A Religion in Literature 

LIL 2 lOA Human Experience in Literature 

LIL 23 1 A Literature of Exploration & Discovery 

For descriptions see Literature. 

LIC/RUC 232A Russian Classics in Translation 

For description see Russian Studies. 

MUA 221 A Introduction to Music Literature 
MUA 326A American Music and Values 
MUA 33 1 A Topics in Music Literature 

For descriptions see Music. 

PEL 263 A Aesthetics 

For description see Philosophy. 

REL 242 A Dead Prophets Society 
REL 272A Creativity and the Sacred 

For description see Religious Studies. 

RUCA.-IC 232A Russian Classics in Translation 

For description see Russian Studies. 

SPC 300A Short Fiction: Study and Translation 
SPC 301A Civilization and Culture 


American Studies 

SPC 3 lOA Real/Surreal: Lorca, Bunuel, Dali 

For descriptions see Modem Languages, Spanish. 

THA 102A The Living Theatre 

THA 265A CAD: Applications for the Theatre 

THA 322A Communication Arts and Persuasion 

THA 323A Literature in Performance 

TtiA/LlA 362A Film and Literature 

THA 382A Theatre Beyond Literature 

For descriptions see Theatre. 

THI 365 A Theatre in London 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 


A broad, interdisciplinary' major in American 
civilization that focuses upon American experi- 
ence and identity, past and present, using the 
methods and approaches of a variety of academic 
disciplines, as well as the distinctive cultural 
perspective of American Studies. At Eckerd 
college, the program is built around the core 
disciplines of history, literature, political science, 
and cultural anthropology. In order to allow 
students to shape their courses of study to their 
own intellectual goals, the major may also include 
courses in diverse fields such as philosophy, 
religion, art, economics, women's and gender 
studies, and sociology, provided that the courses 
are related to understanding the society and 
culture of the United States. Each student's 
program is developed in consultation with a 
faculty committee, and should form a consistent 
pattern of courses in American culture and 

Students who complete the American Studies 
major demonstrate the following competencies: 

- knowledge of American history, institutions, 
environment, and culture, within an interdis- 
ciplinary perspective, demonstrated by the 
ability to talk and write intelligently about 
these fields. 

ability to define and evaluate the core values 
of American culture. 

- knowledge of the development of the field of 
American Studies as an academic discipline. 

- understanding of the methods, scope, and 
perspective of the field of American Studies. 

- understanding of a core discipline in Ameri- 
can Studies (e.g., American history, Ameri- 
can literature, American Government, 
Cultural Anthropology) and how it relates to 
the larger field of American Studies. An 
understanding of how the study of the core 
discipline is enriched by the interdisciplinary 
approach of American Studies. 

- ability to relate the various courses and 
approaches that have been taken as a part of 
the major program, and defend the interdisci- 
plinary approach to the study of the United 

- familiarity with the classic works in American 
Studies that relate the fields of American 
literature and history and the ability to 
evaluate the author's methodology. 

- demonstrated ability to undertake a research 
project that will explore important issues and 
problems in methodology and interpretation 
of American Studies. 

A major in American Studies consists of a 
minimum of ten courses. Six of the ten courses 
must be beyond the introductory level. Electives 
in the major should be chosen in consultation 
with discipline faculty. Students who wish to 
focus on minority, ethnic, or women's issues 
should choose appropriate courses within the 
requirements for the American Studies major. 
Each student majoring in American Studies must 
pass a Senior comprehensive examination, or, if 
invited by the faculty, write a Senior thesis. 

The American Studies major should include at 
least five courses from one of the core disciplines 
of history, literature, political science, or cultural 
anthropology. The introductory survey course of 
the core discipline should be chosen in consulta- 
tion with discipline faculty. In addition, Ameri- 
can Studies majors should choose at least three 
American Studies courses, which must include 
AML 201 A and AML 400, and at least one other 
American Studies course. At least two additional 
courses should be chosen from another discipline, 
and should directly relate to the study of Ameri- 
can culture and society\ In addition to courses 
from another of the core disciplines, students may 
choose courses in the following areas: courses that 


American Studies 

have a comparative perspective or that place 
American culture or society in a global context; 
Cultural Studies courses in media, communica- 
tion, and representation, with a substantial 
component dealing with the United States; 
courses with an African American or Women's 
and Gender Studies emphasis; or courses with an 
environmental focus, with a substantial compo- 
nent dealing with the United States. 

For a minor in American Studies, students will 
take five courses, including AML 201 A and AML 
400, and three electives related to American 
Studies, chosen in consultation with discipline 
faculty. Three of the five courses must be at the 
300 level or above. 

AML 201 A Introduction to American Studies 

Significant works and methods of American 
Studies, while surveying cultural themes of 
American identity and issues of American 

AML 306S American Myths, American Values 

Myths in American history, literature, and religion 
which shape Americans' understanding of their 
identity and history. 

AML 3078 Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries, and Reformers (Directed Study 

Reform and radical ideology of the 1 9th and 20th 
centuries. Populism, progressivism; nationalist, 
civil rights, peace, feminist, environmental 

AML 3088 Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender and 
American Culture (Directed Study available) 

Changing perspectives on what it means to be 
male or female in the U.S. Historical origins and 
sources of values concerning masculinity and 

AML 3 1 1 A The Politics of Race in 
American Fiction 

Examining ways in which race was constructed in 
narrative by and tor the conventions of a white, 
19th century reading public and how those ways 
have been "reconstructed" in the 20th century. 

AML/E8L 3 14E The Environment in American 

Examine the ways the physical environment has 
been conceptualized as cultural landscapes in the 
American past, from the Puritans "errand into the 
wilderness" to more recent encounters in the 
chaotic world of Jurassic Park. Use primary and 
secondary materials, including visual artifacts such 
as paintings, film, photographs, and literary works. 
Evaluation on mid-term examination, 2 essays, 
and final project. Sophomore, junior or senior 

AML 339 The Great Depression and 
American Life 

Exploring American life during the Great 
Depression in its social, cultural, and environmen- 
tal aspects, using literature, mass media and on- 
line archival resources. 

AML 400 Theory and Practice in American 

Integrating, capstone course for American studies 
majors. Develop an understanding of the field as an 
academic discipline and the relationship between 
the various disciplines that make up the field. 


Anthropology is the holistic study of humankind, 
embracing cultural diversity, human origins, 
linguistics, and the application of knowledge to 
current social problems. 

Those completing the anthropology major 
demonstrate the ability to: 

— define and discuss the differences between the 
biological and the cultural aspects of human- 
kind, and the interdependence of these two 

— conduct literature research and engage in 
scholarly writing that is logically cohesive and 
properly documented. 

— explain the concept of cultural relativity and 
discuss the implications for intercultural 

— distinguish arguments or positions based on 
sound data and logically reasoned, from those 
which lack sound supporting data and/or rest 
on questionable assumptions. 



They must have: 

— knowledge and experience in the fundamen- 
tals of empirical research, including anthropo- 
logical methods and techniques of gathering 
data, data analysis, and the writing of a 
research report. 

— familiarity with a variety of topical, regional 
and applied fields of inquiry. 

— preparedness for graduate programs in the 
field of anthropology and in related 
multicultural and international fields. 

The goals include introducing students to the 
different career choices in the academic world and 
in international business. 

Requirements for the major include successful 
completion of six core courses: Introduction to 
Anthropology, Research Methodology, Anthropo- 
logical Theory, Physical Anthropology, Statistical 
Methods, Linguistics or Field Archaeology; plus 
completion of five other courses in anthropology, 
two of which must be applied courses, and an oral 
comprehensive examination, with a C or better in 
all courses. In addition, anthropology majors must 
participate in at least one overseas study experience 
during their time at Eckerd College, ideally in a 
non- Western culture. Exceptions can be made only 
after consultation with the anthropology faculty. 

Sequencing: Introduction to Anthropology in the 
Freshman year or as the foundation course on 
which the succeeding courses are built, and all 
other anthropology courses, with the exception of 
Introduction to Anthropological Research 
Methodology and Anthropological Theory, which 
are taken in the Junior or Senior year. 

Requirements for the minor are Introduction to 
Anthropology, and any additional four courses in 

ANC 201G Introduction to Anthropology 

Introduction to the four fields of anthropology: 
physical, cultural, linguistics, and archaeology. 
Includes such topics as economy and exchange, 
religion, political organization, kinship, and 
gender roles, from a comparative perspective. 

ANC 204 Introduction to Archaeology 

Introduction to basic concepts in archaeology 
which provides information for making decisions 
about the role and importance of archaeology. 

ANC 205 Introduction to Primate Studies 

Evolution of diversity, socioecology, behavior, 
social relationships, communication, intelligence 
of primates; conservation and biomedical research. 
Observation techniques through field project. 
Prerequisites: ANC 20 IG and/or 240; biology 
majors with permission of instructor. 

ANC 208 Human Sexuality 

Overview of human sexuality, including cross- 
cultural and evolutionary perspectives. Range of 
sexual behavior and attitudes exhibited by 
humans, to help put one's own sexuality in 

ANC 230 Linguistics 

Tlie scientific study of language and its context: 
the elements of language and its uses in personal 
thought, social interaction, cultural values and 
institutions. •■ ' 

ANC 240 Physical Anthropology 

Concepts, theories, methodologies used in the 
study of homo sapiens: evolutionary theory, 
primate behavior, fossil evidence, human adapta- 
tion, sociobiology, and aggression. 

ANC/IBC 260 The Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

Challenge of conducting business operations 
successfully in a cultural environment distinct 
from one's own. 

ANC/EBC 262E Environment, Population and 

Long-range anthropological view of population 
growth and technology, prime movers of cultural 
evolution, from prehistoric times to present, using 
China as a case study. 

ANC 2820 East Asian Area Studies 

Examination of the more enduring features of 
China and Japan, through art, architecture, 
literature, customs, religious beliefs and intellec- 
tual traditions. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. 

ANC 283G Southeast Asian Area Studies 

Exploration of the diverse cultures of Southeast 
Asia in terms of religions, tradition, art, music, 
theatre, architecture and ways of life. 



ANC 285G Latin American Area Studies 

A multidisciplinary, contemporary overview of the 
peoples and cultures, achievements and challenges 
faced in Latin America. 

ANC 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

Cultural heritage of Sub-Saharan nations, 
including history, economy, politics and social 
structure. Selected ethnographies for in-depth 

ANC 287G Caribbean Area Studies 

Surveys the culture history and ways of life of the 
peoples of the Caribbean region; their economic 
system; socioeconomic forms ot organization; 
domestic organization and gender relations. 

ANC 333 Introduction to Anthropological 
Research Methodology 

Design and implementation of different types of 
research modes. Field work projects. Prerequisite: 
ANC 201 or permission of instructor. 

ANC 334G Fertility and Reproduction 

Study of human reproduction and population 

ANC 335E Cultural Ecology 

Relationships between environment and cultural 
systems. Prerequisite: ANC 20 IG 

ANC 336 Ethnic Identity 

Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, non- 
assimilation of minorities, intercultural under- 
standing, communication and interaction. 

ANC 337 Anthropology and Education 

Contemporary problems facing educators and 
learners in formal and nonformal education in the 
Third World and in minority groups. Methods of 
conducting ethnological fieldwork in education. 
Major trends in role of education in development. 
Prerequisite: ANC 201G. 

ANC 338 Anthropology and Religion 

Religious beginnings, role in human life, and 
movements from an anthropological viewpoint. 
Primitive religions, movements in industrialized 
society. Selected case studies. Prerequisite: ANC 
20 IG (exceptions made for religion and other 
interested majors). 

ANC 339 Developmental Anthropology 

Population growth, hunger and nutrition, 
agricultural development, role of cultural factors 
such as economic decision-making, risk-taking, 
gender roles. Prerequisite: Sophomore or better or 
permission of instructor. ANC 20 IG recom- 

ANC 340 Conflict Studies 
Conflict and its resolution in other cultures, 
gender, family, education, corporate, xenophobia, 
prejudice. Methods of resolution such as third 
party, negotiation, mediation, arbitration. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore or better or permission of 
instructor. ANC 20 IG recommended. 

ANC 350 (Directed Study) Introduction to 
Museum Work 

Hands-on experience with artifacts, cataloging, 
restoring and cleaning, designing and constructing 
an exhibit based on research. Minimum 120 
hours. Prerequisite: at least one anthropology 
course and consent of instructor. 
ANCABC 361 International Management 
For description see International Business. 
ANC 410 Anthropological Theory 
Senior seminar for anthropology majors. Schools 
of thought on evolution, diversity, diffusionism, 
culture and personality. 


The visual arts major is process and project 
oriented. Students develop their own area of 
emphasis, focusing on imagery and content 
through their chosen media. The major should be 
seen as the central part of the student's education, 
with other college requirements and electives 
serving to shape the young artist as a whole 

Specific focus and courses for the major are 
worked out with a visual arts Mentor. Every 
program must consist of a minimum of ten studio 
courses, including ARA 101,102, and 320, plus 
two approved courses in art history from outside 
the discipline. Every student must pass the 
required Sophomore show review in the categories 
of drawing and design before undertaking the 
Senior thesis exhibition. The Senior thesis 
exhibition is required of all majors for graduation, 
and must demonstrate technical competence and 
a developed artistic vision, the ability to work in a 



sustained way with a visual problem or problems, 
and to organize gallery space coherently. A 
required Senior seminar in the final semester 
concludes the visual arts major. 

Requirement for Junior Transfer Students 
A student transferring trom another college at the 
Junior level and electing to major in art must 
submit a portfolio of work demonstrating compe- 
tency in drawing and design as a substitute for the 
required Sophomore show. Students unprepared to 
submit a portfolio or who do not demonstrate 
competency in both areas may not expect to 
graduate in two years with a major in visual arts. 
The normal tour year program moves from 
structured courses, to greater freedom, to the 
independently executed Senior thesis show. 

Visual Problem Solving 
Drawing Fundamentals 
Choice of workshop courses 

Choice of workshop courses 
Sophomore show 
Art History 

Art History 

Choice of workshop courses 
Studio Critique 

Thesis show preparation . 
Senior thesis show 
Senior Seminar 

An art minor consists of ARA 101,102, and one 
approved course in art history, plus three other 
studio courses approved by the art faculty for 
qualification for the minor. 

AHL 202 A Introduction to Greek Art 

Major developments in the arts of the Greeks from 
the Bronze Age through the Hellenistic period. 
Examples of painting, architecture, sculpture, 
personal ornaments, carved ivories, gems and ,^ 
coins placed in cultural context. 

ARA 101 Visual Problem Solving 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing 
skills in spatial organization, relating forms in 
sequence, discovering uniqueness, personal 
approach to solutions, even within narrow, 
arbitrarily prescribed bounds. 

ARA 1 02 Drawing Fundamentals 

For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in 
new ways of seeing, eye-hand coordination, self- 
discovery, and self-expression through varied 
drawing media, using as sources the figure, still- 
life, nature, and imagination. 

ARA 205 Calligraphy I -j 

The calligraphy styles of England, Europe and 
America. Introductory survey open to all students 
regardless of major. 

ARA 206 British Calligraphy 

Learning two British styles of alphabet letter 
forms. Weekly writing assignments and five 
finished, fonnal examples of each style, matted or 
shrink-wrapped. Not open to Freshmen. 

ARA 207 American Calligraphy 

Learn to write in two American alphabet styles. 
Course-long journal, final five calligraphy works, 
matted or shrink-wrapped. 

ARA 222 Clay I 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic 
materials, handforming, recycling, glazing, firing. 
Laboratories with supervised working time and 
lectures on technical knowledge. ,, 

ARA 223 Relief Printing 

In-depth investigation of one of the oldest print 
mediums, using linoleum as the primary matrix to 
explore design and graphic imagery in both black 
and white and color. Prerequisite: ARA 101 or 


ARA 225 Etching 

Basic techniques of etching, including hard and 
soft grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open biting, 
embossing, and color printing. Experimentation 
and an imaginative approach is expected. Prereq- 
uisites: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 227 Magic, Mythology and Ritual Art 

Collage and assemblage objects used in rituals 
throughout history, with papers documenting 
content, process and history. 

ARA 228 Painting Workshop 

Introduction to process of painting with emphasis on 
each smdent finding his/her own imagery, exploring 
technical means. Any medium or combination 
allowed. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 102. 



ARA 229 Photography as Image Gathering 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking and 
developing black and white photographs. No 
prerequisites, but the student should have access to a 
camera with adjustable aperture and shutter speeds. 

ARA 241 Intermediate Drawing 

A variety of traditional and non-traditional 
drawing media. Visit museums and galleries. 
Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 102. 
ARA 301 Collage and Assemblage 
Production of two- and three-dimensional objects 
and images, employing various materials, explor- 
ing the interface between painting and sculptur- 
ing. Prerequisites: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 303 Asian Art and Techniques 

Learn oriental art appreciation. Explore and 
practice the forms, styles, techniques and materials 
of oriental art (mostly Chinese). Prerequisites: 
ARA 101 or 102 or permission of instructor by 
portfolio review. 


Further development of skills in one particular 
British or American alphabet, with its history and 
various uses. Prerequisite: ARA 206 or 207 and 
permission of instructor. 

ARA 308 Throwing on the Potter's Wheel 

Throwing instruction and practice. Skill, aesthetic 
considerations, techniques and critiques. Prerequi- 
site: ARA 222 or permission of instructor. Offered 
alternate semesters. 

ARA 309 Ceramic Sculpture 

Various techniques from forming through surface 
finishes. Clay as a sculpture medium from prehis- 
toric through contemporary use, with an overview 
of history. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 222. 

ARA 320/420 Studio Critique 

Maximum of independence with regular critiques, 
each student preparing a contract for work in 
media of the student's choice. Class used for 
review of work, field trips and discussion. Prerequi- 
sites: art majors only who have completed the 
Sophomore show requirement. 

ARA 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique forum for students ready to do serious 
work in various drawing media, developing a 
personal mode of expression. Emphasis on 
experimentation with new materials and ideas. 
Must be capable of working independently. 
Prerequisites: ARA 101,102 and permission of 

ARA 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Intensive independent projects designed to 
encourage imaginative examination of the local 
environment Class critiques weekly. Evaluation on 
final portfolio of at least 20 finished mounted 
prints exhibiting technical excellence and creative 
insight. Prerequisite: ARA 229 and permission of 

ARA 325 Monoprinting 

Use etching press to explore ways of achieving 
single-impression images through use of oil, 
watercolor and printing inks. Demonstrations, 
critiques, individual supervision, culminating in 
exhibition at end of semester. Prerequisites: ARA 
101 and 102. 

ARA 327 Painting Workshop II 
ARA 328 Painting Workshop III 

Continuation of process begun in ARA 228. 
Individual instruction with periodic group 
critiques. Emphasis on larger scale works and . 

technical appropriateness. Prerequisites: ARA 228 1 

for 327; 327 for 328. 

ARA 329A The Art Experience 

Students select one artist and do art works and J 

research on the life and times of that artist, and ] 

make a presentation on both the art works and the 1 

facts. Not open to Freshmen. Sophomores with - 
instructor's permission. 

ARA 342 Introduction to Graphic Design 

Basic elements of graphic design: typography, 
modem print techniques, illustration, photogra- 
phy in advertising, publishing, mass media. For 
Juniors and Seniors; others by permission. 

ARA 343 Introduction to Computer Art 

The importance, versatility, persuasiveness and . 

potential of computer art. Become familiar with I 
computer graphics programs and develop personal 
electronic art languages. Prerequisite: ARA 101 
and 102, or permission of instructor. 



ARA 344 Computer Art II 

Intermediate level based on ARA 343. Prerequi- 
site: ARA 101, 102, 343, or pennission of 

ARA 346 The Art of Web Page Design 

The importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential use of art on the internet. Become 
familiar with WWW design and computer graphic 
programs and develop personal creativity in digital 
art. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 102, or permission 
of instructor. 

ARA 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

Senior thesis closure. Critiques, slide-making, 
portfolio building, resume writing, interviews with 
artists, visits to off-campus art events, graduate 
school concerns, larger art issues. 

ARA 420 Studio Critique 

For description see ARA 320. 

ARA 499 Senior Thesis and Seminar 

For Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, self- 
structured time to work, regular weekly meetings, 
critiques, practice in hanging and criticizing 
shows. Personal, individual discussion time with 
instructor. Prerequisite: Senior major in art. 

ARI 321 A Art History: British Painting 

ARI 35 1 (Directed Study) History of English 

For descriptions see International Education, 
London Offerings. 


Descriptions of autumn term projects are pub- 
lished in a separate brochure. ^ 


The biology major is designed to give a broad pre- 
professional background for students interested in 
careers in biology, molecular biology, biomedical 
science, environmental science, and related fields. 

Biology students are required to demonstrate basic 
knowledge in seven areas of the life sciences 
(invertebrate, vertebrate, botany, cell, genetics. 

physiology and ecology). They learn how to 
develop experiments to test appropriate hypoth- 
eses, use skills and laboratory techniques necessary 
for investigative research, gather and analyze data, 
and evaluate and synthesize information thus 
obtained. They gain an appreciation of the history 
of the life sciences and see their connection to 
study areas included in the biology major curricu- 
lum, and the relationship of information gained 
from a scientific perspective to values-oriented 
issues in their lives. Through this program, 
students also have the opportunity to improve and 
perfect their listening, writing and speaking 

Students demonstrate achievement of the biology 
program by satisfactory completion of a Senior 
comprehensive exam or Senior thesis, and 
ordinarily the courses listed below: 

For the B.S. degree: (pre-professional) 

Students must fulfill all the general education 
requirements, and for the biology major, they must 
complete MAN 131M (Calculus I), MAN 133 or 
BEB 260M (Statistics), CHN 121, 122, 221, and 
222, (general and organic chemistry), PHN 241, 
242 (Physics), eight biology courses (Biodiversity I 
and II, or the equivalent. Cell Biology, Genetics, 
Physiology, Ecology', and two biology' electives) 
and Biology Seminar. Students participating in 
off-campus programs may petition for alternatives 
to these specifications. 

For the B.S. degree, foreign language may be taken 
in the Junior year to accommodate the early 
completion of prerequisite courses in chemistry 
and mathematics. Beginning students are strongly 
encouraged to begin General Chemistry their first 

Sample molecular and organismic course sequences 
for the B.S. degree in Biology: 

Both sequences: 

Semester 1 Biodiversity 1 & General Chemistry I 
Semester 2 Biodiversity 11 & General Chemistry II 
Semester 3 Cell Biology & Organic Chemistry I 
Semester 4 Genetics & Organic Chemistry II 

Molecular option: 

Semester 5 Developmental Biology or Advanced 

Semester 6 General and Molecular Physiology 
Semester 7 Ecology and Microbiology 
Semester 8 Immunology and/or Independent Study 



Organismic option: 

Semester 5 Ecology or Vertebrate Biology 
Semester 6 Comparative Physiology 
Semester 7 Marine Mammalogy or Fish Biology 
Semester 8 Conservation Biology and/or 
Independent Study 

For the B.A. degree: (liberal arts) 

Students must meet the general education 
requirements and for the biology major they must 
complete eight biology courses (including 
Biodiversity 1 and II, or the equivalent, Cell 
Biology, Genetics, Physiology, Ecology, and two 
biology electives) and Biology Seminar (interpre- 
tive sections of BIN 305 and BIN 306 may be 
substituted for the "investigative courses"), plus 
MAN 13 IM (Calculus 1), a statistics course and 
General Chemistry I and II. 

Students who major in biology may not also major 
in marine science (biology track), or biochemistry. 

For the Biology minor: 

A minor requires five biology courses, not 
including more than two at the 100 level, 
perspective courses, or directed or independent 
studies. At least one of the five courses must be at 
the 300 level or above. 

BIN 100/101 Biodiversity 1 and II 

Survey of all living organisms, variation in 
structure and function, ecological roles and 
evolutionary relationships. Provides solid founda- 
tion in organismic biology for beginning students. 

BIN 187 Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, 
their place in the ecosystem and responses to 
environmental conditions. Vascular, non-vascular 
marine, freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 

BIN/MSN 188 Marine and Freshwater Botany 
BIN/MSN 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

For descriptions see Marine Science. 

BIN 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Classification, evolutionary history, structure, neo- 
Darwinian evolution and evolutionary features as 
seen in anatomy of aquatic and terrestrial chordates. 

BIN 20 IE Ecosystems of Horida 

Ecosystems of west-central Florida, including the 
marine, freshwater, lowland and upland systems; 

study the biological interaction occurring in the 
ecosystems of the Tampa Bay region. 

BIN 202 Cell Biology 

Structure, function and the flow of energy as the 
unifying principle linking photosynthesis, 
anaerobic, aerobic respiration and expenditure of 
energy by the cell. Prerequisites: CHN 121 and 
Sophomore standing. 

BIN 204 Microbiology 

Biology of microorganisms; microbiological 
techniques, isolation and identification of 
unknown organisms. 

BIN/MSN 301 Principles of Ecology 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships in 
natural communities. Field work in nearby ponds 
and Gulf shoreline. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior 
standing. Corequisite: BIN 303 or 305 or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

BIN/MSN 302 The Biology of Fishes 
For description see Marine Science. 

BIN 303 Genetics: Investigative 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from 
historical perspective. Experimental approach 
emphasized. Small lab groups participate in 
experimental design, and develop research skills in 
both classical genetic systems and molecular 
biology. Prerequisite: CHN 121, 122, BIN 202 or 
permission of instructor. Corequisite CHN 221. 
Marine science majors may substitute MSN 301 
for CHN 221/2. 

BIN 305 Genetics: Interpretive 

See BIN 303. Library research project in place of 
investigative lab. Prerequisite: CHN 121 and 
corequisite of CHN 122. 

BIN 307 Ecology of Amphibians and Reptiles 

Fundamental concepts in ecology through the 
study of amphibians and reptiles. Meets ecology 
requirement for biology, marine science and 
environmental studies majors. Prerequisite: BIN 

101 or 200. 

BIN 308 General and Molecular Physiology 

Mammalian nervous, endocrine, muscle, cardiovas- 
cular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, immune, 
reproductive systems. Macro and molecular aspects. 
Prerequisites: BIN 202 and CHN 121, 122. 



BIN 310 Techniques in Electron Microscopy 

Research techniques such as tissue preparation, 
sectioning with an ultramicrotome, filming 
observations. Prerequisites: Junior standing, 
science major, permission of instructor. 

BIN/MSN 311 Marine Mammalogy 

For description see Marine Science. 

BD^/MSN 3 14 Ccanparative Physiology: Investigative 

Physiological mechanisms of animals and general 
principles revealed through application of 
comparative methods. Creative project lab to 
develop research skills. Prerequisite: CHN 

121,122, 221, BIN 202, 303. 

BIN/MSN 315 Elasmobranch Biology and 

Systematics, evolution, ecology, behavior, and 
anatomical and physiological adaptations of sharks 
and rays. Current scientific research, human 
impact, how populations can be managed. 
Prerequisites: BIN 101 or 200 and Junior standing. 

BIN 316 Comparative Physiology: Interpretive 

See BIN 314. Library' research project or indepen- 
dent alternative in place of investigative lab. 
Corequisite: CHN 122. 

BIN 350 Human Physiology (Directed Study) 

Ner\'es, muscles, sense and endocrine organs; 
cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, reproductive, 
excretory systems; metabolic integration. Suitable 
for biology majors off-campus unable to take 
scheduled physiology courses. Prerequisites: CHN 
122, BIN 202 and permission of instructor 

BIN/MSN 402 Marine Ecology 

For description see Marine Science. 

BIN 406 Advanced Topics in Botany 

Subjects investigated determined by student 
interest. Prerequisite: BIN 187 or 188. 

BIN 407 Paleobotany 

Ancient environments and formation of fossils, 
evolution of plants, research techniques, field 
trips. Prerequisite: BIN 187 or 188, at least Junior 
standing and permission of instructor. 

BIN 410 Biology Seminar 

Topical concerns in biology, especially those not 
fully explored in other areas of the biology 

curriculum. Junior, Senior biology majors partici- 
pate for one course credit; Sophomores invited to 

BIN 420 Advanced Ecology and Evolution 

Read and evaluate scientific literature and 
conduct a semester-long independent field 
research project on selected topic. Prerequisites: B 
or better in BIN 301 and permission of instructor. 

BIN 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Selected topics from contemporary areas o{ 
genetics. Gene regulation in embryological 
development, oncogenes, immunogenetics, 
genetic engineering, human genetics. Biological 
and social implications. Prerequisite: BIN 303 or 
305 or permission of instructor. 

BIN 424 Developmental Biology 

Molecular and morphological mechanisms 
underlying the development of body plans and 
organ systems in marine and terrestrial embryos. 
Current scientific literature, modem experimental 
techniques, independent laboratory research 
projects. Prerequisites: BIN 202 and BIN 303 and 
instructor's permission. 

BIN 430 Independent Research in Biology 

For students interested in pursuing careers in 
biology, intensive instruction in use of laboratory 
and/or field equipment. Various methodology 
approaches, current and historical, used in 
scientific investigation. Prerequisites: CHN 121, 
122, 221, 222, BIN 202, 303, and instructor's 

BIN 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Upon invitation, Seniors may design and carry out 
a creative research program, usually resulting in a 
written dissertation which is defended in the 
spring of the senior year. 

NAN 320 Introduction to Research: Scientific 

Historical and philosophical framework for 
scientific inquiry-, modem techniques for biblio- 
graphic research, writing scientifically and making 
scientific presentations. Prerequisite: must be 
doing collaborative scientific research with a 
faculty member. 

See also Marine Science and Sea Semester. 




The capabilities and skills that chemistry majors 
are expected to obtain include knowledge of 
chemical synthesis, analysis, and theory. In 
addition, students acquire competence in labora- 
tory techniques, the use of chemical instrumenta- 
tion, and computers, written and oral communica- 
tion, and the ability to use the chemical literature. 

Since the chemistry curriculum is currently 
undergoing revision, the course requirements for 
each of the degree programs depend on the year 
the student enters the college. 

Students entering in or before 1997 should consult 
the 1996-98 catalog for requirements. 

For students entering after 1997: 

212, 221, 222, 321, 326, and one upper level 
chemistry elective. 

212, 221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 424, and one upper 
level chemistry elective. 

CHN 121, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 415, 
424, 429 or 499, and one upper level chemistry 

121, 122, 212, 222, 321, 322, 326, 415, 417, 424 
and either 429 or 499. Cell Biology (BIN 202) 
and Genetics (BIN 303) are also required. 

TRY TRACK: CHN 12 1,1 22, 2 12, 22 1,222, 
321, 326, 415, 417, BIN 202, BIN 303, BIN 308. 

Two of the following courses could be used to 
replace the Biodiversity I and II sequence: MSN/ 
BIN 188 Marine and Freshwater Botany, MSN/ 
BIN 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology and BIN 
200 Biology of Invertebrates. Also CHN 321 may 
be taken in place of CHN 420, although CHN 
420 is preferred for this track. 

The B.S. (Certified) degrees have been approved 
by the American Chemical Society (ACS). 

For any degree, students must also take MAN 131/ 
2M, PHN 241/2 and CHN 410 Chemistry 
Seminar. Additionally, students must satisfy the 
collegium requirement of 12 courses for the B.A. 

degree and 16 courses for any of the B.S. degrees. 
A working knowledge of computers is strongly 
recommended for all courses beyond CHN 222. 
Finally, students must maintain a C average or 
better in courses within the chemistry discipline 
and the required supporting courses listed above. 

Students who major in chemistry in the uncertified 
biochemistry track may not also major in biology. 

Students may obtain a minor in chemistry by 
earning at least a C in CHN 121 and in any four 
of the following: CHN 122, 212, 221, 222, 321/ 
323, 322/324, 326, 415, 424. 

CHN 110 Introduction to Chemistry 

Chemical principles and problem-solving skills. 
Biweekly labs. Not open to students who have 
completed CHN 1 1 1 or 121 with a grade of C or 
better. Prerequisite: high school algebra. 

CHN 121 General Chemistry I 

Intended for those who plan to major in the sciences. 
Examines modem chemical theory including 
stoichiometry, gas laws, atomic structure and bonding 
solutions, and kinetics. The laboratory complements 
the lecture material and is quantitative in nature. 
Evaluation based upon exams, quizzes, final exam, and 
the laboratory. Prerequisites: high school chemistry 
and three years of high school madiematics or 
Introduction to Chemistry with a grade of C or better. 

CHN 122 General Chemistry II 

Topics include thermodynamics, chemical equilibria, 
ionic equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry 
descriptive inorganic chemistry, and nuclear 
chemistry. Evaluation based upon exams, quizzes, 
final exam, and the laboratory. The laboratory 
includes instruction in the use of instrumentation for 
chemical measurements. Prerequisite: General 
Chemistry I with a grade of C or better. 

CHN/PHN 209N Survey of Astronomy 

Planets, stars, galaxies, celestial motion. Some 
night observing sessions. 

CHN 211 Inorganic Chemistry 

Atomic structure, chemical bonding, periodic 
relationships, reactions and properties of represen- 
tative inorganic compounds, introduction to 
quantitative aspects of thermodynamics and 
kinetics. Prerequisite: CHN 111 with a grade of C 
or better. Corequisite: MAN 13 IM. 



CHN 212 Analytical Chemistry 

This course examines modem analytical separa- 
tions and measurements including gravimetric, 
volumetric and instrumental techniques, through 
the detailed study of acid-hase equilibria, redox 
chemistry, solubility and complex ion equilibria 
and their application to chemical analysis. The 
laboratory provides intensive instruction in hands- 
on practical application of the techniques 
described. Evaluation based upon exams, quizzes, 
final exam and laboratory. Prerequisite: General 
Chemistry II, and Calculus I with a grade of C or 
better in each. 

CHN 22 1 Organic Chemistry I 

First of a two-course sequence dealing with the 
chemistry of carbon-containing compounds from 
simple aliphatic hydrocarbons to alchohols. 
Structure, properties, functional groups, reactions, 
chemical synthesis, and stereochemistry are 
examined in depth with an emphasis on reaction 
mechanisms. The laboratory introduces the basic 
techniques of experimental organic chemistry and 
includes chromatographic separations, distillation, 
extraction, and simple functional group 
interconversions. Evaluation based upon exams, 
quizzes, final exam, and laboratory. Prerequisite: 
General Chemistry II with a grade of C or better. 

CHN 222 Organic Chemistry II 

A continuation of CHN 221. Structure, proper- 
ties, reactions, and synthesis of carbonyl com- 
pounds and carboxylic acid derivatives, aromatic 
compounds, carbohydrates, amino acids, and 
nucleic acids are examined. Relevant aspects of 
bioorganic chemistry are introduced. Infrared 
spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance 
spectroscopy, and gas chromatography-mass 
spectrometry are studied as methods for structure 
determination. The laboratory includes natural 
product isolation, multistep synthesis, and organic 
structural analysis using the methods described 
above. Evaluation based upon exams, quizzes, 
final exam and laboratory. Prerequisites: Organic 
Chemistry I with a grade of C or better. 

CHN 321 Physical Chemistry I: Investigative 

Laws of thermodynamics, free energy, and chemical 
equilibrium; solutions of electrolytes, non-electro- 
lytes; electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, and 
kinetic theory. Prerequisites: CHN 212, MAN 132, 
PHN 242 or permission of instructor. 

CHN 322 Physical Chemistry II: Investigative 

Wave mechanics, chemical bonding, atomic and 
molecular spectroscopy, statistical thermodynam- 
ics and some molecular symmetry. Prerequisite: 
CHN 321. 

CHN 323 Physical Chemistry I: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 321. 

CHN 324 Physical Chemistry II: Interpretive 

N on- laboratory version of CHN 322. 

CHN 326 Instrumental Analysis 

Practical application of modem experimental 
techniques and modem chemical instrumentation. 
Required of all chemistry majors, normally in the 
Junior year. Prerequisites: CHN 212 and PHN 242. 

CHN 410 Chemistry Seminar 

Series of papers and discussions on topics in 
chemistry and related subjects. Meetings with 
students and faculty, visitor participation. Junior 
and Senior chemistry majors present at least one 
paper a year. One course credit on satisfactory 
completion of the two years of participation. 
Continuation in seminar contingent upon 
satisfactory progress in upper division courses. 

CHN 415 Biochemistry I: Investigative 

The study of structures, functions, the dynamics of 
proteins, the role of genetic biomolecules, and 
some of the metabolic cycles in the body as related 
to the chemistry of these molecules. Prerequisites: 
CHN 112, CHN 222, and class standing of Junior 
or Senior, or by permission of instructor. 

CHN 416 Biochemistry I: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 415. 

CHN 417 Biochemistry II: Investigative 

A continuation of CHN 415. Biosynthesis of 
macromolecular precursors, in-depth study of 
genetic functions, and interactions between the 
conformation of the macromolecules and their 
roles in metabolism and physiological processes. 
Prerequisite: CHN 415. 

CHN 418 Biochemistry II: Interpretive 

N on- laboratory version of CHN 417. 

CHN 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Elucidation of reaction mechanism, stereochemis- 
try, and molecular orbital theory. Prerequisites: 
CHN 222 and 322. 



CHN 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Structures, reactions, thermodynamic and physical 
properties of the elements and compounds. 
Development of group molecular orbital theory. 
Survey of molecular and solid state structures, 
transition metal complexes, main group com- 
pounds, organometallics, electronic spectroscopy, 
catalysis. Weekly lab. Problem sets, exams, oral 
presentations, laboratory reports and final exam. 
Prerequisites: CHN 321 and 326. 

CHN 429 Senior Research in Chemistry 

Independent laboratory research in one of the 
major areas of chemistry. Elective for B.A. or B.S. 
in Senior year, required for non-thesis B.S. 
(Certified) chemistry majors. Prerequisite: CHN 
326 and permission of instructor. 

CHN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Chemistry students with superior ability may be 
invited to do independent research with a member 
of the chemistry staff during their Senior year, and 
write and defend a research thesis before a thesis 


The minor in Classical Humanities gives students a 
solid foundation in the history, literature, and art of 
Greece and Rome, civilizations of central importance 
to the study of the Western humanities. The minor 
requires a total of six courses, which can be drawn 
from the fields of classics, ancient history, and Greek 
and Roman art. Two of the six required courses may 
be chosen from the field of ancient philosophy. With 
prior permission from the Discipline Coordinator in 
Classics, students may receive credit toward the minor 
for a related course in Literature or another discipline. 
In addition, overseas study in Greece and Rome and 
certain winter term courses will qualify for the minor. 

CLL/LAL 101/102 Elementary Latin 

Gives students the ability to read moderately 
difficult prose by building a strong foundation in 
Latin grammar and syntax. Helpfril in strengthen- 
ing knowledge of English grammar and vocabulary. 
CLL/LAL 101 is prerequisite for 102. 

CLL 200A Classical Mythology 

Familiarizes students with the most important 
Greek and Roman myths and the backgrounds from 
which they arose. Discusses the important theories, 

themes, and meanings of myth, as well as the 
pervasive influence of myth in our everyday lives. 

CLL/WGL 202 Women in Ancient Greece 

Examines the roles and lives of women in ancient 
Greece as presented in primary texts about them, 
poetry by them, and artistic representations of 

CLL/HIL 242 Ancient Greek History 

Provides an overview of the history of Greece 
from Mycenean times up until the age of 
Alexander through the ancient writers them- 
selves: Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, and 

CLL/HIL 243 Ancient Roman History 

Provides an overview of the history of Rome from 
its legendary beginnings in the eighth century BC 
to the age of Nero in the first century AD through 
the ancient authors themselves: Livy, Tacitus, 
Suetonius, Plutarch, and Polybius. 

CLL 260A Greek & Roman Drama 

Introduces students to many of the great tragedies 
and comedies of ancient Greece and Rome. Puts 
the plays in their historical and cultural context 
and discusses the conditions under which they 
were performed. 

CLL 261 A Greek Tragedy and Its Influence 

Offers an in-depth study of a few Greek tragedies 
and of works inspired by those tragedies in a 
variety of genres including drama, science fiction, 
psychological and philosophical studies, and film. 
Discusses changing concepts of tragedy and the 
tragic hero. 

CLL 270 Classical Literature in Translation 

Introduces students to some of the greatest works 
of Greek and Roman civilization. Puts these 
works in the historical, spiritual, and artistic 
context from which they arose. 

CLL 27 1 A Greek Literature and Civilization 

Introduces students to many of the most influen- 
tial literary texts of Greek civilization, including 
selections from epic, lyric, and dramatic poetry, 
history, and philosophy. Puts these texts in their 
cultural, political, and artistic contexts. 




Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three areas: 
five courses in a literature (commonly English and/ 
or American), three courses in a foreign language 
(such as French, German or Spanish), of which at 
least two are literature courses, and two courses in a 
second foreign language (at any level), or in 
another discipline (such as history, religion, 
philosophy, etc.), or in an approved specialty (world 
literature in translation, myth, the Don Juan 
tradition, etc.). Students should have one course 
using comparative methodology. Linguistics and 
literary criticism are recommended. 

Students develop competencies in comparative 
techniques, literary analogues and influences, 
research methods, and interdisciplinary work. 
Coursework is shaped to individual student pro- 
grams, typically moving from introductory levels 
to advanced work, often culminating in a thesis. 


Courses designed to develop skills in oral commu- 
nication and increase understanding of the role of 
the communications media in society. 

COF 121 Fundamentals of Oral Communication 

This course surveys fundamental oral communication 
concepts with an emphasis on developing effective 
public speaking skills. Methods of evaluation include 
examinations and individual speech critiques. 

COF 22 1 Media and Society 

An exploration and critical analysis of the 
relationships between contemporary media forms 
and society. Representative topics include the 
cultural role of advertising, the media's influence 
on human behavior and thought, and the social 
implications of new media technologies. Methods 
of evaluation include examinations, research 
projects, and group discussions. 


Composition courses emphasize the ways different 
writing processes lead to successful learning and 
communication. All address the conventions of 
expository writing, standard English usage, 
documentation, and preparation of portfolios for 
competency evaluation. Students in composition 

courses are urged to complete their assignments 
using the word processing facilities in the college's 
computer laboratories. The Writing Center, a 
service of the Writing Excellence Program, 
supplements composition courses and provides 
assistance to students regarding any writing task. 

Credit for PDF 121, 122, and 123 is limited: students 
whose native language is English may take only two 
for credit; students with other native languages may 
take three for credit. Students may take advanced 
composition courses for additional credit. 

FDF 121 Writing Processes 

Introduction to writing processes: pre-writing, drafting, 
revising, editing. Development of a personal voice to 
express ideas and values. Journal, academic essays, 
proper use of resources, including documentation. 

FDF 122 Analytic and Persuasive Writing 

Critical reading and analysis of texts, with attention 
to audience, organization, evidence, persuasion. 
Collegiate research report: research questions, 
writing from sources, presenting evidence logically. 
Theme sections announced at preregistration. 

FDF 123 Resourceful Writing 

Individual assignments to sharpen thinking, editing, 
research skills. Audience awareness, broadening 
student's repertoire, enriching language use. Usually 
requires major research paper. Theme sections 
announced at preregistration.. 

FDF 222A Narratives of Knowledge 

Explore the relationship between quest and 
narrative through a study of selected Western 
texts, raising questions about the construction of 
meaning and community in our lives. 

FDF 321 Composition Theory and Learning 

The role of writing in learning, theories of 
composition, analysis of writing processes, 
designing units of instruction. Group inquiry 
techniques and collaborative writing assignments. 
Practicum in tutoring. Prerequisite: Junior 
standing, completion of writing competency 
requirement, or instructor's permission. 

FDF 322 Researching and Writii^ in the Humanities 

Write a major paper in a humanities discipline, with 
ongoing evaluation of researching and writing 
techniques. Participate in writing groups, keep a 
research notebook. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. 



FDF 323 Organizational Communication 

Effective written, oral, visual, and computer- 
mediated communication in the context of 
modem business practice. Prerequisite: Junior 
standing or instructor's permission. 

FDF 324 Thinking, Researching, Writing Science 

Interdisciplinary team-taught course designed to help 
students in the sciences develop writing skills, 
epistemological perspective, and ethical sense to 
communicate scientific knowledge to science and lay 
audiences. Prerequisite: passed portfolio requirement, 
or permission of instructor. Corequisite: enrollment 
in science course with a lab. 

FDF 325 Writing Environmental Policy 

Writing environmental proposals, policy, and impact 
statements, and critical analysis of and presentations of 
solutions to environmental problems. Strategies for legal 
research. Case study ethics component. Prerequisite: 
must have passed writing competency, or have taken 
another writing course, or have permission of instmctor. 

FDF 326 Environmental Rhetoric 

focuses on reading examples of various discourses we use 
to represent nature and the environment. Scientific, 
political, aesthetic, spiritual, ethical discourse, and media 
images, have all contributed to contradictory under- 
standing of die natural world. Examine the way 
different reading assignments constmct varied and 
contradictory values and beliefs about the environment. 


Students majoring in computer science acquire a 
knowledge of basic and advanced algorithm design 
and programming, as well as the underlying 
principles, design, and implementation of the major 
components of computing systems. Achievement of 
the required competencies is demonstrated by 
successful completion of a Senior comprehensive 
examination or thesis and by the successful 
completion of the four required computer science 
courses (CSN 143, CSN 221, CSN 222, and CSN 
301 ) and a minimum of four computer science 
elective courses numbered CSN 320 or greater. 

The course requirements for the computer science 
major are composed of two parts: the program 
core, and the program specialization. The core is a 
structured sequence of four computer science 
courses (Introduction to Computer Science, Data 
Structures, Computer Systems, Theory of Com- 

puting) and four mathematics courses (Calculus 1, 
Discrete Mathematics, Statistics, Linear Algebra). 

The specialization, composed of a minimum of 
four computer science electives numbered 320 or 
greater pursued during the Junior and Senior years, 
is less structured, allowing the student to empha- 
size his or her special interests. The Computer 
Science Seminar is required in the Junior and 
Senior years. This is a total of 12 courses (not 
including the seminar) for the Bachelor of Arts. 

Four additional courses from advanced computer 
science (320 level or above), mathematics or 
physics, are required for the Bachelor of Science. 

For computer science students interested in a 
mathematics minor or a double major (computer 
science and mathematics). Combinatorial Math- 
ematics may be substituted for Discrete Mathemat- 
ics, and Probability and Statistics I for Statistics. 

A minor in computer science requires completion 
of CSN 143M, 221, and three computer science 
courses numbered 300 or above. 

CSN 1 10 Wide World of Computing 

Introduction to computers, computer science, 
information processing technology. Word proces- 
sor, spreadsheet, programming. For majors with no 
previous experience, and non-majors wanting an 
introduction that is not programming intensive. 

CSN 143M Introduction to Computer Science 

History of computing: overview of the elements of a 
computer system; problem solving and algorithm 
development; Pascal programming for numeric and 
non-numeric problems. Prerequisites: mathematics 
placement at the calculus ready level and CSN 110 
or equivalent. For students in all majors who want 
to acquire programming and computer skills. 

CSN 221 Data Structures 

Continuation of program design and algorithm 
analysis. Identification and evaluation of classes of 
problems solvable through well-defined data 
structures and algorithms including stacks, 
recursion, lists, linked lists, trees, searching and 
sorting. Prerequisite: CSN 143M. 

CSN 270 Videographics: Technique & Technology 

Operation and technology of video image recording 
equipment, video editing systems, computer 
animation software, and applications to video 
production, the Internet, and multimedia systems is 


Computer Science 

studied. Other topics: physics of light, sound, and 
image collection; the intenelationships of video, 
computing, and communication technologies. 
Prerequisite: CSN 110, CSN 143M, or ARA 343. 

CSN 301 Theory of Computing 

Abstract basis of computing machines and 
languages; introduction to finite automata, formal 
languages, Turing machines, and complexity 
theory. Prerequisites: CSN 221 and MAN 143. 

CSN 3 10 Computer Architecture 

Architectural and hardware elements of comput- 
ing machines; central processing unit including 
micro- machine, registers, data paths, arithmetic 
logic unit, control unit, microprogramming; 
memory including implementation; virtual 
memory, content addressable memory, cache; 
input/output including disks, tapes, serial commu- 
nications and networks. Prerequisite: CSN 222. 

CSN 320 Programming Langui^es 

Nature and implementation of programming 
languages including qualities and characteristics of 
languages, methods of implementation, execution 
models and environments; survey of programming 
languages. Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 321 Software Engineering 

Properties of software systems; software system 
design and development principles; specifications; 
models; software tools, monitoring methods; group 
programming project for a large software system. 
Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN/MNB 326 Environmental Computer 

For description see Management. 

CSN 330 Analysis of Algorithms 

Theoretical and mathematical basis of algorithm 
design and analysis. Prerequisites: CSN 301, CSN 
221 and MAN 143 or consent of instructor. 

CSN/MAN 341 Numerical Analysis 
For description see Mathematics. 

CSN 360 Database System 

Conceptual modeling of data systems; organization 
of database systems; storage and retrieval of data in 
the database, database design and administration. 
Prerequisite: CSN 221 or MNB 272 or permission 
of instructor. 

CSN 410 Computer Science Seminar 

For Junior and Senior computer science majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of two years of 
participation. Continuation in seminar contingent on 
satisfactory progress in upper division courses. 

CSN 411 Operating Systems 

Organization, operation, and implementation 
including processor management, memory 
management, virtual systems, interprocess 
communication, scheduling algorithms, protection 
and security, deadlocks; case studies of operating 
systems. Prerequisite: CSN 221 and CSN 310. 

CSN 420 Translators and Compilers 

Theory and implementation of high-level language 
virtual machines including assemblers, macro 
expansion, compilers and interpreters; syntactic and 
semantic models. Prerequisite: CSN 301. 

CSN 450 Computer Graphics 

Theory and programming involved in rendering 
graphic images. Prerequisites: CSN 221 and MAN 
131 or instructor's permission. 

CSN 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Knowledge representation; predicate calculus; rule- 
based deductions; searching methods; applications of 
understanding; programming languages and databases 
for artificial intelligence. Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 455 Digital Image Processing 

Introduces various techniques for the enhancement 
and analysis of digital imagery. Topics include the 
interpretation of image statistics, image enhancement 
based on histogram transformations, spatial filtering, 
and image transforms. Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Knowledge representation, constraint satisfaction, 
metaphors of control. Logic and theorem proving, 
problem solving and heuristic search. Introduction 
to the AI languages, LISP and PROLOG. Deep 
exploration of natural language understanding, 
inductive learning, and aile-based (expert) systems. 
Neural netu'orks and hybrid systems, fuzzy logic and 
genetic algorithms. Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 462 Neural Networks 

Philosophical, biological and architectural under- 
pinnings of this alternative, parallel, distributed 
model of computing inspired by the human brain. 
Prerequisite: CSN 221 or cor^ent of instructor. 


Computer Science 

CSN 449 Computer Science Independent 
Research - Thesis 

Seniors majoring in computer science may, upon 
invitation of the computer science faculty, do research 
and write a thesis under the direction of a member of 
the faculty. The submission of the resulting written 
thesis and an oral defense will, upon approval of the 
computer science faculty, satisfy the comprehensive 
examination requirement for graduation. Prerequisites: 
excellence in computer science courses through the 
Junior year and invitation by the faculty. 


The Writing Workshop helps develop serious 
writers-students who think of themselves 
primarily as writers and students for whom writing 
will be an important avocation. Workshop 
students learn the crafts of journalism, fiction, 
non-fiction, poetry, the play and the screenplay, 
and develop individual voices. They also learn to 
articulate and defend reasoned critical opinions. 

Course work must include six courses in literature 
and four workshops-fiction, poetry and one of the 
following: playwriting, screenwriting, journal 
writing, the personal essay, journalism, publishing 
and the writing career. In consultation with the 
mentor, in special cases (involving a writing interest 
best served by study outside the literature track) 
students may substitute for one literature course, two 
courses from another discipline. Seniors are required 
to complete a thesis. The thesis committee will 
include two full-time creative writing faculty and a 
third member from any other discipline. Concentra- 
tions in creative writing for theater and writing for 
advertizing and public relations are also available. 

In the first year, students take Introduction to Creative 
Writing and 100 or 200 level literature courses. In 
subsequent years, students build upon this foundation by 
1 ) taking intermediate and advanced courses in fiction 
and poetry and courses in playwriting, screenwriting, 
journals, etc., and 2) developing a cluster of literature 
courses de- fined by a particular interest (e.g., modem and 
contemporary British and American poetry and fiction) 
and/or supported by courses from other disciplines (e.g., 
American smdies or history of modem Britain). 

Writing Workshop students are required to take 
fiction and poetry workshops from the residential 
Writing Workshop faculty, Profs. Watson and 
Ward, or their designated replacements. 

To minor in creative writing, smdents must take 
three Writing Workshop courses (in at least two 
genres), and two literature courses. One workshop 
and one literamre course must be 300 level or above. 
The workshops must be Eckerd College courses. 

Students wishing to double major in creative writing 
and literature must take ten literature courses and 
fulfill all other requirements for both majors. 
Literamre courses taken for a major in literature may 
be counted for a minor in creative writing. 

WWA 100 Writing Workshop: Introduction to 
Creative Writing 

An introduction to three genres of writing: poetry, 
fiction and drama. Learn the basic elements and 
techniques of these genres by reading established 
writers and writing in a workshop setting. 

WWA 200 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

An introduction to prosody and the craft of poetry 
by means of traditional forms. Extensive work in 
meter and scansion. Write in various forms, e. g., 
the sonnet, villanelle, ballad, sestina, rondeau, 
accentual-alliterative verse, blank verse and 
others. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 201 Writing Workshop: The Short Story 

An introduction to fiction writing with emphasis 
upon realistic short story technique. Acquaints 
the student with basic principles of craft or the 
learned aspect of fiction writing. Students' stories 
read aloud and discussed in class. Emphasis on 
rewriting, the development of works through the 
several phases of composition. Instructor's 
permission required 

WWA 220 Journalism 

Study and practice the basic news story, with 
emphasis on the print news story; exploration 
some of the other forms of news writing as well 
and of the electronic media. Students will identify 
and discuss the social, legal, and ethical issues 
facing the press. Students, where possible, should 
have previous experience in high school 

WWA 300 Writing Workshop: Tutorial 

Daily meetings with instmctor to discuss progress in 
all genres. Periodic group discussions. Prerequisite: 
one writing workshop and permission of instructor. 


Creative Writing 

WWA 301 Writing Workshop: Tlie Personal Essay 

Workshop course in wTiting the literary essay. Read 
and discuss published non-fiction prose by writers 
such as Harry Crews, Alice Walker, Eudora Welt^', 
Joan Didion, and Michael Herr (author of Dis- 
patches and the screenplay for Apocalypse Now). 
Study the rhetoric of the essay, and bring imagina- 
tion to bear on handling the essay format, prose 
techniques, and style. Fulfills requirement for the 
third workshop. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 302 Rhetoric of Film 

View, analyze and evaluate great cinema. Write 
and speak about film as an artistic form, its history, 
typology, technology and symbology. 

WWA 303 Writing Workshop: Intermediate 

Continued emphasis on the craft of revision, 
development of individual voice, critical and 
analytical writing and speaking. Prerequisites: 
WWA 201 and instructor's permission. 

WWA 305 Journals, Diaries, and Letters: The 
Intimate Connection 

Read a variety' of journals, diaries and letters as 
related to the creative process. Practice various 
joumaling techniques, write our own journals. 
Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 306 Writing Workshop: Intermediate Poetry 

Some major figures in contemporary poetry such as 
Ammons, Berryman, Dickey, Hall, Hugo, Jarrell, Kmnell, 
Kumin, Menvin, Plath, Roethke, Sexton. Students write 
poems to be discussed in workshop setting. Work toward 
an understanding of self as a writer and of the attention a 
writer must give the world and words to create mature 
works that communicate with an audience. Prerequisites: 
WWA 200 and instmctor's permission. 

WWA 333/433 Writing Workshop: Advanced 

Read and discuss published fiction and commentary 
in John Gardner's On Becoming a Novelist, while 
interspersing discussion of original student works. 
Students may submit short stories, novellas, or 
works-in-progress. Prerequisites: WWA 201 and 
WWA 303 or Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 334 Writing Workshop: One-Act Play 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, including 
traditional and experimental forms. Each student 
writes at least two plays, to be read and discussed in 

class. Emphasis on rewriting, the development of 
works through several phases of composition. 

WWA 335/435 Writing Workshop: Advanced 

Read and discuss books of poetry by contemporary 
poets, as well as original student poems, in the 
workshop setting. Focus on the writing process. 
Suggestions for submitting poetry to journals. 
Prerequisite: WWA 306 and permission of instructor. 

WWA 348 Writing Workshop: Feature Writing 

The study and practice of writing newspaper and 
magazine articles for publication. Read and analyze 
major award-winning feature articles. Write six 
major stories, analyze and profile one major daily 
newspaper and one nationally circulating magazine. 
Write query letters for newspaper and magazine 
markets. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 361 Writing Workshop: Travel Writing 

Practical experience in a genre that is popular, useful, 
and relatively easy to break into. Read examples of 
quality travel writing and become familiar with the 
articles in daily newspapers and travel magazines, 
gradually "branching out" to places like Guliport and 
Tarpon Springs, eventually reaching further places 
(home towns, distant shores, exotic locales). Explore the 
travel industry, travel writing and write one analytical 
article. Leam skills in reading, writing, marketing, 
research, and observ^ation. Preference given to juniors 
and seniors. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 401 Publishing and the Writing Career 

Analyze the editorial biases of journals and write 
poems, stories, essays, reviews, and inter\aews in 
response to those biases. Leam where to find 
information about publishing, and how to use that 
information. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 
Students should have other work to submit besides 
that done during the current semester. 

WWA 436 Writing Workshop: Screenwriting 

Students write one full-length feature film script 
(approximately 90-120 pages). Scripts discussed in class 
and in small groups outside of class. View movies and 
parts of movies in class as examples of the crafi: of 
screen- writir^. Some viewing outside of class required. 
Concentrate on serious screenwriting, attempt to tell 
complex and intellectually challenging stories by means 
ofa visual rhetoric (An alternative tide for this course 
is: Not Lethal Weapon VI.). Prerequisites: WWA 303 
or WWA 334 and instmctor's permission. 


Directed Study Courses 


For descriptions, see the appropriate discipline. 
Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the 
Registrar's office. 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender, and 
American Culture 

ANC 350 Introduction to Museum Work 

ART 35 1 A A History of English Architecture 

BIN 250 Explorations in Human Nutrition 
(available in summer term and PEL only) 

BIN 350 Human Physiology 

ECI 450 History of Economic Thought (available 
in England only) 

GEC 250 Geography 

GEC 350 World Regional Geography 

GRC 206A Heroes: Ethics on Stage 

GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 

HD A 326 Counseling for Wellness 

HIL 321 Women in America 

HIL 334 African- American History I 

HEL 347 Recent American History: The Histori- 
ans' View of our Times 

INI 350 The Maritime Heritage of England 

LIA 250 Children's Literature 

LIL 250 Shakespeare 

LIA 350 Modem American Novel 

LIA 35 1 Twentieth Century American Women 
Artists and Writers 

MNB/SLB 25 1 Work and Occupations 
MNB/SLB 345 Complex Organizations 
MNB/SLB 405 Human Ecology 
MUA 350 Twentieth Century Music 
PLL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 
For description see Philosophy. 

POL 350 Horida Politics 

POL 450 The Supreme Court in American 

PSB 303 Industrial Organizational Psychology 

PSI 350 Youth Experience in a Changing Great 

QFM 410 Quest for Meaning (by academic 
petition only for Seniors) 

REL 2 lOS Introduction to Christian Ethics 

SLB/MNB 25 1 Work and Occupations 

SLB/MNB 345 Complex Organizations 

SLBA'INB 405 Human Ecology 

SPC 401 Modem Spanish Novel 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 

THA 301G Living and Performing in Avignon 


A concentration in East Asian Area Studies may 
be planned through a supervising committee of 
three faculty members. 

EAL 201G East Asian Traditions 

A survey of the history and culture of East Asian 
societies up to about 1700 CE; the evolution of 
political and social structures; readings in major 
works and traditions of philosophy, religion, and 

EAL 300G Science, Technology & Society in China 

The genius of traditional Chinese science and 
technology; the question of why Western science 
overtook it; China's response to Western science, 
and its impact on Chinese society and politics 


The competencies achieved in the economics 
major are the ability to: 

— understand and explain general economic 

— analyze and evaluate economic policy 

— analyze, synthesize and integrate economic 

— communicate effectively, in both oral and 
written form. 


— do quantitative research, using a statistical 
computer package. 

— engage in library research. 

— conceive, plan and execute an independent 
quantitative research project. 

In addition to the requirement of statistics, 
students majoring in economics are required to 
take a minimum of eight economics courses and 
Calculus I. All students will take Principles of 
Microeconomics, Principles of Macroeconomics, 
Intermediate Microeconomics, Intermediate 
Macroeconomics and History of Economic 
Thought. In addition, students choose three 
economics electives from a list of approved courses 
at the 300 level or above. Students must maintain 
a C average in upper level courses to successfully 
complete the major. 

Students can start their economics major in their 
Freshman year. This is the appropriate time to 
take calculus. In addition, students can start the 
economics major proper with Principles of 
Microeconomics or Principles of Macroeconomics. 
The next appropriate courses are Intermediate 
Microeconomics and Intermediate Macroeconom- 
ics. Beyond this students can branch out to choose 
electives. Economics electives are available with a 
simple prerequisite of either of the Principles 
courses. In their Senior year students take History 
of Economic Thought. 

Requirements for a minor in economics include 
Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics, and 
three upper level economics electives, including 
one upper level macro course (ECB 382 or 386) or 
one upper level micro course (ECB 381 or 384). 

ECB/MNB 260M Statistical Methods for Manage- 
ment and Economics 

Introduction to quantitative data analysis in 
economics and management. Lectures and 
discussions of selected problems. Data analysis 
projects. Prerequisite: one of either ECB 281S, 
282S, ESN 172, HDA 101, POB 102, 103, PSB 

ECB 2818 Principles of Microeconomics 

Price theory, operation of market system. Indus- 
trial structure and pricing under different competi- 
tive structures. Required of all students majoring 
in economics. 


ECB 2828 Principles of Macroeconomics 

Main sectors of the economy (consumers, business 
and government) focusing on policy. Monetary 
and fiscal policy, inflation, recession, balance of 
payments. Required for all students majoring in 

ECB 301 Leadership: the Human Side of Economics 

Experiential exercises, readings, and class discus- 
sion designed to investigate and challenge the 
behavioral assumptions of the contemporary 
economics paradigm. Several leadership theories 
will be explored to facilitate a broader understand- 
ing of human organizational behavior. 

ECB 370 Industrial Organization 

Examine various models of firm behavior in 
various industrial organization structures (compe- 
tition, monopoly, oligopoly, conglomerate), both 
foreign and domestic. Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. 

ECB 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

The role of labor in the economic system. Division 
of labor, job segregation, wage theory, relationship 
among work, family, household production. 
Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. 

ECB 372 Trade and the Environment 

Introduction to neoclassical trade theory and its 
ability to account for the environmental impact of 
trade between nations. Tools from international 
trade theory and ecological economics used to 
examine impact of international trade on environ- 
ment. Field trips: Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS or ECB 

ECB 380 Public Choice 

Theory of public decision making. Living in 
community, origins and appropriate roles of the 
state, justice in the behavior of the state. Models 
of voting behavior through simulation. Prerequi- 
site: ECB 28 IS or permission of instructor. 

ECB 381 Intermediate Microeconomic Theory 

Continuation of ECB 281S. Consumer demand 
theory pricing and output decisions of industries 
and firms using algebraic mathematical and 
geometric models; price and output adjustments. 
Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. Required for all students 
majoring in economics. 




ECB 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Continuation of ECB 282S. Detemiinants of 
aggregate demand and supply, using dynamic and 
static models of analysis. How to use an under- 
standing of economic analysis to achieve policy 
objectives and understand trade-offs. Prerequisites: 
ECB 282S and ECB 260M. 

ECB 383 Marine Resource Policy 

Applied course exploring global issues surrounding 
regulation of marine resource use. The role of 
economic theory in development of marine 
resource policy. Prerequisites: ECB 28 IS or ECB 
282S, and ECB 260M. 

ECB/MNB 384 Managerial Economics 

Applied economic theory, mathematics and 
statistics in business decision making. Optimiza- 
tion techniques under conditions of uncertainty. 
Selecting the "best" solutions to business prob- 
lems. Prerequisites: ECB 28 IS and ECB 260M. 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

Non-capitalistic and capitalistic economies 
compared to show how different institutional 
arrangements lead to different ways of making 
economic decisions. Eormer Soviet Union, 
Eastern European nations, People's Republic of 
China included. Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS or 282S. 

ECB/MNB 386 Money, Banking and Einancial 

History and development of monetary system and 
financial structure. Money creation and influence 
on macroeconomic activity. Monetary policy 
implications of regulatory agencies. Prerequisite: 
ECB 282S. 

ECB 387 Urban Economics 

Urban growth and decay, location decisions, land 
use. Transportation, crime, housing, discrimina- 
tion and segregation, and the urban financial 
crisis. Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. 

ECB 388 Economic Development 

Eactors which contribute to or retard economic 
development, investigating the cultural and 
political as well as economic aspects of develop- 
ment. Prerequisites: ECB 28 IS or 282S. 

ECB 389 Natural Resource and Environmental 

Role of economic theory in analyzing and 
evaluating natural resource and environmental 
policy issues. Developing models of optimal use of 
resources: land, water, energy, their development, 
allocation, pricing. Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. 

ECB 410 History of Economic Thought 

Senior seminar for economic majors. Economic 
ideas as developed and expounded by Western 
economists. The teachings of the mercantilists, 
physiocrats, Adam Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, Mill, 
Marx, Marshall, German and American schools of 

ECB 480 International Economics: Foreign 

Theory, operation, government policies, balance 
of international payments, exchange-rate adjust- 
ments, interrelationship between macroeconomy 
and international economy. Prerequisite: ECB 


ECB 481 International Economics: Trade 

Theory, government policies, free trade, protec- 
tionism, U.S. commercial policy, GATT talks, 
US-Japan-EEC trade issues, developing countries, 
solutions for international trade problems. 
Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. 

ECB 488 International Economics 

International trade, finance theory and policy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange rate 
adjustments, nature of gains from trade, U.S. 
commercial policy. Prerequisites: ECB 28 IS and 
282S and permission of instructor. 


The advisors for the program are Harry Ellis, 
Professor of Physics, and Edmund Gallizzi, 
Professor of Computer Science. Students who 
wish to pursue a dual-degree program should 
consult with one of the advisors as early as possible 
in their academic program. 

Eor description see page 11. 

Environmental Studies 


Environmental perspective courses provide 
opportunities for students to address issues in the 
environmental realm in such a manner as to 
enhance their knowledge of the natural world, and 
to make informed value judgements concerning 
the environmental consequences of personal and 
social actions. 

AML/ESL 3 14E The Environment in American 

For description see American Studies . 

ANC/EBC 262E Environment, Population, and 


ANC 335E Cultural Ecology 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

BIN 20 IE Ecosystems of Florida 

For description see Biology. 

CRA 300E The City: An Environmental 
Art Form 

Examine cities in art, literature, and music, and 
build cities through computer simulations. 
Thoroughfares, relation between work and family, 
public institutions for neighborhoods, space 
required to support them. 

HDA 208E Your Health and the Environment 

For description see Human Development. 

HIL 353E Environmental History 

For description see History. 

IBC/ANC 262E Environment, Population 
and Culture 

For description see Anthropology. 

INI 29 IE Science and Natural History in London: 
Writings about the Earth Household 

For description see International Education/ 
London Offerings. 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: Writings About 
the Earth Household 

For description see Literature. 

MNB/SLB 35 IE Technology, Society and 

For description see Sociology. 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 
PLL 3 lOE Ideas of Nature 

For description see Philosophy. 

REL 250E Ecology and Chaos 
REL 381E Ecotheology 

For description see Religious Studies. 
See also Sea Semester. ; . ' 

SLB/MNB 35 IE Technology, Society and 

For description see Sociology. 


The environmental studies major will provide smdents 
with an educational specialty' grounded in the subjects 
and issues related to the natural environment, and the 
relationship of the human being to the natural 
environment. The major offers the breadth and depth 
of interdisciplinary inquiry, integrating knowledge 
across the natural sciences, behavioral sciences, and 
humanities. The major develops analytical tools and 
skills for understanding the environment, while 
emphasizing the role of beliefs, values, ethics and 
aesthetics in shaping human behavior. 

Students will be exposed to coursework which 
develops skills in the following areas: laboratory 
research and environmental science; policy analysis, 
social, historical and global awareness; philosophi- 
cal and ethical inquiry; writing and composition; 
oral presentation; educational tecliniques and 
strategies; legal research; and group enterprise. This 
will prepare students for careers in such diverse 
fields as environmental and urban planning, natural 
resource management, scientific journalism, 
environmental law and policy making, parks and 
recreation, landscape and architecture, public 
health, education, the arts, and many more. 

A minor in environmental studies requires six 
courses: Introduction to Environmental Studies, 
two courses each from two of the core areas 
(science, social science, humanities) and one 
course from the third core area. 

Students will graduate with a B.A. degree, and will 
complete a series of core courses, and then must 
choose from among two specialized tracks to major 
in. Each track reflects a different orientation that 
matches the students' abilities and interests with 
their coursework. 


Environmental Studies 

Environmental Studies: Environmental Policy 

The policy track emphasizes courses in economics, 
political science, other social sciences, and 
writing, orienting students toward policy analysis, 
planning, administration, education, communica- 
tion, and related fields. 

Environmental Studies: Environmental Humanities 

The humanities track emphasizes courses in 
philosophy, religion, history and literature, with an 
orientation toward values, and the integration of 
differing modes of reason and discourse. 

Core requirements (completed by all students in 
the major) 

ESN 172 Introduction to Environmental Studies 

Two introductory science courses: either 

• ESN 270 Introduction to Environmental 

• WTN Introduction to Chemistry (offered 
during winter term) 

• ESN 211 Introduction to Earth Science 
One upper-level science course: either 

• ESN 311 Advanced Environmental Geology 
(Prerequisite: Introduction to Earth Science) 

• ESN 370 Biodiversity, Conservation, and 
Decision making (Prerequisite: Introduction 
to Environmental Biology, Biodiversity, 
Botany, Invertebrate or Vertebrate Biology.) 

• MSN 309 Principles of Hydrology (Prerequi- 
site: Fundamental Physics I or permission of 

• MSN/BIN3 1 5 Elasmobrach Biology and 
Management. (Prerequisited: Vertebrate 
Biology or Biodiversity II; and junior standing.) 

• ESN 371 Conservation Biology. (Prerequisite: 
Intro to Environmental Biology, Biodiversity, 
Botany, Invertebrate or Vertebrate Biology.) 

ESN 312 Wetlands (Prerequisite: Intro to 
Earth Science) 

ESN 313 Water Resources (Prerequisite: Intro 
to Earth Science) or 

ESN 372 Estuaries (Prerequisite: Intro to 
Environmental Studies and Intro to Environ- 
mental Biology) 

Two social science courses: choose 

CRA 300E The City: An Environmental Art 

POB 325 Environmental Policy and Politics 

MNB 385 Total Quality Environmental 

POB 313 International Environmental Law 

HDA 329 The Person-Environment Equation 

Two humanities courses: choose 

HIL 353E Environmental History 

LI A 328E Literature and Ecology 

PLL 240 Philosophy of Technology 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

PLL 310E Ideas of Nature 

PLL 33 1 Environmental Aesthetics 

REL 350E Ecology, Chaos and the Sacred 

REL 38 IE Ecotheology 

FDF 326 Environmental Rhetoric 

Environmental Studies Internship (recom- 
mended, but not required) 

Research Seminar and Senior Comprehen- 
sive in Environmental Studies. 

Environmental Studies: Environmental 
Policy Track 

Statistical Methods 

One of either: 

• FDF 324 Thinking, Researching and Writing 

• FDF 322 Writing Environmental Policy 
One of either: 

• another introductory or upper level science 
course in the core 

• CSN 1 1 Wide World of Computing 

• CSN 143M Introduction to Computer 

Two of either: 

• another social science course in the core 

• FOB 383 Marine Resource Policy (Prerequi- 
site: Microeconomics and Statistics) 


Environmental Studies 

• Environmental Computer Modeling (Prereq- 
uisite: Statistics) 

• ECB 372 Trade and the Environment 
(Prerequisite: Microeconomics or Macroeco- 

• For students interested in environmental law: 

• POL 301 The Constitution and Government 

• POL 302 The Constitution and Individual 

• POB 343 International Environmental Law 
For students interested in the political process: 

• POL 305 Political Parties and Interest Groups 
For students interested in urban planning: 

• ECB 387 Urban Economics (Prerequisite: 

For students interested in less developed countries: 

• ECB 388 Economic Development (Prerequi- 
sites: Microeconomics or Macroeconomics) 

For students interested in international environ- 
ment organizations: 

• POB 314 International Organizations (Prereq- 
uisites: Introduction to International Relations 
and one other political science course ) . 

Environmental Studies: Environmental 
Humanities Track 

At least one additional core course in the social or 
natural sciences. At least one of the natural science 
core courses must be in the biological sciences. 

Two additional core courses in the humanities. 
The four core courses selected should represent 
three disciplines. 

Two or more additional courses in the humanities 
drawn primarily from the following list. At least 
four of the total of six humanities courses must be 
upper division courses. Students are strongly urged 
to take one of the writing (FDF) courses in the 
track list. 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause 

FDF 322 Writing Environmental Policy 

FDF 323 Research and Writing in the Humanities 

FDF 324 Thinking, Researching, and Writing 

HIL 324S Native American History 

LIA 242A Introduction to Native American 

LIL 324 The Romantic Age in British Literature 

LTL 303 The Scientific Revolution and Human 

PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

HIL/PLL/AML 346G Native American Thought 

Depending on the student's area of interest, other 
courses in the humanities not included on the above 
list may be approved by the Mentor and coordinators 
of the major prior to enrolling in the course. 

Reading requirement: all students will take a 
directed study, Readings in Environmental Studies 
and the Humanities, during the winter term of 
their Senior year, and demonstrate completion of 
a reading list of major works in the field by taking 
an examination given by environmental humani- 
ties faculty. 

Students planning to attend graduate school are 
strongly urged to develop additional depth and 
coverage in philosophy, history, religious studies, 
or literature. 

ESN/ESB/ESL 172 Introduction to Environmen- 
tal Studies 

Such topics as conserving biological diversity, 
sustaining energy, shaping cities, strengthening 
global environmental governance. Human roles 
and responsibilities, the scientific, political, 
economic, and ethical issues involved in the 
attainment of a sustainable future. 

ESN 211 Introduction to Earth Sciences 

Introduction to major topics in geology, oceanog- 
raphy, meteorology, and astronomy, the natural 
forces that shape our physical environment, in 
order to appreciate and preserve the planet. 

ESN 270 Introduction to Environmential Biology 

Study of ways in which humans affect and are 
affected by the environment, which focus on 
biology. General ecology, population, genetics, 
identification and use of natural resources, 
pollution, social institutions, ethics. 

ESN 311 Advanced Environmental Geology 

Environmental management, water supply and 
quality, waste disposal, energy production and use, 


Environmental Studies 

flooding and coastal erosion. Managed solutions 
and difficulties with them. Field/laboratory 
oriented. Prerequisite: ESN 21 IE or MSN 208. 

ESN 312 Wetlands 

Explore wetland classification, delineation, 
hydrology, and hiogeochemistry. After mastering 
these concepts you will map local wetlands using a 
geographic information system (GIS). . Prerequi- 
sites: Intro. To Earth Science or permission of the 

ESN 313 Water Resources 

Natural mechanisms and human activities 
controlling the composition of natural waters. 
Topics include rainwater, groundwater, rivers, 
lakes, estuaries, oceans and ocean-atmosphere 
interactions. Prerequisites: ESN 211 or permission 
of instructor. 

ESN 370 Biodiversity, Conservation, and Decision 

Reasons for maintaining biodiversity, threats to 
biodiversity, conservation strategies, roles of 
relevant agencies and organizations, appropriate 
policy, from the marine perspective. Prerequisites: 
ESN 270 or an organismic biology course, and 
Junior status. 

ESN 371 Conservation Biology 

Examine problems such as species decline and 
endangerment, invasion by non-native species, 
habitat destruction and fragmentation, loss of 
biodiversity, and potential solutions, such as 
endangered species management, habitat restora- 
tion, ecosystem management. Prerequisite: ESN 
270 Introduction to Environmental Biology, or 
permission of instructor. 

ESN 372 Estuaries 

Examination of the unique environments of 
estuaries with a focus on Tampa Bay; including 
aspects of estuarine biology, chemistry, and 
geology, impact of human activities, and estuarine 
management. Prerequisites: ESN 172 and ESN 
270 or permission of instructor. 

ESL/REL 382 Nature and the Sacred: Religion 

and Ecology 

See Religious Studies. 

ESN 498 Research Seminar and Senior Compre- 
hensive in Environmental Studies 

Student reports on research projects carried out in 
consultation with instructor and one other faculty 
member. Readings on various methodologies for 
studying the environment. 


FIH 301 The History of Ideas, I 

Major ideas from classical Greece through the 
Enlightenment that have shaped our intellectual 
heritage. Emphasis on origins of academic disci- 
plines, sources of creativity, social and cultural 
factors, key individuals. Variety of learning meth- 
ods. Prerequisite: Junior standing and selection as a 
Ford Scholar. Fulfills one perspective requirement. 

FIH 302 The History of Ideas, II 

Continuation of FIH 301 covering nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries and culminating in a major 
project that draws on students' knowledge of 
history to address a significant intellectual 
problem of the future. Prerequisite: FIH 301 and 
selection as a Ford Scholar. Fulfills one perspective 

FSS 410 Fort Senior Scholars Colloquium 

Required of Seniors in the Ford Apprentice 
Scholars Program. Shared reflections on issues 
pertaining to research, teaching, and other aspects 
of teaching as a career. Participation in both fall 
and spring semesters for a total of one course credit. 


See Modem Languages. 


See Women's and Gender Studies. 


GEC 250 Geography (Directed Study) 

Concepts, theories and substantive material of 
modem geography. Relationship between material 
environment and human cultural systems. 


Global Perspective 

GEC 350 World Regional Geography (Directed 

Relationship of human activities to natural 
environment on world-wide basis. Soils, land 
forms, climate, vegetation, minerals and the 
cultural systems of different areas of the world. 


See Modem Languages. 


Global perspective courses provide an encounter 
with cultures and/or histories whose bases (philo- 
sophical, religious, ethical, aesthetic) or world views 
differ significantly from those of the Western 
European or North American tradition. Such a 
course will encourage students to view their own 
cultural traditions and assumptions in the larger 
context of the world's diversity. Given the inherent 
educational value of having cultural experiences in 
other parts of the world, which naturally encourage 
cultural comparisons with the student's own, all off- 
campus programs outside the United States are 
eligible for global perspective designation. 

ANC 201G Introduction to Anthropology 
ANC 203G Cultures of the Middle East 
ANC 282G East Asian Area Studies 
ANC 283G Southeast Asian Area Studies 
ANC 285G Latin American Area Studies 
ANC 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 
ANC 287G Caribbean Area Studies 
ANC 334G Fertility and Reproduction 
For descriptions see Anthropology. 

CUCAVHF 183G United States Area Studies 

For description see Western Heritage. 

EAL 201G East Asian Area Studies 

EAL 300G Science, Technology &. Society in 

For description see East Asian Area Studies. 

FRC 325G Creole Literature and Culture 

FRC 392G Francophone Africa and the Caribbean 

For descriptions see Modem Languages, French. 

HDA 350G Contemporary Japanese Families 

For description see Human Development 

me 232G World History to Columbus 

HIC 233G Global History in the Modem World 

mC/HIL 234G Twentieth Century World 

HIC/RUC 283G Russia: Perestroika to the 

For descriptions see Flistory. 

C^389G British Seminar 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

MNB 230G Asian Managerial Practices 

For description see Management. 

MUA356G World Music 

For description see Music. 

PLL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 
(Directed Study available) 

For description see Philosophy. 

POB 103G Introduction to International Rek' 

POB 104G Introduction to Comparative Politics 

POB 2 IIG Inter- American Relations 

POB 23 IG Politics: East Asian Nations 

See Political Science. 

REL 230G Yogis, Mystics, Shamans 
REL 240G Non- Western Religions 
REL 3 19G The Hindu Tradition 

See Religious Studies. 

RUC 282G Russian Society through Cinema 

For description see Russian Studies. 

RUC/HIC 283G Russia: Perestroika to the 


See History. 

RUC 301G Introduction to Russian Literature 

and Culture 

See Russian Studies 

THA 301G Living and Performing in Avigon 
See Theatre. 




Students majoring in history are expected to be 
familiar with the fields of American and European 
history and have awareness of world history. 
Students who complete this major demonstrate 
the following competencies: 

— knowledge of American and European history 
demonstrated by the ability to talk and write 
intelligently about these fields. 

— ability to think historically with regard to 
issues such as causation, cultural diffusion, the 
role of the individual in history, geographic 
and demographic influences in history, and 
gender and minority issues in the past, citing 
examples from both the Western tradition 
and the wider global experience. 

— awareness of the historical method and 
historiography generally, and knowledge of 
the historiography of at least one field with 
some thoroughness. ; 

— ability to locate bibliographical information 
on historical topics, and to engage in schol- 
arly writing such as book and film reviews, 
annotated bibliographies, and historical and 
historiographical essays. 

— ability to do historical research based on 
primary source material. 

Students take ten courses, one of which may be a 
winter term project, including three in American 
and three in European history, at least one course 
in world history or a non- Western history course, 
and HIL 400. At least six of these courses must be 
at or above the 300 level. Students interested in 
history begin with any 200 level course in 
American or European history, if they have not 
received AP credit for these fields. Junior and 
Senior level courses in history build on the 
foundation of the survey courses, and may be 
taken only with the appropriate prerequisites, or 
permission of the instructor. 

A minor in history consists of six history courses, 
two in American, two in European, one in global 
or non- Western history, and HIL 400. At least 
four of the courses must be at the 300 level or 

HIL 2038 Europe in Transition: 1300 1815 J 

Medieval roots of modem Europe, Renaissance, * 
Reformation, economic and geographic expan- 
sion, scientific revolution. Enlightenment, French i 
and Industrial Revolutions. ' 

HIL 204 The Foundations of Contemporary 
Europe: 1815 to the Present 

Nationalism and liberalism, industrial revolution, 
imperialism, World War 1 and its consequences, 
Russian Revolution, depression, rise of dictator- 
ships. Intellectual developments of the period. 

HIL 223 History of the U.S. to 1877 

Colonial foundations of American society and 
culture, the American Revolution, development 
of a democratic society, slavery. Civil War, 
Reconstruction. Various interpretations of the 
American experience. 

HIL 224 History of the U.S. since 1877 

Transformation from an agrarian to an industrial 
nation. Industrial Revolution, urbanization, rise to 
world power, capitalism. New Deal, world wars, 
cold war, recent developments. Social, cultural, 
political and economic emphasis. 

HIC 232G World History to Columbus 

History of the world from the emergence of major 
Eurasian civilizations to 1500, with emphasis on 
the evolution of the "Great Traditions," cultural 
diffusion, interaction of cultures. 

HIC 233G Global History in the Modem World 

History of the world since 1500 with emphasis on 
the interaction of Western ideas and institutions 
with the rest of the world. Contributions of 
geography, and demography to understanding the 
world today. 

HIC/HIL 234G Twentieth Century World 

Events, issues, concerns of the world: two world 
wars, "cold war," struggles of colonial areas for 
independence and development, world interde- 
pendence, scarcities. 

HH/CLL 242 Ancient Greek History 

For description see Classics. 

HIC 244A Cultural History of Russia 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeanization 
initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age of 
Russian culture, revolutionary culture, Soviet 



attitudes toward culture. Permission of instructor 
required for Freshmen. Oftered in alternate years. 

mC/RUC 283G Russia from Perestrioka to 

An examination of contemporary Russian society 
from the beginning of Gorbachev's Perestroika to 
the present. The fall of Communism with special 
attention to the processes of socialization and daily 
life for Russians. 

HIL 32 1 Women in Modem America: the Hand 
that Cradles the Rock (Directed Study available) 

Feminist theory, growth of women's movements, 
minority women, working women, changes in 
women's health, birth control, images of women 
in literature and film. Changes in women's 
position in America. 

HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

History of foreign policy: imperialism, internation- 
alism, isolationism, pacifism, collective security, 
"New Left" anti-imperialism. Controversies over 
Cold War. 

HIL 323 From the Happer to Rosie the Riveter: 
History of Women in the U.S. 1920 1945 

History of American women and the family, 
images of women in popular culture and literature, 
impact of the Great Depression and World War II 
on the family. 

HIL 324S Native American History 

History of Native Americans from the time of 
European contact to present. Inner workings of 
Native American communities, Indian- White 
relations, changing governmental policy. Native 
American spirituality, economics, gender roles, 
decision making. 

HIL 330 Reconstruction 

Study of one of the most turbulent, controversial 
eras in American history. In the past thirty years 
the traditional view of this period has come under 
intense scrutiny. What emerges is a much more 
balanced account of this crucial period. 

HICA> 33 1'332 Special Topics in History 

In addition to opportunities for independent study 
and research, faculty will occasionally offer special 
topics courses. 

HIL 333 History of the Vietnam War 

Establishment of Vietnamese nation in 111 B.C., 
its struggle for autonomy despite foreign invasion 
throughout its long history. The impact of the 
Vietnam War on American society, antiwar 
movement during Johnson and Nixon administra- 
tions, analysis of the war's legacy. 

HIL 334 African American History I 

The contributions of African- Americans from the 
Colonial period to the Reconstruction. Participa- 
tion in American Revolution, rise of Cotton 
Kingdom, development of distinct culture. Civil 
War and Reconstruction. 

HIL 335 African American History II 

African- American history from Reconstruction to 
the present. Developments in education, racism, 
participation in military, socioeconomic develop- 
ment. Civil Rights movement and legislation. 

HIL 336S Civil Rights Movement: 1945 75 

Black participation in World War 11, the effects of 
the Brown Decision and various Civil Rights 
legislation, the rise of Black nationalism. 

HIL 337 The CivU War 

Events that preceded the Civil War and contrib- 
uted to disunion, such as the Southern Carolina 
Nullification Crisis, the Compromise of 1850, and 
John Brown's raid. Impact of the war on both 
North and South. PBS video on Civil War is used. 

HIL/AML 339 The Great Depression and 
American Life 

Explore American life during the Great Depression in 
its social, cultural, and environmental aspects using 
literature and mass media (news papers, radio, 
movies), as well as the accounts of everyday life from a 
variety of perspectives. Through on-line archival 
resources, explore the same sources that cultural 
historians use to re-construct historical consciousness. 

mC 342 The Rise of Russia 

Evolution from 9th century to 1801. Byzantium, 
Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, Poles 
and Swedes, influence of the West. 

HIC 343 Modem Russia and the Soviet Union 

Imperial Russia, Russian revolution, continuity 
and change in Russian and Soviet history, and the 
former Soviet Union as a totalitarian society and 
world power. 



HIC 344S The History of the Two St Petersburg 

The history of St. Petersburg, Florida, which 
celebrated its centennial in 1988, and the Russian 
St. Petersburg. 

HIL 345 American Social and Intellectual History I 

American culture, thought and social institutions 
to 1865: Puritanism, Enlightenment, 19th century 
democracy, slavery, racism. Prerequisite: previous 
college level work in American history 

HIL 346 American Social and Intellectual History 11 

American culture, thought and social institutions 
from 1865 to present: Darwinism, industrialism. 
Progressive Movement, liberal democracy in the 
20th century. Prerequisite: previous college work 
in American history. 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The Histori- 
ans' View of Our Times (Directed Study available) 

Current trends in interpreting U.S. history since 
World War II. Transformation of American 
society since 1945 and the new position of the 
U.S. in world affairs. 

HIL 353E Environmental History 

The role and place of nature in human life, and 
the interactions that societies in the past have had 
with the environment. Concentrates on the U.S., 
but provides methodological approaches to the 
broader field. 

HIL361 Modem France: 1815 to Present 

Political, social, economic and intellectual 
development of France from the revolution to the 
fall of DeOaulle's government. Prerequisite: HIL 
204G or HIC/L 234G or permission of instructor. 

HBL 363 A Renaissance Italy and the Arts 

A chronological study of the development of 
Renaissance humanism in Italy from its origins in 
14th century Florence to its artistic expressions in 
16th century Venice and Rome. There are no pre- 
requisites but students must be able to use the 
library well. 

HIL 364 The Reformation 

Reformation theology in its political and institu- 
tional context. Theology and structure of each 
branch of the Reformation, and the political 
contexts of the various movements. Prerequisite: 
HIL 203G or permission of instructor. 

HIL 365 Topics in European Women's History 

Methodology and approach of women's history. 
Topics vary by semester, but include such subjects 
as women in the Christian tradition, and women 
and war in the 20th Century. Prerequisite: one of 
either HIL 203G, 204G, 232G, 233G, or pemiis- 
sion of instructor. 

HIL 367 Paris and the Enlightenment 

Social, political and intellectual developments of 
1 8th century France as manifested in the people 
and events of Paris. Students may pursue topics in 
their own discipline. Prerequisite: HIL 203G or 
permission of instructor. 

HIL 371 Latin American History 

Survey of economic, social and political patterns 
from 19th century independence to present, with 
continuities in trade, labor, leadership and social 
order reflecting Latin America's colonial heritage, 
and its contemporary role in the global economy. 

HDL 374A Celtic Culture and History 

Study of the history of Celtic peoples from 
antiquity to the present with special focus on the 
social, cultural, and religious developments of 
ancient Celtic culture and the subsequent political 
and cultural subordination of Celtic culture to the 
dominant cultures in Britain, France, Spain, and 
elsewhere in Europe. No prerequisites. 

HIL 388S The Harlem Renaissance 

Emergence of a new literary and artistic movement 
within the African- American community in the 
1920's, and how it affected other social movements 
in American society. Helpful, but not required, to 
have had African- American History I and II. 

HIC 389 History of East Central Europe 

Geography, linguistics, religion, nationalism and 
political realities. Prerequisite: at least one course 
in European or Russian history, or permission of 

HIC/HIL 400 Towards a New Past: Making 

The philosophy of history, new approaches to 
historical study, and new developments in the field. 
Historians whose interpretations have had a major 
impact on their fields. Required for history majors. 

AML 306S American Myths, American Values 


Human Development 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender and 
American Culture 

AML 400 Theory and Practice in American 

For description see American Studies. 


For description see page 17. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage in a Global Context 
(Freshman year) 

For description see Western Heritage. 

Perspective Courses (Sophomore and Junior years) 

Two perspectives courses are designated each year 
as Honors Perspectives. Please consult the course 

Honors students are required to take at least two 
perspective courses and are excused from the 
coUegial distribution requirement to give them 
flexibility' and to avoid scheduling difficulties. 

SSH 410 Honors Colloquium (Senior year) 

A student-directed seminar focusing on both 
common curriculum experiences and specific 
policy and values issues related to the students' 
individual disciplines. A two semester course for 
one course credit. 

Students taking the Senior Honors Colloquium 
also take the Senior Seminar in their collegium or 
discipline, if it is required. 


Students majoring in human de\'elopment are 
prepared for graduate programs in counseling, 
counseling psychology', social work, marriage and 
family therapy, education, or related allied therapy 
fields and for entry level positions in human 
services. By developing a strong foundation of self- 
knowledge and understanding of others across the 
lifespan, students learn how to help people reach 
their fullest potential whether in business, 
government, education, private practice, or 
human service agency settings. 

Human De\'elopment graduates are expected to 


- knowledge of the key theories of human 
development; the basic approaches to helping 
individuals, groups, and families resolve 
problems and maximize their potential; and a 
multicultural perspective on human growth 
and functioning. 

- skills in interpersonal communication, public 
speaking, and group facilitation 

- skill in research methods and writing em- 
ployed by those in the helping professions and 
effective use of library and computer-based 

- an understanding and application of ethical 
principles and personal responsibility in the 
helping professions. 

These competencies are demonstrated through 
satisfactory completion of the required courses and 
Senior comprehensive paper. 

Core courses in the major include the following 
which are listed in the order in which they should 
be taken. All courses require a grade of C or better 
to qualify for graduation in the major. 

1. Introduction to Human Development 

2. Statistical Methods 

3. Counseling Strategies: Theory and Practice 

4. Group Dynamics 

5. Cross Cultural Communication and Counseling 

6. Social Ecology and Mental Health 

7. Ethical Issues in Human Development 

8. Leadership and Administrative Dynamics 

9. Internship in Human Development 

10. Social Policy and Social Development 

The extensive 210-hour internship and a mini- 
mum of five (5) other courses are required in the 
emphasis area of the student's choice. Students 
may choose an area of emphasis in mental health, 
wellness and holistic health, early childhood, 
youth services, or social work. In special cases the 
student in conjunction with a Mentor may design 
an alternative area. 

To minor in human development, a student must 
complete Introduction to Human Development, 


Human Development 

Counseling Strategies Theory and Practice, and three 
of the following: Social Ecology and Mental Health, 
Ediical Issues in Human Development, Cross Cultural 
Communications and Counseling, Development of 
Human Consciousness, or Group Dynamics. 

HDA 101 S Introduction to Human Development 

Overview of the helping professions; study of life 
stages with accompanying needs, crises, passages; 
community family support; relationships between 
personal values and life problems. Field trips. 

HDA 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Behaviors, attitudes and problems of adolescents. 
Controversial social and values issues. Prerequisite: 
PSB lOlS or HDA 10 IS or permission of instruc- 
tor. Not offered on a regular basis. 

HDA 204 Socialization: A study of Gender Issues 

Socializing processes affecting men and women; 
social roles and their origins, sexual difference, 
effects on mental health and unifying aspects of 
masculine/feminine nature; influence of culture, 
understanding socialization processes. Recom- 
mended: HDA lOlS or PSB lOlS or SLB lOlS. 

HDA 205 Theory and Practice in Student 

Theoretical and philosophical foundations of 
postsecondary student affairs profession, functional 
units, organizational approaches, current issues, 
necessary skills. Prerequisite: HDA lOlS'or permis- 
sion of instructor. Not offered on a regular basis 

HDA 207 Group Dynamics 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, 
including participation, observation and analysis; 
investigation of roles of group members, transi- 
tional stages, leadership, and group functioning. 

HDA 208E Your Health and the Environment 

Socioecological model of health addresses ways in 
which human health is influenced by both 
environmental and personal factors. Exams and 
individual health project. 

HDA 209 Childhood Roles and Family Systems 

Adaptive nature of childhood roles (Hero, 
Scapegoat, Lost Child, Mascot) and their contin- 
ued effect on adults. Strengths/weaknesses, 
benefits/losses of specific roles. Compare healthy 
and dysfunctional families. Prerequisite: HDA 

HDA 210 Counseling Strategies: Theory and 

Overview of counseling process and career 
exploration in the helping professions. Review of 
psychotherapeutic approaches. For students 
planning to use counseling related skills in their 
careers. Prerequisite: HDA 10 IS or PSB 10 IS or 
permission of instructor. 

HDA 220 Religious Experience in Human 

Introductory exploration of the nature of religious 
experiences and expressions from the viewpoint of 
the human development disciplines. Principal 
practices and major thinkers in the Anglo- 
American, French, and German traditions will be 
presented and discussed. The impact of religious 
values on individuals and institutions will be 
considered. Prerequisites: one course in Human 
Development, Psychology, or Religious Studies, or 
instructor's permission. 

HDA 225 Inti-oduction to Social Work 

Introduction to profession, practice, history and 
value bases of social work. General systems 
framework utilized. Current professional trends in 
the local community, newspaper reading and guest 
lecturers. Prerequisite: HDA 10 IS. 

HDA 271 Peer Education Training: Leadership 
and Programming 

Fundamentals of developing and implementing 
programs for targeted groups in health, mental 
health, leisure, education, and other settings to 
meet needs and interests of different populations. 
Prerequisite: HDA lOlS, 207, or permission of 

HDA 305 Human Diversity: Overcoming 

Characteristics, needs and intervention implications 
for handicapped populations. Prerequisites: SBL 
lOlS or HDA lOlS. Not offered on a regular basis. 

HDA 3 10 Expressive and Allied Therapy 

Expressive therapy in hospitals, agencies, nursing 
homes, public and private institutions for the 
disabled, and the planning process involved in 
treatment. Prerequisite: HDA 210. Not offered on 
a regular basis. 


Human Development 

HDA 324 Counseling Strategies for Children 

A multi modal approach to learning current 
theories of counseling with children: process, play, 
selection of toys, limited setting, relationships 
with parents, etc. Prerequisites: HDA lOlS or PSB 
lOlS, HDA 210, or permission of instructor. 

HDA 326 Counseling for Wellness 

(Directed Study available) 
Holistic/wellness paradigm to health involving 
social, physical, emotional, spiritual, mental and 
vocational aspects. Theory, research, alternative 
health care, counseling procedures. Prerequisites: 
HDA 101 S, 208E, 210 or permission of instructor. 
Generally offered alternate years. 

HDA 327 Social Ecology and Mental Health 

Theory, practice, development and research in 
community mental health systems. Survey of local 
programs; overview of medical and developmental 
models and strategies; practice in designing 
programs for the Eckerd College community. 
Prerequisites: PSB 101 S or HDA lOlS, HDA 210, 
and Statistics. 

HDA 328 Cross-cultural Communication and 

The elements of culture and their influence on 
world view, language, contextual definitions of 
proper communication; theories of cross-cultural 
communication; cognitive, affective, verbal and 
non-verbal dimensions of communication. 
Experiential practice. Prerequisite: HDA 210 or 
permission of instructor. 

HDA 329 The Person -Environment Equation 

How environmental studies and concepts are used 
in community mental health and social science 
fields to provide holistic approaches to complex 
problems of human development. Natural and 
built aspect of the physical environment and their 
relationship to mental, emotional, and psychoso- 
cial human actions. Small group field research. 

HDA 350G Contemporary Japanese Families 

Modem Japanese family systems as a window 
introducing Japanese culture. Self identity, role 
behaviors, and values/expectations in social, 
educational, religious, political, economic and 
aesthetic context. How culture is constructed and 
transmitted across generations. Seminar with 
focused library and web research, film series. 

HDA 3838 Development of Human Consciousness 

Investigate interdisciplinary theories, practices, 
and research in normal and altered state of 
consciousness and the evolution of human 
consciousness. Forms of consciousness leading to 
better health, well being, creativity and spiritual, 
valuing dimensions of life. 

HDA 386 Ethical Issues in Human Development 

Ways that people express their personal, profes- 
sional, and cultural values as they struggle with 
challenging ethical dilemmas in the helping 
professions such as counseling, the law, ministry, 
and health care. Personal ethical analysis and 
professional codes of ethics. 

HDA 401 Internship in Human Development 

A field-based learning experience; 210 on-site 
hours of off-campus placements, such as centers for 
drug abuse, delinquency, women's services, mental 
health. Bi-weekly seminar. Prerequisite: Senior 
standing and permission of instructor. 

HDA 304 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing 
individual problems and strengths. Role played 
and videotaped counseling sessions, supervised 
counseling experience appropriate to student's 
level. Prerequisites: HDA 210. 

HDA 404 Leadership and Administrative 

Basic principles and distinctiveness of human 
service organizations, administrative tools and 
techniques, facilitating the change process, and 
leadership development. HDA 327 and Junior or 
Senior standing or permission of instructor. 

HDA 405 Practicum in Group Process 

Theory, process and applications of group develop- 
ment and counseling. Lab practice of effective 
group membership and leadership behaviors. In 
class videotaping and additional group observ^ation 
project. Prerequisites: PSB lOlS or HDA lOlS, 
207, and 210. 

HDA 410 Social Policy and Social Development 

Explore aspects of professional and social develop- 
ment. Analyses of socioeconomic issues and social 
development approaches and strategies. Enter into 
theoretical and developmental debates. Presenta- 
tions, guest speakers, projects. 




Humanities is an interdisciplinary major coordi- 
nated by the Letters Collegium. Working together, 
the student and Mentor design a ten course 
program focusing on a central topic (e.g., historical 
period, geographical area, cultural/intellectual 
movement), using the methodology of one core 
discipline (art, foreign language, history, literature, 
music, philosophy, political science, religion, 
sociology, theatre), supplemented with courses from 
complementary disciplines. Humanities students are 
encouraged to participate in integrative humanities 
courses, such as the Letters Senior Seminar. 

Five courses must be from the core discipline. The 
other five courses may be drawn from complemen- 
tary disciplines. At least five courses must be 
beyond the introductory level. No later than the 
Junior year, a guiding committee of three faculty 
from disciplines in the student's program is 
selected. This committee designs and evaluates 
the Senior comprehensive examination, or may 
invite the student to write a Senior thesis. 

Students who complete the humanities major 
demonstrate the following competencies 

— knowledge of the topical focus from an 
interdisciplinary perspective, demonstrated by 
the ability to speak and write intelligently 
about it 

— ability to understand and use the method- 
ological processes of the core discipline, 
demonstrated by the successful completion of 
a comprehensive exam, thesis, or project 

— ability to locate bibliographical information 
and to engage in scholarly writing on the topic. 


The international business major is designed to 
provide students with a variety of proficiencies 
and experiences related to career opportunities 
and/or preparation for graduate work. The 
competencies achieved in the major are 

— knowledge of international business fields 
within a multidisciplinary perspective, including 
anthropology, management, foreign language, 
foreign experience, economics, political science, 
culture area, marketing, accounting, finance, 
and personnel management. 

— cross-cultural understanding and experience, 
and the capacity for leadership on cross- 
cultural issues in business and community life. 

— preparation for careers in international 

— preparation for graduate degree programs in 
the field of international business and related 
multicultural and international fields. 

Requirements for the major are 


Five courses in one language with demonstrated 
conversational skills, or the equivalent, with a 
minimum average of 2.0. 

World Cultures 

Introduction to Anthropology with a C or better, 
one cultural area course, and one course to be 
chosen from a list of internationally-focused 
economics and/or political science courses. 

Business Foundations 

Principles of Accounting, Principles of Macro- 
economics, Principles of Marketing, International 
Management, Finance, the latter two courses with 
a C or better. 

International Business 

The Cultural Environment of International 
Business, International Marketing, International 
Finance and Banking, Personnel and Global 
Resource Management, Ethical Issues in Interna- 
tional Business (Senior Seminar) and the compre- 
hensive examination Multinational Corporate 
Strategy, all with a C or better. 

Prerequisite to international business courses is 
either Statistical Methods, Precalculus, Calculus I 
or Introduction to Computer Science. 

Study Abroad 

A winter term, summer term or semester abroad 
within an appropriate International Education 
program, or an individualized study under the 
direction of a member of the faculty. International 
students are exempt. 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign Language 

Introduction to Anthropology 

Cultural Area course 

Mathematics requirement 

Cultural Environment of International Business 


International Business 

Sophomores and Juniors 

Foreign experience 




International Management 


International politics and/or economics course 

Personnel and Global Human Resources 

A concentration is available in personnel and 
global human resources management (see 
separate description). This concentration may 
be taken separately or in conjunction with 
the international business major. 


International Finance and Banking 

International Marketing 

Senior Seminar 

Senior Comprehensive Examination 

Requirements for a minor include successful 
completion of Introduction to Anthropology, The 
Cultural Environment of International Business, 
International Marketing, International Finance 
and Banking, and an overseas winter term or other 
program in a foreign country. 

ffiC/ANC 260 The Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

IBC/ANC 262E Environment, Population, and 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

IBC 275 The Sex Role Revolution in 

Issues related to the history, problems and 
prospects of women in management. The impact 
of the sex-role revolution on women and men in 
corporations (the course is not for women only). 

IBC 3 10 Students in Free Enterprise (SIFE) 

Socially responsible competition for customers, 
profits, and entrepreneurship. Economic prin- 
ciples, market ethics, educational outreach. Meet 
with ASPEC and SIFE executives and entrepre- 
neurs. Prerequisities: Sophomore and permission 
of instructor. 

IBC/MNB 321 Consumer Behavior and 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines 
(psychology, sociology, anthropology) to under- 
standing the consumer decision-making process. 
The impact and value issues of the consumer 

IBC/ANC 361 International Management 

Anthropologists have pioneered the study of 
management in non-Western cultures. Read 
background material comparing management 
practices in North America and other regions. 
Read a series of Harvard case studies; solve cross- 
cultural problems involving American corpora- 
tions in foreign cultures and vice-versa. Prerequi- 
site: Junior or Senior standing. 

IBC/MNB 368 The Managerial Enterprise 

Management theory and practice. Origins of 
professional management, theory, and practice of 
general management, and current management 
issues from several perspectives. • -^ ,j 

IBC/MNB 369 Principles of Marketing 

Principles, problems and methods in distributing 
and marketing goods and services. Prerequisite: 
Junior or Senior standing. 

IBC/MNB 373 Marketing Communications 

Processes and functions of promotion, strategies 
incorporating creative use of advertising, publicity, 
merchandising, direct selling, and sales promotion. 
Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC/MNB 374 Market Intelligence 

Collection and measurement of data on market 
identification, sales forecasting and marketing 
strategy development. Market research, cost/ 
revenue breakdowns, competitive analysis, others. 
Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369 and Statistics. 

IBC/MNB 375 Marketing Channels and Logistics 

Comparative marketing methods. Distributing 
products to consumers with optimal efficiency and 
economy. Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC 376 Personnel and Global Human Resources 

Theory and practices of personnel and human 
resources management in organizations, including 
job definition, staffing, training and development, 
compensation and benefits, labor relations. 


International Business 

environmental analysis and human resource 
planning and controlling. Draws on research from 
the EC Human Resource Institute. Prerequisite: 
Junior or Senior standing. 

IBC/MNB 378 Investment Finance 

Exploration of financial operations in the invest- 
ment world with emphasis on the private sector. 
Prerequisites: MNB 271, IBC 361 and either ECB 

281S, ECB 282S. 

IBCyMNB 379 Retail Organization and Management 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical 
facilities, personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, 
research techniques, store images, market targets. 
Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

ffiC/MNB 380 Sales Management 

Communication skills, buyer s motivations, individual 
demonstrations of the basic steps to selling, illustrating 
how selling is a catalyst for the entire economy and for 
society in general. Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC 396/496 Personnel Planning and Industry 
Research I, II 

Theory and practice of personnel and global 
resources management planning and applied 
research in organizations. Students participate in 
ongoing industry research projects of the Human 
Resource Institute (e.g., personnel strategic 
planning, environmental scanning for personnel 
functions such as recruitment and training). 
Prerequisite: IBC 376 and permission of instructor. 

IBC 410 Ethical Issues in International Business 

Senior seminar for international business majors. 
Study moral issues and ethical problems to under- 
stand complexities, interplay ot values, law and 
ethics as they aifect international business praxis. 

IBC/MNB 475 Investment Analysis (Directed 
Study available) 

Advanced investment course focusing on in-depth 
analysis of specific investment alternatives using 
the computer and other sophisticated techniques. 
Prerequisites: IBC 378 or MNB 377. 

IBC 477 Entrepreneurship 

Study o( talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit 
ventures contributing to society. Entrepreneurial 
project. Prerequisites: IBC 361, 369, and 378. IBC 
498 may be taken concurrently. 

IBC 480 Proctoring in International Business 

Practical leadership experience for advanced 
students. The main task of this course will be to 
coach students enrolled in International Manage- 
ment with respect to decision making in case 
situations. Course prerequisites are IBC 361 and 
Instructor's permission. 

IBC 485 International Marketing 

International product management, pricing in 
foreign markets, multinational distribution and 
business logistics systems, world-wide promotion 
programs, international market and marketing 
research. Prerequisite: IBC 369. 

IBC 486 International Finance and Banking 

International banking system, foreign exchange 
risk management, long run investment decisions, 
financing decisions, working capital management, 
international accounting, tax planning. Prerequi- 
site: ECB 282S, and MNB 377 or IBC 378. 

IBC 496 Personnel Planning and Industry 
Research II 

For description see IBC 396. 

IBC 498 Multinational Corporate Strategy 

Comprehensive offered during spring semester. 



ARI 321 A Art History: British Painting 1760 - 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Turner, Whistler, and others. 
Collections of George 111, Sir John Soane, Duke of 
Wellington and other connoisseurs of the period 
discussed. Visits to museums and galleries. 

ARI 35 1 (Directed Study) A Flistory of English 

For the London semester student, an introduction to 
the history of English architecture, from Anglo- 
Saxon times to the present. No prerequisites, but 
some contact with art or art history is recommended. 

ECI 300S Economics and Social Impact of the 
Industrial Revolution 

An interdisciplinary look at the Industrial Revolu- 
tion, the technological, social, economic, political, 
and cultural phenomena that transformed life and 
attitudes in 18th and 19th century England. 


International Education 

INI 389G British Seminar 

Required for students in the London semester. The 
historical, institutional and contemporary issues of 
Britain, with particular attention to London. 
Visiting experts in various fields, excursions and 
readings help students develop understanding of 
Britain today. 

The British Seminar is valid as a Global Perspective 
course in Comparative Cultures, Creative Arts and 
Letters. It is not valid as a Global Perspective course 
in Behavioral or Natural Sciences. 

LII 3 13 A Contemporary British Novels 

British novels which have received critical 
acclaim in the past fifteen years; weekly perusal of 
the Times Literary Supplement; field trips to 
locales of the London-sited novels; seminar 
presentations of literary essays and papers on craft, 
art, human expression, and cultural commentary; 
possible attendance at readings by the authors. 
The course will emphasize making informed value 
judgments about the novels and literary taste. 

LII 322 London in Literature 

Read authors chosen from various periods for their 
quality as writers, as well as their focus on the 
London of their day. Visit museums and houses of 

POI 30 IS Introduction to Contemporary British 

Major issues in contemporary British politics the 
changing setting, need for institutional reform, 
mark of Thatcherism. British developments and 
decisions in the context of domestic constraints 
and imperatives. 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth Experience in a 
Changing Great Britain 

The impact of recent events on British youth 
through face-to-face encounters and an examina- 
tion of the institutions which shape their lives. 
Prerequisite: PSB 202 or a course in child develop- 
ment and consent of the instructor. 

THI 365 A Theatre in London 

London theatre, including backstage tours and 
guest lectures, covering drama from classical to 
modem. For students with a general interest in 
theatre, of whatever major. 


Eckerd College cooperates with several institu- 
tions to provide students with opportunities in 
other overseas locations. In all cases, courses are 
chosen at the time of registration at the host 

ISEP (International Student Exchai^e Program) 

Opportunities to study overseas for a semester or 
year at one of over 100 locations throughout the 
world. Students enroll in universities abroad. Fees 
are paid to Eckerd College, and all scholarships, 
loans and grants apply as if on campus. 

Hong Kong 

Semester or full-year at Hong Kong Baptist 
University. Full range of courses. All majors. 
Classes in English. No language prerequisites. 


Full-year exchange opportunities at Kansai Gaidai 
(Osaka) or Nanzan University (Nagoya). Full 
range of courses. Classes in English. Minimum of 
one year Japanese required prior to exchange. 


Semester or full-year at Ewha Woman's University 
(Seoul). Wide range of courses. Classes in English. 
No language prerequisite. 

United Kingdom 

Full-year and semester exchanges with the 
University of Aberdeen, Scotland. Available to all 
majors; full curriculum. Junior standing recom- 

Full-year and semester exchanges with the 
University of Plymouth, England. Opportunities 
especially for science, computer science, and social 
science majors. Junior standing recommended. 

Information on all of the above is available from 
the International Education and Off-Campus 
Study office. 

CIEE (Council on International Educational 

Summer, semester, and full year programs in 24 
countries in a wide variety of disciplines: intensive 
language study, business, social sciences, humani- 
ties, natural sciences, and development studies. 
Some prerequisites may apply. Junior status 


International Education 

ICADS (Institute for Central American Develop- 
ment Studies) 

Semester program in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and 
Belize for students concerned about social change 
and justice issues. Combines academic programs 
with opportunities for community projects and 
research. Academic foci: human rights, women's 
issues, environmental studies, agriculture, public 
health, education, wildlife conservation, and 
economic development. Two years of college 
Spanish recommended for those interested in 
Costa Rica and Nicaragua. 


Short-term, semester or year-long programs at 38 
Australian universities. AustraLeam is designed 
to assist students with admissions, accommodation 
arrangements, and travel opportunities. Open to 
sophomores, juniors or seniors. 

College Year in Athens 

Summer, semester, and year-long programs. 
Ancient Greek civilization and Meditenanean 
studies; classroom study and instruction in 
museums and relevant sites, both ancient and 
modem. Courses conducted in English. 

The Partnership for Service Learning 

Summer, semester or full-year programs which 
integrate academic study and community service in 
the Czech Republic, Ecuador, France, India, Israel, 
Jamaica, Mexico, the Phillippines, and South Dakota 
(with native Americans). Disciplines include 
history, political science, language, literature, 
sociology, economics and anthropology. Service 
opportunities include: teaching/tutoring; working in 
health care with the physically or emotionally 
handicapped, recreation, and community develop- 
ment projects. Junior status recommended. 

SEA Semester 

Semester program for students, combining the 
worlds of science and the humanities with a 
unique experience at sea. Courses including 
maritime studies (history, literature, contemporary 
issues), nautical science (sailing theory, naviga- 
tion, ship's systems), and oceanography (marine 
biology, physical and chemical oceanography). 
No sailing experience is necessary. Junior standing 
recommended. Information on all of the above is 
available from the International Education and 
Off-Campus Programs. 


The international relations and global affairs 
major is designed to provide students with an 
understanding of the international political and 
economic factors, relationships, and issues shaping 
today's global community. It is an interdisciplinary 
major, but its home discipline is political science. 
Students majoring in international relations and 
global affairs affiliate with the Behavioral Science 
Collegium and will be associates of the political 
science faculty. 

Students majoring in international relations and 
global affairs will gain competency in interna- 
tional political, economic, and foreign policy 
analysis, proficiency in a foreign language, and 
skills in research, writing, and oral communica- 
tion. Students will also gain practical experience 
in international relations through their work in 
their practicum. Students will be prepared to go 
on to graduate study in international relations, the 
foreign service, or law. They will also be well 
prepared for a career in the international non- 
governmental community, service organizations, 
interest groups, or joumalism. 

The major requirements consist of three prerequi- 
site courses: FOB 103G Introduction to Interna- 
tional Relations, ECB 282S Principles of Macro- 
economics, and HIC/HIL 234G Twentieth 
Century World, plus six core courses distributed 
across the three core groups listed below. Also 
required are Political Science Research Methods, 
two and a half years of a foreign language, the 
international practicum, the Senior Seminar, and 
the Senior Comprehensive Exam. Students 
majoring in international relations and global 
affairs are also strongly encouraged to spend a 
semester or at least a winter term abroad. 

Beyond the three prerequisite courses already 
listed, a minimum of six core courses are required 
for the major, with at least two courses taken from 
each of the following core groups: Group A - 
Intemational Relations Theory, and Foreign 
Policy; Group B - Regional Studies; Group C - 
Intemational Political Economy. The list of 
courses for each group includes: 


International Relations 

Group A. International Relations Theory and 
Foreign Policy: 

ANC 340 Conflict Studies 

HIC 233G Global History in the Modem World 

HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

IRB 340 Geneva and International Cooperation 

POB 200 Diplomacy and International Relations 

FOB 212 U.S. Foreign Policy 

POB 243 Human Rights and International Law 

POB 25 1 The Media and Foreign Policy 

POB 314 International Organization 

POB 315 Theories of War and Peace 

POB 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

POB 341 Ethics and International Relations 

POB 343 International Environmental Law 

POB 351 Politics & Process of U.S. Foreign Policy 

Group B. Regional Studies Group: Students must 
take at least two courses, one each from different 
regions and one each from different disciplines. 

ANC 203G Cultures of the Middle East 

ANC 282G East Asian Area Studies 

ANC 285G Latin American Area Studies 

ANC 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

HIC 244A Cultural History of Russia 

HIC 343 Modem Russia and the Soviet Union 

HIL 342 The Rise of Russia 

HIL 361 Modem France 

HIL 365 Topics in European Women's History 

HIL 371 Latin American History 

HIL 389 History of Eastem Europe 

LIA 334 Twentieth Century European Fiction 

POB 21 IG Inter- American Relations 

POB 231G East Asian Politics 

POB 3 1 1 Latin American Politics 

POB 32 IS Comparative European Politics 

POB 322 Authoritarian Political Systems 

POB 324 East European Politics 

POB 333 Govemment and Politics of Japan 

POB 335 Govemment and Politics of China 

POB 336 Japan, China and the U.S. 

RUG/ Lie 234 Twentieth Century Russian 
Literature in Translation 

SPC 302 Survey of Spanish American Literature 

Group C. International Political Economy Group: 

ECB 370 Industrial Organization 

ECB 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

ECB 388 Economic Development 

ECB 480 Intemational Economics: Foreign 

ECB 481 International Economics: Trade 

POB 241 Intemational Political Economy 

POB 242 The Politics of Defense 

POB 342 Hunger, Plenty and Justice 

In addition to the three prerequisite courses, the 
six core courses, and Political Science Research 
Methods, the major requires each of the following: 

Language Requirement: At least two and a half 
years (five semesters) of college level foreign 
language or the equivalent. More years of language 
or a second foreign language are strongly encour- 
aged. For double majors with a modem foreign 
language, please see MODERN LANGUAGES 

Intemational Practicum: A type of intemship that 
counts as at least one course credit and has both 
practical and reflective components. The 
practicum must have a clear intemational 
component if based locally or within the U.S.; it 
may include an independent study project abroad 
or a service abroad component. The student will 
work closely with a member of the political 
science faculty (or faculty from other disciplines 
represented in the major) in arranging for the 
practicum. The student is responsible for inform- 
ing herself or himself of the available types of 
practicums, for choosing one that meets her or his 
needs, and for fulfilling the terms of the practicum 
contract in a timely manner. 


International Relations and Global Affairs 

IRB 340 Geneva and International Cooperation 

Opportunity to visit and study United Nations 
agencies in Switzeriand that deal with health, labor, 
human rights, the environment, refugees and trade 
matters. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

IRB 410 Senior Seminar 

Senior capstone course organized in conjunction 
with Speakers Series. Course includes active 
participation by persons experienced in interna- 
tional relations. Seniors help select seminar topics 
and organize public forums on issues and problems 
in international relations. 

Students may also minor in international relations 
and global affairs by successfully completing 
Introduction to International Relations, four core 
courses beyond the introductory level and 
distributed across each of the three core groups, 
and the Senior Seminar. 


The International Studies major allows a student 
to design a program that combines language study, 
area studies courses, a living experience in the 
target culture, and a core discipline into an 
integrated program of study. A committee of three 
faculty members works with the student to select 
courses, plan the international experience, and 
supervise the senior comprehensive or thesis. 
Normally one of the members of this committee is 
the chair of the Comparative Cultures Collegium. 

Students in this program must acquire a language 
competence at the advanced level equivalent to two 
years of college level instmction. Normally an 
intermediate level of language competence is required 
prior to the international experience. One semester 
supervised residence abroad in a selected geographical 
area related to the major is a special feature of this 
program. This experience may be a language or 
cultural study program, or a practical internship. 

The major consists of a minimum of twelve courses 
in addition to language study. Students must take 
one of the following introductory courses: Intro- 
duction to Anthropology, Twentieth Century 
World History, Introduction to International 
Relations, or Introduction to Comparative Politics, 
a minimum of five courses related to the cultural 
area, a semester or a summer session in the target 
culture; and five courses firom a core discipline. 

Students who complete the international studies 
major should be able to demonstrate a command of at 
least one foreign language; a knowledge of the social, 
political, and cultural stmctures of one particular 
country or area of the world; an understanding of the 
disciplinary perspective of one academic field; and an 
ability to write, think, and speak effectively in 
expressing the intenelatedness of peoples and cultures. 
Typically, students in this program have proceeded to 
graduate study in international relations or interna- 
tional studies, and have pursued careers in journalism, 
law, language teaching, international business, or 
employment in international service organizations. 


See Modem Languages and Literatures. 


See Modem Languages and Literatures. 


See Modem Languages and Literatures. 


LAC/CLL 101/102 Elementary Latin 

Master basic grammatical construction, develop a 
vocabulary of approximately 500 words and the 
ability to read moderately difficult prose. English 
word derivation heavily stressed. Prerequisite: 
CLL/LAL 101, for CLL/LAL 102. 


LTL 283 TTie Growth and Nature of Scientific \lews 

A historical consideration of scientific views of 
nature, concepts, discoveries, and methods, using 
Jacob Bronowski's film series The Ascent of Man. 
A good place to understand science historically 
and philosophically in a social setting. 

LTL 300S American Ideals and the Courts 
See Social Relations perspective courses. 

LTL 303 The Scientific Revolution and Human 

Studies the 1 7th century Scientific Revolution as 
a redirection of Western society from 
theocentrism to scientific secularism. Seminars on 



Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Bacon, Boyle, 
Descartes, Newton, and topics such as "science 
and religion," "science and society." Philosophical 
aspects of science, its roots and social impact. 


See Anthropology. 


Students majoring in literature develop competencies in 
anal^^is and interpretation of texts, skills in presenting 
ideas in wTiting and discussion, awareness of English and 
American literary traditions and cultural contexts, 
research skills, and appreciation for literature as an art. 

Students must have a Mentor in the literature 
discipline, preferably chosen by the second semester of 
the Sophomore year, and must take a minimum of 
eight literature courses, including at least one from 
English literature prior to 1800, one from English 
literature after 1800, and one from American 
literature. One of these may be a writing workshop 
course. Literature majors work out their schedules with 
their Mentors according to individual needs. Literature 
majors must successftdly pass a Senior comprehensive 
exam, covering in survey fashion English, American 
and comparative literature, literary criticism, and 
methodological application; course selections should 
be made with this requirement in mind. 

In exceptional cases, students who have established 
their proficiency in literature may be invited to write a 
Senior thesis in place of the comprehensive exam. 
Students seeking to major in literature in addition to a 
primary major in another field must request permission 
of the faculty in literature as soon as possible, but not 
later than the second semester of the Junior year. 

Courses are divided into three categories: intro- 
duction to study of literature (typically 100 level 
courses) and perspective courses; mid-level 
(typically 200-300 level courses), and advanced 
(courses with prerequisites. Senior seminars, etc.). 

Students wishing to double major in literature and 
creative writing need to complete all courses for 
each major program, independent of courses taken 
to fulfill requirements for the other major. However, 
literature courses taken for a major in creative 
writing may be counted for a minor in literature. 

For a minor in literature students take five courses 
in literature, one of which may be a writing 

workshop, three of which must be Eckerd College 
courses, and two of which must be at the 300 level 
or above. Four courses taken at Eckerd must be 
taught by faculty in the literature discipline. 

LIA 101 Introduction to Literature: Short Fiction 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on critical 
thinking, cleai, concise written and spoken 
exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 

LIA/LIL 102 Introduction to Literature: The 

Plays, poems, fiction, non-fiction, concentrating 
on critical thinking, clear, concise written and 
spoken exposition, and values embodied in great 
works. Attendance is required. 

LIA 109 Introduction to Poetry 

Major forms and traditions through established 
and experimental examples from English and 
American poets. Lyric, narrative, ballad, sonnet, 

LIA 192 Four Authors 

Study the literary work of four authors (will vary 
according to the year, the instructor, student 
suggestions, etc.), but will represent different times 
and places and the four basic genres of drama, 
poetry, fiction, and non-fiction. No prerequisites. 

LIA 200A A Novelist on Narrative: Lectures on 
Modem and Contemporary Fiction 

Open to non-majors, a good starting place for 
students interested in majoring in literature or 
creative writing, concentrates on careful reading. 
Expressive elements of narrative: plot, character, 
point of view, style, and setting. 

LIL 201 Introduction to Children's Literature 

Fable, fair>' tale, short story, poetry, novel, 
information books, children's classics. Young 
readers and their development. Integration of 
visual and literary arts. 

LIL 205 Women as Metaphor 

Investigating European, Canadian and American 
literature with emphasis on metaphors for women, 
what it is to be human, and values choices. 
Conceptions of women through the ages as 
presented in literature. 



LIL 206 Men and Women in Literature 

Understanding die roles (or "metaphors") for men and 
women involved in societal or individual choices, 
through the study of great works of Western literature. 

LIL 209A Religion in Literature 

Poems, stories, novels, and plays which deal with 
religious experience. 

LIL 2 lOA Human Experience in Literature 

Basic human experiences (innocence and experience, 
conformity and rebellion, love and hate, the presence 
of death) approached through great poems, stories and 
plays. Literature from 400 B.C. to the present. 

LIA 22 1 American Literature I: The Puritai« to 

Literature of 17th, 18th and 19th century America. 
The development and transfiguration of American 
attitudes toward nature, religion, government, 
slavery, etc., traced through literary works. 

LIL 222 American Literature II 

Survey of American literature from the mid 19th 
century to the present. Dickinson, Twain, James, 
Crane, Pound, Eliot, Frost, Stevens, O'Neill, 
Hemingway, Faulkner, Lowell, O'Connor, Welty 
and a range of contemporaries. 

LIA 225 Modem American Poetry 

Major American poets from 1900, concentrating 
on the meaning and values expressed in the 
poems, the development of modernism, and the 
reflection of America as our society developed. 

LIA 226 Literary Genres: Short Novels 

The short novel and ways in which it differs from 
shorter and longer fiction, how literature embodies 
values, and practice in the enunciation and defense 
of reasoned critical opinions. Attendance is required. 

LIA 228 The American Short Story: Fiction into 

Literature of 19th and 20th century America: 
humorists, poets, novelists, dramatists and short 
story writers, including Twain, Dickinson, Eliot, 
Frost, Henry James, Hemingway, Faulkner, 
O'Neill, Williams, O'Connor, Baldwin, Welty. 
Attendance required. 

LIA/ANC 230 Linguistics 

For description see Anthropology. 

LIL 23 1 A Literature of Exploration & Discovery 

Embark on voyages with famous authors and 
characters, and share their geographical and 
psychological journeys to new regions of the globe, 
of the mind, and of the heart; encounter new 
lands, cultures, and values, and in the process, 
obtain new insights into our world and ourselves. 

LIC/RUC 232A Russian Classics in Translation 
LIC/RUC 234 Russian Literature in Translation 
See Russian Studies. 

LIL 235 Introduction to Shakespeare 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic 
genre: comedy, tragedy, history and romance. 
Leam to appreciate and evaluate his writings, and 
the characteristic distinctions among the genres. 

LIL/THA 236/7 History of Drama I and II 

Two semester course; either may be taken inde- 
pendently. Part I includes Greek drama through 
the Restoration and 18th century. Part II includes 
pre-modem, modem and contemporary classics. 

LIL 238 English Literature I: to 1800 

General survey from the Old English to the Neoclas- 
sic period, highlighting the historical traditions 
which the authors create and upon which they draw. 

LIL 239 English Literature II 

General survey of British literature from 1800 to 
the present, including Romantic, Victorian, 
modem and contemporary writers. The historical 
tradition and outstanding individual artists. 

LIA 241 Major American Novels 

Major American novels, their nanative art, their 
reflection of American culture, their engagement of 
the readers' hearts and minds, exploring some of 
life's great questions as revealed by masterful writers. 

LIA 242 A Introduction to Native American 

Emphasis on southeast and southwest tribal 
themes, symbols and spiritual traditions: oral 
narrative, essay, poetry, fiction, myths, and modes 
of storytelling. 

LIA 250 (Directed Study) Children's Literature 

The best of children's literature in various genres. 
Students do either a creative (e.g., writing 
children's story) or scholarly (e.g., essay on history 
of nursery rhymes) project. 



LIL 250 (Directed Study) Shakespeare 

For students unable to enroll in LIL 235 Introduc- 
tion to Shakespeare, or those wishing to pursue 
further work on Shakespeare independently. 

LIA 267A Literature of Healing and Dying 

The relationship between the sick person and the 
caregiver, and the relationship between the reader 
and the writer who describes, and sometimes 
criticizes, the first relationship, to deepen under- 
standing of health care issues. 

LIA 281 A The Rise of the Novel 

Some of the great works of the Western tradition, 
the fantastic and the realistic, following the guided 
dreams of narrative and its exploration of our 
imaginations and our worlds. 

LL\ 282A The Modem Novel 

Modem writers and some of the questions of 
modem times: alienation, depth psychology in 
fiction, assessments of technology and urban life, 
sources of hope in humanism and literary art. 

LIA/LIL301 Southern Literature 

Southern novels, short stories and plays, identify- 
ing what is "Southern" about them. Works by 
McCullers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Connor, Percy, 
Price, Porter, Gaines. Attendance required. 

LL\ 302 Studies in Fiction 

Topics vary according to student and faculty 
interest. Close reading of texts, study of criticism 
and applicable literary theory, library research 
techniques, writing critical prose on the topic. 
Prerequisite: one college-level literature course. 

LIL 303 18th Century British Literature 

British literature from the death of Dryden to the 
beginning of the Romantic Age. Major writers 
including Locke, Swift, Pope, Addison, Jonson, 
Fielding, Steme. Major Enlightenment themes 
and genres. 

LIL 308 The Poetry of Donne and Jonson 

The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing their 
ideas and techniques, their relationships to them- 
selves, their beloved and the world, and examining 
perplexities held in common across the centuries. 

LIL 312 Literature by Women 

Poems, plays, stories, essays, journals, and other 
genres of literature by women of various cultures 

and languages, primarily over the past century. 
Major social, political and historical movements 
shaping the writer and her world. 

LIL 320 British Literature: Modem Poetry 

Survey of British literature from the 1880s to 
World War II, and an attempt to define "modem- 
ism" in poetry. Poets include Hopkins, Hardy, 
Yeats, Housman, Eliot, Auden and Thomas. 

LIL 322 Modem British Fiction 

Readings of period documents in history and social 
sciences; major writers, including Conrad, Hardy, 
Huxley, Joyce, Lawrence, and Woolf. Does not include 
drama. Freshmen require instmctor s permission. 

LIL 323 The Victorian Age in British Literature 

British poetry and prose during the reign of Victoria 
(1837-1901). Major writers including Tennyson, 
Browning, Arnold, Hopkins, Dickens, Ruskin, Hardy 
Victorian themes and intellectual preoccupations. 

LIL 324 The Romantic Age in British Literature 

Pre-Romantics of late 18th century through major 
artists of the next two generations. Bums, Blake, 
Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, Shelley, Keats, 
Byron. Major Romantic themes and genres. 

LIL 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Survey of major authors and forms of early English 
non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis on Chaucer, 
Spenser and Shakespeare. Prerequisite: LIL 235, 
238 or permission of instmctor. 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 

Exploring through "classic" as well as contempo- 
rary, primarily American, literature the myths, 
ideas, and attitudes which shape ecological 
practice. Understanding our heritage and using 
that knowledge to support earth household health. 

LIL 329 Mythical Methods in Literatur^Cinema 

Breakdown of the narrative method in modem 
literature and film, and experiments by modem 
artists and directors with an alternative method, 
presenting fragments unified by reference to myth. 

LIA 334 Twentieth Century European Fiction 

Novels representing various countries, dominant 
literary movements and most influential authors. One 
or more novels may be read in the original language. 
Prerequisite: one college level literature course. 



LH 338 Twentieth Century Drama: British/ U.S. 
Representative dramatic forms through works by 
O'Neill, WilUams, Miller, Eliot, Osborne, Pinter, 
Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the influences 
which helped shape modem drama. 

LIA 349A Fiction from Around the World 

Modem fiction from various parts of the globe. 
Artistic responses to social problems. Fiction as a 
means of representing human experience, both in 
values questions and literary elements (plot, 
character, image, etc.). 

LIA 350 (Directed Study) Modem American 


Ten or twelve major American novelists of the first 
half of the 20th century from Dreiser through Richard 
Wright. Ideas, themes and analysis of writing style. 

LIA 35 1 (Directed Study) Twentieth Century 
American Women Artists and Writers (c. 1900- 

Women artists and writers in the social and 
cultural context of their times. Students choose 
from among photography, dance, poetry, prose. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher. 

LIA/LIL 361 Literary Criticism 

A study of literary theory and criticism using the 
most important figures in the West from Plato to the 
present. Prerequisite: one college literature course. 

LIA/THA 362A Film and Literature 

Elements of film production, major film genres, 
literary sources and analogues, and some of the 
critical approaches of film study. 

LIA 368 Creative Nonfiction 

Literary elements applied to describing reality 
accurately. Interpretation, point of view, style, 
personal involvement, ethical responsibilities 
studied through non-fiction writers. 

LIL 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, television. 
Critical opinions on what distinguishes the tragic 
and the comic. Prerequisite: two courses in literature. 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

Myths, archetypes and symbols surrounding the 
Goddess in art and literature. Studied in relation 
to our own cultures, art-making, spiritual journey. 

LIA 381 Contemporary American Fiction 

Fiction that breaks new ground and how it 
evolves. Selections from several strands of current 
writing in America, traditional and experimental, 
male and female, urban and rural, white and black. 

LIA 382 Contemporary American Poetry 

Poems of post- 1950 American poets, various 
movements that developed and the values they 
represent, and the diff^icult relations between the 
poet and society. 

CRA 384 20th Century American Women in 
the Arts 

Values and traditions affecting American women 
artists with emphasis on the 1960's to the present. 
Works by women in dance, visual arts, prose, 
poetry, film, photography, etc. 

LIA 403 American Fiction Since 1950 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting 
from such authors as Didion, Ellison, Malamud, 
Mailer, O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Morris, Bellow. 
Attendance is required. 

LIL 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 

Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, 
characterization, themes, traditions. Limited to 
Senior literature majors, with others by permission 
of instructor. 

LIL 430 John Milton Seminar 

Milton's sonnets, epics, drama and prose, in the 
context of his life and times. 

LIL 435 Poetry and Prose of T.S. Eliot 

Transformation of Romanticism through the 
works of one of the greatest poets of the past 
hundred years. Prerequisite: one college-level 
literature course. 

LIA/LIL 441 Twentieth Century Literary Theory 

Important approaches to literature and language 
in the 20th century, including New Critical, 
Marxist, Psychoanalytic, Stmcturalist, 
Phenomenologist, Mythic, Feminist, New 
Historical, Deconstructionist. Prerequisite: two 
college-level literature courses. 




See International Education. 


The management major rests on two principal 
foundations: teaching management in a liberal arts 
environment and teaching the general manage- 
ment core requirements that comprise the 
accepted body of knowledge in the discipline. The 
management major is designed to prepare the 
student for an entry level managerial position in 
an organization or for graduate school. The 
ultimate goal of the program is to prepare students 
for responsible management and leadership 
positions in business and society, both domestic 
and international. 

The management major is designed to meet the 
needs of three categories of students: undergradu- 
ate majors in management, minors in manage- 
ment, and dual majors; and to integrate the 
general education and liberal arts emphasis 
throughout the four-year program of instruction. 

At Eckerd College, the practice of management is 
viewed as a liberal art. The management major 
stresses developing ideas, problem solving, and 
communicating solutions rather than the routine 
and mechanical application of knowledge and 
skills. The management major emphasizes critical 
thinking, effective writing, asking probing 
questions, formulating solutions to complex 
problems, and assessing ethical implications of 

The management faculty has identified a set of 
interdisciplinary management skills or competen- 
cies that students need to acquire but which do 
not fit neatly into the boundaries of the core 
management requirements described above. These 
skills build upon related competencies which 
students acquire in the general education program. 
These are: critical thinking, decision making and 
problem solving, negotiating and resolving 
conflicts, systemic thinking, information process- 
ing, entrepreneurship, introspection, cross-cultural 
skills and international perspectives, communica- 
tion, and computer skills. As part of the liberal arts 
emphasis, the management major addresses 
individual and societal values as a component of 
each course in the program. 

In addition to these liberal arts-related competen- 
cies, students in the management major also 
develop the following management competencies 
which build upon the general education program: 

— management under uncertain conditions 
including policy determination at the senior 
management level. 

— production and marketing of goods and 
services and financing the organization. 

— knowledge of the economics of the organiza- 
tion and of the larger environment within 
which the organization operates. 

— knowledge of the legal environment of 
organizations along with the ethical issues 
and social and political influences on 

— concepts of accounting, quantitative meth- 
ods, and management information systems 
including computer applications. 

— organizational behavior, interpersonal 
communications, and personnel human 
resource management theory and practice. 

The course sequence for a major in management is 
as follows: 


MNB 1 10 Principles of Management and 
CSN 110 Wide World of Computing 
MNB 271 Principles of Accounting 


ECB 28 IS Microeconomics 

ECB 282S Macroeconomics (Micro and Macro 
may be taken in any sequence) 

MNB/ECB 260M Statistical Methods in 
Management and Economics 


MNB/MAN 220 Quantitative Methods 
(prerequisite: statistics, CSN 110, MNB 271 and 

MNB/IBC 369 Principles of Marketing 

MNB 371 Organizational Behavior and 
Leadership (prerequisite: Statistics and SLB lOlS) 

MNB 377 Introduction to Business Finance 
(prerequisite: CSN 1 10, MNB 271, and one of 

ECB 281S or 282S) OR 

MNB/IBC 378 Investment Finance (prerequi- 



site: MNB 271 and two of ECB 281S, 282S or 
MNB/IBC 368) 
Management Elective 


Management Elective Course 
MNB 410 Senior Seminar: Issues in Management 
(Prerequisite: Senior standing.) 

MNB 498 Business Policy and Strategic 
Management (comprehensive in management, 
Winter Term of Senior year. Prerequisite: comple- 
tion of MNB 410 or permission of instructor.) 

Management majors are required to complete each 
course with a grade of C or better. To progress in 
sequence, and to receive credit for core courses in 
which the student has received a D grade, a 
petition must be submitted and approved by the 
discipline coordinator. 

Students must also meet all general education 
requirements to graduate. 

Management majors are encouraged to minor in 
one of the traditional liberal arts. 

A minor in management consists of the following 
five courses: MNB 260M Statistics, MNB/MAN 
320 Quantitative Methods, MNB 371 Organiza- 
tional Behavior and Leadership, and two of MNB/ 
IBC 369 Prmciples of Marketing, MNB 271 
Principles of Accounting, or MNB 377 Introduc- 
tion of Business Finance. 

MNB 1 10 Principles of Manz^ement and Leadership 

Introduction to interdisciplinary nature of 
management and leadership practices. Historical 
development of management as a distinct 
discipline, principles and survey of functional areas 
of management, historical development of 
leadership principles, comparison of management 
and leadership similarities and differences, 
introduction to contemporary issues in manage- 
ment and leadership. 

MNB 210 Computer Applications 

For students with minimal experience with 
computers not planning a computer science major 
or information systems concentration. Major 
concepts, word processing, spreadsheet, data base, 
networking software, BASIC programming, 
consideration of ethical issues. 

MNB/MAN 220 Quantitative Methods 

A variety of mathematical tools are studied which 
are useful in helping managers and economists 
make decisions. Prerequisite: Statistics, CSN 110, 

MNB 230G Asian Managerial Practices 

An understanding of how culture, inclusive of 
social customs, political and economic structure, 
and historical antecedents, impact managerial 
practices in five Asian countries. Students will use 
the Hofstede and Kluckhohn-Strodbeck models as 
the theoretical foundation for understanding these 
cultural differences. 

MNB/PLL 242 Ethics in Management: Theory 
and Practice 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and 
organizational decisions, policies and actions. 
Analyzing situations which require moral deci- 
sions in the organizational context. Sophomore or 
higher standing. 

MNB/SLB 25 1 Work and Occupations (Directed 
Study available) 

For description see Sociology. 

MNB/ECB 260M Statistical Methods in Manage- 
ment and Economics 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 271 Principles of Accounting I 

Accounting principles used in the preparation and 
analysis of financial statements, accumulation of 
business operating data and its classification for 
financial reporting. Balance sheets and income 

MNB 272 Management Information Systems 

Decisions that must be made by managers 
pertaining to computers and information systems. 
Computer terminology, hardware and programming, 
selecting computer and data base systems, etc. 
Prerequisite: CSN 143M (prefen-ed) or MNB 210. 

MNB 273 Life Career and Personal Financial 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal financial 
plan to increase one's quality of life. Of special 
interest to non-management majors. 



MNB 278 Business Law 

Principles, rationale and application of business 
law and regulations. Contracts, Uniform Commer- 
cial Code, creditors' rights, labor, torts and 
property, judicial and administrative processes. 

MNB 310 Operations Management 

Concepts and applications in ser\'ice and manu- 
facturing sectors o{ global economy. Forecasting, 
product and process decisions, capacity planning, 
facility location and layout, project management 
and operations scheduling, inventory planning 
and control, quality control. Prerequisite: Junior 
standing or instructor's permission. 

MNB/EBC 32 1 Consumer Behavior and 

For description see International Business. 

MNB/CSN 326 Environmental Computer 

Learn to use a variety of computer softu'are 
packages designed to enhance decision making 
abilities in the environmental arena. Combines 
lectures, discussions, group projects, and oral 
presentations of project results. Prerequisite: 
Statistical Methods. 

MNB/SLB 345 Complex Organizations (Directed 
Study available) 

For description see Sociology. 

MNB/SLB 35 IE Technology, Society and 

For description see Sociology. (Directed Study 

MNB/CSN 360 Database Systems 

For description see Computer Science. 

MNB 361 Business History 

The growth of managerial enterprise from 
Colonial to modem times, its origins and develop- 
ment and the individuals important in its evolu- 
tion. Prerequisites: MNB 368 and one course in 
American history. For Juniors and Seniors only. 

MNB/IBC 368 Managerial Enterprise 
MNB/IBC 369 Principles of Marketing 

For descriptions see International Business. 


MNB/SLB 371 Organizational Behavior and 

For description see Sociology. 

MNB 372 Principles of Accounting 11 

The information utilized by operating manage- 
ment in decision making: determination of 
product cost and profitability, budgeting, profit 
planning, utilization of standard cost and financial 
statement analysis. Prerequisite: MNB 271. 

MNB/IBC 373 Marketing Communications 
MNB/IBC 374 Market Intelligence 

MNB/IBC 375 Marketing Channels and Logistics 

For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB 377 introduction to Business Finance 

A survey of financial markets and institutions in 
both the public and private sectors and their 
impact on society. Prerequisites: CSN 110, MNB 
271 and one of ECB 281S, ECB 282S. 

MNB/IBC 378 Investment Finance 

MNB/IBC 379 Retail Organization and 

MNB/IBC 380 Professional Salesmanship 

For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB/ECB 384 Man^erial Economics 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 385 Total Quality Environment 

Methods used to evaluate the environmental 
consequences of policy decisions, product deci- 
sions about what products or services are provided, 
process decisions on how goods and services are 
created, systems decisions about implications of all 
previous decision levels. 

MNB/ECB 386 Money, Banking and Financial 

For description see Economics. 

MNB/SLB 405 Human Ecology (Directed Study 

For description see Sociology. 

MNB 410 Issues in Management 

Senior seminar for management majors. Weekly 
sessions with practicing executives on general 
management topics. Outside research. 



MNB/IBC 475 Investment Analysis (Directed 
Study available) 

For description see International Business. 

MNB 479 Corporate Finance 

An advanced finance course dealing with founda- 
tions of financial management used in organiza- 
tion decision making. Prerequisites: MNB 272, 
377 or 378. 

MNB 480 Proctoring in Management 

For Senior management majors, leadership 
experience as group trainers. MNB 110 and 
permission of instructor required. 

MNB 498 Business Policy and Strategic Managonant 

Comprehensive examination requirement for 
management majors. Practicum in general 
management. Prerequisite: final semester of Senior 
year. Students may petition for enrollment if they 
are enrolled in no more than two 300- level 


The marine science major provides both an 
integrative science background and specialized 
foundation work especially suitable for students 
planning professional careers in marine fields. 

Students majoring in any track of the marine 
science major are expected to be knowledgeable 

1 ) fundamental concepts of biological, geologi- 
cal, chemical, and physical oceanography; 

2) research methods employed by oceanogra- 

3) history of oceanographic exploration and 

In addition, students are expected to be able to: 

1 ) synthesize information from the various 
marine science disciplines; 

2) write and speak well; 

3) discuss creative approaches to research 

4) understand the nature of values-oriented 
questions associated with either human use of 
marine resources or human activities in 
general; and 

5 ) utilize bibliographic resources effectively. 

The B.A. degree is not offered. 

Required for the B.S. are a core of nine courses: 

Introduction to Oceanography, Fundamental 
Physics I and II, Calculus I and II, General 
Chemistry I and II, Chemical and Physical 
Oceanography, and Marine Science Seminar. 

In addition to the core, specified courses in one of 
the following four tracks must be included: 

MARINE BIOLOGY - Marine Invertebrate 
Biology, Marine and Freshwater Botany, Cell 
Biology, Genetics (Investigative), Ecology, 
Comparative Physiology (Investigative), Marine 
Geology or Marine Invertebrate Paleontology, and 
Organic Chemistry I. 

MARINE CHEMISTRY - Inorganic Chemistry, 
Analytical Chemistry, Biochemistry, Marine 
Geochemistry, Physical Chemistry I or Physical 
Chemistry of Life Sciences, Instrumental Analysis, 
an introductory organismic biology course 
(Marine Invertebrate Biology, Marine Botany, or 
Vertebrate Biology), and Marine Geology. 

MARINE GEOLOGY - Marine Geology, Marine 
Invertebrate Paleontology, Earth Materials, Earth 
Structure, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimenta- 
tion, Statistics, an introductory organismic biology 
course (Marine Invertebrate Biology, Marine 
Botany, or Vertebrate Biology), and an upper level 
geology course. 

MARINE GEOPHYSICS - an introductory 
organismic biology course (Marine Invertebrate 
Biology, Marine Botany, or Vertebrate 
Biology), Marine Geology, Calculus III, Differen- 
tial Equations, Earth Materials, Earth Structure, 
Exploration Geophysics, and one of the following: 
Hydrology, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimenta- 
tion, or Linear Algebra. 

Biodiversity I and II may substitute for Marine & 
Freshwater Botany and Marine Invertebrate 
Biology, respectively. General and Molecular 
Physiology may substitute for Comparative 
Physiology (Investigative). 

All marine science majors are encouraged to 
incorporate Sea Semester into their Junior or 
Senior year, or participate in an alternative field 
experience, possibly during winter term. 


Marine Science 

Students who major in the marine science biology 
track may not major in biology also, and students 
who major in the marine science chemistry track 
may not major in chemistry also. 

Possible sequence of courses: 

Marine Biology Track 

Calculus I and II 
Introduction to Oceanography 
Marine Invertebrate Biology 
Marine Geology or Marine Invertebrate 


Marine & Freshwater Botany 

General Chemistry I and II 

Cell Biology 

Physics I and II . . , r. , 



Organic Chemistry I . '-; 

Comparative Physiology or Ecology 
Chemical and Physical Oceanography 
Marine Science Seminar 


Marine Science Seminar 
Comparative Physiology or Ecology 
Recommended electives: Fish Biology, Marine 
Mammalogy, Techniques in Electron Microscopy, 
Elasmobranch Biology, Microbiology, Vertebrate 
Biology, Statistics. 

Marine Chemistry Track 

Calculus I and II 

General Chemistry I and II 

Introduction to Oceanography 

Inorganic Chemistry 
Physics I and II 
Analytical Chemistry 
Introductory Organismic Biology 


Chemical and Physical Oceanography 
Marine Geology 
Marine Science Seminar 


Marine Geochemistry 

Physical Chemistry I or Physical Chemistry for 
Life Sciences 

Instrumental Analysis 
Marine Science Seminar 

Marine Geophysics Track 

Introduction to Oceanography 
Calculus I and II 
Physics I and II 
Marine Geology 


Earth Materials 

Calculus III 

Earth Structure '■ 

Differential Equations 

Introductory Organismic Biology 


General Chemistry I and II 
Linear Algebra 
Exploration Geophysics 
Marine Science Seminar 


Upper-level elective 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Science Seminar 

Recommended electives: Hydrology, Marine 
Geochemistry, Marine Invertebrate Paleontology, 
Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation, Numeri- 
cal Methods. 

Marine Geology Track 

Calculus I and II 
General Chemistry I and II 
Introduction to Oceanography 
Marine Geology 


Earth Materials 

Physics I and II 

Paleontology or Earth Structure 

Introductory Organismic Biology 


Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 


Marine Science Seminar 


Marine Science 


Upper- level elective 

Earth Structure or Paleontology 

Marine Science Seminar 

Recommended electives: Hydrology, Exploration 
Geophysics, Marine Geochemistry, Coastal 
Geology, Techniques in Electron Microscopy. 

A minor in marine science consists of five courses 
to include the following: Introduction to Ocean- 
ography, Chemical and Physical Oceanography, 
Marine Geology or Marine Invertebrate Paleon- 
tology, Marine Invertebrate Biology or Marine 
Botany, and a 200+ level course focusing on 
marine science (e.g.. Marine Mammalogy, Marine 
Geochemistry, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimen- 
tation, Comparative Physiology or Ecology). 
These courses must not duplicate courses used by 
students to satisfy major requirements. 

MSN 119 Introduction to Oceanography 

Survey of geological, physical, chemical, biological 
oceanography. Topics include history, origin, sea 
floor, waves, tides, currents, properties and 
composition of seawater, productivity, pelagic and 
benthic environments, basic coastal processes. 

MSN/BIN 187 Plant Biology 
For description see Biology. 

MSN/BIN 188 Marine and Freshwater Botany 

Diversity of marine and freshwater plants, their 
relationship to each other and to their environ- 
ment. A survey of all plant groups is included. 
Field trips. 

MSN/BIN 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, 
biological functions and environmental interactions 
of animal life in the seas, exploring the local area. 

MSN 208 Environmental Geology 

Geological hazards and our use and abuse of the 
earth. Methods of preservation, conservation and 
sustained yield. 

MSN 242 Marine Geology 

Geological history of the oceanic environment. 
Marine geological and geophysical exploration 
techniques. Provides complete introduction to 
geological oceanography. Prerequisite: MSN 119. 

MSN 257 Earth Materials 

Rocks and minerals of the earth: mineralogy, 
petrography of igneous, sedimentary and metamor- 
phic rocks. Prerequisites: MSN 119 and MSN 242. 

MSN/BIN 301 Principles of Ecology 

For description see Biology. 

MSN/Bm 302 The Biology of Fishes 

Systematics, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and 
behavior of fishes. Laboratory includes field 
collecting, trips to local institutions, examination 
of anatomical features and systematic characteris- 
tics. Prerequisite: BIN 200, and Junior standing or 
permission of instructor. 

MSN 303 Exploration Geophysics 

A laboratory course in theory, methods and 
applications; computer methods and geological 
applications emphasized. Prerequisites: MAN 132 

and MSN 242. 

MSN 304 Marine Invertebrate Paleontology 

Morphology, classification, phylogeny, paleoecol- 
ogy of groups of marine invertebrate fossil 
organisms. Taphomony, biostratigraphy, and the 
stages in the evolution of marine ecosystems. Field 
trips and labs. 

MSN 305 Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 

Facies and basin analysis, sedimentary tectonics. 
Interpretation of clastic and chemical sedimentary 
rocks to infer processes, environments, and 
tectonic settings in the marine environment. 
Prerequisite: MSN 242. 

MSN 306 Earth Sti^cture 

Microscopic-to-macroscopic scale structures in 
rocks, field observations of stress and strain. 
Oceanic and continental structures, theory of 
plate tectonics. Prerequisite: MSN 242 or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

MSN 309 Principles of Hydrology 

The study of water: how rivers function, how 
water moves through the ground, pollution of 
water and other problems. Laboratory involving 
data collection, interpretation, computer work, 
field trips. Prerequisite: MSN 242, PHN 241, or 
permission of instructor. 

MSN/BIN 311 Marine Mammalogy 

For description see Biology. 



MSN/BIN 314 Comparative Physiology: 

For description see Biology. 

MSN/BIN 315 Elasmobranch Biology and 

MSN/BIN 3 16 Comparative Physiology: 

For descriptions see Biology. 

MSN 342 Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Chemical and physical properties of seawater, 
distributions of water characteristics in the oceans, 
water, salt and heat budgets, circulation and water 
masses, waves and tides, coastal oceanography. 
Prerequisites: MSN 119, CHN 111, 211, and 
PHN 241, or permission of instructor. 

MSN 347 Marine Geochemistry 

Geochemical and biogeochemical processes in 
oceans. Fluvial, atmospheric, hydtothermal 
sources of materials, trace elements, sediments, 
interstitial waters, diagenesis. Prerequisite: MNS 
342 or permission of instructor. 

MSN/BIN 402 Marine Ecology 

Selected aspects of marine systems. Prerequisites: 
BIN 301 or 307. 

MSN 410 Marine Science Seminar 

Topical problems in all disciplines of marine 
science. Junior and Senior marine science majors 
participate for one course credit. Sophomores are 
invited to attend. 

For other courses meeting marine science require- 
ments, see Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, 
Physics, Statistics, and Sea Semester. 


Students majoring in mathematics acquire 
knowledge of the basic definitions, axioms, and 
theorems of mathematical systems. Moreover, they 
apply mathematical reasoning within many 
different contexts and they develop proficiency in 

The basic requirement for either the B.A. or B.S. 
degree is the completion of Calculus 111 and eight 
mathematics courses numbered above MAN 233. 
The Mathematics Seminar is required in the 
Junior and Senior years. 

Competencies in the major are attained through 
the successful completion of these courses and the 
completion of a comprehensive examination or 
thesis with a final grade of C or better. 

Student placement in first-year courses is deter- 
mined by evaluation of high school mathematics 
transcripts. Consideration is given toward 
advanced placement within the curriculum. 

A minor in mathematics is attained upon the 
completion of five mathematics courses with a 
grade of C or better. Three of the courses must be 
numbered above MAN 233. 

MAN 102M Philosophy of Mathematics 

The intellectual development of mathematical 
thought. Plato, Aristotle, Ptolemy, Newton, 
Einstein and others studied in a historical and 
philosophical context. Some computing required 
but skill or knowledge in a programming language 
not needed. 

MAN 104M Survey of Mathematics 

Applications of mathematics to real problems: 
graphing, equations and inequalities, probability, 
statistics, consumer mathematics. Students use 
calculators and computers. 

MAN lOSMPrecalculus 

Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, and trigono- 
metric functions. Analytic geometry, curve 
sketching, mathematical induction, equations and 

MAN 13 IM Calculus I 

First in three-course sequence. Techniques of 
differentiation and integration, limits, continuity, 
the Mean Value Theorem, curve sketching. 
Riemann Sums and the Fundamental Theorem of 
Calculus. Applications in the sciences. Prerequi- 
site: Placement at the calculus-ready level. 

MAN 132 Calculus II 

Continuation of MAN 13 IM. Exponential, 
logarithmic and trigonometric functions, formal 
integration techniques and applications. Taylor 
polynomials and infinite series. Prerequisite: MAN 

MAN 133M Statistics, An Introduction 

Emphasis on concepts, methods, and applications 
useful in the natural sciences. Elementary prob- 
ability theory and random variables, common 



discrete, continuous probability distributions. 
Statistics and sampling distributions, estimation 
and hypothesis testing, simple regression. Credit is 
given for only one of MAN 133M or one of the 
behavioral science statistics courses, but not both. 

MAN 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, permuta- 
tions, combinations; introduction to probability, 
logic. Boolean algebra, difference equations. 
Emphasis on discrete rather than continuous 
aspects. Prerequisite: MAN 13 IM. 

MAN/MNB 220 Quantitative Methods 

For description see Management. 

MAN 233 Calculus III 

Continuation of MAN 132. Three-dimensional 
analytic geometry, partial and directional deriva- 
tives, extreme of functions of several variables, 
multiple integrals. Prerequisite: MAN 132. 

MAN 234 Differential Equations 

Existence and uniqueness theorems, nth-order 
linear differential equations, Laplace transforms, 
systems of ordinary differential equations, series 
solutions and numerical methods. Prerequisite: 
MAN 132. 

MAN 236 Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, matrices, 
eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and systems of linear 
equations. Prerequisite: MAN 132 or permission 
of instructor. 

MAN 237 Introduction to Mathematical Thinking 

Abstract mathematical reasoning and exposition, 
emphasizes writing and understanding mathemati- 
cal proof, propositional and predicate calculus, 
relations, functions, construction and properties of 
number systems. Prerequisite: MAN 132 or 143. 

MAN 238 Optimization Techniques 

Classical techniques for optimizing univariate, 
multivariate functions with or without constraints. 
Linear programming (model, assumptions, simplex 
method, duality, sensitivity analysis, applications). 
Nonlinear programming (Lagrange multipliers, 
Kuhn-Tucker conditions, quadratic, convex 
programming, search techniques). Prerequisite: 
MAN 233 or permission of instructor. 

MAN/PHN 25 1 Mathematical Methods of 

Applications of calculus to celestial mechanics, 
electromagnetic field theory, special relativity. 
Differential k-forms, directional derivatives, 
perturbation theory, differential equations, 
Poincare's method. 

MAN 333 Probability and Statistics I 

First in two-course sequence. Mathematical theory 
of probability with applications, combinatorial 
analysis, axioms of probability, conditional 
probability and independence. Univariate, jointly 
distributed random variables, expectation, central 
limit theorem, law of large numbers. Prerequisite: 
MAN 233. 

MAN 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Integrates definitions and theorems of probability 
with graphical descriptive methods of data analysis. 
Rationale of confidence intervals, significance 
testing, experimental design, statistics and sampling 
distributions, goodness-of-fit, regression and linear 
models. Prerequisite: MAN 333. 

MAN 335 Abstract Algebra I 

First in two-course sequence. Integers, groups, 
rings, integral domains, vector spaces, develop- 
ment of fields. Prerequisite: MAN 132 or 236. 

MAN 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of MAN 335, which is prerequisite. 

MAN 339 Combinatorial Mathematics 

Problem solving techniques for enumeration of 
finite sets. Permutations and combinations, 
generating functions, principle of inclusion and 
exclusion, recurrence relations, Polya's theory of 
counting and fundamentals of graph theory. 
Prerequisite: MAN 132. 

MAN 340 Dynamical Systems 

An introduction to dynamical systems, chaos and 
fractals. Dynamic modeling, stability analysis, 
bifurcation theory, strange attractors, self- 
similarity, iterated function systems. Prerequisite: 
MAN 234 or permission of instructor. 

MAN/CSN 341 Numerical Analysis 

Methods for solving an equation or systems of 
equations. Interpolating polynomials, numerical 
integration and differentiation, numerical 


Mcxlem Languages 

solutions of ordinary and partial differential 
equations, boundary value problems. Prerequisite: 
MAN 233 or permission of instructor. 

MAN 35 1 Fourier Analysis 

Method, justification, applications of representing 
a function by an orthogonal set of functions. 
Necessary analysis, distribution theory, unified 
view of Fourier series, transform and discrete 
Fourier transform, fast Fourier transform algo- 
rithm, sampling theory. Prerequisite: MAN 234- 

MAN 410 Mathematics Seminar 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
mathematics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two-years participation. Mathemati- 
cal processes from a historical and cultural 

MAN 411 Introduction to Topology 

Introduction to point-set topology emphasizing 
connectedness, compactness, separation proper- 
ties, continuity, homeomorphisms and metric and 
Euclidean spaces. Prerequisite: MAN 233 or 
permission of instructor. . 

MAN 42 1 Partial Differential Equations 

Modeling and paradigms for solutions. Separation 
of variables, closed form solutions (dAlembert 
and Green's functions), Fourier series, Bessel 
functions, Legendre polynomials, Laplace trans- 
forms and numerical methods. Prerequisite: MAN 

MAN 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence. The real numbers as 
a complete ordered field, derivatives, Riemann 
integrals, Euclidean n-space, partial derivatives, 
vector-valued functions of vector variables, 
multiple, infinite, line and surface integrals, 
infinite series, Green's and Stoke 's theorems. 
Prerequisite: MAN 233. 

MAN 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of MAN 433, which is prerequisite. 

MAN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon invitation 
of the mathematics faculty, do research and write a 
thesis under the direction of a member of that 



The Medical Technology program offers students a 
B.S. or B.A. degree by completing three years of 
general studies here and a fourth year of profes- 
sional coursework at a hospital which has been 
approved by the Council on Medical Education of 
The American Medical Association. 

The general studies program at Eckerd College 
must include a minimum of eleven courses in the 
Natural Sciences which are required for certifica- 
tion: four courses in biology (including microbiol- 
ogy and immunology); four courses in chemistry 
(including organic), one course in mathematics 
(normally calculus), and two courses in physics. 
Completion of the all-college general education 
requirements is expected of all graduates. Senior 
general education courses should be taken in 

The professional coursework taken during the 
Senior year requires that the student spend 12 
months in training at a certified hospital to which 
he/she has gained admission. For most Eckerd 
students, this is Bayfront Medical Center. The 
student receives college credit for the laboratory 
courses taken in that clinical setting. The bacca- 
laureate is awarded on successful completion of 
this coursework with a major in interdisciplinary 

In addition, the student receives certification by 
the American Society of Clinical Pathologists 
(ASCP) after passing an official examination. 
Supervision of clinical coursework during the 
Senior year is carried out by a program director 
(an M.D. certified in clinical pathology by the 
American Board of Pathology) and an educational 
coordinator (a medical technologist certified by 
the Registry of Medical Technologists). 


Students may pursue a language major in French, 
German or Spanish, a major in Russian studies, or 
a major in Modem Languages. Course work is also 
available in Italian, Japanese and Latin. 

The language major consists of eight courses, plus 
a Comprehensive Exam (a Senior Thesis or Senior 
Project may replace the Comprehensive in certain 
cases). Students who place or are placed at the 
100 level may count the first year sequence (101- 


Modem Languages 

102) or the one semester intensive toward the 
major. Students who transfer in course credits 
from study abroad must make sure to take at least 
one 400 level course at Eckerd before undertaking 
the Comprehensive Exam. Language majors are 
expected to speak the language well enough to be 
rated at the Intermediate Low level of proficiency 
as defined by the American Council of Teachers of 
Foreign Languages (ACTFL). Language majors 
are therefore strongly urged to spend at least one 
semester studying abroad usually during the Junior 
year. The Office of International Education will 
assist students in identifying appropriate programs. 
In addition, all majors in this field of study are 
expected to have tested knowledge in cultural, 
historical, and literary understanding. This will be 
verified by the successful completion of the 
Comprehensive Exam. Students may, at the 
invitation of the faculty, write a Senior Thesis or 
complete a Senior Project instead of taking the 

All students must, upon arrival on campus in their 
Freshman year, take the language placement exam 
if they have studied a language in high school. In 
consultation with the language faculty, students 
will then choose a course of study which will lead 
to a major or double major in a modem foreign 

Double majors: Students who major in Interna- 
tional Business, International Relations or 
International Studies are strongly encouraged to 
develop double majors in combination with 
French, German, Russian Studies or Spanish. 
Fluency in a second or third language will greatly 
increase employability and opportunities for 
graduate study. All of the "International" 
disciplines have strong language requirements for 
their majors, and students would in most cases 
already be near the completion of a language 
major by the time they graduate. Students who 
arrive at Eckerd with little or no experience in a 
language, or who wish to begin a new language, 
can complete a major counting the first year 
sequence as part of the requirements. 

Majors in modem languages pursue a variety of 
careers including education, government, journal- 
ism, business, or graduate school. 

Minors are available in French, German, and 
Spanish. A minor consists of five courses, 
including the first-year sequence. 

Accelerated elementary language courses are 
numbered SPG 1 1 1 or ERG 1 12 in the schedule of 


FRC 101/102 Elementary French 

Introduction to French for students with little or 
no training in the language. Three classes and two 
laboratory sessions per week. 

FRC 112 Accelerated Beginning French 

A review of elementary French for students with 
some background in the language. Oral compre- 
hension, writing, speaking, reading. 

FRC 201 and FRC 202 Intermediate French 

Designed as sequel to FRC 101-102, or for 
students with three years of high school training. 
Newspaper and magazine articles, short works of 
fiction, poems, and videos serve to develop oral 
and written control of French. Prerequisite: ERG 
102 or three years of high school French. 

FRC 212 Accelerated Intermediate French 
Intensive oral and written work, readings on 
contemporary French issues. Prerequisite: FRC 
102, 112 or the equivalent. 

FRC 302 Advanced Composition and Conversation 

A refinement of student mastery of structure and 
vocabulary, with emphasis on the ability to 
communicate both orally and in writing. Labora- 
tory work as needed. Prerequisite: ERG 202, 212 
or equivalent. 

FRC 303 French for Cultural Communication 

For students who wish to approach fluency and 
refine their ability to communicate in oral and 
written form. A variety of media including 
journalism, novel, film, theatre. Write in genres 
such as personal essay, literary analysis, oral 
presentation. Develop personal expression within 
standard of fluency. Prerequisite: ERG 302 or the 

FRC 308A Introduction to French Literature and 

Survey French literature from medieval period 
through twentieth century. Evolution, structure, 
form, relationships of culture and history to the 
literature. Prerequisite: 300 level standing in 



FRC 325G French Caribbean Literature and 

Music, literature and local art of the French 
Antilles. Creole responses to colonial domina- 
tion, racism, heterogeneous ethnicity', disglossia, 
exile. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or equivalent. 

FRC 370A Literature and Film in Postwar France 

Literature, cinema, and aesthetic questions in 
France from World War II to present. Existential- 
ism, formalism, New Novel, New Wave and the 
return of history in the 70s and '80s. Prerequisite: 
Good working knowledge of written and spoken 
French demonstrated by an interview and writing 
sample, or completion of any 300 level French 

FRC 392G Francophone Africa and the 

Literature and culture of two major francophone 
regions which have attempted to resist and reject 
values imposed by the French. Alienation and 
Western society, survival oi indigenous culture, 
importance of Islam, necessity and impossibility of 
writing in the colonizer's language, the negritude 
movement. Prerequisite: 300 level standing in 

FRC 401 French Literature in Fonnation 

From the emergence of the French language in the 
middle ages to the splendid epoch of French 
Classicism, explore how a theme, topic or genre 
emerged as a powerful influence in France's later 
literary tradition. Prerequisite: FRC 302 and 
permission of instructor. 

FRC 402 Romanticism to Modernism 

Authors who formed attitudes about the rightful 
place of "man" in the world, decried superstition 
and violence, or undermined authority throughout 
the 18th century and beyond the Revolution into 
the 19th. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or 303 and 
permission of instructor. 

FRC 403 Topics in Modem French Literature 

One or possibly two limited topics in this broad 
area each semester. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or 303 
and permission of instructor. 

FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 

Discover, analyze and discuss various aspects of 
French literature, with unifying motifs. Prerequi- 
site: FRC 302 or 303 and permission of instructor. 

FRC 405 Commercial French 

Learn the style and vocabulary specific to French 
business. Basic workings of the French economy, 
and business terms. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or 

FRC 406 French Theatre on Stage 

Practice understanding, learning and reciting 
passages in plays from 17 th century to modem 
works, to improve oral communication skills in 
French. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or equivalent. 

FRC 410 Senior Seminar in French Studies 

Readings and discussion of selected topics. 
Prerequisite: two 400 level French courses. 

Semester Abroad in France 
See International Education. 


GRC 101/2 Elementary German I, II 

Language through videos and supplemental 
reading. Method appropriate to need, patterning 
and grammatical analysis. Will enable students to 
function in German-speaking country. Prerequi- 
site: GRC 101 or equivalent for 102. 

GRC 201/2 Intermediate German I, II 

Review of grammar; short stories and cultural 
films. Introduction to German culture and native 
language models. Class discussions in German. 
Prerequisites: GRC 102 for 201; 201 for 202. 

GRC 301/2 Introduction to German Literature 
and Culture 

German cultural heritage, including a survey of 
German literature from Goethe to the present. 
Prerequisite GRC 202 or equivalent. ' 

GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 
(Directed Study available) 

In translation. Hesse's novels in chronological 
order, tracing the development of the man and his 
writings from poetic realism to impressionism. 

GRC 305 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 
(Directed Study available) 

In German. For description see GRC 304. 
Prerequisite: advanced standing in German. 



GRC 311 Advanced German Composition and 

Student participation in teaching theoretical and 
practical aspects of grammar. Topical discussions 
and written assignments in the language. 

GRC 33 1/332 Special Topics in German 

Projects based upon current needs and interests of 
students and offered at the discretion of the 
German faculty. 

GRC 401/2 The German Novel I, II 

A study of the most representative novelists from 
Goethe to the present. Includes Thomas Maim, 
Hermann Hesse, and the writers of present day 
Germany, Austria and Switzerland. 

GRC 403/4 German Drama I, II 

German drama from Goethe to the present. 
Particular emphasis on drama of the 19th century 
and the present. 

GRC 441/2 Seminar in German I, II 

Included are such topics as Goethe's Faust, 
German poetry, the German novelle, history of 
the German language, independent readings. For 

Semester Abroad in Germany 
See International Education. 


ITC 101/102 Elementary Italian I, II 

Intensive practice in speaking, listening compre- 
hension, reading, writing and grammar. Prerequi- 
site for 102 is 101 or permission of the instructor. 

ITC 201/202 Intermediate Italian I, II 

Prerequisite: ITC 102 or equivalent, or permission 
of instructor. 


J AC 101/102 Elementary Japanese 
J AC 201/202 Intermediate Japanese 

Dialogues in Japanese and English supplemented 
by grammar and usage drills. Practice in both 
speaking and reading. Second and third levels 
taught as directed studies. 

J AC 103 Japanese Reading and Writing 

The two syllabaries of the Japanese writing system, 
basic repertoire of about 200 kanji, sentence 
structures, vocabulary. Year long course designed 
to run concunently with J AC 101 and 102, which 
are corequisite or prerequisite. Strongly recom- 
mended for students planning to study or work in 

Year Abroad in Japan 

See International Education. 


SPC 101/2 Elementary Spanish 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking and 
writing Spanish. Prerequisite for SPC 102 is 
101 or permission of instructor. 

201/202 Intermediate Spanish I and II 

Comprehensive grammar review. Exposure to 
authentic spoken and written forms of Spanish 
(songs, video, short stories, and poems). Emphasis 
on idiomatic usage and expressions. 

SPC 205 Oral Expression 

Develop level of spoken proficiency corresponding 
to the Intermediate Mid-level on the ACTFL 
Scale. Oral practice in tourism/travel, housing, 
shopping, home life, college experience, sports, 
health, food and restaurants, cars, conversing on 
the phone. Prerequisite: SPC 202. 

SPC 300A Short Fiction: Study and Translation 

Introductory survey (19th and 20th centuries) of 
the short fiction of both Spain and Latin America. 
Among the themes to be studied are social and 
political injustice, women's rights, alienation, 
violence, humor and love. Prerequisite: SPC 205 
or permission of instructor 

SPC 301A Civilization and Culture 

Introduction to the study of hispanic civilization, 
culture, and literature. Major historical develop- 
ments of the old and new worlds, ranging from the 
period of colonization and the Conquest to the 
present. Prerequisite: SPC 202. 

SPC 307 Advanced Grammar and Composition 

For students to develop and perfect writing skills, 
particularly those minoring or majoring in the 
language who also need to fulfill an extensive 



language requirement, such as international 
business or international studies. Prerequisite: SPC 
202 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 308A Spanish Literature/Film Themes: Civil 

Spanish novel, theatre and film in light of their 
political and historical settings. Prerequisite: SPC 
306 or 307, or equivalent. 

SPC 3 lOA Real /Surreal: Loca, Buneal, Dali 

Selected works studies as manifestations and 
representations of realistic and surrealistic art, and 
how they helped bring about a cultural renaissance 
in Spain. Prerequisite: advanced proficiency, any 
one of SPC 306, 307, 301 A, 302A. 

SPC 401 (Directed Study) The Modem Spanish 

Major novels of Spanish writers from Generacion 
del '98 to the present. Prerequisite: SPC 302A or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel (Directed 
Study available) 

Selected works by Spanish American novelists 
chronologically to give clear understanding of 
developments in the New World. Prerequisite 
SPC 302A or permission of instructor. 

SPC 403 Modem Spanish Drama 

Works of best modem playwrights from Benavente 
to the present. Prerequisite: SPC 302A or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 404 Spanish Golden Age Literature 

Reading and analyzing the most representative 
authors of the period, with all work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: SPC 302 A or permission of instructor. 

SPC 405 Cervantes 

The life and works of Cervantes with critical 
analysis of Don Quixote. All work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: SPC 302A or permission of instructor. 

SPC 407 Spanish Women Writers 

Spanish and Latin American women writers, the 
world they lived in and how they helped change 
it. Dynamics of gender, class and education. 
Introduction to feminist literary criticism. Taught 
in Spanish. Prerequisites: SPC 301 A or 302 A or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 408 New Spanish American Narrative 

Understanding the social message and aesthetic 
innovations such as "realismo magico" in works of 
prominent contemporary Spanish American 
writers such as Lloso, Marquez and Fuentes. All 
work in Spanish. Prerequisites: SPC 301 A or 
302 A or permission of instructor. 

SPC 409 Spanish for Business 

Oral and written skills. Cross-cultural communica- 
tion between North America and Spanish 
speaking world. Forms, styles, usages, procedures in 
commercial communication. Prerequisite: SPC 
302A or permission of instructor. 

SPC 410 The Modem Spanish Novel 

Senior Seminar for Spanish majors. Reading and 
discussion of selected topics. 

Semester Abroad in Spain 
See International Education. 


A major in modem languages consists of a minimum 
of eight courses above the elementary level in a 
primary language, witli a Senior thesis or comprehen- 
sive exam in that language, plus four courses in a 
secondary language above the elementary level, as 
determined by the individual disciplines. The overall 
comprehensive exam will include the secondary 
language. The examining committee will consist of 
professors of bodi languages, and the proficiencies 
examined on the courses taken will be: understanding, 
speaking, reading and writing. It is strongly recom- 
mended that students include elective courses that are 
related to the languages pursued. A minimum of one 
month of residence abroad in the environment of the 
primary foreign language is advised. 


The music major provides students with an under- 
standing of the Western art music tradition and the 
other music traditions which have shaped it dmough a 
series of combination dieory/music history courses and 
complementary performance courses. Consistent with 
the expectations of graduate programs in music, 
students completing a music major should be able to: 

demonstrate listening, sight singing, keyboard 
and written theory skills at a high intermedi- 
ate level 



analyze and discuss musical works from a 
theoretical and historical perspective, both in 
oral presentations and in formal essays 

apply a wide variety of music research 
materials to their own analytic and perfor- 
mance projects 

demonstrate familiarity with the major 
genres, styles and composers associated with 
the music of the West, as well as familiarity 
with a number of music types outside the 
Western classical mainstream 

perform on voice or an instrument at more 
than an intermediate level, both from a 
technical and interpretive standpoint. 

The five required introductory courses, ideally 
completed no later than the end of the Sopho- 
more year, are MUA 145 (Tonal Theory la), 
MUA 146 (Tonal Theory lb), MUA 221A 
(Introduction to Music Literature), MUSA 356G 
(World Music), and either MUA 245 (Choral 
Literature and Ensemble) or MUA 246 (Instru- 
mental Ensemble). Entry into MUA 145 assumes 
note reading and notation skills, the ability to 
recognize intervals, triads and common scale 
patterns by ear, as well as basic keyboard skills. 
These skills may be demonstrated through a 
placement test or successful completion of MUA 
101 (Music Fundamentals). Competency on an 
instrument or in voice at an intermediate or 
higher level is a requirement for completing the 
major. Enrollment in MUA 442 (Applied Music) 
from the time a student enters the program is, 
therefore, highly recommended. 

The four required advanced courses are MUA 341 
(Renaissance and Baroque Music), MUA 342 
(Classic Period Music), MUA 443 (Romantic 
Music), and MUA 444 (Modem Music). Stu- 
dents with plans to enter graduate school in any 
field related to music should expect to enroll in 
additional electives. Continued participation in 
either MUA 245 (Choral Literature and En- 
semble) or MUA 246 (Instrumental Ensemble), as 
well as in MUA 442 (Applied Music), is also 
strongly advised, and would be expected by most 
graduate programs. A comprehensive examina- 
tion will be administered following a period of 
review in the Senior year to determine compe- 
tency in the academic and interpretive aspects of 
music. Advanced students may be invited to 
complete a thesis on an academic subject or in 

composition in lieu of the comprehensive exam. 
Highly skilled performers may be invited to 
present a Senior recital as part of the Music at 
Eckerd series. 

The minor in music consists of six courses as 
follows: four foundational academic courses: 
MUA 145 (Tonal Theory la), MUA 146 (Tonal 
Theory lb), MUA 221 A (Introduction to Music 
Literature), and either MUA 356G (World 
Music) or MUA 326A (American Music and 

Values); at least one advanced academic course 
from the group MUA 341, MUA 342, MUA 443 
and MUA 444; and a minimum of one perfor- 
mance course MUA 245 (Choral Literature and 
Ensemble), MUA 246 (Instrumental Ensemble) or 
MUA 442 (Applied Music). 

MUA 101 Music Fundamentals 

Reading pitches and rhythms, sight singing, basic 
keyboard performance. Musical patterns common 
in folk, popular and art music worldwide. 

MUA 145 Tonal Theory la 

Tonal harmony, part-writing skills, primary triads 
and inversions, non-harmonic tones, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Four semester hours of credit. 

MUA 146 Tonal Theory lb 

Secondary triads, medieval modes, harmonic 
sequence, elementary modulation, continued part 
writing and analysis, ear training, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Lab component. Four 
semester hours of credit. Prerequisite: MUA 145 
or equivalent. 

MUA 22 1 A Introduction to Music Literature 

Focuses on significant composers, works, and 
forms, primarily from the Western art music 
tradition, through listening and analysis, writing 
and discussion, concert attendance and explora- 
tions of recorded music. 

MUA 245 Choral Literature and Ensemble 

Study and performance of masterworks of choral 
music. Concerts given both on and off campus. 
Smaller vocal ensembles chosen by audition from 
larger group. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. Admission by audition with 


Personnel and Global Human Resource Management 

MUA 246 Instrumental Ensemble 

Participation in one or more of various ensembles: 
classical chamber groups, a wind ensemble, a 
world music improvisation ensemble, or an 
approved off campus ensemble. Concerts given 
both on and off campus. Fours hours of rehearsal 
per week for two semesters earns one course credit. 
Placement audition with instructor required. 

MUA 266/7 Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in 
performance, research, and areas of study not 
provided for in regular semester courses, by 
permission of instructor. 

MUA 326A American Music and Values 

Application of various models of the American 
experience to music ranging from Native Ameri- 
can, slave and colonial music to jazz, classical and 
experimental works. Freshmen with permission of 

MUA 33 1 A Topics in Music Literature 

Music of a particular period, genre, or composer in 
terms of musical style, cultural, historical, or 
biographical significance. Listening and discus- 
sion, development and application of descriptive 
terminology and research. Specific topics pub- 
lished in the course schedule. 

MUA 341 Renaissance and Baroque Music 

Western art music between 1400 and 1750 with 
emphasis on dance forms, sacred choral music, 
madrigals and other secular forms including opera. 
Research into performance practice and cultural 
context for each supplements listening and 
analysis. Counterpoint and analysis lab. 

MUA 342 Classic Period Music 

Development of 1 8th century classical style 
through the music of Haydn, Mozart and 
Beethoven. Analysis lab. Prerequisites: MUA 146, 
MUA 221 A and MUA 356G or pennission of 

MUA 356G World Music 

Music for ritual, work and play as well as art music 
traditions from various cultures around the world, 
including those of early Europe and the Middle 
East. Aural and videotaped recordings from the 
field, readings in anthropology and aesthetics, live 
performances, discussion. Freshmen with permis- 
sion of instructor. 

MUA 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

A continuation of MUA 146, from modulatory 
techniques through the chromaticism of the late 
19th century. Lab component. Prerequisite: MUA 
146 or permission of instructor. 

MUA 366/7 Music Projects II 

For advanced students who wish to pursue work 
on specialized topics, including composition. 
Permission of instructor required. 

MUA 442 Applied Music 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, classical 
guitar, string, brass and woodwind instruments. 
One private lesson, and minimum of six hours per 
week individual practice plus four evening 
performance classes per semester. Permission of 
instructor required. Fee charged. 

MUA 443 Romantic Music 

A study of 19th century art music from late 
Beethoven through Schubert, Brahms, Chopin 
and Wagner, among others. Analysis lab. Prereq- 
uisite: MUA 146, MUA 221A and MUA 356G 
or permission of instructor. 

MUA 444 Modem Music 

Beginning with the Impressionists, Neo-classicists 
and serialists and continuing to aleatoric, elec- 
tronic and minimalist composers of the more 
recent past. Analysis lab. Prerequisite: MUA 146, 
MUA 221 A and MUA 356G or pennission of 

CRA 141 A Introduction to the Arts 
CRA 226A Music and Architecture 

For descriptions see Aesthetic Perspective. 


A personnel and global human resource manage- 
ment concentration may be elected within the 
international business major. The PHRM 
concentration teaches theory and practices of 
personnel and global human resource manage- 
ment in organizations, including job definition, 
staffing, training and development, compensation 
and benefits, labor relations, environmental 
analysis and human resource planning and 
controlling. The PHRM concentration also 


Personnel and Global Human Resource Man^ement 

allows students to integrate their classroom 
learning with related ongoing business and 
industry research in cooperation with the Eckerd 
College Human Resource Institute and the 
Comparative Cultures Collegium. 

PHRM students are required to complete the 
following courses: 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign Language 
Introduction to Anthropology 
Principles of Macroeconomics 
Principles of Accounting 
Cultural area course 


Cultural Environment of International Business 

International Management 


Personnel and Global Human Resource 

Personnel Planning and Industry Research I 

Introduction to Business Finance or Invest- 

Summer: PHRM work experience or internship is 
required. Credit may be awarded through an 
independent study if work experience is combined 
with approved academic work (such as a research 


Personnel Planning and Industry Research II 
Comprehensive Exam 
Multinational Corporate Strategy 
Senior Seminar: Ethical Issues in International 

All PHRM students must complete each required 
course with a grade of C or better. To progress in 
sequence, and to receive credit for core courses in 
which the student has received a grade of D or F, a 
petition must be submitted and approved by the 
PHRM coordinator. 

See International Business. 


Students majoring in philosophy develop with 
their Mentor a program of study including a 
minimum of eight courses, including one logic 
course and one ethics course; at least three courses 
from the History of Philosophy series (other 

philosophy courses with a significant historical 
component may be substituted upon approval of 
the philosophy faculty); Contemporary Philo- 
sophical Methodology; and other upper level 
courses focused on the student's particular 
philosophical interests. In addition, philosophy 
majors are expected to take complementary 
courses in other disciplines that provide back- 
ground and breadth in their program of study. 

Philosophy majors are to have a working knowl- 
edge of the issues and methods covered in their 
required courses in logic, ethics and the history of 
philosophy sequence, in addition to those in their 
chosen upper- level area of focus. This competence 
and the ability to communicate it in speaking and 
writing is demonstrated by satisfactory completion 
of the courses in the philosophy major and of a 
Senior thesis or comprehensive examination in 

A minor in philosophy consists of five philosophy 
courses, to be approved by the philosophy 

PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 

Analyze philosophical issues concerning human 
nature, our relationship to the world around us, 
and major philosophical issues of value and 
meaning. Study works of several great philoso- 
phers to help students develop their own views. 

PLL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Methods of critical and logical analysis of language 
and thought. Helps develop critical, analytical 
reasoning and linguistic precision. 

PLL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 
(Directed Study available) 

Philosophical questions on the nature of reality, 
society, and self in East Asian philosophy with 
emphasis on metaphysics and ethics. 

PLL 220 Existentialism 

A provocatively modem approach to many of the 
issues o{ the philosophical tradition; the existen- 
tial foundations of art, religion, science and 

PLL 230 Philosophy of Religion 

The conceptual aspects of religion: natural and 
supernatural, religious experience, sources of 
religious knowledge, faith and reason in the past 
and future. Offered alternate years. 



PLL 240 Philosophy of Technology 

Humans are the beings who reshape their environ- 
ment. Is modem technology a refinement of tool- 
making, or something new? What has been the 
impact of technology on the essence of being 

PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

Various systems for judging good and bad, right 
and wrong. Definitions of the good life, ethical 
theories and their application to issues such as 
abortion, civil rights, war and peace, censorship, 

PLL/MNB 242 Ethics in Management: Theory 
and Practice 

For description see Management. ^., 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

A philosophical investigation of our relationship 
to the natural environment, and how these 
considerations affect our moral obligations to 
other people, as well as future generations. 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

Major social and political theories that have been 
influential in the West. Contemporary political 
theory' examined in light of classical tradition and 
historical movements. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 263 A Aesthetics 

Examine various answers to questions asked from 
ancient times by philosophers, artists and other 
thoughtful people about the nature of art, beauty, 
and the role of the arts and artists in society. 
Prerequisite: Western Heritage or permission of 

PLL 3 lOE Ideas of Nature 

Ancient Greek cosmology. Renaissance view of 
nature, modem conception of nature. What 
nature is, how is can be studied, how we should 
relate to it. Primary approach is critical, historical 
analysis of primary texts. 

PLL 311 Major Philosophers 

An intensive study of a single major philosopher. 
May be taken more than once for credit with focus 
on different philosophers. 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

Major trends and emphases in American philoso- 
phy from the colonial period to the 20th century. 


Prerequisite: some background in the humanities 
or permission of instructor. 

PLL 32 1 History of Philosophy: Greek and 

The rise of philosophy, 600 B.C. A.D. 100, with 
emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre-Socratics, 
Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato and Aristotle. 
Offered altemate years. 

PLL 322 History of Philosophy: Medieval and 

Philosophical thought from ebb of Rome through 
rise of modem Europe, including developments in 
Jewish and/or Islamic, and Christian philosophy. 
Faith and reason, realism and nominalism, 
mysticism and rationalism, Platonism and 
Aristotelianism. Offered altemate years. 

PLL 323 History of Philosophy: 1 7th 18th 
Century "^ 

Descartes through Kant as response to the 
Scientific Revolution. Comparison of rationalism 
and empiricism. 

PLL 324 History of Philosophy: 19th Century 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social and 
scientific philosophy, existentialism, Hegel, 
Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, 

PLL 325 History of Science 

Physical science from 600 B.C. A.D. 1700. Major 
discoveries and scientists, different approaches to 
science, the interrelationship between science and 

PLL 33 1/332 Special Topics in Philosophy 

Philosophical study of one or more aspects of 
culture, such as sport, gender, unorthodox science, 
sexuality, mass communication, artificial intelli- 
gence, literature and technology. May be taken 
more than once for credit with different topics. 

PLL 342 Twentieth Century Philosophical 

Development of philosophical analysis and 
existentialism as the two main philosophical 
movements of the 20th century. Freshmen require 
permission of instmctor. 



PLL 345 Symbolic Logic 

Logic as an object of study, not an inferential tool. 
Derivability, completeness, analyticity, categoricity 
and consistency. Prerequisite: PLL 102M or 
permission of instructor. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 348 Philosophical Theology 

A philosophical study of the nature of God and 
the relation of God and world, based on readings 
from early Greek philosophy to the present. 
Prerequisite: some background in philosophy or 

PLL/HIL 349 Native American Thought 

This course focuses on the nature of Native 
American thought; explores the differing assump- 
tions, methods, and teachings connected with the 
pursuit of wisdom, with special attention to 
metaphysics and ethics. 

PLL 360 Philosophy of Science 

Recent controversies on the scientific explanation 
between formal logical analysis and the informal, 
heuristic approach. Analysis of laws and theories. 
Examples from the history of science. Offered 
alternate years. 

PLL 361 Contemporary Ethical Theory 

Major contemporary schools of thought in moral 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, religious studies, psychology, literature 
or related disciplines. 

PLL 362 Contemporary Political Philosophy 

Major contemporary schools of thought in 
political philosophy. Prerequisite: some back- 
ground in philosophy, political science, history, 
economics, American studies or literature. 

PLL 365 Philosophy of History 

Does history have a meaning? Is it leading 
anywhere? Does history result in anything that is 
genuinely new? Or is it an "eternal recurrence of 
the same" ? Especially useful for students of history, 
literature, religious studies, and philosophy. 
Prerequisite: some background in the humanities. 

PLL 403 Ccmtemporary Philosc^hical Methodologies 

Intensive investigation of philosophical method- 
ologies, designed to help students practice 
philosophy in an original manner. Emphasis on 
independent study. Prerequisite: one or more 
upper-level philosophy courses or permission of 

instructor. May be taken more than once for credit 
in order to study different methodologies. 

KSL201S The Ancient Tradition I: Homer 

to Plato 

KSL 202S The Ancient Tradition II: Empires and 


For description see Social Relations Perspective 

KSL 205 Plato and Aristotle's Science 

Positive and negative contributions of Plato and 
Aristotle's physical science to medieval and 
modem science, and interrelationship between 
science, politics, and religion. 


A major in philosophy/religion includes eleven 
courses, five in philosophy, five in religious studies, 
and Philosophy of Religion. The program ordinarily 
culminates in a Senior thesis. Required courses in 
philosophy are: two from PLL 101, 102M, 2413; 
two from PLL 321, 322, 323, 324; one other upper- 
level course. Required courses in religious studies 
are: REL 201 S; one from REL 242; and three other 
upper-level courses. Additional upper-level courses 
in each discipline are recommended, and any 
change in these requirements must have the 
approval of faculty of both disciplines. 


PEB 121 Principles of Physical Education 

Investigating physical education as a career. 
Minimum 20 hours in local schools in pre- 
intemship program. Personal interview required. 
Open to upperclass students. 

PEB 123 Fitness and Skills 

Introduction to many skills, with emphasis on 
promoting a lifetime of physical activity through 
at least one skill. Vigorous exercise program for the 
entire year. Medical clearance required. Open to 
upperclass students. 

PEB 321 Athletic Coaching 

Social-psychological problems of coaching today, 
the role of sports, developing a philosophy of 
coaching. Sports programs from youth leagues to 
collegiate athletics. Teaching styles, training, 
sports psychology. 


The following does not carry course credit: 

Lifeguard Training 

Use of rescue equipment, spinal injury management 
techniques, basic pool maintenance. Prerequisite: 
First Aid and CPR, ability to swim 500 yards using 
crawl, breaststroke, elementary backstroke, etc. 
Must be minimum of 15 years of age. 


Students who major in physics develop compe- 
tency in using scientific methodology: in creating 
mathematical models of real-world systems, 
manipulating these models to obtain predictions 
of the system's behavior, and testing the model's 
predictions against the observed real-world 
behavior. Mechanical, electro-magnetic, thermo- 
dynamic, and atomic/molecular systems are among 
those with which students become familiar in the 
building and testing of theoretical models. 
Problem-solving and quantitative reasoning are 
among the skills which are developed. 

For the B.A. DEGREE, students majoring in 
physics normally take the following courses: 
Fundamental Physics 1, II, III, Electronics, 
Classical Mechanics, Electricity and Magnetism, 
Quantum Physics 1, Calculus I, II, III. For the B.S. 
DEGREE, additional courses normally included 
are Quantum Physics II, Advanced Physics 
Laboratory, Differential Equations, and Linear 
Algebra, along with Senior Thesis, and Chemistry 
121, 122. The Physics Seminar is required in the 
Junior and Senior years. Students may arrange 
independent or directed study courses in advanced 
subjects to suit their needs. 

A minor in physics requires completion of five 
physics courses with a grade of at least C, of which 
at least three are numbered above PHN 242. 

An example of a program of courses which would 
lead to a major in physics: 


Calculus 1 and II 
Physics I and II 


Calculus III 
^ Physics III 

Differential Equations 
Classical Mechanics 

Juniors . • 

Chemistry I and II 
Electromagnetism I and II 
Electronics Laboratory 


Quantum Physics I and II 

Advanced Physics Laboratory ^ - 

In addition, physics majors are required to enroll 
in the Physics Seminar during their Junior and 
Senior years. 

PHN/CHN 209N Survey of Astronomy 

For description see Chemistry. ■ 

PHN 214 Energy and Environment 

Options available to societies in producing energy, 
the consequences of each choice, and the different 
sets of values implicit in the choices. 

PHN 2 1 7N The Evolving World- View of Science 

What is it that distinguishes science as an 
investigatory tool, and gives it such power? How 
does the universe as presented by modem science 
compare with religious and philosophical ideas? In 
this course we will trace the development of 
scientific understanding. 

PHN 241 Fundamental Physics I 

Linear, rotational, and oscillatory motion. Force, 
work, and energy. Calculus-based, with laboratory. 

PHN 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Thermodymanics, electricity, magnetism, and 
optics. Calculus-based, with laboratory. 

PHN 243 Fundamental Physics III 

Introduction to quantum mechanics, with 
elementary applications in atoms, molecules, and 

PHN 244 Electronics Laboratory 

First principles of analog and digital electronic 
circuit theory, basic operation of electronic 
circuits, instruments, utilizing modem electronic 
technique and instrumentation. 

PHN/MAN 25 1 Mathematical Methods of 

For description see Mathematics. 



PHN 320 Optics 

Wave motion, electromagnetic theory, photons, 
light and geometric optics, superposition and 
polarization of waves, interference and diffraction 
of waves, coherence theory, holography and lasers. 
Prerequisites: MAN 132 and PHN 242. 

PHN/CHN 321 Thermodynamics 

For description see Chemistry. 

PHN 341 Classical Mechanics 

Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, waves, 
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of 
dynamics. Prerequisites: PHN 242 and MAN 234 
or permission of instructor. 

PHN 342 Electromagnetism 

Maxwell's equations in the study of electric and 
magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Electromag- 
netic wave theory introduced. Prerequisites: PHN 
242 and MAN 234 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 343 Electricity and Magnetism II 

Continuation of PHN 342. Electrodynamics, 
electromagnetic waves, and special relativity. 
Prerequisite: PHN 342 or consent of instructor. 
Taught in alternate years. 

PHN 345 Advanced Physics Laboratory 

Advanced instrumentation and analysis tech- 
niques. Develop laboratory abilities utilized in 
physics, especially as applied to modem optics. 
Two lab sessions a week. Prerequisite: PHN 241 
and 242. 

PHN 410 Physics Seminar 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
physics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two year participation. Topical 
issues in physics. 

PHN 443 Quantum Physics I 

Modem quantum theory and relativity. Compari- 
son of classical and quantum results. Prerequisite 
PHN 243 and permission of instructor. 

PHN 444 Quantum Physics II 

Three-dimensional wave equation and application 
to hydrogen atoms. Identical particles introduced 
with emphasis on low-energy scattering. Prerequi- 
site: PHN 433 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Outstanding students majoring in physics nor- 
mally are invited to engage in active research and 
to prepare a thesis in lieu of a Senior comprehen- 
sive exam. 


Students choosing to major in political science 
gain fundamental understanding of American 
government, how our governmental system 
compares with other major political systems, and 
how the U.S. interrelates with the rest of the 
world. Majors gain competence in political 
analysis and research skills as well as an under- 
standing o( political power, government institu- 
tions, international affairs, and political theory. 

Students majoring in political science affiliate 
with either the Letters or Behavioral Science 
Collegium, depending on their individual career 
or research plans. Both require the completion of 
Introduction to American National Government 
and Politics, Introduction to Comparative 
Govemment, and Introduction to International 
Relations. Beyond the three introductory courses, 
all students must complete six additional non- 
introductory political science courses including at 
least one from each field within political science. 
All political science majors must also complete 
Political Science Research Methods and the 
political science Senior Seminar. The typical 
course sequence for political science majors 
includes the completion of three introductory 
courses in their first year, followed by an individu- 
ally tailored set of upper-division courses. 

Students with specific career or research interests 
not adequately covered by the discipline may 
substitute one course from another discipline for 
one upper-level political science course with prior 
approval of the political science faculty. Students 
are encouraged to explore their career or research 
interests through an appropriate internship. With 
the approval of the political science faculty, one 
winter term internship may fulfill a political 
science major requirement. One winter term 
project may also be accepted toward degree 
requirements in political science. 

Students may earn a minor in political science 
with successful completion of POL 102S, either 
POB 103G or POB 104G, and any four additional 


Political Science 

non-introductory courses spread across the 
political science faculty. 

POL 102S Introduction to American National 
Government and Politics 

American democratic theory, political parties, 
interest groups, presidential selection and func- 
tions. Congress, Supreme Court, federal bureau- 
cracy, and several major areas of policy making 
conducted by the national government. 

POB 103G Introduction to International 

National and international political relationships, 
origins of war, the international system, rich and 
poor nations and the politics of hunger, and 
alternate concepts to the present system. 

POB 104G Introduction to Comparative Politics 

Issues and analysis of the internal dynamics of 
modem states through examination of Britain, 
France, Germany, Japan, Russia and the Third 
World, laying the foundation for further study in 
comparative politics and/or international rela- 

POB 200 Diplomacy and International Relations 

Diplomatic protocol and practices within the 
United Nations. The United Nations and the post 
Cold War period: role of international diplomacy 
in war, peace, and the evolution of peace-keeping, 
international economic issues of trade and 
development, dilemmas resulting from global 
environmental interdependence and 
sustainability. Interested students of any major are 
encouraged to enroll. 

POL 202 Public Policy-Making in America 

Introduction to the general policy-making process. 
Formulation of new policies and programs, imple- 
mentation, evaluation of federal programs. Policy 
areas such as unemployment and environment. 

POB 211G Inter- American Relations 

Historical examination of continuities and 
changes in U.S. policy toward Latin America from 
Monroe Doctrine to present in Central America, 
from a range of ideological and scholarly perspec- 
tives. Prerequisite: one introductory level political 
science course or Latin American Area Studies 
recommended, or permission of instructor. 

POB 212 U.S. Foreign Policy 

History of U.S. diplomacy and foreign policy. 
Complex global issues (economic, political, 
strategic) faced by policy makers and citizens alike. 
Policies and alternatives that the U.S. faces today. 
Prerequisite: one introductory level political 
science course recommended. 

POB 221 Politics of Revolution and Development 

Causes and nature of political violence and 
revolution as related to human behavior theory. 
Theories on causes of revolution, concepts of 
liberation, consequences and responsibilities of 
interstate relations during times of crisis. Recom- 
mended POL 102S and either POB 103G or 

POB 2228 PoUtical Ideologies 

The role, function and origin of ideology in 
politics. Comparative political ideologies such as 
Fascism, Nazism, Anarchism, Socialism, Commu- 
nism, Corporatism, Capitalism/Liberalism, 
domestic and international forms of terrorism. 

POB 23 1 G Politics: East Asian Nations 

Political cultures and governments of Japan, 
China (both Peoples Republic and Taiwan), and 
Korea (both north and south). Recommended: 
one introductory political science course. 

POB 241 International Political Economy 

Four areas of world economic activity: trade, 
investment, aid and debt, and how changes in 
each over post WWII period influence develop- 
ment choices for the Third World. Prerequisite: 
POB 103G. 

POB 242 The Politics of Defense: 
Economics and Power 

History, institutions, and operation of the defense 
economy in the U.S. Conflicting theories and 
perspectives on the defense budget, military 
contracting, the defense industry, and economic 
rationales for U.S. foreign and military policy. 
Different possible foreign and military policies in 
the post-Cold War era and their effects on U.S. 

POB 243 Human Rights and International Law 

Current international human rights issues, 
including political, economic, social and cultural. 
Role of the United Nations and other interna- 
tional organizations in forming and implementing 


Political Science 

human rights standards. Topics include women's 
rights, protection of minorities, and rights to 
economic subsistence. 

POB 25 1 The Media and Foreign Policy 

Examines the interplay between foreign policy and 
the media. Draws on historic foreign policy case 
studies to study current foreign policy material and 
decisions. Uses communication theory, critical 
analysis of media coverage, and media technology. 
Read classic and contemporary texts, group 
presentations. Prior course in international 
relations and comfort with medial technology 

POB 260M Political Science Research Methods 

Science and methods, advantages and limitations 
to empirical research. Data gathering and 
analysis. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and 
one of the following: ESN 172, HDA lOlS, or one 
political science course. 

POL 301 The Constitution and Government 

Constitutional power bases of judicial, executive 
and legislative branches of national government, 
analysis of major constitutional issues, of federal- 
ism and powers of the states. Supreme Court 
decisions. One lower-division political science 
course recommended. 

POL 302 The Constitution and Lidividual Rights 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with relations between the individual and 
the government (the Bill of Rights, due process, 
equal protection, privileges and immunities, etc.). 
POL 301 is not prerequisite. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

POL 303 The American Presidency 

The Presidency as a political and constitutional 
office, its growth and development from Washing- 
ton to the present. One lower-division political 
science course recommended. 

POL 304 US. Congress 

The U.S. legislative process with major attention 
to the Senate and House of Representatives. Roles 
of lawmakers, legislative behavior, and representa- 
tive government in theory and fact. One lower- 
division political science course recommended. 

POL 305 Political Parties and Literest Groups 

Party organization and functions at national, state 
and county levels, and other institutions and 
activities competing for party functions. One 
lower division political science course recom- 

POB 310 Politics of Underdevelopment 

An introduction to the politics of underdevelop- 
ment in Asia, Africa and Latin America, focusing 
on the causes and consequences of poverty. 

POB 3 1 1 Latin American Politics 

Historical overview of Latin American political 
development from the Spanish conquest to 20th 
century, comparison of political systems and 
people, and future prospects. Prerequisite: POL 
102S and POB 103G or 104G or pemiission of 

POB 314 International Organization 

International organizations (lO's) in the contempo- 
rary international system. United Nations, Euro- 
pean Community, other regional organizations and 
integration schemes, and international regimes. 
Prerequisite: POB 103G and one other political 
science course, or permission of instructor. 

POB 315 International Relations: Theories of 
War and Peace 

Problems and origins of conflict among sovereign 
states in the contemporary world. Origins of war 
and cold war. Modem characteristics of interna- 
tional politics. Prerequisites: POB 103G and one 
other political science course, or permission of 

POB 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

Historical and contemporary relationship of 
women to politics. Evolution of the women's 
movement and participation of women in politics. 
Impact of women's movement at the global level. 
Prerequisite: one political science or women and 
gender studies course, or permission of instructor. 

POB 317 Politics and Process of U.S. Foreign 

A foreign policy decision-making course based on 
case studies of specific foreign and defense problems 
encountered by the U.S. Government. Prerequi- 
site: two lower division political science courses, 
junior standing or permission of instructor. 



Political Science 

FOB 32 IS Comparative European Politics 

Parties, interest groups, political movements, 
major institutions of government, as well as 
culture, history and contemporary political 
problems. POB 104G recommended or instructor's 

POB 322 Authoritarian Political Systems 

Structure and emergence of 20th century authori- 
tarian regimes, including Fascism, corporatism, 
military governments, one-party Communist 
states and personalist dictatorships. A previous 
political science course is recommended. 

POB 323 Seminar in Democratic Theory 

Philosophical roots of democratic theory, theoreti- 
cal requisites of a democratic system, practical 
political economic implications, examined as 
citizens of both the U.S. and the world. Prerequi- 
site: Sophomore standing or above. 

POB 324 East European Politics 

Evolution of Marxist theory in a variety of 
political systems: U.S.S.R, People's Republic of 
China, Afro-Marxist regimes, non-ruling commu- 
nist parties of Western Europe. Highly recom- 
mended that students have had either POB 103G, 
104G, 321, HIC 244A or PEL 344. 

POB 325 Environmental Politics and Policies 

Analysis of politics and policy relevant to environ- 
mental issues, the complexity of environmental 
problems and prospects of political solutions. 
Designed for majors in environmental studies and 
political science. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
standing or above. 

POB 333 Government and Politics of Japan 

Historical, theoretical and comparative aspects of 
the political institutions, dynamics and culture of 
Japan. Political changes betu'een the Meiji 
Restoration (1868) and the end of the Pacific War 
(1945) and domestic and international politics 
following World War II. Prerequisite: one lower 
division political science course. 

POB 335 Government and Politics of China 

Twentieth century China, political culture, 
struggle for modernization and democratization, 
integration into the world. Chinese cultural 
heritage, institutions, state-society relations. 
Evaluation on participation, book review, paper, 

POB 336 China, Japan and the United States 

Evolution of China and Japan from traditional 
societies to modem states. Relations among the 
three nations; economic policies of China and 
Japan; cultural traditions of China and Japan. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or higher, or 
permission of instructor. 

POB 341 Ethics and International Relations 

Political realism and natural law, military inter- 
vention and the use offeree, human rights and 
humanitarian assistance, and the moral responsi- 
bilities of leaders and citizens. Prerequisite: 
Introduction to International Relations. 

POB 342 Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

Past, present, and future world food supply, social 
factors that determine food production and 
distribution. Political, economic, religious, gender, 
historical, geographic, other dimensions of hunger. 
Effect of government policies, technological 
change, international trading patterns, private 
interests and gender bias. 

POB 343 International Environmental Law 

War prevention, economic development, environ- 
mental protection and the evolution of interna- 
tional environmental law. Challenging and 
innovative legal ideas. U.S. foreign policy. 
Specific international incidents investigated to 
determine relevance of international law to 
decision-making process. 

POL 350 (Directed Study) Florida Politics 

State and local government in U.S., overview of 
Southern politics, problems and issues of Florida 
rapid growth, race relations, environment, voter 
dealignment, party realignment, elections, 
regional issues. 

POB 35 1 Politics and Process of U.S. Foreign 

Study of U.S. foreign policy decision-making 
process through case studies. Look at key variables 
in public policy management: personalities, group 
dynamics, outside influences, constitutional issues. 
Simulations and role playing of actual foreign 
policy process in U.S. Prerequisite: two Political 
Science courses and junior standing or higher. 


Political Science 

POB 410 The U.S. and the Vietnam Experience 

Senior Seminar for political science majors. 
History of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia 
and impact of the Vietnam experience on U.S. 
policy-making in the 1980s. Causes of war, 
international mechanisms for conflict resolution, 
comparative development strategies and Third 
World political systems. Prerequisite: Senior 
standing or permission of instructor. 

POB 42 1 Comparative Judicial Politics 

Judicial politics across political systems. Relation- 
ship among law, society and public policy in 
European, socialist and non- Western systems. The 
inner workings, view of justice, and social/cultural 
development of other civil societies. Prerequisite: 
Junior or Senior standing. 

POL 450 (Directed Study) The Supreme Court in 
American Politics 

Internal operations of the U.S. Supreme Court, 
judicial decision-making and behavior, jurisdic- 
tion, structure of court system. Supreme Court's 
role in adjudication of civil rights and liberties. 

POI 3018 Introduction to Contemporary British 

For description see International Education, 

KSB 20 1 S Power, Authority and Virtue 

For description see Social Relations Perspective 


Students majoring in psychology have the option 
of completing either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or 
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. 

Students in the B.A. degree program acquire a 
knowledge of the theoretical approaches, research 
methodologies, research findings, and practical 
applications of the many sub-fields within the 
science and profession of contemporary psychol- 
ogy. Working closely with their Mentors, students 
build on this foundation by developing an 
individualized area of courses in a particular 
specialty which will augment their liberal arts 
psychology background. These students acquire 
the ability to 

— critique new research findings in psychology. 

— present research findings and theoretical 
systems in oral and written formats. 

— apply theory to real-world problems. 

— evaluate contemporary controversies in the 
field of psychology. 

Students in the B.S. degree program acquire the 
same core foundation as described in the B.A. 
program and build on this foundation with a set of 
experiences in which they acquire the following 
specific research skills 

— critically reviewing and synthesizing diverse 
bodies of research literature. 

— designing and conducting original research 

— using SPSSx to analyze research data. 

— using microcomputer-based graphics packages 
to prepare professional quality figures and 

— preparing publication quality research reports 
in APA format. 

Those electing to earn the B.A. degree complete 
the following: 

Introduction to Psychology, Human Learning and 
Cognition, Psychology of Childhood and Adoles- 
cence, Psychology Research Methods I, II, 
Personality Theory and Research, Biopsychology, 
Abnormal Psychology, and Social Psychology. 

Those electing to earn the B.S. degree complete 
all of the B.A. courses plus the following: 

Research Skills, Psychological Tests and Measure- 
ments, and either Advanced Personality Research 
or Advanced Social Research, and History and 
System of Psychology. 

The required courses are arranged in a hierarchical 
and developmental sequence in order to avoid 
redundancy and achieve a high level of training 
during the undergraduate years. This sequence is 
listed on a checklist which the student will use 
with the Mentor to plan each semester's classes. 
While providing a basic structure to the degree 
planning, the sequence includes adequate 
flexibility for students wishing to participate in the 
International Education program and those who 
also pursue a second major. 



A minor in psychology must include Introduction 
to Psychology, Experimental Psychology, Psychol- 
ogy of Childhood and Adolescence, Human 
Learning and Cognition, Abnormal Psychology, 
and either Personality Theory and Research or 
Social Psychology. 

All courses required for the major or minor must 
be passed with a grade of C or better. 

PSB 1 1 S Introduction to Psychology 

Psychological processes, behavior, empirical 
methods, statistical concepts, biopsychology, 
learning, memory, cognition, motivation, human 
development, personality, abnormal behavior, 
social processes, values issues in research and 
intervention in human lives. 

PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and Adolescence 

Integrative approach to physical/behavioral, 
cognitive/intellectual, social/emotional develop- 
ment from conception to the end of adolescence. 
Prerequisite: PSB 10 IS. 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and Aging 

Personality, perceptual, physiological, intellectual 
and social changes beyond adolescence. Prerequi- 
site: PSB lOlS. 

PSB 205 Human Learning and Cognition 

Principles of human learning, thinking, creativity, 
formal reasoning, information processing, problem 
solving and memory. Prerequisites: PSB 10 IS. 

PSB 208 Child Psychology 

Theory and research on disorders of childhood 
and adolescence, including etiology, diagnosis, 
associated conditions and treatment. Prerequi- 
sites: PSB 101 or HDA 101. 

PSB 22 1 Research Skills in Psychology 

Primarily for students pursuing the B.S. degree in 
psychology. Acquire skills in designing, executing, 
analyzing and reporting correlational and experi- 
mental research. Prerequisite: PSB 201 and PSB 


PSB 234 Health Psychology 

Role of psychological/behavioral factors in the 
etiology and prevention of illness. Strong 
emphasis on primary prevention of chronic disease 
through behavior modification. Prerequisite: PSB 

PSB 260/261M Statistics and Research Design I, II 

Two-semester course integrates basic descriptive 
and inferential statistics with principles of research 
design. Statistical theory and procedures intro- 
duced as logical components of the larger process 
of designing, conducting, and evaluating valid 
scientific research. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
standing or permission of instructor. 

PSB 302 Social Psychology 

The study of the individual in a social environ- 
ment, group influence, past and present concepts 
and research. Experimental approach to under- 
standing social forces which affect individuals. 
Prerequisites: PSB lOlS and PSB 260/lM. 

PSB 303 (Directed Study) Industrial-Organiza- 
tional Psychology 

Theories of motivation, psychological testing for 
personnel selection and performance evaluation, 
models of stress and organizational interventions, 
group dynamics, psychological theories of organi- 
zations and leadership. Prerequisite: PSB 101 S or 
permission of instructor. 

PSB 306 Personality Theory and Research 

Advanced course for psychology majors in the 
study of classical and contemporary approaches to 
personality. Prerequisites: PSB 201. 

PSB 307 Psychological Tests and Measurement 

Reliability, validity, psychological and measure- 
ment assumptions underlying interviews, self- 
report inventories, aptitude tests; major instru- 
ments and their uses; ethical issues in testing. 
Prerequisite: PSB 221 (or may be taken concur- 

PSB 308 Abnormal Psychology 

Behavior and states of consciousness judged by 
society to be abnormal, deviant or unacceptable, 
using such models for understanding as the 
psychoanalytic, medical, behavioristic and 
humanistic-existential. Prerequisites: PSB 101 S or 
HDA lOlS and Junior or Senior standing, or 
permission of instructor. 

PSB 309 Biopsychology 

The application of neurological and neurophysical 
principles to understanding such phenomena as 
consciousness, instinct, motivation, learning, 
thought, language, memory, emotion. Appropriate 



for Juniors and Seniors with backgrounds in 
psychology or natural sciences. Prerequisite: PSB 

PSB 322 Advanced Social Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research with an emphasis on tech- 
niques (archival research, survey methodology) 
not stressed in the experimental psychology 
sequence. Prerequisites: PSB 221 and 302. 

PSB 326 Advanced Personality Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research, stressing content and 
methodology. Fine points of cutting edge investi- 
gations of personality issues. Prerequisite: PSB 221 
and 306. 

PSB 328 Advanced Clinical Research 

For B.S. track students. Experience in research 
and topics related to psychopathology and/or 
clinical psychology. Prepares students for graduate 
work in psychology. Prerequisites: PSB 221 and 


PSB 344/444 Internship in Psychology 

Work approximately 10-12 hours a week under 
supervision of local community professional. 
Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing, psychology 
major, and permission of instructor. May be 
repeated for credit. 

PSB 345S Psychology of Mal^emale Relationships 

Focus on analytical and applied understanding of 
the challenges of intimate male/female relation- 
ships. Topics include gender socialization, 
expectations, interpersonal attraction. 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth Experience in a 
Changing Great Britain 
For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

PSB 402 Research Seminar in Psychology 

Designed for students to do original research. 
Prerequisites: PSB lOlS, PSB 260/lM, PSB 201 
and permission of instructor. 

PSB 410 History and Systems 

Senior Seminar for psychology majors. A synthetic 
overview of the history and major theoretical 
systems of modem psychology. Prerequisites: Senior 
standing and major preparation in psychology. 

PSB 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Psychology majors may elect to devise an indepen- 
dent study project with one of the faculty. 
Directed research leading to a Senior thesis is 
available by invitation of the faculty only. 


QFM 410 The Quest for Meaning 

(Directed Study by petition only for Seniors) 

Through readings and class discussions, plenary 
sessions, self-reflective writing, and sustained 
engagement in an off-campus community service 
project, this course provides opportunity in the 
senior year for students to reflect— in a serious and 
sustained manner-on their college education thus 
far and on the direction of their lives after 
graduation. Students will encounter Jewish, 
Christian, and other religious perspectives 
embodied in individuals who have found in these 
perspectives valuable sources for facing ultimate 
questions of life. 


See Philosophy/Religion. 


Students majoring in religious studies should have 
developed the following competencies by the time 
they graduate: 

— familiarity with the principal concerns and 
methods of the field of religious studies. 

— knowledge of a chosen focal area that allows 
the student to converse with ease on subjects 
related to the area and make appropriate 
judgments based on critical study. 

— capacity to make effective use of appropriate 
historical, literary, and critical tools for the 
study of religious texts and traditions. 

— evidence of integrative self-reflection showing 
that the student is engaged in a serious effort , 
to synthesize new information and insight 
into a personally meaningful world view. 


Religious Studies 

Students majoring in religious studies must take 
the basic course, Introduction to Religious Studies 
(REL 20 IS), and at least two courses from each of 
the following areas: Biblical studies (including 
REL 242 A); historical and theological studies 
(including REL 241 ); non- Western religions 
(including REL 240G); and two additional 
religious studies courses of the student's choice. At 
least four of the courses beyond the introductory 
course must be 300-level or above. Directed and 
independent study courses may be taken toward 
fulfillment of this major. 

In addition to the successful completion of courses 
just described, students will normally be expected 
to fulfill a senior comprehensive exam, consisting 
of three written exams, a scholarly paper in a focal 
area of the student's choice, and an oral exam. 
Exceptional students may be invited to do a senior 
thesis rather than the comprehensive exam. 

For a minor in religious studies a student will 
normally take REL 20 IS plus four courses in the 
discipline, subject to the approval of the discipline 

An interdisciplinary concentration in Religious 
Education is also available. This concentration, 
under the supervision of a three-member interdis- 
ciplinary faculty committee, requires the comple- 
tion of at least nine courses, including two in 
Biblical studies (one of which should be REL 242) 
and two in theological and historical studies 
(including REL 241). The remaining five courses 
are selected from the area of psychology and 
counseling studies. This concentration should 
appeal especially to students contemplating 
professional careers with church and synagogue, 
and to students who wish to work as lay people in 
religious institutions. 

REL 2018 Introduction to Religious Studies 

Religious experience and ideas as they are 
expressed in such cultural forms as community, 
ritual, myth, doctrine, ethics, scripture and art, 
synthesizing personal religious ideas and values. 

REL 2068 Sisters of Eve: The Bible, Gender, and 
Sexual Politics 

Relations between biblical literature and issues of 
sexual difference, gender socialization, misogyny, 
and the question of origins of patriarchy. 

REL 2108 Introduction to Christian Ethics 
(Directed Study available) 

Some major figures in the history of Christian 
ethics, with most emphasis on contemporary 
approaches. Introduction to some of the most 
important issues and methods. 

REL 22 IS Religion in America (Directed Study 

The beliefs, behavior and institutions of religion 
in American life. The uniqueness of the American 
religious experience and its impact on American 
institutional patterns. 

REL 230G Yogis, Mystics, and Shamans 

Texts on sacred power, the specific techniques by 
which it is developed, and study of contemporary 
practices that are based on archaic models. REL 
240G recommended but not required. 

REL 234 The Goddess in Eastern Traditions 

Regional goddesses in India, China, and Japan. 
The relationship between women and the divine 
feminine principle within the context of Asian 
cultures compared with contemporary western 
expressions of Goddess culture. REL 240G 
recommended but not required. ' 

REL 240G Non-Western Religions 

Religions of India, China, and Japan, as well as 
archaic traditions of Central Asia and the 
Americas. Essential teachings, rituals, and social 

REL 241 History of Christianity 

Beliefs, practices and institutions of the Christian 
Church through the past nineteen centuries. The 
great theological debates, significant issues, and 
formative thinkers. 

REL 242 A Dead Prophets Society: Introduction 
to Biblical Literature 

Emphasis on literary craft of biblical literature, and 
relations between it and the arts throughout 
history, especially in contemporary culture. 

REL 244 Judaism, Christianity, and Islam 

Major religions of Middle East, Judaism, Christian- 
ity, Islam. Historical development, literature and 
contributions to the West. The Bible and Koran. 


Religious Studies 

REL 27 1 Fire in the Mind: Science and Religion 

Origins of science in context of Judaeo-Christian 
tradition, conflicts between science and religion, 
similarities and differences in the goals and 
methods of science and theology, significance of 
their relationship for some important contempo- 
rary issues. 

REL 272A Creativity and the Sacred 

Exploration of connections between the visual 
and literary arts and the sacred. Students will 
examine the significant interconnections of art 
and the sacred by analyzing forms, styles, symbol- 
ism, themes, and narrative structures. 

REL 305 Biblical Exegesis 

Close reading of a particular section of the Bible, 
its socio-historical background, literary, theologi- 
cal, philological, grammatical and rhetorical 
characteristics. Prerequisite: REL 242A or consent 
of instructor. 

REL 3 19G The Hindu Tradition 

Yoga, meditation, karma, reincarnation, major 
devotional and ceremonial traditions that have 
developed around Shiva, Vishnu, and the God- 
dess. The dynamic between popular worship and 
the contemplative traditions of Hindu culture. 
REL 240G recommended but not required. 

REL 320 The Buddhist Tradition 

Gautama's enlightenment, the Noble Eight-fold 
Path, development of Buddhist ideas and practices 
as they spread from India to South and East Asia. 

REL 329 Liberation Theology 

The growth of Latin American, black, feminist, 
and European political liberation theologies from 
earlier forms of theology, their development and 
contribution to the wider theology, and responses 
to them. 

REL 330 Human Nature and Destiny: A 
Theological Liquiry 

Study a major theme associated with Christian 
understandings of the nature of human life, the 
relationship between the individual and society, 
historicity, purposive of human life, relationship 
between humans and nature. 

REL 350E Ecology, Chaos, and the Sacred 

Examine a persistent theme throughout biblical 
and ancient Near Eastern tradition: the struggle 
of ecological order against the inbreaking of chaos. 
How is the one maintained against the other? Is 
"reality" chaos or order? How does one's world- 
view (ancient or modem) affect one's understand- 
ing of ecology, chaos, and the sacred? 

REL 354 Archaeology of Palestine 

Explore recent trends, focusing on the early 
history of Israel and Judah as an access to the 
larger field. Possible opportunities for summer field 

REL 361 From Existentialism to Postmodernism 

In-depth survey of the major Christian thinkers of 
the 20th century. 

REL 371 Religions of China and Japan 

Taoism and Confucianism in China, Shinto in 
Japan and the imported tradition of Buddhism and 
its regional developments in various schools; the 
syncretistic character of East Asian religiosity. REL 
240G recommended but not required. 

REL 38 IE Ecotheology 

The major dimensions of the cunent ecological 
crisis and its roots in Western tradition, how 
Judaeo-Christian thought has traditionally 
regarded nature and its relationship to God and 
humans, and implications for action. 

REL/ESL 382 Nature and the Sacred: 
Religion and Ecology 

Examination of the ways in which religions shape 
human understandings and treatment of the 
natural environment, with an emphasis on non- 
Western religions. Gain a greater knowledge and 
understanding of how a number of religious 
traditions view nature, of the role of religion in 
human interactions with the environment, and of 
the resources in many religious traditions to help 
address our environmental problems. 

REL 383 Hindu Mystical Poetry 

Representative works from the classical, medieval, 
and contemporary periods, different genres and 
regional philosophies represented by various poets. 


Russian Studies 

REL 401 Internship in Religious Education 

Supervised, field-based experience in church work, 
with a minimum of 150 hours on-site experience. 
Permission of instmctor required. 

REL 440 Strange Fire: God and die Book 

A way into "biblical theology," which focuses on 
questions about sacred writing and god-talk 
(theology). Survey past thinking, explore new 

REL 443 Seminar on the Hindu Tantra 

Discussion of meditative techniques and visualiza- 
tions, mantra recitations, mystic diagrams, yogic 
practice, worship of the Goddess, the sacred origin 
of sound and language, and the nature of supreme 
consciousness. Prerequisite: Permission of the 

REL 449 Religion and Imagination 

Philosophical and theological treatments of 
imagination in religion and in all of life, their 
implications for religion, faith and the role of 
intellectual reflection in religion. Focus on 
Christianity, but principles have broader implica- 
tions. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. 


CRA 305 Resident Adviser Internship 

A year-long course for Resident Advisers at Eckerd 
College, beginning in autumn term. Communica- 
tion, paraprofessional counseling, crisis interven- 
tion, conflict resolution, leadership training. 



The following courses are available at the Univer- 
sity of South Florida: 

General Military Course (GMC) 


AFR 1101 The Air Force Today: Organization 
and Doctrine 

AFR 1120 The Air Force Today: Stucture and 


AFR 2130 US Air Power: Ascension to 

AFR 2140 US Air Power: Key to Deterrence 
Professional Officer Courses (POC) 


AFR 3220 Air Force Leadership and Manage- 
ment 1 

AFR 3231 Air Force Leadership and Manage- 
ment II -W 


AFR 4201 National Security Forces in Contem- 
porary American Society I 

AFR 321 1 National Security Forces in 
Contempoary American Society II 

Eckerd College will award one Eckerd College 
course for the first two years (equivalent to four 
semester hours) and three course credits (equiva- 
lent to twelve semester hours) for the successful 
completion of the final two years. 



MLR 100 Fundamental of Leadership Develop- 
ment (2 semesters) 


MLR 200 Military Leadership I (2 semesters) 


MLR 300 Military Leadership II (2 semesters) 


MLR 400 Military Leadership 111 (2 semesters) 

Eckerd College will award one Eckerd College 
course credit (equivalent to four semester hours) 
for each course completed for two semesters for a 
total of four course credits (equivalent to sixteen 
semester hours) for the complete four year 


The major in Russian studies integrates the study 
of the Russian language with Russian history, 
literature and contemporary Russian reality. 
Students who complete the Russian studies major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

— knowledge of the Russian language including 
an understanding of its grammatical structure 
and the acquisition of basic vocabulary. 


Russian Studies 

— understanding of Russian history from its 
roots in Kievan Russia to the dramatic events 
of the 1990s. 

— knowledge of Russian writers and the great 
works of Russian literature of the nineteenth 
and twentieth centuries. 

— understanding of contemporary Russian and 
former Soviet political and social structures, 
cultural patterns, and relationships with the 
outside world as they relate to the present, 
and the probable future path of Russian 

Students must complete at least two years of 
college level Russian, and finish five courses 
dealing specifically with Russia, including two in 
Russian history and two in Russian literature. 
Each student must also choose a field of specializa- 
tion within Russian studies (usually language, 
literature, history, political science or international 
business) consisting of at least four courses in 
addition to those listed above. When appropriate, 
these courses may be independent or directed 
studies, and/or thesis preparation. All students 
have an oral examination covering their entire 
program, in addition to the comprehensive exam 
in the field of specialization or a thesis. 

Students interested in the major should begin 
immediately with the study of the Russian 
language at the appropriate level. The entry level 
course to the major is Russia: Perestroika to 
Present or Cultural History of Russia. 

Requirements for the minor in Russian studies 
include one year of Russian language and any four 
courses in Russian studies. 

RUC 101/2 Elementary Russian 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, reading 
and writing grammatical and conversational 
patterns of modem Russian. 

RUC 201/2 Intermediate Russian 

Review and completion of basic Russian grammar, 
and continued work on conversational skills. 
Prerequisite: RUC 101/2 or its equivalent. 

RUC/LlC 232A Russian Classics in Translation 

Representative works of 19th century Russian 
writers such as Pushkin, Lermontov, Turgenev, 
Tolstoy, and Dostoevsky. Offered alternate years. 

RUC/LIC 234 Twentieth Century Russian 

Literary and political factors in the development 
of Russian literature since the Russian Revolution 
of 1917. 

RUC 282G Russian Society through Cinema 

Russian life and society as presented through the 
cinema. Special emphasis on how film makers 
portrayed social realities during the period of 
"cultural perestroika" in the former Soviet Union 
and post-communist Russia. 

RUC/FQC 283G Russia: Perestroika to Present 

For description see History. 

RUC 301 Litroduction to Russian Literature and 
Culture(taught in Russian) 

Russian cultural heritage including a survey of 
Russian literature from Pushkin to the present. 
Prerequisite: two years of college Russian. Offered 
alternate years. 

RUC 302 Daily Life in Russian Society (taught in 

Family, education, youth organizations, economic 
pursuits, mass media, leisure activities, etc. 
Prerequisite: two years of college Russian. Offered 
alternate years. 


Scientific perspective courses provide an apprecia- 
tion for both the strengths and limitations of 
science and address scientific issues that influence 
student's lives. Through active participation, 
students will encounter the methodological 
approaches used in science, focusing on the 
interplay between observation, experimentation, 
and the continuous development of theoretical 

CHN/PHN 209N Survey of Astronomy 

For description see Chemistry. 

NAN 1 13N Earth History 

Geological and biological earth history beginning 
with our understanding of the evolution of the 
solar system through the advent of human history. 
Geologic time, biologic evolution, plate 
techtonics, and how they relate to the earth 
history time-line. 


Senior Seminars 

NAN 272N Interdisciplinary Science 
Explore a modem scientific world view from 
madiematical, biological, chemical, and physical 
perspectives. Human roles and responsibilities 
within nature and the natural environment. 
Investigate interactions between science and 

PHN 2 1 7N The Evolving World- View of Science 

What is it that distinguishes science as an 
investigatory tool; how does the universe as 
presented by modem science compare with 
religious and philosophical ideas? Trace the 
development of scientific understanding. 


An opportunity for qualified students to earn a 
semester of credit in an academic, scientific and 
practical experience leading to a realistic under- 
standing of the sea, sponsored by the Sea Educa- 
tion Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in oceanogra- 
phy, nautical science and maritime studies. They 
then go to sea for the second half of the semester 
(the six -week sea component) for a practical 
laboratory experience. The program may be begun 
at several times during the academic year. Eckerd 
College tuition and scholarship aid often can be 
applied toward the cost of Sea Semester and 
additional aid may be available from S.E.A. For 
more information, contact the Office of Interna- 
tional Education and Off Campus Programs or 
Prof. John Ferguson. 

Block credit for four courses is awarded for the 
successful completion of the five topics listed 
below. Students from any major may apply and 
this satisfies the Environmental Perspective 
requirement. Sea Education Association, Inc. 
(S.E.A.) offers a shorter summer program for three 
course block credit. Students interested in the 
summer program must apply directly to S.E.A. 

SMN 301 Oceanography 

Survey of the characteristics and processes of the 
global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester of a 
college laboratory course in a physical or biological 
science or its equivalent. 

SMN 302 Maritime Studies 

A multidisciplinary study of the history, literature 
and art of our maritime heritage, and the political 
and economic problems of contemporary maritime 

SMN 303 Nautical Science 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construction, 
marine engineering systems and the physics of sail. 

SMN 304 Practical Oceanography I (Basic) 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools and 
techniques of the practicing oceanographer. 

SMN 305 Practical Oceanography II (Advanced) 

Sea component. Individually designed research 
project; operation of the vessel. 


Capstone Senior seminars are offered within the 
collegium or discipline of the student's major, 
focusing on the search for solutions to important 
issues that students are likely to confront during 
their lifetimes. These seminars, required for 
Seniors at the discretion of the discipline, may be 
considered as part of the student's major. 

ECB 410 The History of Economic Thought 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 410 Issues in Management 

For description see Management. 

POB 410 The U.S. and the Vietnam Experience 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 410 History and Systems 

For description see Psychology. 

CREATIVE ARTS collegium 
ARA 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

For description see Art. 

HDA 410 Human Development Senior Seminar 

For description see Human Development. 


ANC 410 Anthropological Theory 

For description see Anthropology. 

FRC 410 Senior Seminar in French Studies 


Senior Seminars 

For description see Modem Languages, French. 

IBC 410 Ethical Issues in International Business 

For description see International Business. 

SPC 410 Spanish American Novel 

For description see Modem Languages and 
Literature, Spanish. 

LTL 410 Letters Senior Seminar 

Examination from an interdisciplinary point of 
view of the intellectual, political, cultural and 
social changes in this century, and of the attempts 
to formulate new paradigms of knowledge. 

WGL 410 Research Seminar: Women and 

For description see Women's and Gender Studies. 

BIN 410 Biology Senior Seminar 

For description see Biology. 

CHN 410 Chemistry Senior Seminar 

For description see Chemistry. 

CSN 410 Computer Science Senior Seminar 
For description see Computer Science. • 

MSN 410 Marine Science Senior Seminar 

For description see Marine Science. 

MAN 410 Mathematics Senior Seminar 

For description see Mathematics. 

PHN 410 Physics Senior Seminar 

For description see Physics. 


Social Relations perspective courses provide an 
analytical perspective on some aspect of human 
social behavior, helping the student better to 
understand human interaction and to function 
more effectively as a citizen. This perspective 
should address both analytical and ethical issues in 
the exploration of human social interaction. 

AML 306S American Myths, American Values 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender and 
American Culture 

For descriptions see American Studies. 

BEB300S Dialogues 

Select a historical character who contributed to 
the ongoing dialogue on great issues of humanity 
and role play that character with other students 
representing other significant historical figures, 
discussing specific issues. 

BEB368S Utopias 

Study, discuss and explore value implications of 
Utopian systems, form task groups to design 
components of Utopian systems, and write 
statement laying philosophical foundation for a 
personal concept of Utopia. 

ECB 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 
ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

For descriptions see Economics. 

ECI 300S Economic and Social Impact 
For description see International Education. 
HDA 10 IS Introduction to Human Development 
HDA383S Development of Human Consciousness 

For descriptions see Human Development. 

FnC 344S The History of Two St Petersburg 
HIL 203 S Europe in Transition 
HIL 324S Native American History 
HIL 336S Civil Rights Movement 
HIL 338S The Harlem Renaissance 
For descriptions see History. 

KSB 20 IS Power, Authority and Virtue 

Examine the relationship between virtue, power, 
and authority through study of some great 
philosophical texts which have informed this 
inquiry in modem civilization. 

KSL 201S The Ancient Tradition I: 
Homer to Plato 

Classical Greek paideia (culture/education) 
through great texts of the era, to see what can be 
learned from them about the things that matter 
most of all today. Hesiod, Aeschylus, Euripides, 
Hippocrates, Thucydides, Plato, Aristophanes. 



KSL 202S The Ancient Tradition II: 
Empires and Ediics 

Great literary, historical, scientific and philosophi- 
cal texts of later classical and Hellenistic Greece 
to the late Roman Empire, studied for insights and 
understanding about things that matter today. 

LTL 300S American Ideals and the Courts 

Leading documents in American history alongside 
important court decisions from the Mayflower 
Compact and the Constitution to the writings of 
chief justices and many others who make the 
American story. Emphasis of recent decisions of 
the U.S. Supreme Court to illuminate opposing 
values of the judges. 

PLL 241s Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

For descriptions see Philosophy. 

FOB 2228 Political Ideologies 

POB 3218 Comparative European Politics 

For description see Political Science. 

POI 2/3018 Introduction to Contemporary British 


For description see International Education, 

London Offerings. 

POL 1028 Introduction to American National 
Government and Politics 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 1018 Introduction to Psychology 

PSB 3458 Psychology of Male/Female 

For descriptions see Psychology. 

REL 2018 Introduction to Religious Studies 

REL 2068 Sisters of Eve: The Bible, Gender and 
Sexual Politics 

REL 2108 Introduction to Christian Ethics 

REL 22 18 Religion in America 

For descriptions see Religious Studies. 

SLB 1018 Introduction to Sociology 

For description see Sociology. 

WGL 2018 Introduction to Women's and Gender 

WGL 22 1 8 Black Women in America 

For description see Women's and Gender Studies. 


Sociology concerns the application of scientific 
methodologies to the study of diverse aspects of 
human conduct. Theories of human behavior are 
tested and developed through the collection and 
analysis of empirical evidence. The discipline 
strives to provide students with perspectives and 
methods that may be applied to understanding a 
broad range of social phenomena. 

Knowledge and skills expected of sociology 

— Sociology students learn critical thinking 
skills including the ability to challenge 
common assumptions, formulate questions, 
evaluate evidence, and reach reasoned 

— Critical thinking skills are developed from a 
foundation of sociological theory. Students 
acquire knowledge of traditional and emer- 
gent sociological perspectives that may be 
applied to understanding the various dimen- 
sions of social life. 

— Methodological competency is necessary to 
the development and application of critical 
thinking. Students acquire qualitative and 
quantitative research skills which allow an 
appreciation of sociological research, and 
facilitate the critique of evidence underlying 
many issues of public debate. 

— The sociology discipline is committed to the 
active engagement of student learning. Many 
courses provide opportunities for research 
projects and experiential learning assignments 
that extend learning beyond the classroom to 
the real world laboratory of social life. 

— Sociology students develop writing and 
speaking skills needed to present ideas and 
research efforts in a cogent and scholarly 
form. Clear, organized presentation of ideas 
and research is requisite to sociological 
training. Consequently, every effort is made 



to help students improve their oral and 
written communication skills. 

— Sociology provides an appreciation of cultural 
and social diversity. Students learn to 
recognize and comprehend global and 
national diversity of social life, and thus 
locate personal values and self-identity within 
the context of our complex and changing 
social world. 

Students of sociology are required to complete a 
core of five course requirements with a minimum 
of C grade in each course. SLB lOlS Introduc- 
tion to Sociology provides the foundation of 
theoretical perspectives, research methods, and 
substantive areas of investigation that are shared 
across the discipline. SLB 310 Social Stratifica- 
tion and SLB 160M Statistical Methods instructs 
students in the techniques of quantitative data 
analysis. In SLB 260 Qualitative Methods and 
SLB 360 Research Design, students develop an 
advanced understanding of research methodolo- 
gies that includes application to real world social 
issues. SLB 406 The History of Social Thought 
elaborates sociological theory in an intensive 
examination of perspectives for explaining social 
behavior. In addition to the five core require- 
ments, students select four sociology electives 
toward completion of the ten courses in the major. 
It is also possible for the student to focus the five 
electives on specialization in criminal justice. 

SLB lOlS Introduction to Sociology 

The study of degrees of agreement and disagree- 
ment among groups, organizations, institutions, 
etc., which exist in society, and what produces 
levels of agreement. 

SLB 135 Self and Society 

Survey of classical and contemporary analyses of 
relationship between human self-consciousness 
and socialization. Each human being is unique, but 
each's sense of self is shaped by others. Prerequi- 
site: SLB lOlS. 

SLB 160 Statistical Methods 

Introduction to quantitative techniques for data 
analysis in the social sciences. Univariable 
description, bivariable description, and statistical 

SLB/MNB 205 Human Ecology 

(Directed Study available). Interaction of human 
communities such as organizations, cities, neigh- 
borhoods and industries with their social and 
physical environment. 

SLB 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through examina- 
tion of the collective nature of human behavior, 
the function of values and normative patterns, and 
social conflict over values and resources. Prerequi- 
site: SLB lOlS. 

SLB 224 Criminology 

The causes and consequences of crime, the 
historical transition of ideas about crime, types of 
crime such as street level, organized, corporate, 
government; the measurement of crime and 
criminal deterrence. 

SLB 235 Deviance 

A survey of sociological research on deviance, 
including suicide, nudism, alcoholism, homosexu- 
ality, mental illness, prostitution, child abuse, drug 
addiction and rape. Prerequisite: SLB 101 S. 

SLB/MNB 25 1 Work and Occupations (Directed 
Study available) 

Theories and research explaining occupational 
choice and socialization, labor market segments, 
inter and intragenerational career mobility, 
professionalization, deprofessionalization, future 
trends in occupation. Prerequisite: SLB lOlS or 
permission of instructor. 

SLB 260 Qualitative Methods 

Research practicum on the observation and 
analysis of human conduct and experience. 
Hands-on experience in field research methods 
and sociological inquiry. Prerequisite: SLB 101 S. 

SLB 310 Social Stratification 

Inequality in the distribution of wealth, power, 
and status within a social system, including the 
effects of ethnicity, race, gender, occupational and 
wage hierarchies. Prerequisites: SLB 160M, lOlS, 
and permission of instructor. 

SLB 311 Sociology of Medicine 

Organization, social construction of illnesses, 
strategies of managing medical failure, how 
medicine mediates social problems, marital 
conflict, smoking and drug abuse, impact on 



health care of public policy. Prerequisites: SLB 
160M and lOlS. 

SLB 324 Introduction to Criminal Justice 

Police, courts ar\d corrections, criminal law, public 
attitudes toward crime, discretionary power of 
police, capital punishment, adjustments after 
prison release. Prerequisite: SLB 224- 

SLB 325 Community Field Experience 

Students choose an internship in a community 
serving agency such as health rehabilitation, child 
and family services, legal services, special educa- 
tion, working a minimum of ten hours a week at 
the agency. Prerequisites: at least Junior standing 
and permission of instructor. 

SLB 326 The Family 

Family roles such as children, men, women, 
spouses, parents, kin examined. Ways in which 
family and work life interact. Dynamic changes in 
American family structure, and the modem family. 
Prerequisite: SLB lOlS. 

SLB 335 Social Interaction 

A seminar in the study of face-to-face behavior in 
public places. The nature of deference and 
demeanor, tension between individuality and 
social structure, rules governing involvement, 
normal appearances, and role distance. Prerequi- 
site: SLB 160M and 260. 

SLB/MNB 35 1 Technology and Society (Directed 
Study Available) 

Interdependent relationship of technological 
innovation, adoption, adaptation and diffusion to 
social change, with emphasis on evolution of 
modes of production and service delivery, and 
organizational structure and functioning. Prereq- 
uisite: Junior or Senior standing, SLB 160 with a 
C or better, and SLB lOlS or PSB lOlS, or 
permission of instructor. 

SLB 360 Research Design 

The techniques and application of social science 
research, critical evaluation of research evidence, 
designing and administering a group survey 
project. Prerequisite: SLB 160M. 

SLB/MNB 371 Organizational Behavior and 

Major factors affecting behavior in organizations. 
Motivation, group and team dynamics. 

macroorganizationial factors, leadership. Prerequi- 
site: SLB 160M and lOlS, or permission of 

SLB 404 Crime, Justice, and Ethics 

Apply ethical theories to analyze criminal justice 
conduct. Due process in law enforcement, tension 
between truth and loyalty, exercise of discretionary 
power, use of force, justification for punishment. 
Prerequisites: SLB 224 and 324 or permission of 

SLB 406 History of Social Thought 

For sociology majors. Concepts, approaches, and 
orientations that have played a part in shaping the 
nature of sociology, and ideas during the 19th and 
20th centuries as sociology matured. 

SLB 435 Social Construction of Reality 

The processes whereby "society" is manufactured 
such that it becomes a force external to the 
dynamics which produced it. Primary frameworks, 
the anchoring of activity, legitimation, internaliza- 
tion, selective attention, typification. Prerequisite: 
SLB 260. 

SLB/MNB 45 1 Technology and Society 

Interdependent relationship of technological 
innovation, adoption, adaptation, and discussion 
to social change. Evolution of modes of produc- 
tion and service delivery, organizational structure, 
and function. Prerequisites: SLB 160M and 101 S, 
or permission of instructor. 


See Modem Languages and Literatures. 


MAN 133M Statistics, An Introduction 

For description, see Mathematics. 

Credit will be given for only one of MAN 133M 
and the Behavioral Science statistics courses 
below, but not both. 

SLB 160M Statistical Methods 

For description see Sociology. 



BEB 260M Statistical Methods for Natural 

Statistical methods used in the professional 
literature of the various natural sciences. Prerequi- 
site: Sophomore standing and one of the follow- 
ing: BIN 100, MSN 119, 242, MSN/BIN 189, 
MSN 304, CSN 143M. 

ECB/MNB 260M Statistical Methods for Man^e- 
ment and Economics 

For description see Economics. 

FOB 260M Political Science Research Methods 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 200/lM Statistics and Research Design I, II 

For description see Psychology. 


The theatre program has two important functions: 
to provide the serious and talented theatre student 
with the theoretical, historical and practical 
fundamentals of the field; and to serve as a cultural 
resource for the college and community. There- 
fore, anyone is encouraged to join the creative 
efforts on-stage and backstage, whether student, 
staff or townsperson. 

Students majoring in theatre are expected to 
develop the following knowledge and skills: 

— acting and movement skills; for majors with 
emphasis in performance (acting/directing), 
additional in-depth knowledge and skills in 
one area, such as dance, singing, mime, 

— technical and backstage skills; for majors with 
emphasis in production, additional knowledge 
and skill in one area, such as sound, carpentry, 

— functions and responsibilities of professional 
theatre staff. 

knowledge of 40 plays, 25 classical, 15 
modem, and 10 one act plays. 

— knowledge of major Western historical 
periods and at least one Eastern theatre 

— names of important theatrical innovators, 
past and present, one source reference book in 

each major theatrical field, major professional 
theatre organizations and unions, theatrical 
supply houses and leasing agents for plays, and 
good graduate schools in the area of emphasis. 

The academic requirements for theatre majors are 
14 courses in the area which will include the 
following core program: The Human Instrument, 
Basic Acting, Stagecraft, Theatre Projects, 
Directing, History of Drama (two semesters). 
Theatre Beyond Literature, Theatre Internship, 
and Senior Project. 

Suggested programs for performance or technical 

First- Year Students 

The Human Instrument (core) 
Basic Acting (core) 
Dance I (performance) 
Stage Lighting (technical) 
Living Theatre (alternate) 


Directing (core) 
Stagecraft (core) 
Theatre Projects (core) 
Projects in Acting (performance) 
Projects in Design (technical) 

Improvisation (performance) 

Dance and Techniques 

Musical Theatre 

The Lively Arts in London (winter term 



History of Drama I 

Dance and Techniques (core) 

Projects in Design (technical) 

Theatre Internship (core) 

Directing (performance or technical) 



Projects in Design 

CAD: Applications to the Theatre 


Theatre Beyond Literature (core) 
Projects in Acting (performance) 
Senior Project (core) 

Projects in Design (technical) 

Projects in Acting (performance) 

Advanced Directing 



Each student is expected to concentrate on a 
major creative work as a Senior project. Some 
time should be spent on an internship at a major 
theatre center, or on a special summer program of 
participation in the performance arts. The 
American Stage Company is based in St. Peters- 
burg and provides professional resources for the 
theatre program. 

A minor in theatre requires six courses, of which 
at least two are at the 200 level or above. 

THA 101 The Human Instrument 

Exploration of the potentials for use of the body, 
voice, movement, energy, sensory awareness, 
mind, and psyche through a wide range of 

THA 102A The Living Theatre 

Overview of practical and aesthetic considerations 
of the theatre arts, along with performance and 
theatre technology. Class critiques of dramatic 
productions on campus. Short scenes performed in 
class. . 

THA 161 Stagecraft 

Basic principles and procedures for constructing 
the stage picture. Theatre terms, use of hand and 
power tools, set construction, scene painting, 
special effects and new products. 

THA 162 Stage Lighting 

Basic principles and procedures for electricity and 
stage lighting. Instruments, terminology, wiring, 
drawing light plots, lamps, dimmers, lighting 
control equipment. 

THA 163 Basic Acting 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion, acting exercises and scene 
work. Introduction to several approaches to the 
craft of acting. THA 101 recommended. 

THA 1/2/366 Theatre Projects 

Laboratory experience in performance and 
production. Completion of three units chosen 
from: production (lights, publicity, costumes, 
sound, scenery, props, makeup, management) and 
performance (audition repertory, touring, main- 
stage, studio, choreography). May be repeated for 


An introduction to jazz emphasizing strength, 
flexibility, and development of a movement 
vocabulary. A study of dance history. Active 
technique class, with performing opportunity. 

THA 202 Improvisation 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvisation 
and theatre games. Should be viewed as a "labora- 
tory" course. Students work with techniques 
developed by a variety of theatrical innovators, 
with emphasis on controlled creativity. Permission 
of instructor required. 

THA/LIL 236/7 History of Drama I, II 

For description see Literature. 

THA 265A CAD: Applications for the Theatre 

Become familiar with state of-the-art programs for 
use in theatre design and performance and begin 
to utilize, in actual production, sophisticated 
programs available in the Bininger Theatre. Basic 
program tools of Draft Choice, AutoCAD, Lights 
Beyond Athens. Two-dimensional drawing 
techniques, three-dimensional drawing functions, 
desktop publishing, set design to light plot transfer. 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

THA 267 Musical Theatre Workshop 

History and performance technique ot the musical, 
America's unique contribution to theatrical arts. 
Derivation and stylistic development of the form; 
artistic aspects of performance through laboratory 
production of scenes. 

THA 2/3/476 Dance and Techniques 

Study of jazz plus an introduction to dance 
composition. Active technique class, dance 
composition projects, and performing opportunity. 
Prerequisites: Dance I or previous experience and 
permission of instructor. 

THA 301G (Directed Study) Living and 
Performing in Avignon 

Rehearsals, equipment, costumes, props, and 
scenery preparation prior to five weeks during July 
and August at the Festival d' Avignon, Provence, 
France. While in Avignon, the company performs 
several times a week. 

THA 322A Communication Arts and Persuasion 

The principles, values, forms and effects of 
persuasive public communication. Film and video 



tape examples. Experience in analysis, reasoning, 
evidence and organization of the persuasive 
speech. Not open to First-Year students. 

THA 323A Oral Interpretation of Literature 

Read Uterature for characterization, locus, 
technical considerations, devices of language and 
structure, text analysis. Lectures, exercises to 
develop beginning readers, and at least six oral 
presentations projects. Attendance essential 
because of emphasis on performance. 

THA/LIA 362A Film and Literature 

For description see Literature. 

THA 367 Theatre Litemship 

Supervised work in college, community and 
professional theatre companies on internship basis. 
May be repeated for credit. Permission of instruc- 
tor required. 

THA 372 Directing 

Study and practice of play-directing theories and 
techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal process, 
organizational procedures from script to produc- 
tion. Prerequisite: THA 163 or equivalent 
experience or permission of instructor. 

THA 376 Dance and Techniques 
See THA 276. 

THA 377 Choreography 

A study of dance composition beginning with 
basic elements of movement and culminating in a 
student work. Performing opportunity. Prerequi- 
sites: Dance and Techniques, or previous experi- 
ence and permission of instructor. 

THA 382A Theatre Beyond Literature 

Theatrical as opposed to purely literary values in 
Eastern and Western culture, and the forces that 
contributed to the development of various styles of 
presentation in each distinct historical period, 
with a key script from each period. 

THA 463 Projects in Technical Theatre 

Focus on advanced academic/practical study in 
areas of technical theatre, e.g. stage management, 
advanced stagecraft, welding, drafting, scene 
painting, etc. The production needs of the 
academic program would determine the specific 
focus of the advanced area of study in any given 

semester. Prerequisite: 161 or 162 or permission 
of instructor. May be repeated for credit. 

THA 465 Special Projects in Design 

Execution of a scene, lighting or costume design 
for a major full-length production or series of one- 
act plays. Prerequisite: THA 161, 162 or 363 or 
permission of instructor. May be repeated for 

THA 467 Projects in Acting 

Ensemble, improvisation, characterization, 
maskwork, scene-study, acting styles, or perfor- 
mance of a major role in a full length play, or of 
several smaller roles, accompanied by an in-depth 
study of various tactics for characterization, 
applicable to the role in question. May be repeated 
for credit. Prerequisite: THA 163 or permission of 

THA 473 Advanced Directing 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the 
requirements of a given script, whether period or 
modem piece. Each director prepares at least two 
examples for an audience. Critique discussions. 
Prerequisite: THA 372. 

THA 476 Dance and Theatre 
See THA 276. 

THA 499 Senior Project 

Theatre majors are required to submit, in the 
second semester of the Junior year, a proposal for a 
project in their area of emphasis. The project, to 
be completed in the Senior year, is a synthesis of 
the student's academic and practical experience, 
and an opportunity to demonstrate knowledge and 
evaluate the final project. Some possible choices 
are acting, directing, design and playwriting. A 
three-member faculty committee evaluates the 
final project. Prerequisite: taking the Theatre 
Assessment Examination. 

THI 365 A Theatre in London 
See International Education. 


See Art. 


Women's and Gender Studies 


WHF 181 Western Heritage in a Global Context I 

The first course in general education introduces 
values through the study ot the Greek, Roman, 
Chinese, and Indian worlds, using masterworks of 
those civilizations. 

WHF 182 Western Heritage in a 
Global Context II 

Exploring the post Renaissance world through 
literature, the arts, scientific accomplishments, 
and other major endeavors. 

WHF/CUC 183C U.S. Area Studies 

Open to international students only. A contempo- 
rary view of the U.S. and a limited survey of its 
past, size and diversity. Required for all degree- 
seeking international students. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage in a Global Context 

The Freshman course for students in the Honors 
Program. Students meet weekly for the academic 
year and are awarded a course credit. Admission is 
by application to the Honors Program Director. 


Descriptions of winter term projects are published 
in a separate brochure. 


Women's and gender studies is an interdisciplinary 
major exploring the creation, meaning and 
perpetuation of gender in human societies, both 
past and present. It is also an inquiry into women's 
material, cultural and economic production, their 
collective undertakings and self descriptions. The 
women's and gender studies major seeks to provide 
opportunities for: 

— acquiring breadth of learning and integrating 
knowledge across academic disciplines. 

— developing an understanding and respect for 
the integrity of self and others. 

— learning to communicate effectively. 

— developing the knowledge, abilities, apprecia- 
tion and motivations which are liberating 
men and women. 

— serious encounters with the values dimensions 
of individual growth and social interaction. 

Majors develop integrative skill competencies in 
bibliographic instruction, writing excellence, close 
reading of texts, creative problem-solving, small 
group communication, oral communication, and 
expressive awareness. 

Students majoring in women's and gender studies 
take a minimum of ten courses including WGL 
201 S and WGL 410 and eight additional courses 
in three disciplines in consultation with their 
Mentors. Five of these courses must be at the 300 
level or above. Majors must successfviUy pass a 
Senior comprehensive examination or, if invited 
by the faculty, write a Senior thesis. 

For a minor in women's and gender studies, 
students take five courses including WGL 20 IS 
and WGL 410. Three of the five courses must be 
at the 300 level or above. 

WGL 410 does not replace the coUegial or 
discipline Senior Seminar for students who are 
minoring in women's and gender studies. 

WGL 20 IS Introduction to Women's and Gender 

Issues involved in the social and historical 
construction of gender and gender roles from an 
interdisciplinary perspective. Human gender 
differences, male and female sexuality', relationship 
betu'een gender, race and class. 

WGL/CLL 202 Women in Ancient Greece 

Study of the lives of women in Ancient Greece, 
from goddesses to mortals, queens to slaves, girls to 
wives to widows, drawing from Greek literature 
(drama, poetry, history, philosophy), from Greek 
art and archaeology. 

WGL 22 IS Black Women in America 

Slavery, the work force, the family, education, 
politics, social psychology, and feminism. 

WGL 410 Research Seminar: Women and 

Senior Seminar designed to integrate the interdis- 
ciplinary work of the major. Students work in 
collaborative research groups to read and critique 


Women^s and Gender Studies 

each other's work and produce a presentation that 
reflects interdisciplinary views on a women/gender 
issue. Focus on methodologies of the various 
disciplines and on research methods. 

Descriptions of the following courses in the major 
are found in the disciplinary listings: 


AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers (Directed Study 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender and 
American Culture (Directed Study available) 


ANC 208 Human Sexuality 


CRA 384 Twentieth Century American Women 

in the Arts 


FDF 122 Analytical and Persuasive Writing: 
Writing and Gender 


WWA 305 Journals, Diaries, and Letters: The 
Intimate Connection 


ECB 371 Economics of Gender 


FRC 325G French Caribbean Literature and 

FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 

FRC 406 French Theatre on Stage 


HIL 321 Women in Modem America: The Hand 
that Cradles the Rock (Directed Study available) 

HIL 323 From the Flapper to Rosie the Riveter: 
History of Women in the U.S. 1920 45 


HDA 204 Socialization: A Study of Gender Issues 
HDA 209 Childhood Roles and Family Systems 


IBC/MNB 275 The Sex-Role Revolution in 


LIA 242 A Introduction to Native American 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

LIL 205 Woman as Metaphor 

LIL 206 Men and Women in Literature 

LIL 312 Literature by Women 

LIL 441 Twentieth Century Literary Theory 


PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 

PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

PLL 33 1/2 Philosophy of Gender 

PLL 342 20th Century Philosophical Movements 

PLL 403 Contemporary Philosophical Methodol- 
ogy: Feminist Theory 


POB 103C Introduction to International Rela- 

POB 342 Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

POB 315 Theories of War and Peace 

POB 3 16 Women and Politics Worldwide 


Writing Workshop 


PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and Adoles- 

PSB 203 Psycholog>' of Adulthood and Aging 


REL 2068 Sisters of Eve: the Bible, Gender, and 
Sexual Politics 

REL 234 The Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

REL 329 Liberation Theologv' 

REL 361 From Existentialism to Postmodernism 


SLB 25 1 Work and Occupations 

SLB 326 The Family 

SLB 345 Complex Organizations 

SLB 405 Human Ecology 

SLB 45 1 Technology and Society 


SPC 407 Spanish Women Writers 


See Creative Writing. 





Autumn term is a three-week introduction to 
college life for Freshmen, consisting of one 
academic project, plus orientation, testing, and 
registration. New students choose from among 
fifteen or more courses offered by the professors 
who thus become their Mentors (advisers) and 
their Western Heritage in a Global Context 
instructors for the Freshman year. Typical autumn 
term offerings in recent years have included 
Women and Fiction, Food in History, Geology of 
Beaches, The Computer: Slave or Master, Health 
Psychology, and The Sociology of Sex Roles. See 
the autumn term brochure available from Founda- 
tions or Admissions. 

FDF 1 Living in the USA (especially for 
international students) 

Introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida, 
analyzing everyday problems, college living, 
comparative customs, systems, attitudes, American 
literature, health care, legal matters, sports, 
working, education, religion, politics, improving 
language skills. Resource people, field trips. Daily 
journal, analytical papers, final project reflecting 
autumn term experiences. 


Winter term provides the opportunity for study 
concentrated on a single topic. Neither regular 
semester nor directed study courses are taken as 
winter term projects. Off-campus independent 
study projects may be taken only by students 
above Freshman standing for whom the off- 
campus location is essential to the nature of the 
project itself. 

Descriptions of winter term projects are published 
in a separate brochure, available in the fall of each 
year. The winter term brochure contains complete 
information on registration and other procedures 
related to winter term. 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd College 
during the winter term, the following is a list of 
project titles offered in the past. 

On Campus: Theatre Production; Music in the 
Twenty-First Century; Subcultures and Deviance; 
Psychology and Medicine; Management in the 
Year 2000; Human Ecology; The Energy Problem: 
Now and the Future; The Economics of Public 
Issues; Speaking Russian; Developing Expository 
Writing; The South in American History; The 
Art of Biography; The New Religions; Perspec- 
tives on Violence; Florida's Exotic Plant Life; The 
Basics of Color Photography; Mathematical 
Modeling; Computer Project; Chemistry, The 
Environment and the Future. 

Off-Campus: Greece: The Birthplace of Civili- 
zation; The Lively Arts in London; Paris: A 
Cultural and Linguistic Perspective; Geology: 
Geophysics of Volcanoes in Hawaii; International 
Banking in the Caribbean (Cayman Islands); The 
Dry Tortugas Expedition on the Brig Unicorn; 
Mexico: Language and/or Culture; Shapes of the 
Land of Enchantment (New Mexico). 

In addition, there is a special winter temi for 
Freshmen, the Leadership and Self-Discovery 
Practicum. For a description see page 8 of this 



At Eckerd, learning and standards are not viewed 
as restricted to the classroom. The college 
cherishes the freedom that students experience in 
the college community and in the choices they 
make concerning their own personal growth. At 
the same time, each student, as a member of a 
Christian community of learners, is expected to 
contribute to this community and to accept and 
live by its values and standards: commitment to 
truth and excellence; devotion to knowledge and 
understanding; sensitivity to the rights and needs 
of others; belief in the inherent worth of all 
human beings and respect for human differences; 
contempt for dishonesty, prejudice and destruc- 
tiveness. Just as Eckerd intends that its students 
shall be competent givers throughout their lives, 
it expects that giving shall be the hallmark of 
behavior and relationships in college life. Just as 
Eckerd seeks to provide each student with 
opportunities for learning and excellence, each 
student is expected to play a significant part in the 
vitality and integrity of the college community. 

As an expression of willingness to abide by these 
standards every student upon entering Eckerd 
College is expected to sign a promise to uphold 
the statement of Shared Commitment that guides 
student life on campus. For a full description of the 
Shared Commitment, see page 4- 


St. Petersburg is a vibrant city in its own right, and 
St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater together 
form a metropolitan area of over one million 
people with all the services and cultural facilities 
of any area this size. 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities offer art museums, 
symphony orchestras, and professional theatre, in 
addition to road show engagements of Broadway 
plays, rock concerts, circuses, ice shows, and other 
attractions for a full range of entertainment. 

Several major league baseball team use the Tampa 
Bay area for spring training, and there are major 
golf and tennis tournaments in the area. Profes- 
sional football fans can follow the Tampa Bay 
Buccaneers, and professional hockey fans, the 
Tampa Bay Lightning. A new major league 
baseball team, the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, began 
playing in Tropicana Field in 1998. 

Southern Ocean Racing Conference sailing races 
are held every year, as well as many regattas for sail 
and power boats. Fine public beaches on the Gulf 
of Mexico are within bicycling distance of the 
Eckerd College campus, as are public golf courses. 

St. Petersburg has a pleasant semi-tropical climate 
with a normal average temperature of 73.5 degrees 
F. and annual rainfall of 51.2 inches. 


Situated in a suburban area at the southwest tip of 
the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is located, 
Eckerd's campus is large and uncrowded"267 acres 
with over 11/4 miles of waterfront on Boca Ciega 
Bay and Frenchman's Creek. There are three small 
lakes on the campus, and the chapel is on an 
island in one of them. The 68 air-conditioned 
buildings were planned to provide a comfortable 
environment for learning in the Florida climate. 
Professors and students frequently forsake their 
classrooms and gather outdoors in the sunshine or 
under a pine tree's shade. Outdoor activities are 
possible all year; cooler days during the winter are 
not usually severe. 


Eckerd College has eight residential complexes, 
each consisting of four houses that accommodate 
34-36 students and the newest facility, Nu Dorm, 
consisting of 16 eight-person suites. Most of the 
student residences overlook the water. Each house 
has a student Resident Adviser who is available for 
basic academic or personal counseling and is 
generally responsible for the house operation. A 
staff of four Complex Coordinators works with the 
Resident Advisers to provide additional support. 
Student residents are further supported by 
professional staff living on campus. Residence 
houses are self-governed. 


ECOS is the college's student government 
association. It acts as a link between the students 
and the administration, with its officers sitting on 
several policy making committees, representing 
student views and issues. It also coordinates the 
budgeting of dozens of student organizations and 


activities, with funds accumulated from each 
student's activities fee. The membership of the 
Eckerd College Organization of Students consists 
of all matriculated students, full and part time. 


Eckerd believes that student life should be as full 
and rich as possible, both inside and outside of the 
classroom. The College provides a broad range of 
campus activities-and those who cannot find 
something that suits their interests, are encour- 
aged to start new groups of their own. A student's 
free time in college can he as interesting and 
rewarding as a student wants to make it. 


The Hough Center serves as the huh for recre- 
ational and social activities. The facilities include a 
convenience store, gameroom, conversation 
lounges, several meeting rooms, multipurpose room 
and audio equipment, and snack bar. The Hough 
Center provides the opportunity for students to 
interact with faculty and staff as well as peers. 


The College Program Series, jointly planned by 
students, faculty and administration, is designed to 
enhance the intellectual, religious and cultural life 
of the college community through bringing well- 
known scholars, artists and distinguished Ameri- 
cans to the campus each semester. 

The Student Activities Board sponsors movies, 
coffee house programs, dances, traditional parties 
and comedy nights, and concerts featuring local 
and nationally known artists. The Office of 
Multicultural Affairs, along with the Afro- 
American Society and the International Students 
Association, sponsors an array of ethnic programs 
throughout the year. 

The music, art, and theatre disciplines sponsor a 
number of events throughout the year. There are 
student and faculty recitals, programs from the 
concert choir and chamber ensemble, exhibitions 
by student and faculty artists, dance performances, 
and a series of plays produced by the theatre 

The intramural and recreation program allows 
houses and individuals to compete in a variety of 

programs. The intramural sports include volley- 
ball, flag football, soccer, sailing, fishing, street 
hockey, basketball, and softhall. The recreation 
program includes aerobics, martial arts, a rope 
course, and numerous club sports. 


Publications are funded by student government 
and fully controlled by the students themselves. 
Student media include the Triton Tribune, the 
student newspaper, WECX, the campus radio 
station, EC-TV, the campus television station; 
The Siren, a literary magazine featuring artwork, 
prose, and poetry by members of the entire campus 
community; The EC-Book, the student hand- 
book, and a yearbook. 


If there is enough student interest to form a club, 
one may easily be chartered. Organizations which 
have been student-initiated include the Afro- 
American Society, Biology Club, Circle K, 
International Students, Pre-Law Club, Big 
Brothers/Big Sisters, the Triton Sailing, 
Waterskiing and Boardsailing Teams, Athletic 
Boosters, Earth Society, and Men's Volleyball. 


The College Chaplain directs the Campus 
Ministry Program, a joint effort of students, faculty 
and staff. The program provides religious activities 
in a Christian context and assists individuals and 
groups of other religious persuasions to arrange 
their own activities. Worship services, special 
speakers and emphasis weeks, small group studies, 
service projects and fellowship activities are 
provided through the program. The Chaplain 
serves as minister to students, faculty and staff, is 
available for counseling or consultation, and works 
closely with the Student Affairs staff to enhance 
the quality of campus life. 

Regardless of their backgrounds, students are 
encouraged to explore matters of faith and 
commitment as an integral part of the educational 
experience. The college community believes that 
personal growth and community' life are signifi- 
cantly strengthened by encounter with the claims 
of the Christian faith and the values of the 
Judaeo-Christian tradition. 



Eckerd's Waterfront Program, one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the south- 
eastern U.S., is one of the most exciting recrea- 
tional opportunities on the campus. The facilities, 
located on Frenchman's Creek, include a Water- 
front Activities Center which houses offices, 
classrooms, a communication center, restrooms, 
and gear storage rooms. Additional facilities 
include boathouse, support buildings, docks, ramp, 
fishing, snorkeling, and other recreational 
equipment, live bait, a Ship's Store and Food 
Galley, a fleet of sailboats, canoes, sailhoards, and 
two Correct Craft Ski Nautiques (for recreational 
and competitive waterskiing). Students who own 
boats can arrange to store or dock them here if 
space is available. 

A unique feature of the Eckerd Waterfront is the 
community member's ability to use the facilities 
without membership in a formal club or organiza- 
tion. There are, however, many clubs and teams 
sponsored by the Waterfront for those interested. 
The Triton sailing team sails in sloop and single- 
hand competitions against schools from North 
Carolina through Florida in SAISA (the South 
Atlantic Intercollegiate Sailing Association), 
while the Triton boardsailing team competes in 
regattas both in and out of the collegiate circuit. 
Members of the Triton waterski team compete in 
trick, slalom, and jump events against schools 
throughout the Southern Conference. 

One of the Waterfront's unique student organ- 
izations is Eckerd College Search and Rescue (EC- 
SAR) which is a highly trained group of students 
and alumni who provide maritime search and 
rescue services to the Tampa Bay boating commu- 
nity. Working closely with the U.S. Coast Guard 
and many local and state agencies, members give a 
high level of dedication, skill and commitment to 
public service and have received many national 
and local awards and commendations. 

Waterfront classes are offered throughout the 
school year. Sailing classes are taught at all levels 
on both small sloops and larger sailboats. Normal 
class offerings include beginning and intermediate 
sailing, boardsailing, and scuba diving which is 
arranged through an area dive shop. Informal 
dockside instruction is offered during the after- 
noons by waterfront staff and volunteers. 


College students are likely to encounter many new 
and different experiences and face many impor- 
tant decisions. There may be times when students 
want some help in negotiating these new chal- 
lenges. The Counseling Center can help students 
to deal with these challenges, understand them- 
selves better, gain insight into their decisions, 
improve their self-image, enhance their personal 
relationships, and learn to make new choices for 
more effective living. Additionally, athletes have 
the opportunity of consulting with a sports 
psychologist. Members of the theatre and visual 
arts disciplines also have access to this perfor- 
mance enhancement expertise. 

Counselors are interested in assisting students with 
their personal, intellectual, and psychological 
growth and development. The Counseling Center 
is staffed by two full-time and two part-time 
therapists, and all services are free and completely 

In addition to providing psychological counseling 
for students, the Counseling Center staff offers 
consultation services to faculty, staff, residence 
halls, and student organizations needing special- 
ized programs or information regarding psychologi- 
cal issues, conflict resolution, crisis intervention, 
or wellness-related issues. Topical presentations 
and workshops are available by request on a 
variety of topics. 

The Counseling Center also houses the EC-Peace 
Corps that sponsors activities designed to promote 
a holistic sense of personal well being. This is a 
Peer Educators' Program, which includes a 
speaker's bureau, peer educators, and presentations 
on various psychologically related topics. 


Eckerd's medical service is a member of the 
American College Health Association and 
directed by a physician who is at the Health 
Center two hours every Monday through Friday. A 
registered nurse is on duty 8 a.m. to 10:30 p.m., 
Monday through Friday. Students in need of 
treatment after these hours contact their Resident 
Advisers or Campus Security for assistance, or go 
directly to a hospital emergency room, or call 911 
if emergency care is needed. Medicine may be 
charged to the student's account. The college 
notifies parents when community hospitalization 
is necessary, with the consent of the student. 



As evidence of its active commitment to recruit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd supports 
a number of programs in this field. Visits to the 
campus give American students of color who are 
considering Eckerd College a chance to view the 
college, visit the faculty, live in the residence halls, 
and talk with other students. 

The Afro- American Society, a student organiza- 
tion, helps plan a full range of programs that 
celebrate diversity. The office of Multicultural 
Affairs is available to provide assistance for any 
special needs of American students of color. 


Students who are married, are over 22 years of age, or 
who live with their family are provided with campus 
post office boxes to receive communications. 
Opportunities for participation in campus sports, 
activities, cultural events, and student government 
(ECOS), are a\'ailable to day students and are 
coordinated and communicated by the Day Student 
Program. All cars, motorcycles, and bicycles are 
registered by the Office of Campus Safety. 


Eckerd College is a member of the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association. Men play a full 
intercollegiate schedule in baseball, basketball, 
golf, soccer, and tennis. Women's intercollegiate 
sports include basketball, cross country, golf, 
soccer, softball, tennis, and volleyball. Golf is a co- 
educational sport. The college is a member of the 
Sunshine State Conference, and both men and 
women play NCAA Division II competition. 

Intramural sports are organized as competition 
among houses. Day students compete with house 
teams. All students are eligible to participate in 
the wide range of intramural activities, which 
include football, softball, soccer, volleyball, 
basketball, and street hockey. In addition, sports 
clubs may be organized around swimming, sailing 
and canoeing. The McArthur Physical Education 
Center houses locker rooms, physical education 
faculty offices, two basketball courts, a weight 
room, four badminton courts, and three volleyball 
courts, a swimming pool, and areas of open space. 
The Turley Athletic Complex includes lighted 

baseball and softball fields, a practice infield, a 
soccer field, grandstands, and a building which 
consists ot a locker room facility and a snack bar. 


Eckerd College seeks academically qualified 
students of various backgrounds, national and 
ethnic origins. Eurther, we seek students who show 
promise for making positive contributions to 
members of the Eckerd College community. When 
you apply, we will look at your academic perfor- 
mance in college preparatory courses (mathemat- 
ics, science, social studies, English, foreign 
languages, creative arts). We will also consider 
your performance on the college entrance 
examinations (ACT or SAT I). Students whose 
native language is not English can choose to 
replace the ACT or SAT 1 with the TOEFL 
examination. Achievement tests are not required 
but are highly recommended. Your potential for 
personal and academic development is important 
and in this respect we will look closely at your 
personal essay, record of activities and recommen- 
dations from your counselors or teachers. Admis- 
sions decisions are made on a rolling basis 
beginning in October and continuing through the 
academic year for the following tall. Students 
considering mid-year admission for either winter 
term (January) or spring semester (February) are 
advised to complete application procedures by 
December 1. Applicants for tall entr^^ should 
complete procedures by April 1. 


High school Juniors and Seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college 
preparatory' curriculum. Our preference is for 
students who have taken tour units ot English, 
three or more units each of mathematics, sciences 
and social studies, and at least two units of a 
foreign language. Although no single criterion is 
used as a determinant for acceptance and we have 
no automatic "cutoff' points, the great majority of 
students who gain admission to Eckerd College 
have a high school average of B or better in their 
college preparatory courses and have scored in the 
top 25 percent of college-bound students taking 
the ACT or SAT I. 



1 . Request application forms in Junior year or 
early in Senior year from Dean of Admissions. 

2. Complete and return your application to the 
Dean of Admissions, with an application fee 
of $25 (non-refundable) at least two months 
prior to the desired entrance date. Students 
who are financially unable to pay the $25 
application fee will have the fee waived upon 
request. Eckerd College accepts the Common 
Application in lieu of its own form and gives 
equal consideration to both. 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be 
graduated to send an academic transcript and 
personal recommendation to: Dean of 
Admissions, Eckerd College, 4200 - 54th 
Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 

4. Arrange to take the Scholastic Aptitude Test 
1, offered by the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board or the ACT Test Battery, offered 
by the American College Testing Program. 
Take your test in spring of Junior year or early 
fall of Senior year. 


Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
colleges, universities, junior and community 
colleges that have earned full regional accred- 
itation. Applicants are expected to be in good 
standing at the institution last attended and 
eligible to return to that institution. 


1. Complete and return application form to the 
Dean of Admissions with an application fee 
of $25 (non-refundable) at least two months 
prior to the desired entrance date (see 
calendar for various entry points). 

2 . Request that official college transcripts be 
sent to us from every college or university you 
have attended. 

3. Send us a record of college entrance exams 
(SAT 1 or ACJT). This may be waived upon 
request for students who have completed at 
least one year of college work. 

4. Request a letter of recommendation from one 
of your college professors. 

5. If you have been out of high school for less 
than two years, we will need a copy of your 
high school transcript. 


After you have been accepted for admission, your 
transcript will be forwarded to the college 
Registrar and to the discipline coordinator of your 
intended major for credit evaluation. 

With regard to the transfer of credits from other 
regionally accredited institutions, it is the policy of 
Eckerd College to: 

1 . Award block two-year credit to students who 
have earned an Associate of Arts degree with 
a cumulative grade point average of at least 
2.0; or 

2. Accept, for transfer students without As- 
sociate of Arts degrees, only those appropriate 
courses in which grades of C or higher were 
earned. Transfer credits will be awarded for 
courses with comparable titles, descriptions, 
and contents to Eckerd College courses. 

3. Accept a maximum of 63 semester hours of 
transfer credit since the last two academic 
years of study for an Eckerd College degree 
must be completed at Eckerd. 

Therefore, all transfer students to Eckerd College 
will have cumulative grade point averages of at 
least 2.0 in courses accepted from other institu- 
tions toward an Eckerd College degree. This 
policy statement covers practices in both the 
residential college and the Program for Experi- 
enced Learners. 

Applicants who have earned credits more than 
five years ago, or whose earlier academic records 
are unavailable or unusual are requested to direct 
special inquiry to the Admissions office. 


All students who have been accepted for admis- 
sion are asked to send a $100 deposit, within thirty 
days of acceptance or within thirty days of a 
financial aid award. This deposit is refundable 
until May 1 for fall applicants, but is not refund- 
able for mid-year applicants. Students who are 


accepted after November 15 for mid-year entry or 
after April 15 for fall entry will he expected to 
reply within fifteen days of acceptance with a $100 
non-refundahle deposit. The acceptance deposit is 
applied toward tuition costs and credited to the 
student's account. 

A Student Intonnation Form, a Housing ¥orm, and 
a Health Form are sent to all accepted students. 
The Student Infomiation Fonn and Housing Fomi 
should be returned by May 1. Tliese fonns enable 
us to begin planning for needs of the entering class 
of residential and commuting students. 

The Health Form should be completed by your 
personal physician and forwarded to the Admis- 
sions office prior to the enrollment date. 


Students who have not completed a high school 
program but who have taken the General Educa- 
tion Development (GED) examinations may be 
considered for admission. In addition to submit- 
ting GED test scores, students will also need to 
supply ACT or SAT 1 test results. 


Students considering Eckerd College are strongly 
urged to visit the campus and have an interview with 
an admissions counselor. We also encourage you to 
visit a class and meet students and faculty members. 
An interview is not a required procedure for admission 
but is always a most beneficial step for you the student, 
as well as for those of us who evaluate your candidacy. 


Eckerd College admits a few outstanding students 
who wish to enter college directly after their 
Junior year in high school. In addition to regular 
application procedures outlined above, early 
admission candidates must submit a personal letter 
explaining reasons for early admission; request two 
letters of recommendation from an English and a 
mathematics teacher; and come to campus for an 
interview with an admissions counselor. 


A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enrollment 
for up to one year. Requests should be addressed to 
the Dean of Admissions. 


Eckerd College awards course credit on the basis of 
scores on the Advanced Placement examinations 
administered by the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board. Students who have obtained scores of 
four or five will automatically be awarded credit. 
Applicants who seek advanced placement should 
have examination results sent to the Dean of 


Course credit will also be awarded on the basis ot 
scores received on the College Level Examination 
Program (CLEP). Credit is awarded only for the 


American Government 


3.5 hours 

American History I 


3.5 hours 

American History' II 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

College Algebra 


3.5 hours 

College Algebra-Trigonometry 


3.5 hours 

Educational Psychology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

General Biology 


7.0 hours 

General Chemistrv- 


7-0 hours 

General Psychology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

Human Growth and Development 


3.5 hours 

Introductory' Accounting 


3.5 hours 

Introductory Macroeconomics 


3.5 hours 

Introductor\- Microeconomics 


3.5 hours 

Introductory Marketing 


3.5 hours 

Introductory Sociology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 



3.5 hours 

Westeni Civilization I 


3.5 hours 

Western Civilization II 


3.5 hours 

International students may not use CLEP to 
receive college credit for elementary or inter- 
mediate foreign language in their native tongue. 

CLEP results should be sent to the Dean of Admissions. 



Eckerd College will confer Sophomore standing to 
students who have completed the full International 
Baccalaureate and who have earned grades of 5 or 
better in their three Higher Level subjects. IB students 
who do not earn the full Diploma may receive credit 
for Higher Level subjects in which grades of 5 or better 
were earned in the examinations. 


Eckerd College enrolls students from more than 
fifty countries. Some are native speakers of English; 
many are not. In all cases, the Admissions and 
Scholarship Committee gives special attention to 
the evaluation of students who have completed 
their secondary education abroad. Candidates 
whose native language is not English should submit 
the TOEH. scores in lieu of SAT or ACT scores. 
Ordinarily, international students will not be 
admitted unless they score a minimum of 550 on 
the TOEFL exam and/or complete level 109 
instruction in the ELS Language Centers program. 


1 . Complete and return the application form 
with an application fee of $25 (non- 
refundable) at least three months prior to the 
desired entrance date. 

2. Request that official secondary school records 
(and official university records if applying as a 
transfer student) be sent to us. If official 
records are not in English, we should receive a 
certified translation in English. 

3 . Results of the Test of English as a Foreign 
Language (TOEFL) for non-native speakers 
of English should be submitted. Others are 
urged to take SAT I or ACT. 

4. Complete a certified statement of financial 
responsibility indicating that adequate funds 
are available to cover educational costs. 


The following international diplomas are accepted 
for consideration of admission with advanced 

The General Certificate of Education of the 
British Commonwealth. Students with successful 
scores in "A" level examinations may be consid- 
ered for advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma may 

qualify a candidate for placement as a Sophomore. 


If you have previously enrolled at Eckerd College 
and wish to return you should write or call the 
Dean of Students office. It will not be necessary 
for you to go through admission procedures again. 
However, if you have been enrolled at another 
college or university you will need to submit a 
transcript of courses taken there. 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a student 
should write to the Dean of Students, who will 
obtain the approval of the Dean of Faculty as chair 
of the Academic Review Committee before 
authorizing readmission. 


All students accepted for admission to Eckerd 
College who are U.S. citizens or permanent 
residents are eligible to receive aid if they demon- 
strate financial need. For institutional awards 
priority is given on the basis of grades, test scores, 
recommendations, and special talents. Most 
students receive an "aid package" consisting of 
scholarship, grant, loan, and campus employment. 
In many cases, the financial aid package offered to 
a student may reduce out-of-pocket tuition 
payment to less than would be paid at a state 
college or university. Eckerd College makes every 
effort to help a student develop financial plans 
that will make attendance possible. 


Decisions regarding financial assistance are made 
upon admission to the college as well as the 
receipt of the necessary financial aid credentials 
which can be accomplished by filing the Free 


Application for Federal Student Aid. No supple- 
mental form is required. 

Transfer students who are entering Eckerd the 
winter term or the spring semester must submit a 
Financial Aid Transcript from each prior school 
regardless of whether aid was received. The forms 
may be obtained from the Eckerd College 
Financial Aid office and must be returned before 
an award may be released. 

Any student who has resided in Florida for 1 2 
consecutive months should complete and file an 
application for a Florida Student Assistance 
Grant. Application is made through the submis- 
sion of the Free Application for Federal Student 
Aid by answering the State questions. 

Many of the sources of financial aid administered 
by Eckerd College are controlled by governmental 
agencies external to the college. Examples of 
programs of this type are Federal Pell Grants, 
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity 
Grants (SEOG), Florida Student Assistance 
Grants (FSAG), Florida Resident Access Grant, 
Florida Bright Futures Scholarships, Federal 
Stafford Loans , Federal Perkins Loans, and the 
Federal Work Study Program. To receive a current 
pamphlet concerning these programs, write or 
contact the Office of Financial Aid, Eckerd 
College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, 
Florida 33711. 

To be considered for any financial aid through 
Eckerd College, whether the merit awards listed in 
this catalog or any need-based assistance from the 
college or federal and state governments, it is 
necessary that you submit the Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid, without a supplemental 
form. These forms are available in the guidance 
department of the school you are currently 
attending. It is important to mail the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid by March 1, 
and to list the code for Eckerd College, 001487 
on the File Application for Federal Student Aid. 


When you apply to Eckerd College for read- 
mission after a period of time away from the 
college, you should contact the Financial Aid 
office to determine your eligibility for all financial 
aid programs. 

If you previously received financial assistance at 
Eckerd College or plan to apply for financial aid 
prior to readmission, you will need to complete 
the following steps: 

1 . Obtain a Financial Aid Transcript from the 
Financial Aid office of each college you have 
attended since leaving Eckerd College. 

2. Ensure that your obligations for Federal 
Stafford Loan or Federal Perkins Loan 
payments are being met. If you leave Eckerd 
College for one semester, your six month 
grace period will likely expire. Thereafter, you 
will have loan payments due which must be 
paid before receiving assistance again on 

3. If you enroll at least half time and have prior 
outstanding Federal Stafford, Perkins, SLS, 
PLUS or Consolidation loans, you may be 
eligible for deferment (postponement) of 

4- Obtain deferment form(s) from your lender(s) 
to submit to the Registrar at Eckerd College. 
The Registrar will verify your enrollment 
status to your lender(s). Deferment forms may 
be requested and submitted at least annually. 

5. All prior debts to Eckerd College must be 
satisfied before any financial aid assistance 
may be released. Contact Student Accounts 
to clear all prior obligations. 

6. Contact the Dean of Students to apply for 


Students receiving financial assistance must 
maintain satisfactory academic progress to 
continue receiving aid. 

Normal progress toward graduation is the comple- 
tion of four courses each semester and a short term 
each year with grades of C or better. 

The Academic Review Committee will assess your 
progress each semester as follows: 

1 . Probation: 

a. 2 or 3 F grades. 

b. F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 2 to 5 courses. 

c. 1 to 3 more D than B or better grades. 


2. Subject to Dismissal: 

a. 4 F grades. 

b. F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 6 courses. 

c. 4 or more D than B or better grades. 

d. Completion of no courses in an academic 

3. Dismissal: 

a. 5 F grades. 

b. F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 7 courses. 

c. 5 or more D than B or better grades. 

d. Completion of no courses in an academic 

You may be reinstated as follows: 

1. Removal of Probation: Complete 4 courses in 
one semester with C or better grades and the 
overall number of B or better grades at least equals 
the number of D grades. 

2. Reinstatement after Dismissal: Write to the 
Dean of Students who must obtain approval from the 
Dean of Faculty (Chairman of the Academic Review 
Committee) before readmission is authorized. 

If you are placed on probation by the Academic 
Review Committee, you will also be placed auto- 
matically on financial aid probation. You may receive 
financial assistance during your probationary period. 
If you are dismissed by the Academic Review 
Committee, your financial assistance must cease. 

The grade of I (Incomplete) will not be assessed by 
the Academic Review Committee. However, if the 
work for the course is not completed by the 
deadline, normally thirty days into the next regular 
semester, and the Incomplete grade automatically 
becomes an F, that F grade will be assessed by the 
Academic Review Committee. The grade of W 
(voluntary withdrawal) is assessed by the Academic 
Review Committee, as noted above. 

A course repetition will be treated as any other 
course. A grade of F earned for a prior course will 
not be removed from the transcript. 

Additional information concerning the school's 
grading system and academic policies can be found 
in various sections of the Eckerd College catalog. 
Also, please note that certain financial aid 
programs require special academic achievements 
for renewal as follows: 

1. Institutional 

2.0 Cum. GPA: Church and Campus 
Eckerd College Grant 
Faculty Tuition Remission 
Ministerial Courtesy 
Special Talent 
Eckerd named Scholarships 

3.0 Cum. GPA: Eckerd College Honors 
National Merit Special 

Presidential Scholarship 
Selby Scholarship 

2. Florida Programs 

a. Florida Academic Scholars Award: 3.0 Cum. 
GPA and 1 2 contact hours during the 
academic year in which the award is received. 

b. Florida Merit Award:: 2.75 Cum. GPA and 12 
contact hours during the academic year. 

c. Florida Gold Seal Award: 2.75 Cum. GPA and 
1 2 contact hours during the academic year. 

d. Fbrida Work Experience Program: 2.0 Cum. 
GPA and appropriate course completion each 
semester worked. 

e. Florida Student Assistance Grant: 2.0 Cum. 
GPA and 24 semester contact hours during 
the academic year; up to 9 semesters within a 
period of not more than 6 consecutive years. 

f. Florida Resident Access Grant: 2.0 Cum. GPA 
and 24 contact hours completed during the 
academic year; up to 9 semesters. 

g. Fbrida Chappie James Scholarship: 2.5 Cum. 
GPA and 24 contact hours during the 
academic year; for the freshman and sopho- 
more years only. 

3. Federal Programs 

If you receive federal Title IV aid assistance you 
must receive your baccalaureate degree within 150 
percent of your program length. Therefore, you 
will have up to a maximum of 54 attempted 
courses to complete your baccalaureate degree. 
\X^ether you register full time, three-quarter time, 
or half-time, you must complete your degree 
within a maximum of 54 attempted courses. 
Federal assistance may not be awarded beyond the 
54 attempted courses. 


Also, if you receive federal Title IV assistance 
initially or for renewal, you must progress at yearly 
increments toward your degree goal. By the end of 
each academic year, you must complete two thirds 
of the courses (rounded up) that you attempted for 
that academic year. For example, if you enroll in 9 
courses during the year (four courses each long 
semester and a winter term), you must complete 6 
o{ those courses. 

In counting the total number of courses completed 
during the year, you may count summer courses 
completed at Eckerd during the prior summer 
terms, but may not count the courses taken during 
the current summer term(s). 

The grades of F, W, I, IP, and NR will not count as 
completed courses. Also, non-credit remedial 
courses will not count. Course repetitions will 
count as completed courses. 

If you fail to earn the appropriate number of 
courses at the end of the academic year, you will 
be placed on probation for the following academic 
year. You may receive federal Title IV assistance 
during the year of probation. 

It you earn the appropriate number ot courses the 
following academic year, you will have your 
probationar\' status removed. \XTiile on probation- 
ary status, you are encouraged to use the counsel- 
ing senices provided by Student Affairs, request 
assistance from your Mentor, and seek tutoring 

If you fail to earn the appropriate number of 
courses during your probationary year, you will lose 
all federal financial aid. You may return to Eckerd 
College (without receiving federal Title IV 
assistance) and complete two-thirds of the 
attempted courses that semester to have your 
Federal financial aid re-instated thereafter. If you 
do not return for a period of two years, you will be 
eligible to return in good standing with Title IV 
eligibility', if you meet all other requirements. 

The transfer student will have the same schedule 
for the maximum degree time-frame and yearly 
incremental progression as noted above. At the 
end of each academic year, the cumulative courses 
attempted for the transfer student will be re- 
viewed, and will consist of the transfer courses 
accepted at Eckerd and the attempted courses 
taken at Eckerd. 

If you wish to enroll in additional courses to 
enhance your career goal, or if you are dismissed 
and readmitted, a reasonable extension of courses 
will be considered through the appeal process. 

In addition, to be eligible for any federal Title IV 
aid after your second academic year, you must 
have a cumulative GPA at the end of the second 
and third academic years at Eckerd College that is 
consistent with requirements tor graduation. 

Federal Title IV aid includes: 

(a) Federal Pell Grant 

(b) Federal Perkins Loan 

(c) Federal Supplemental Educational 

Opportunity Grant 

(d) Federal Work Study Program 

(e) Federal Stafford Loan 

(f) Federal PLUS Loan 

You may appeal the probationary status of your 
federal financial aid or loss of federal aid for failure 
to meet the incremental progression of course 
completion or failure to graduate within 54 
attempted courses by presenting an appeal to the 
Financial Aid Office. The appeal should be 
specific and should identify' any extenuating 
circumstances, i.e. injury, illness, death of a family 
member, etc. TTie appeal will be reviewed by the 
Financial Aid office. 


When Eckerd College started the Program for 
Experienced Learners, it set PEL tuition rates 
considerably lower than those for the Residential 
Program. Given this tuition discount, Eckerd 
College scholarships that are available for students 
in the Residential Program may not be used in the 
Program for Experienced Learners. 


The Presidential Scholarships are a recognition of 
outstanding merit without regard to financial 
need. Each year twenty-five Freshmen are selected 
to receive scholarships ranging from $6,000 - 
$8,000 per year. The scholarships are renewable 
for a total of four years if the student maintains a 
3.0 grade point average. Selection criteria for this 
award include academic achievement, creative 
talent and character. Application deadline is 
February 15. A separate application is required 
and is available on request. 



The Special Honors Scholarship Program provides 
fifteen full tuition awards to entering Freshmen 
who are finalists and semifinalists in the National 
Merit, National Achievement, and National 
Hispanic Scholarship Programs. The value of this 
award is in excess of $17,500 per year, and in 
excess of $70,000 for four years if the student 
maintains a 3.0 grade point average. A student 
designated a semifinalist in one of these programs 
should make application for admission to Eckerd 
College no later than February 15. 


The Honors Scholarships seek to recognize 
outstanding applicants for admission (Freshmen 
and transfers). Scholarship finalists will be selected 
from among all applicants for admission without 
regard to financial need. A student receiving an 
Honors Scholarship may receive up to $5,000 
yearly. The scholarship is renewable if the student 
maintains a 3.0 grade point average. No separate 
application is required; however, for priority 
consideration students should apply for admission 
no later than March L 


The Special Talent Scholarships provide rec- 
ognition and encouragement to students who 
have excelled in a particular area of endeavor. All 
students accepted for admission are eligible to 
compete for these scholarships. Awards will be 
made on the basis of outstanding talent or 
achievement in any of the following areas: 

1 . Achievement in math, science, English, 
social studies, behavioral sciences, foreign 
languages or any specific area of academic 

2. Special talent in the creative arts" music, 
theatre, art, writing, etc. 

3. Special achievement in international 
education, including participation in AFS, 
YFU, or Rotary student exchange programs. 

4. Demonstrated leadership and service in 
student, community or church organizations. 

5. Special talent in men's or women's athletic 

Special Talent Scholarship winners may receive 
up to $5,000 yearly. The scholarship is renewable 

for students with a 2.0 cumulative grade point 
average following formal recommendation by 
those qualified to evaluate the appropriate special 
talent. No separate application is required but for 
priority consideration students should apply for 
admission prior to March 1 and submit the 

1 . Free Application for Federal Student Aid 

2. Letter of recommendation from teacher, 
adviser or coach directly involved in student's 
achievement area. 

3. Additional materials the student wishes to 
submit in support of his or her credentials. 


The Church and Campus Scholarships are a 
recognition of merit for fifty new Presbyterian 
students each year who have been recommended by 
their pastor and possess traits of character, leader- 
ship and academic ability which in the pastor's 
opinion demonstrate the promise to become 
outstanding Christian citizens"either as a lay person 
or a minister. Students recommended by their 
pastor who become recipients of a Church and 
Campus Scholarship will receive a grant up to 
$7,000 to be used during the Freshman year. The 
award is renewable annually on the basis of 
demonstrated academic, leadership and service 
achievement, and a cumulative grade point average 
of at least 2.0. This award is not based on financial 
need. Scholarship winners may apply for supple- 
mental financial aid. More scholarship details and 
nomination forms are available on request. 


Beginning with the Fall semester 1996, all full- 
time new students entering Eckerd College as 
Florida residents (eligible for the Florida Resi- 
dence Access Grant) will be guaranteed $5,000 
Frank Byars Scholarships. If the entering student 
should win any other Eckerd scholarship valued at 
$5,000 or more, the Frank Byars Scholarship will 
be replaced by the Eckerd College scholarship of 
equal or higher value. The effect of this program is 
to insure that all new students entering Eckerd 
College as Florida residents will be guaranteed a 
minimum scholarship of $5,000. This scholarship 
minimum is renewable for a total of four years if 
the student maintains a 2.0 GPA. This scholarship 


program is for the residential program only, and 
may not be used in the Program for Experienced 


Endowed scholarship funds have been established 
by the gifts of those listed below or by the gifts of 
others in their honor. These scholarships are 
awarded through the regular scholarship and 
financial aid procedures of the college and do not 
require separate applications. 

As the tuition charges for the Program for 
Experienced Learners are considerably lower than 
those for the Residential Program, the endowed 
scholarship funds are awarded only to students in 
the Residential Program. 

Suzanne Armacost Memorial Scholarship, 

established in 1991 by the family and friends of 
Suzanne Armacost and through a bequest from 
her friend and neighbor Mar^' Murdock. It is 
awarded annually on the basis of merit to out- 
standing students who have demonstrated the 
traits of a competent giver. 

Margaret S. and Walter D. Bach Memorial 
Fund, established in 1984, awarded annually to 
outstanding Florida students from Escambia, Santa 
Rosa, Okaloosa or Walton counties. 

Bamett Bank, established in 1988, awarded 
annually to students with financial need majoring 
in business or a related program with an interest in 

William B. Blackburn Honor, established in 
1989, awarded annually to Freshmen women of 
academic distinction who plan to major in 

Charles Bradshaw, established in 1982. 

Frank B. Buck Church and Campus, established 
in 1981 by his wife, to be awarded annually to a 
student of strong academic ability, financial need 
and demonstrated traits of a "competent giver." 

Buford Scholarship, established in 1982. 

Sherry Jo Byars, established in 1983 by W. Frank 
and Jo Byars in memory of their daughter, to be 
awarded annually to outstanding students on the 
basis of academic ability, leadership, and service. 

Howard M. Davis, established in 1984- 

Betty Jane Dimmitt Memorial, established in 
1983 by her family, to be awarded annually to 

Juniors and Seniors majoring in the fine arts. 

Eckerd Associates Endowed Scholarships, 

established in 1995 by the Eckerd Corporation to 
reward eligible employees and members of their 
families who have achieved scholastic excellence 
and who have a history of service to their schools, 
churches, and communities. 

Jack Eckerd, established in 1984. 

Kennedy Eckerd Athletic, established in 1973, 
awarded annually to selected scholar athletes. 

Paul and Jane Edris Church and Campus, 

established in 1985 by the First Presbyterian 
Church of Daytona Beach, Florida, in honor of 
their pastor and his wife. Awarded to students of 
academic distinction. 

Fine Arts Scholarship, established in 1985 by an 
anonymous friend of the college to assist students 
majoring in the visual arts. 

Thomas and Hilda Girolamo, established in 1988 
by Hilda Girolamo in memory of her husband, 
who was a member of the Eckerd College staff. 
Awarded on the basis of need to a Florida high 
schol graduate and continuing Florida resident. 

Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1982 by Mr. 
Griffin who was a founding trustee of the college. 
Awarded annually to students with financial need, 
academic ability and leadership qualities. 

Chauncey M. and Jewel Heam International 
Study Scholarship Fund. This endowed scholar- 
ship has been established for the purpose of 
enabling students to participate in overseas 
academic programs in Asia. 

Al and Winnie Hodgson, established in 1986, 
awarded annually to students with financial need 
and have demonstrated to be a responsible giver. 

Home Federal/Bamett Bank, established in 1983, 
awarded annually to an outstanding Junior or 
Senior majoring in management who demon- 
strates financial need. 

Robert A. James Memorial, established in 1983 
by his family, to be awarded annually to a Fresh- 
man with outstanding academic ability-, leadership 
skills, and exceptional performance in either 
tennis, golf, or cross-countr\'. 

Howard M. Johnson, established in 1975, 
awarded annually to outstanding students based 
on need. 


Elaine R. Kinzer Memorial, established in 1987, 
awarded to students majoring in management or 
business with financial need. 

Max Klarin Memorial, established in 1985, 
awarded annually to a student majoring in fine 

Oscar Kreutz Church and Campus, established 
in 1984, awarded to Presbyterian students who are 
Pinellas County residents and members of the First 
Presbyterian Church, St. Petersburg, Florida. 

Philip J. Lee, established in 1989, in honor of the 
college's first chairman of the board of trustees. 

Colin Lindsey, established in 1977. 

Margaret Fahi Lofstrand Memorial, established 
in 1976 by her family to honor Margaret, who was 
a member of the founding class. Awarded annually 
to outstanding female students. 

Frida B. Marx Memorial, established in 1984 by 
her husband. Annual award to student designated 
by Delta Phi Alpha, German honorary fraternity, 
for overseas study in Germany. 

Emily A. and Albert W. Mathison, established in 
1960, awarded on the basis of academic achieve- 
ment, character, and financial need. 

Margaret Curry May, established in 1964. 

Alfred A. McKethan, established in 1985, to 
provide ten annual scholarships to outstanding 
students, no more than three of whom are in the 
same academic class. Awards are determined by 
academic performance. Christian character, and 
evidence of leadership. 

William McLaughlin Memorial, established in 
1984 by Nash Stublen. Awarded annually to 
students with financial need to support their 
participation in international education or other 
off-campus programs. 

George F. and Asha W. McMillan, established in 
1959, awarded annually to a preministerial 

Meinke/Mentor Scholarship Fund, established in 
1993 by L. Howard and Rebecca Moss to honor 
Professor Peter Meinke who was the faculty 
Mentor to their daughter Susan. Awarded 
annually to students majoring in the humanities 
on the basis of merit. 

Mari Sabusawa Michener, established in 1993, 
awarded on the basis of need to African Ameri- 
can, Asian American, Hispanic American, or 
Native American students who are U.S. citizens. 

James A. Michener Creative Writing, established 
in 1992, awarded to a Junior or Senior year 
student who shows unusual promise in creative 

Jeff and Tracy Moon, established in 1995 by 
Eileen Moon '65 in honor of her children to help 
students and encourage other alumni who 
received scholarships to support the college. 
Awards are based solely on financial need. 

Glenn W. Morrison Memorial, established in 
1969, awarded annually to a music student 
selected by the music faculty. 

Cade Nabers Memorial, established in 1989 by 
Mr. and Mrs. John Nabers in memory of their son 
who was a member of the Class of 1990, awarded 
annually to a Junior majoring in Literature. 

Mary Dillard Nettles, established in 1991, 
awarded to Presbyterian students on the basis of 
need and merit, with preference given to students 
majoring in music or art. 

Azalia P. Oberg, established in 1976. 

John O'Flaherty ASPEC Memorial, established 
in 1989, awarded annually to an outstanding 
Junior or Senior majoring in economics. 

Karim Said Petrou Memorial, established in 1989 
by his family, awarded annually on the basis of 
financial need. 

The Walter S. and Janet S. Pharr Church and 
Campus, established in 1991, awarded to students 
with outstanding academic ability whose traits of 
character, leadership, and service give promise of 
outstanding contributions to society, the church, 
and the religious and social life of the college. 

Dominick J. and Maude B. Potter, established in 
1978, awarded annually to outstanding students 
with demonstrated financial need from high 
schools in St. Petersburg, Florida. 

Daniel C. Powell, established in 1994 by a 
Presbyterian friend to support church and campus 

George A. Raftelis, established in 1997, awarded 
annually to students who intend to major in 
Business or Environmental Studies, with demon- 
strated financial need. 

William and Sandra Ripberger, established in 
1993, awarded annually based on financial need. 


Philip Reid Memorial, established in 1996 hy 
Professor Emeritus George K. Reid in memory of 
his son. Awarded to outstanding students with 
demonstrated financial need. 

R.A. Ritter, established in 1968, awarded 
annually with preference given to a son or 
daughter of an employee of the Ritter Finance 
Company of Wyncote, Pennsylvania; or to a 
student from Pennsylvania. 

Kathleen Anne Rome Memorial, established in 
1971, awarded annually to science students on the 
basis of scholastic aptitude, financial need, and 
compassion for humanity. 

Thelma and Maurice Rothman, established in 

1988, provides financial assistance to Jewish 
students with awards made on the basis of need 
and academic merit. 

Frank A. Saltsman, established in 1983. 

Robert T. and Fran V.R. Sheen, established in 

1989, provides financial assistance to students 
majoring in business or management. 

Eugene and Donna Sitton, established in 1985, 
provides annual scholarships for outstanding 
student athletes. 

Edna Sparling, established in 1976. 

Frances Shaw Stavros, established 1987, awarded 
annually on a competitive basis to outstanding 
students who are Florida residents with preference 
to children of employees who have had at least 
five years continuous employment with Better 
Business Forms, Better Business Systems, Inc., or 
Florida Progress Corporation. 

Ruth and Robert Stevenson, established in 1964- 

Samuel E. and Mary W. Thatcher Church and 

Campus, established in 1993 by their son, John 
W. Thatcher of Miami. Awarded annually with 
preference to Presbyterian students with financial 

Thomas Presidential, established in 1973 by Mrs. 
Mildred Ferris, awarded annually on a competitive 
basis to the 20 most outstanding Freshmen. 

William W. Upham, established in 1985 by a 
founding trustee of the college. 

Voell Family, established in 1993, awarded 
annually based on demonstrated financial need. 

Ray and Sylvia Weyl, established in 1994, to 
assist minority and disadvantaged students from 
Pinellas County, Florida, with special consider- 
ation given to Afro- American students. 

J.J. Williams, Jr., established in 1959 by Mr. and 
Mrs. J.J. Williams, Jr. to support candidates for the 
Presbyterian ministry. 

Kell and Mary Williams Church and Campus, 

established in 1985, awarded annually to an active 
and committed Christian student, with preference 
given to students preparing for full-time Christian 

John W. Woodward Memorial, established in 
1967, awarded annually with preference given to 
students from Gadsden County, Florida. 

Bruce R. Zemp Memorial Honors, established in 
1983 by William and Noma Zemp in memory of 
their son. Awarded annually to an outstanding 
Junior or Senior with financial need with an 
interest in Business or Communications. 


Established to perpetuate the memory of alumni 
and friends who believed in the importance of a 
liberal arts education to our society. 

Elza Edwin and Gretchen R. Artman (1969) 

Betty-Jean Blaney (1997) 

Paul and Grace Creswell (1962) 

Carl Peter Damm (1963) 

Robert B.Hamilton (1959) 

Hope Presbyterian Church (1962) 

Lowery Howell (1975) 

Al Lang and Katherine Fagen Lang (1959) 

Ruth Lumsden (1994) 

Jane Oesterle (1997) 

William Bell Tippetts (1960) 

Ross E. Wilson (1974) 


These scholarships are awarded through the regular 
scholarship and financial aid procedures at the 
college and do not require separate applications. 

As the tuition charges for the Program for 
Experienced Learners are considerably lower than 
those for the Residential Program, the scholarships 
supported by annual gifts and grants are awarded 
only to students in the Residential Program except 
as noted below. 


Ebba Aim, provides annual scholarship support 
for incoming Freshman male students from Florida 
with preference given to Dunedin and North 
Pinellas County. First consideration to applicants 
interested in the study of medicine, biology, or 

W. Paul Bateman, first awarded in 1978, provides 
annual scholarships for outstanding male students. 

Clearwater Central Catholic High School, first 
awarded in 1981, to outstanding graduates of 
Central Catholic Fiigh School in Clearwater, 
Florida, made possible through gifts of an anony- 
mous donor. 

Dana Beck Fancher Scholarship, made possible 
by a bequest to the First Presbyterian Church of 
Dunedin, Florida. Scholarships are awarded on the 
basis of financial need to students from the United 
States who are not from the Tampa Bay area. 

F.I.C.F. provides financial aid to students who 
maintain good academic standing and are active 
in campus activities. 

First Union Foundation Minority Scholarship, 

provides financial assistance to minority students 
based on need and merit. 

Florida Power Corporation Minority, provides 
assistance to minority students on the basis of 
financial need and merit. First preference is given 
to students who have completed the ALPHA 
Leadership Program, which assists African- 
American students in completing high school and 
pursuing a college education. 

Focardi Great Bay Distributors, first awarded in 
1993, provides financial assistance to outstanding 
students based on need and merit. Eligible 
recipients are also involved in community service 

Franklin/Templeton Funds Scholarship, first 
awarded in 1995 on the basis of demonstrated 
financial need to business majors with at least a 
3.0 average. Eligible recipients are also involved in 
community service activities. 

Hoemer Family Scholarship, awarded annually 
to church and campus scholars with first prefer- 
ence to students from First Presbyterian Church of 
St. Petersburg, Florida. 

Holland and Knight Scholarship, first awarded in 
1995, awards are made on the basis of need or 

George W. Jenkins Scholarship, established in 
1988, awarded on the basis of demonstrated 
financial need. 

Marriott Management Service, awarded in 
memory of Colleen Barry, Kristin Riley, and 
Stacey Stamatiades, Freshmen at Eckerd College 
who lost their lives in a 1985 automobile accident. 

Marsha and Bert Martin, established in 1997 
through the Florida Independent College Fund, is 
awarded to a senior who is planning a career in 
health services. 

Merchants Association, first awarded in 
awarded on the basis of need and merit to students 
involved in community volunteer activities. 

Pepsi-Cola Bottling Company, provides annual 
scholarships for students with financial need, with 
preference given to students from Hillsborough, 
Manatee, Pasco, Pinellas, and Sarasota Counties. 

Raymond James and Associates, first awarded in 
1986, provides annual scholarships for students 
with an interest in business. 

Selby Foundation, first awarded in 1968, to 
outstanding students from Florida, with preference 
given to residents of Sarasota and Manatee 

George and Karla Sherboume, first awarded in 
1986, provides grants to needy students with 
preference given to residents of Sarasota County, 

Simmons Family Scholarship, established in 1993 
by G. Ballard and Deedie Simmons to provide 
church and campus scholarships with first 
preference to students from Arlington Presbyte- 
rian Church in Jacksonville, Florida. 

SouthTrust Bank Scholarship, first awarded in 
1995, awards are based on a combination of need 
and merit. Recipients must maintain at least a 3.0 
average and be involved actively in service to the 

SunBank Minority Scholarship, provides 
scholarship assistance to minority students with 
first preference to students from Pinellas County, 
Florida, who are majoring in business. 

Helen Torres Scholarship, first awarded in 1995, 
to help women who work in order to attend 
college. The donor, Helen Torres, believes we 
have a civic responsibility to support the commu- 
nity in which we live and work. First preference is 
given to applicants from Pinellas County, Florida. 



Recipients must be U.S. citizens who are making 
satisfactory academic progress. Students enrolled 
in the Program for Experienced Learners are also 

United Parcel Service, established through the 
Florida Independent College Fund to be awarded 
based on need and merit. 

U.S. Sugar Corporation, established through the 
Florida Independent College Fund to be awarded 
based on need and merit. 

Lettie Pate Whitehead provides financial aid to 
students based on need to deserving Christian girls 
who are residents of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, 
Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South 
Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. 


Joseph C. Beck (1987) 
Helen Harper Brown (1988) 
Gene Samuel Cain (1962) 
Sidney N.Trockey (1979) 


These grants are awarded from federal funds by the 
Office of Education. Awards are based on need 
and range from approximately $400 to $3,000 
depending on federal funding. Application is 
made through the submission of the Free Applica- 
tion for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and listing 
Eckerd College's code 001487 on the form. The 
student will receive the Student Aid Report at the 
student's home, and Eckerd College will receive its 
copy. The student's account will then be credited 
for the amount of the student's eligibility. 


These grants are awarded from federal funds and 
administered by the college. They are limited at 
Eckerd College to students with exceptional 
financial need. Application is made through the 
submission of the FAFSA. 


William G. McGarry Fund, in memory of 
William G. McGarry, a native of St. Petersburg, 
Florida, respected businessman and civic leader, 
who had a life-long appreciation for and dedica- 
tion to the marine environment. Established in 
1993 by his family and friends to support student 
projects involving field research in marine or 
estuarine science. All marine science majors are 
eligible to apply. 

Eckerd College - BBSR Fellowship, established 
in 1994 by John and Rosemary Galbraith to 
provide a summer research fellowship for marine 
science students at the Bermuda Biological 
Station for Research. 


Grants are non-repayable awards made to students 
on the basis of specific criteria or skills within the 
limits of demonstrated financial need. Two 
important sources of grant funds are the federal 
government and state governments. 


Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG) are 
awarded on the basis of demonstrated financial 
need determined by the processing of the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid and releasing 
the infonnation to the State of Florida by the 
deadline date. Applicants must meet Florida 
residency requirements and attend college in 
Florida. The grants are approximately $11 00 per 
year, depending on the demonstrated need of the 
applicant and the availability of funds. For 
renewal, the recipient must earn a 2.0 cum GPA 
and the complete 24 contact hours in the aca- 
demic year. 


The Florida Resident Access Grant was estab- 
lished by the State of Florida for residents of the 
state who enroll in private colleges or universities 
in Florida. The program provides approximately 
$ 1 ,600 per year regardless of financial need to help 
defray the cost of tuition at Eckerd College. To 
qualify, a student or a parent of a dependent 
student must have resided in Florida for at least 
one year. For renewal, the student must maintain a 
2.0 cumulative grade point average and complete 


24 credit hours during the prior academic year. An 
application must be submitted to the Financial 
Aid office yearly. 


The Florida Bright Futures Scholarship programs 
are lottery-funded programs awarded to Florida 
high school graduates who demonstrate high 
academic achievement, meet residency require- 
ments, and enroll at least half time in an eligible 
Florida school. Programs are the Florida Aca- 
demic Scholars Award, Merit Scholars Award, and 
the Gold Seal Vocational Scholars Award. Each 
has different academic criterial for eligibility and 
renewal and a different award amount. 


For a complete listing of Florida scholarship, grant, 
and teacher education programs, including 
eligibility criteria and application procedures, 
please contact the Eckerd College Financial Aid 
Office. Applicants must be Florida residents. 


These grants are available to students who rank in 
the upper one-halt of their graduating class and 
demonstrate financial need. Achievement in 
various curricular and co-curricular activities is 
considered. Special consideration is given to the 
sons and daughters of Presbyterian ministers or 
missionaries in recognition of the institution's 
Presbyterian heritage and relationships. Renewal 
of Eckerd College Grants requires a 2.0 cumula- 
tive grade point average. 



Eckerd College is approved for the education and 
training of veterans, service members, and 
dependents of veterans eligible for benefits under 
the various VA. educational programs. Students 
who may be eligible for VA. benefits are urged to 
contact their local VA. office as soon as accepted 
by the college, and must file an application for 
benefits through the Office of the Registrar. No 
certification can be made until the application is 
on file. Since the first checks each year are often 

delayed, it is advisable for the veteran to be 
prepared to meet all expenses for about two 
months. There are special VA. regulations 
regarding independent study, audit courses, 
standards of progress, special student enrollment, 
dual enrollment in two schools, and summer 
enrollment. It is the student's responsibility to 
inquire to the V.A. office concerning special 
regulations and to report any change in status 
which affects the rate of benefits. 

A student's V.A. educations benefits will be 
terminated if he/she remains on probation for 
more than two consecutive semesters/terms as 
mandated by The Department of Veterans Affairs. 


In many local communities, scholarships are 
provided each year by various church, civic and 
business organizations to children of members, 
citizens, and employees. Students are encouraged 
to seek private scholarships. Information is 
available at your local library and in the Eckerd 
College Career Services and Financial Aid offices. 


Many families whose current income and savings 
are not sufficient to finance college expenditures 
borrow funds through low interest educational 
loans to supplement their financing plans. 


(formerly Guaranteed Student Loans) 

Federal Stafford Loan applications are available 
from banks and lending agencies, and from the 
Eckerd College Financial Aid office. Depending 
upon eligibility, Freshmen may borrow up to $2,625 
per year; Sophomores may bonow up to $3,500 per 
year; and Juniors and Seniors may borrow up to 
$5,500 per year not to exceed $23,000 in their 
undergraduate work for educational expenses. 
Students must submit a Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid to establish eligibility. The 
interest rate is variable yearly not to exceed 8.25 
percent, and new borrowers have a six months 
grace period following termination of at least half- 
time school attendance before repayment must 
begin. EXiring the time the student is in school and 
during the grace period, the federal government will 
pay the interest on behalf of the student to the 


lender. Withdrawal from college for one semester 
will cause the six months grace period to lapse and 
repayments to fall due. Repayment following the 
termination of the grace period will be at least $50 
per month. Deferment from pa^nnent is allowed for 
the return to school at least halftime enrollment for 
new borrowers, or for other specified conditions. 
Families interested in the program should contact 
the Financial Aid office for a loan application and 
current infomiation. The processing of Stafford 
Loan applications requires twelve to sixteen weeks. 


Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans may be 
available to students who do not qualify for need- 
based Stafford Loans. Unsubsidized Federal 
Stafford Loans carr^^ the same yearly loan limits, 
interest rate, aggregate limit, and deferment 
provisions for new borrowers as do the Federal 
Stafford Loans (see above). Independent students 
may borrow a larger sum if otherwise eligible. 
However, with the Unsubsidized Federal Stafford, 
interest will accrue following the loan disburse- 
ments, and the student is responsible for the 
interest to the lending institution while the 
student is in school and during the grace period. 
During these periods, the interest may either be 
paid regularly or may be capitalized (added to the 
principal) to be paid later with the principal 
payments. The principal payments may be 
deferred (postponed) while the student is in 
school and during the grace period. Students 
might qualify for a partial Federal Stafford Loan on 
the basis of demonstrated need and receive the 
remainder up to the yearly limit (see above) in an 
Unsubsidized Federal Stafford. Students interested 
in the program should contact the Financial Aid 
office. The processing of Unsubsidized Federal 
Stafford Loan applications requires twelve to 
sixteen weeks. 


^ The Federal Perkins Loan (formerly the National 
Direct Student Loan program) is administered by 
the college from federal and college funds. To 
qualify for a Federal Perkins Loan, the student 
must apply to the college and demonstrate 
financial need. No interest will accrue until the 
beginning of the repayment period, nine months 

k for new borrowers, following termination of at 

least half-time school attendance. Interest charges 
during the repayment period are only five percent 
per year on the unpaid balance. 


Under this program parents may borrow for 
educational purposes up to the cost of education 
without regard to need, but other assistance 
awarded the student will be taken into account. 
The college recommends that the parent(s) 
borrow no more than is absolutely necessary. A 
separate application is required for certification by 
the Financial Aid office and submission to your 
lending institution. The interest rate is variable 
yearly but cannot exceed 9 percent and repayment 
begins within sixty days of disbursement of the 
proceeds of the loan. Additional information and 
applications are available in the Financial Aid office. 


Eckerd College has limited institutional loan funds 
available, usually for exceptional need situations. 
For details, contact the Financial Aid office. 


Monthly payments may be arranged without 
interest, and very minimal fee by the family 
through selected companies. Contact the Student 
Accounts office, Eckerd College for current 


The Career Services office assists students in 
finding part-time employment on or off campus. 
Preference is given to students who demonstrate 
financial need. Campus employment opportunities 
include work as a clerk or secretary, a food ser\'ice 
employee, a custodian or maintenance worker, 
lifeguard, or a laboratory' assistant. Information on 
off-campus jobs is available through the Career- 
Ser\'ices office. 


Students may qualify- for this program on the basis 
of need by submitting a Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid, and may work on campus 
seven to fifteen hours per week. Eligible students 
may have the opportunity to perform community 


service through the work-study program. Students 
should contact the Career Services office concern- 
ing available community service jobs. 


A student who is a Florida resident, enrolled at 
least half-time, and who demonstrates need may 
qualify for this work program. Jobs are available off 
campus and must be career related. Wages and 
hours may vary. The State of Florida will reim- 
burse the student's public school employer for one 
hundred percent of the wages, or other employers, 
seventy percent of the wages. The Career Services 
office will assist with placement and with the 
completion of a special contract. 


Financial aid to a student at Eckerd College may 
be renewable on an annual basis. All Eckerd 
college grants and most aid from other sources 
require a minimum cumulative grade point 
average of 2.0 for renewal. The Free Application 
for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) must be 
completed each year prior to March 1 for the 
following academic year. All students who are 
eligible to return for a subsequent year (except 
international students requiring 1-20 forms) are 
eligible for consideration for need-based financial 
aid. Awards from all sources may vary from year to 
year based on criteria established by the college 
and other private or public agencies. 


Appeals for financial aid awards or any financial 
aid question, may be made in writing. To facilitate 
the appeal process, the entering student may 
contact the Coordinator of New Student Aid and 
the returning student may obtain and return an 
appeal form from the Financial Aid office. 
Appeals are reviewed by the Financial Aid 
Appeals Committee. 



Eckerd College has available, upon request, 
information concerning the institution's athletic 
activities. Reports of total revenue and total 
expenses for athletic activities may be obtained. 
Please contact the Financial Aid office at Eckerd 
College for a copy of the reports. 


Eckerd College has available yearly reports 
concerning expenses, athletically-related student 
aid, and other information related to men's and 
women's teams. Please contact the Financial Aid 
office at Eckerd College for a copy of the reports. 


The Campus Safety Manual provides the 
institution's policies toward safety measures, 
indicates prevention and educational programs, 
and lists crime statistics for the institution. A copy 
of the Campus Safety Manual may be obtained 
from the Campus Safety office at Eckerd College. 


Information concerning graduation rates at Eckerd 
College is available upon request. Graduation 
rates for students who receive athletically-related 
aid are also available. Contact the Office of 
Institutional Research and Planning for a copy of 
the report. 


Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion 
(approximately 62 percent) of the educational 
costs per student. Thanks to the support of donors, 
the balance of costs is paid from endowment 
income and gifts from individuals, the Presbyte- 
rian Churches, and various corporations. 


The following schedules list the principal expenses 
and regulations concerning the payment of fees for 
the academic year 1997-98. All fees and expenses 
listed below are those in effect at the time of 
publication of the catalog. They are subject to 
change by the action of the Board of Taistees. 
When such changes are made, notice will be given 
as far in advance as possible. 


The annual fees tor tuU-time students for the 
1998-99 academic year include two semesters and 
one short term (autumn term for Freshmen, winter 
term for upperclassmen). 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $17,500' $17,500 

Room and Board 4,810' 



$22.310 $17.500 

^The full-time tuition tees cover a maximum of 
ten (10) course registrations plus one short term 
during the academic year provided that no more 
than five courses are taken per semester. Students 
registering for more than five courses per semester 
or ten courses per year plus a short term course will 
be charged an additional tuition of $ 1 ,870 per 
course. A student registering for a year- long course 
may register for six courses in one semester and 
four in the other with no additional charges. 

"Students with home addresses outside the 
immediate vicinity of the college are requested to 
live on campus. Exceptions to the requirement 
may be made with the approval of the Director of 
Housing. Since resident students are required to 
participate in the board plan, all resident students 
will be charged for both room and board. 

A Students' Organization Fee of approximately 
$185 per academic year is collected in addition to 
the above charges. Cost of books and supplies will 
be approximately $500 per semester. 


Tuition, full-time per semester: $7,815 

Tuition, autumn or winter term: $1,870 

Students' Organization Fee, per year: $ 1 85 

Fall and 


short term 


Double occupancy, each 



Double room 

single occupancy 



Single room 



Triple room 



Comer Double 



Apartment Complex 



Base room rate ($1,255 and $985) has been 
included in Comprehensive Charges. Charges 
above the base rate for single occupancy of double 
room or for single room will be added to Compre- 
hensive Charges. 

Room Damage Deposit: $50.00. This deposit is 
required in anticipation of any damage which may 
be done to a dormitory room. If damage is in 
excess of the deposit, the balance will be charged 
to the student's account. Any balance left of the 
deposit will be refunded to the student upon 
leaving college. 


Short Fall Spring Sales Total 
Term Sem. Sem. Tax Cost 

21 -meal $290 
15 -meal 266 
10-meal 248 

$1,056 $1,056 $168 $2,570 
972 972 155 2,365 
925 925 145 2,243 


Tuition per course: $1,870 

Students are considered part-time when they 
enroll for fewer than three courses per semester. 


Tuition per course: $1,870 

Fee for students enrolling in more than five 
courses per semester or ten courses per year plus a 
short term. 



Tuition per course: $465 

(no credit or evaluation) 

Full-time students may audit courses without fee 
with the permission of the instructor. 

LAB FEE $50 

A fee assessed all students participating in a 
scientific laboratory. 

PET FEE $50 

Additional charge for pet on campus. 


Late payment after registration day: 

A financial charge will be assessed on all 
outstanding balances after registration date. The 

rate will be variable quarterly to 4.5% above the 
13-week Treasury Bill rate. 

Late physical examination (for new students who 
have not had physical examination by registration 
day): $50. 



A fee accessed to all students not participating in 
the Registration/Financial Clearance held in the 
library for fall and spring terms. 


Acceptance Fee (new students): $100 

A fee required of new students upon acceptance 
by Eckerd College. This fee is not refundable and 
will be applied against the comprehensive charge. 

Application Fee (new students): $25 

This fee accompanies the application for admis- 
sion submitted by new students. 

Credit by Examination Fee: $935 

A fee for an examination to determine proficiency 
in a particular subject to receive course credit. 

Health Insurance: 

Accident Insurance (Plan I) is provided by the 
college and covers the student for the academic 
year (9 months) at no charge. All full-time 
students are automatically enrolled in the major 
medial (Plan 11) expanding the accident insurance 
to cover sickness as well as accidents for a full 1 2 
months. Participation in this plan is automatic 
unless a signed waiver card is returned to the 
business office. 

Plan 11: $80 

Lost Key Fee: $40 

Resident students are issued keys to their rooms. 
The fee for replacing a lost key is $40. 

Orientation Fee: (Freshmen only): $100 

This fee partially covers the additional cost of 
special orientation activities provided for Freshmen. 

Re-Examination Fee: $200 

A fee for a re-examination of course material. 

Transcript Fee: $2 

There is a $2 charge per transcript. 

Transfer Students Orientation Fee: $40 

Applied Music Fees: 

These fees apply even though music lessons are 
not taken tor credit, and are fees in addition to 
regular tuition charges. 

Semester Year 

One hour per week $535 $1,070 

One half hour per week $268 $536 


Accident Insurance (Plan 1) is provided by the 
college and covers the student for the academic 
year (9 months) at no charge. All full-time 
students are automatically enrolled in the major 
medial (Plan II) expanding the accident insurance 
to cover sickness as well as accidents for a full 12 


months. Participation in this plan is automatic 
unless a signed waiver card is returned to the 
business office. 

Plan II: 


Students should come prepared to pay all charges 
on the day of registration or should have payments 
from home mailed to reach the Eckerd College 
business office at least two weeks prior to the date 
of registration. No student shall be permitted to 
register for a given semester until all indebtedness 
for prior terms has been paid in full. Mastercard, 
Visa, American Express, and Discover payments 
are accepted by telephone or written request. 

Students who have unpaid bills at the college are 
subject to dismissal from the college and, as long 
as such payments remain unpaid, may not receive 
transcripts of credit or any diploma. 

Eckerd College does not have a deferred payment 
plan. Students desiring monthly payment plans 
must make arrangements through the following 

Eduserv Technologies, Inc. P.O. Box 3011 
Winston-Salem, N.C. 27102-3011 (800)851- 

All arrangements and contracts are made directly 
between the parent and the tuition financing 


The college has limited funds for emergency short- 
term loans up to $50. These loans must be paid 
within a maximum thirty day period. Students 
should apply to the Business office for such loans. 


If a student does not enroll for the winter or 
autumn short term, the Federal Pell Grant, Federal 
Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, 
Federal Perkins Loan, and the Eckerd College 
grant and scholarship awards will be reduced by 1 2 
percent of the yearly award. Also, as the cost of 
education will be reduced, it may be necessary to 
reduce other need-based assistance. These policies 
will stand even though the student may make up 
the winter or autumn term credit in another term 
or semester. 


If a student who is receiving financial aid is 
enrolled in only Directed Study or Independent 
Study courses and the student is not enrolled in an 
Eckerd College travel abroad program the 
enrollment will be reviewed. The student may 
receive a markedly reduced cost of education with 
a greatly reduced financial aid package. 



1 . Complete a withdrawal form in the Student 
Affairs office 

2. Have the withdrawal form signed in the 
Financial Aid office. If you have been 
awarded the Federal Stafford Loan, you must 
have exit counseling. 



If you have been awarded the Federal Perkins 
Loan or an institutional loan, you must 
complete exit counseling for those loans in 
the Student Loan office located in the 
Business office. 

Return the withdrawal form to the Student 
Affairs office and schedule an appointment 
for a brief inter\aew with the Dean of 

5. Go to the Housing office and complete a 
room inventory. 

6. Go to the Student Accounts oflice to 
determine the status of your account, and 
determine what refunds must be returned to 
applicable assistance programs and, if 
applicable, to the student (see pertinent 
information in sections below). 

Please note additional infonnation in the Eckerd 
College Financial Guide concerning withdrawal 
policies and procedures. 



All charges for a term will be canceled, except the 
$100 non-refundahle reservation deposit after May 
1 , and payments will be refunded if a written 
cancellation request is received prior to the first 
day of classes for that term. Also, a full refund of 
tuition and registration fees paid prior to the 
commencement of classes for that term will be 
made if a student submits a written request of 
cancellation to the Student Accounts office 
within three working days of the payment. 


First, see if the Cancellation and Withdrawal 
Policy for all Stxidents applies. If not, students 
withdrawing from Eckerd with no federal financial 
aid will receive credit for tuition for the semester 
as follows: 

Within 7 days 75% 

Within 15 days 50% 

Within 25 days 25% 

After 25 days No Credit 

Students withdrawing within 15 calendar days of 
the first day of a short term (autumn/winter 
terms), except new students at Eckerd with federal 
financial aid, will receive credit for tuition as 

Within 7 days 50% 

Within 15 days 25% 

After 15 days No Credit 

Room charges for resident students will not be 
canceled for the semester of withdrawal. Any 
portion of a meal ticket will be credited on a pro- 
rata basis in whole weeks only. 

Institutional grants and scholarship credits will be 
pro-rated on the same percentage basis as the 
tuition credit listed above for a semester or short 


First, see if the Cancellation and Withdrawcd Policy 

for all Students applies. If not, use the specific federal 
formula which applies, depending on whether the 
student is a new student or a continuing student at 
Eckerd College, to calculate the charges and credits 
for mition, fees, room, and board. 


It is important to note that a new student who 
withdraws during a semester will typically owe a 
balance to the college because of the loss of aid 
and because only a certain percentage of charges 
are canceled. 

If a new student at Eckerd with financial aid 
withdraws during the semester, the guidelines 
below will apply: 

• Eckerd College Grants or Scholarships will be 
pro-rated based on whole weeks only through 
60% of the billing period. 

• Florida aid will be granted only if the 
withdrawal occurs after the end of the drop/ 
add period for the semester. 

• Whether or not federal aid is granted is 
dependent on a specific federal formula which 
is applied to new students at Eckerd College 
through 60% of the billing period. The 
charges and credit for tuition, fees, room, and 
board will be generally proportioned through 
60% of the billing period. Then the federal 
formula is applied to determine whether funds 
must be returned from the student's account 
to federal and other aid accounts in the 
following order: 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 
Federal Stafford Loan 
Federal PLUS Loan 
Federal Perkins Loan 
Federal Pell Grant 
Federal Supplemental Educational 
Opportunity Grant 


Other Title IV assistance 
Other federal, state, private, or 
institutional programs 

If the student has unpaid charges to Eckerd 
College, any portion of a refund that was to be 
returned to the student will first be applied to the 
unpaid charges to Eckerd. 

Additional student information and sample 
calculations are available in the Financial Aid 


It is important to note that a continuing student 
who withdraws during a semester will typically 
owe a balance to the college because of the loss of 
aid and because only a certain percentage of 
charges are canceled. 

If a continuing student with financial aid with- 
draws during the semester, the guidelines below 
will apply: 

• Eckerd College Grants or Scholarships will be 
pro-rated based on whole weeks only through 
50% of the billing period. 

• Florida aid will be granted only if the 
withdrawal occurs after the end of the drop/ 
add period for the semester. 

• ^X^ether or not federal aid is granted is 
dependent on a specified federal formula 
which is applied to continuing students at 
Eckerd College through 50% of the billing 
period. The charges and credit for tuition, 
fees, room, and board will be generally 
proportioned through 50% of the billing 
period. Then the federal formula is applied to 
determine whether funds must be returned 
from the student's account to federal and 
other aid accounts in the following order: 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Stafford Loan 

Federal PLUS Loan 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Educational 

Opportunitv' Grant 
Other Title IV assistance 

Other federal, state, pri\'ate, or 
institutional programs 

If the student has unpaid charges to Eckerd 
College, any portion of a refund that was to be 
returned to the student will first be applied to the 
unpaid charges to Eckerd. 

Additional student information and sample 
calculations are available in the Financial Aid 


If a student withdraws from school with federal 
assistance and has received a cash disbursement 
from any of the following funds before withdraw- 
ing, special rules apply: 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Opportunity Grant 

Eckerd College will determine whether the cash 
disbursement made to the student for non- 
institutional living expenses amounts to an 
overpayment of federal Title IV funds. 

Through the first 14 calendar days of the semester, 
the school will determine if the cash disbursement 
was proportionately greater than the student's 
non-institutional living expenses up to the 
withdrawal date. 

A book and supply allowance will be permitted to 
the student and will be excluded from the federal 
formula. Also, extenuating circumstances may be 
taken into account. 

In determining whether an excess amount has 
been provided for non-institutional li\'ing expense 
during the first 14 calendar days of the semester, 
the school will use a specified federal formula. If 
excess funds have been received the student must 
repay the excess amount to the appropriate federal 
account(s) in the following order: 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Educational 
Opportunity Grant 

Other Title IV assistance 

Other federal, state, private, or 
institutional programs 


However, after the first 14 calendar days of the 
semester, no further proration will be applied and 
all cash disbursed will be considered fully needed 
for the student's non- institutional expenses. 


Any student or parent may appeal any decision 
made concerning a refund of Title IV Federal 
assistance in relation to the withdrawal policies 
described above. The appeal may be addressed to 
the Director of Financial Aid at the Financial Aid 
office, Eckerd College. 


Students who default on any Federal Title IV Loan 
or an Eckerd College institutional loan will have 
their academic transcript at Eckerd College 
withheld. The Registrar may not release the 
academic transcript until the college receives 
notification in writing from the applicable 
guarantee agency, the Department of Education, 
or other holder of the defaulted loan, that the 
default status have been resolved. 

Federal Title IV Loans affected by this policy are 
as follows: 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Stafford Loan 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Supplemental Loan for Students 
(SLS) (prior borrowers) 

Federal Plus Loan 

Institutional loans affected by this policy are: 

Ben Hill Griffin 

Helen Harper Brown 
Beck Donor 

Students in default status on any Federal Title IV 
Loan who request a Financial Aid Transcript will 
have the default status noted on the form. 
Students in default on any Federal Title IV Loan 
may receive no additional federal assistance at any 
school until the default status is resolved. 

To resolve the default status, the borrower holding 
a Federal Perkins Loan or institutional loan should 
contact the Eckerd College Student Loan office. 
The borrower holding a defaulted Stafford, SLS or 
PLUS Loan should contact the lender and 
guarantee agency. Provisions may be obtained for 
satisfactory arrangements for repayment to resolve 
the default status. Also, consolidation of federal 
loans or other avenues may be available to resolve 
the default status. 

The Registrar's office will also withhold the 
academic transcript for the students who withdrew 
or graduated from Eckerd College owing a balance 
on their student account. To resolve the debt, the 
student should contact the Student Accounts 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 


Chair, Behaiiard Science CoBegi'um 
Professor of Economics 
B.S., Fordham University 
M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Anthony R. Brunello 

Chair, Foimdaaais CoBegium 
Associate Pro/essor ofPoliticd Science 
B.A., University' of California, Davis 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Oregon 
Salvatore Capobianco 
Professor of Psychology 
B.A., M.A., University' of Kansas 
Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Mark H. Davis 

Assodate Professor ofPsyddogy 
B.A., University' of Iowa 
Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin 
William F.Felice 

Assistant Professor ofPcbacd Science 
B.A., University ofWashington 
MA, Goddard College 
Ph.D., New York University 
Michael G. Flaherty 
Professor of Sodohgy 

B.A., M.A., University of South Florida 
Ph.D., University' of Illinois 
Diana LFi^uitt 

Assodaie Professor ofEconcmcs 
M.A., Ph.D., Rice University 
Edward T.Grasso 

Associate Professor ofDeasicn Sciences 
B A, B.S., M.B.A., Old Dominion University 
Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and 
State Univeisity 
Jennifer Anne Flail 

Assisianr Professor ofPsyckhgy 
B.S., Trinity College 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Connecticut 
Peter K. Hammerschmidt 
Prcfessor of Economics 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 
James R.Flarley 

Professor of Physical Education 
Director of AMetics 
B.S., Georgia Teachers College 
M. A, George Peabody CoU^e 
John Patrick Henry 

Associate Professor ofSodchgy 
B.S., University of South Carolina 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Jeffery A. Howard 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Valparaiso University 

M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University' 


Assistant Professor ofPckicd Science 

B.A., Tianjin Foreign Language 
Institute, China 

M.L, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences 

Ph.D., University of Hawaii 
Linda L. Lucas 

Professor of Economics 

B.A., Uni\'ersit>' of Texas, Austin 

Ph.D., Uni\'eisity of Hawaii 
James M. MacDougall 

Pro/essor of Psychology 

B.S., Highlands University, New 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State Uruversity 
Mary K Meyer 

Assodate Professor ofPoHticd Science 

B.A., M.A., University of South Flonda 

Ph.D., University of Massachusetts 
Donna Marie O^esby 

Dfhmat in Residence 

B.A., Washington College 

M.A., Columbia University 
Donna A. Trent 

Assistaiu Professor ofManagement 

B.A, Newcomb College 

M.Ed., M.S., Ph.D., Tulane University 
William E. Winston 

Professor of Sodohgy 

B.A., Central Washington Uruversity 

M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 

William H. Parsons 

Chair , Comparadie Cultures Cdkgicm 

Professor of History and Russian Sa<dies 

B.A., Gnnnell College 

M.A., Harvard University 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
Victoria J. Baker 

Associate Professor ofA^nthropobgy 

B.A., Sweet Briar College 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Leiden, Netherlands 
Joseph M.Bearson 

Associate Professor ofMad<etir^and 
Inlemaconal Business 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.B.A., Columbia Ur\iversity 
Thomas J. DiSalvo 

Associate Professor of Spanish 

B.A., Hillsdale CoUege 

M.A., Middlebury College, Spain 

Ph.D., University ofWisconsin 

^Assistant Professor ofFrendx 

B.A., University of Florida 

MA, Florida State University' 

Ph.D., Duke University' 

Margarita M. Lezcano 

Associate Professor of Sfwnish 
B.A, Florida International University 
M.A., University of Florida 
Ph.D, Florida State University 
Naveen K Malhotra 

Associate Professor ofManagement and 

M.B. A., University of Tampa 
Ph.D., Uni\'ersity of South Florida 
Yolanda Molina-Gavilan 
Assistant Pro/essor of Spanish 
B.A., University ot Wisconsin 
M.A., University of Or^on 
Ph.D., Arizona State University 
Martha B. Nichols-Pecceu 
Assistom Professor ofFrendx 
B.A., Centra College 
M.A., Ph.D., Duke University 
Vivian A. Parsons 

Assistant Professor of Russian 
B.A., Brandeis University 
M.A.T., Harvard University 
William Pyle 

HaroldD. Holder Professor ofMana^ment 

and International Business 
B.B.A., University ofNotre Dame 
M.A., Buder University 
Ph.D., University of Michigan 
Hendrick Serrie 

Professor of Anthropology and International 

B.A., University ofWisconsin 
M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern University 
Steven L Sizoo 

Asistom Professor of Management and 

International Business 
B.S., University of Southern California 
M.B.A., University of Southern California 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 

Marion Smith 

Chair, Creatine Arts Collegium 

Associate Professor ofMusic 

B. Mus., Xavier College 

M.A., Washington State University 

Ph.D., Washington University, St. Louis 
Albert Howard Carter, IE 

Professor ofComparmie literature and 

B.A., Uruveisity of Chicago 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
Nancy Corson Carter 

Professor of Humanities 

B.A., Susquehanna University 

M.A., Ph.D, University of Iowa 
Ginger Claris 

Fanis and Victoria RahaR Assodate Prcfessor of 

B.S., M.S., Florida State University 

Ph.D., Indiana University 


Joan Osbom Epstein 

Professor of Music 

B.A., Smith College 

M.M., Yale UniveRity School ot Music 
Sandra A. Harris 

Assoaate Professor of Human Devekpment 

B.S.,M.S.,Ph.D., Virginia 
Commonwealth University 
Nancy G.Janus 

Associate Prcfessar of Human Daiebpment 

B.A., Wells CoUege 

M.Ed., University of Hartford 

Ed.D., University of Massachusetts 
Brian Ranson 

Assistant Professcrr ofVisud Arts 

B.F.A., New York State College of 

M.A., University of Tulsa 

M.F.A., Claremont Graduate School 
Richard A. Rice 

Professor of Theatre 

B. A., University of Denver 

M.A., Columbia University 

Ph.D., University of Utah 
Arthur N. Skinner 

Associate Professor ofVisud Arts 

B.A.,Eckerd CoUege 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Claire A. Stiles 

Associate Professor of Human Development 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State University 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
M.R Thomas 

Assistant Professor c^ Human Deiebpment 

B.Ph., Jnana Deep Vidyappth 

B.A., University of Kerala 

M.S.W., Tata Institute of Social Sciences 

Ph.D., Central Univeisity, New Delhi 
Cynthia Totten 

Associate Professor of Theatre 

B.A., M.A., Northwestern State 
University of Louisiana 

M.F.A., Southern Illinois University 

Ph.D., University ofNebraska 
Kirk Ke Wang 

Assistant Professor ofVisud Arts 

B.F.A., M.F.A., Nanjing Normal 
University, China 

M.F.A., University of South Florida 
D.Scott Ward 

AssoooK Professor of Creative Wriar^and 

B.S., Auburn University 

M. A., University of South Carolina 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Associate Dean for FaaJty Dex<ekpmeru and 
IntergereraDond Learrmg 

Professor of Education 

B.A.,Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Rorida 

V. Sterling Watson 

Professor of Literature and Creative Wridng 
BA.,Eckerd College 
M.A., University' of Florida 

Faculty of the Collegium of 

M. Suzan Harrison 

Chair, Letters CoHe^um 

Associate Professor ofEhetaric 

B.A.,Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 

Ph.D., University ofNorth Carolina 
Constantina Rhodes Bailly 

Assistant Professor ofReHgous Studies 

B.A., Rutgers University 

M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 
Timothy KBeal 

Assistaitt Professor ofRehgais Studies 

B.A., Seatde Pacific University 

M.Div., Columbia Theological Seminary 

Ph.D., Emorv' University 
Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor of Literature 

B.S., Stetson University 

M.A., University of Horida 

Ph.D., University' of South Florida 
Davkl J. Bryant 

Associate Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Harding College 

M. A., Abilene Christian College 

M.Div., Ph.D., Princeton Theological 
Andrew Chittick 

E. Leslie Peter Assistant Professor of East Asian 


B.A., Pomona College 

M.A., Ph.D., Umversit>' of Michigan 
Julienne H. Empric 

Professor ofUteraticre 

B.A., Nazareth College of Rochester 

M.A., York University 

Ph.D., University ofNocre Dame 
Bruce V. Foltz 

Associate Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Sonoma State University 

M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
James R. Goetsch, Jr. 

Assistant Professor ofPhibso(:hy 

B.A., M.A., Louisiana State University 

Ph.D., Emor^' University 
Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of American Studies 

B.A., Samford University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Calitbmia 
William B. Kelly 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 

B.S.,Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of South Florida 

Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Associate Professor of History 

B.A., Louisiana State University 

M.A., Ph.D., Stantoid University 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writir^ Exceience Program 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B. A., Wittenberg University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
Gary S. Meltzer 

Associate Professor ofChssia 

Gregory B. Padgett 

Assistant Prcjfessor of History 

B.A., Stetson University 

M.A., Ph.D., Ronda State University 
Peter A. Pay 

Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Knox CoUege' 

M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 
Robert CWigton 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., State University ofNew York, 

M.A.,J.D.,Ph.D., State University of 
New York, Buifalo 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 

David D. Grove 

Chatr, hlaturd Sciences Cdegum 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., CaUfomia State University, San 

Ph.D., University of California, 
Los Angeles 

W. Guy Bradley 

Assistant Professor ofMdecular Pkyskhgy 
B.A.,Eckerd CoUege 
Ph.D, University of South Rorida 
College of Medicine 

Gregg R. Brooks 

Associate Professor ofMarine Science 
B.S., Youngstown State University 
M.S., Ph.D., University of South Horida 

Anne J. Cox 

Assistant Professor of Physics 
B.S., Rhodes CoUege 
Ph.D., Uni\-ersity of Virginia 

Kelly Debure 

Assistant Professor of Computer Science 
B.S., Christopher Newport University 
M.S., The CoUege ofWiUiam and Mary 
Ph.D., University of South CaroUna 

Harry W.Ellis 
Professor of Physics 
B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 


Robert B.Erdman 

Assistant Professor cfMadne Sda^ce 

B.A., Milleisville University 

M.S., University of South Rorida 

Ph.D., University of South Florida 
Mark B. Fishman 

i'\ssoda[e Projessijr of Ccrrnpiuer Science 

B.A., Temple University' 

M. A., UniN'ersity of Texas 
Elizabeth A. Forys 

Assistant Professor ofEmTronmentai 

B.A., M.S., University of Virginia 

Ph.D., University' of Florida 
Edmund L. Gallizzi 

Professor ofCowputer Science 

B.Sc., University of Florida 

M.Sc., Ph.D., Universiry of 
Southwestern Louisiana 
Sheila D. Hanes 


B.A., Baylor University 

M.S., University of Illinois 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
Reggie L. Hudson 

Professor ofChenristry 


Ph.D., University of Tennessee 
Gerald J. G. Junevicus 

Associate Professor ofMathematics 

B.Sc., Worcester Polytechnic Institute 

M.Sc, Ph.D., University of Victoria, 
David Kerr 

Assistant Professor q/Majteroma 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of South 
Billy RMaddox 

Professor ofMndrmatics 

B.S., Troy State College 

M.Ed., University of Florida 

Ph.D., Univereity of South Carolina 

Associate Professor ofBbhg^ 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., University of Flonda 
Nanette M. Nascone 

Assistant Professor ofBblogy 


Ph.D., Harvard University 
John E ReynoUs, HI 

Professor of Biobgi 

B.A., Western Maryland College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Miami 
David A. Scholnick 

Assistant Professor of Bbk)gy 

B.A., University of San Diego 

M. A., College ofWilliam and Mary 

Ph.D., Uni\'er5it>' of Colorado at Boulder 
R. Chris Schnabel 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., University of Wyoming 

Ph.D., University ofWyoming 

Alan L. Soli 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B. A., Augsburg College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
William A. Szelistowski 

Assistant Professor of Bbhgy 

B.S., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of Southern California 
Joel B. Thompson 

Assistant Professor of Marine Geochemistry 

B.S., M.S., California State University 

B.S., Ph. D., Syracuse University 
Walter O.Walker 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.S., Ph.D., Clemson Universiry 
Stephen P. Weppner 

Assistant Professor of Physics 

B. A., State University of New York, 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
Laura Reiser Wetzel 

Assistant Professor ofMarine GeofAysics 

B.S.,Beloit College 

Ph.D., Washington University 

Foundations Collegium Faculty 

Anthony R. Brunello 

Foundations Cofegium Chair 

Behavioral Science CoJIegwn 
Ginger Clark 

DTra:tar , Oral CommMnioaion Program 

CreoOtig Arts CoHegiwm 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 

Letters CoBegiMm 

Library Faculty 

Edward I. Stevens 

E>irectar , Library Services and Professor of 
Information S^istems 
B.A., Davidson College 
M.Div., Han'ard EXvinity School 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Helene Ellen Gold 

Ekaronk Services Librarian and 

Assistant Professor 
A. A., Columbia-Greene 

Community College 
B. A., State University ofNew York 

at Albany 
M.S., State University ofNew York 

at Albany 
Jamie A. Hastreiter 

Technical Senkes Libranan 
Assodate Professor 

B.A., The State University ofNew York, 

M.L.S., Kent State University 
David W. Henderson 

lnstn4Ctioixil Services and Collection 


B.A., University of Connecticut 
M.S., Ohio University 
M.S.L.S., Rorida State University 
Cynthia A. Nuhn 

Instmctional Services Librarian and 

Assistant Professor 
B.A., California State university 
B.S.N. , University of South Rorida 
M.L.S., University of South Rorida 

Intercollegiate Athletics 

James R.Harley 

Drrector of Atretics 
Professor of Physical Education 
William J. Mathews 


Assistant Professor ofPhysbd Educatkn 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., University of South Rorida 



John M. Bevan 

Dean of Faaicy Emeritus 

Ph.D., Duke Univeisity 
Wilbur R Block 

Professor Ementiis oj Physics 

Ph.D., Univeisity ot Florida 
Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor Emeritus of Sociology 

Ph.D., New School for Social Research 
Richard R. Bredenberg 

Professoi' Emericus ofEducatian 

Ph.D., New York University 
Tennyson P. Chang 

Professcrr Emeria4S of Asian Studies 

Ph.D., Georgetown University 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor Emeritus of Humanities ard 

Ph.D., Yale Univeisity 
James G. Crane 

Professor Emeritus oPv'isual Arts 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 

Professor Ememi of Human Development 

Ed.D., Nova University 
Dudley EDeGroot 

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 

Ph.D., Ohio State University 
John C. Ferguson 

Professor Err\eritus of Biology 

Ph.D., Cornell Univeisity 

Frank M. Figueroa 

Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

Ed.D., Columbia University Teachers 
Irving G.Foster 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University otA'irginia 
Rejane P. Genz 

Professor Emerita of French Lar^uage and 

Ph.D., Laval University 
Keith W. Irwin 

Professor Emeritus ofPhibsophy 

M.Div., Garrett Theological Seminary 
Gilbert L Johnston 

Professor Err\eritus of Asian Studies and 

Ph.D., Harvard University 
Kenneth E. Keeton 

Professor of Emeritus of German 
Ph.D., University ofTslorth Carolina 

George W. Lofquist 

Professor Emeritus cfMathematics 
Ph.D., Louisiana State University 

Robert C. Meacham 

Professor Emeritus ofMathematxs 
Ph.D., Brown Univeisity 

William F.McKee 

Professor Emeritus of History 
Ph.D., Univeisity of Wisconsin 


Professor Emeritus of Literature 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Anne A. Murphy 

Professor Ementa of Political Sdence 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Richard W. Neithamer 

Professor Ementtts of Chemistry 

Ph.D., Indiana Univeisity 
George K. Reid 

Professor Enieritus ofBichgy 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Margaret R-R^ 

Professor Emerita ofVisual Art 

M.A., Presbyterian School of Christian 
William B.Roess 

Professor Emeritus ofBblogy 

Ph.D., Florida State University 
Ruth R- Trigg 

Regstrar Emerita 

B.A., Univeisity of Kentucky 
J. Thomas West 

Professor Emeritus ofPsydnbgy and 
Human DeielopDvent 

Ph.D., Vanderhilt University 
William C. Wilbur 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., Columbia Uni\'eisity 



Awarded each year at Commencement 









William B. Roess 


Kathryn J. Watson 

Professor of Biolo^ 

Professor of Education 

Julienne H. Empric 


J. Peter Meinke 

Professor of Literature 

Professm of Literature 

J. Thomas West 


Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of Psychology and 

Professor of American Studies 

Human Devebpinent Services 


Diana Fuguitt 

A. Howard Carter, III 

Associate Professor of Economics 

Professor of Comparative 


Arthur N. Skinner 

Literature and Humanities 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

Peter K. Hammerschmidt 


Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Professor of Economics 

Associate Professor of History 

Molly K. Ransbury 


Mark H. Davis 

Professor of Education 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

John E. Reynolds, III 


M. Suzan Harrison 

Associate Professor of Biology 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 

James G. Crane 


Victoria J. Baker 

Professor of Visual Arts 

Associate Professor of Anthropobgy 

Tom Oberhofer 


David Kerr 

Professor of Economics 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 





Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor of Literature 
George P. E. Meese 
Professor of Rhetoric 
Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 


Awarded each year at Academic Convocation 

1994 William B. Roess 

Professor of Biology 

1995 Molly K. Ransbury 
Professor of Education 

1996 Anthony R. Brunello 

Associate Professor of Political Science and 
Associate Dean of Faculty for General Education 

1997 Kathryn J. Watson 

Professor of Education and Associate Dean for 
Faculty Development and Intergeneraticmal Education 




Peter H. Armacost 


B.A., Denison University 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 


Lloyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Faculty 

Professor of Philosophy aiid Religion 
B.A., Davidson College 
M.Div., Ph.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, New York 
Anthony R. Brunello 
Associate Dean of Faculty for General 

Associate Professor of Political Science 
K. Russell Kennedy 

B.S., Northeastern University 
M.Ed., Suffolk University 
Sharon Setterlind 
Director of Information Technobgy 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M.S., National-Louis University 
Edward L Stevens 
Director of Inforrruition Services 

& Technology 
Director of Library Services 
Professor of Information Systems 
B.A., Davidson College 
M.Div., Harvard Divinity School 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Kathryn J. Watson 
Associate Dean for Faculty Deiebpment 

and Intergenerational Learning 
Professor of Education 
Larry E. Wood 
Director, Imtrwcriomil Technobgy 

B.S., M.S., Kansas State Univetsity 


Sharon M. Stacy 

Acting Director of Institutional 

Research and Pknning 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.B.A., University of South Florida 


Richard R. Hallin 

Dean af Admissions 

Associate Professor of Poiitical Science 

B.A., Occidental College 

B.A., M.A., Exeter College, Oxford 

University, England 
Ph.D., Columbia University 
Maria D. Alou 
Assistant Dean of Admissions 
B.A., Eckerd College 

Bryan C. Galuski 


B.A., Eckerd College 
Andrew J. Joseph 

Associate Dean of Admissions 

B.S., Eckerd College 
Kathy Dunmire Ralph 

Associate Dean of Admissions and 

Coordinator of New Student Financial Aid 

B.A., Maryville College 
Paul F. Honsinger 


B.A., Eckerd College 
Danielle Staker 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M. Kemp Talbott 

Associate Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 


Margaret W. Morris 


B.S., University' of Arkansas 

M.A., Wake Forest University 
Mary E. Buffone 

Assistant Director 

B.A., Worcester State College 
M. Joan Kaplan 

Associate Director for Florida Programs 
and PEL 

B.A., Eckerd College 


James E. Deegan 

Dean of Special Programs 

B.S., State University of New York, 

M.S., Ed.D., Indiana University 
James J. Annarelli 

Assistant Director, Program for 
Experienced Learners 

B.A., M.A., St John's University 

M.Phil., Ph.D., Drew University 
Joan M. Byrne 

Director, Continuing Education Center 

B.A., Fontbonne College 

M.A., University of St. Thomas 
Margaret Cooley 

Director, Program De>uek)pment 

Management Dei'eiofnnent Institute 

B.A., Rhodes College 

M.A., University of Chicago 
Dana E. Cozad 

Director, Program for Experienced 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.S.W., Florida State University 
Cheryl Chase Gold 

Director, Conferences and Summer 

B.A., City College of New York 

Linda Blalock Johnston 

Director of Marketing, Program for 

Experienced Learners 
B.A., Pennsylvania State University 
M.A., Emerson College 


Thomas Miller 

Vice President for Student Affairs 

Dean of Students 

B.S., Muhlenberg College 

M.S., Ed.D, Indiana University 
Joseph D. Carella 

Director, Counseling Center 

B.A., Fairfield University 

Psy.D., Nova University 
Walter F. Conner 


B.S., Florida State University 

M.Div., Fuller Theological Seminary 
Lillie M. Collins Philogene 

Director of Multicidtural Affairs 

B.A., University of South Florida 
William C. Covert 

Associate Dean of Students 

Director, Waterfront Activities 

ARC Instructor 
Barbara J. Ely, R.N. 

Director of Nursing Services 

Whitecross Hospital School of Nursing 
James R. Harley 

Director, Athletics 

Professor of Physical Education 
Kathryn Philliben 

Associate Dean , Residential Life 

B.A., Oakland University 

M.S., Winona State University 
Lena Wilfalk 

Associate Dean of Students 

Director, Career Services 

B.A., M.A., University of South Florida 


Merle F. AUshouse 


B.A., DePauw University 

M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 


William Pyle 


Harold D. Holder Professor of 

Management and International 




J. Webster Hull 

Vice President for Finance 

B.A., Brown Universin' 

MB. A. Columbia University' 
Joanne DiBlasio 

Director of Personnel 
Eddie Henderson 

Director, Fciciliries Management 
J. Tom Meiners 

Project Manager, Facilities Management 


Richard T. Haskins 

Vice Presitient for Development 

B.A., Point Park College 

M.A., George Washington University 
Gordon Leffingwell 

Dnector of Planned Gii'ing 

B.S., Western Michigan University 
Catherine McGarry 

Director of Communifs and 
Corporate Relanoris 

B.S., M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Paula J. Reed 

Director of Annual Gii'ing 

B.S., University of Florida 
Scott A. Rivinius 

Major/P[anned Gifts Officer 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of Michigan 
Bruce L. Robertson 

\ 'ice President & Director of Major Gifts 

B.A., University- of Florida 

M.Div., Union Theological Seminar^' 
K. Susan Stevens 

Director of Development Records and 
Computer Support Services 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.S., Florida Institute of Technology 


S. Steven Barefield 

Director of Alumni and Parent Relations 
B.A., Eckerd College 


Kathryn P. Rawson 

.Assistant Director of Public Relations 
B.A., Eckerd College 





Arthur J. Ranson, 111 

Benjamin Jacobson 

Vice Chairman 
Carol Holland 

Second Vice Chairman 
Peter H. Armacost 

J. Webster Hull 

Lloyd W. Chapin 

Acting Secretary 


Mr. Payton F. Adams 

St. Petetsburg, Flotida 
Dr. Peter H. Armacost 

President, Eckerd College 

St. Petersbufg, Florida 
Dr. Robert H. Atwell 

Longboat Key, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. A. Glenn Bass 

Faith Presbyterian Church 

Tallahassee, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. David G. Berry 

First Presbyterian Church 

Ft. Lauderdale, Florida 
Mrs. Barbara Brownell 

Bradenton, Florida 
Mrs. Karol BuUard 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. William Burchenal, Jr. 

Klein & Heuchan, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Miles C. Collier 

Colher Enterprises 

Naples, Florida 
Mrs. Jacqueline Cotman 

JNC Publishing 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Gay Culverhouse 

New York, New York 
The Rev. Dr. John T. DeBevoise 

Pahna Ceia Presbyterian Church 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Daniel M. Doyle 

Danim Industries 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Hon. David J. Fischer 

Mayor, City of St. Petersburg 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Jeffrey L. Fortune 

St. Pete Beach, Florida 
Mrs. Elizabeth A. Gould-Linne 

Color Corporation oj America 

Tampa, Florida 
Mrs. Anne Hoerner 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. W. Langston Holland 

St. Petersburg, Florida 

Mr. Kenneth A. Jacobsen 

Chimicles , Jacobsen & Tikellis 

Haverford, Pennsylvania 
The Rev. Benjamin Jacobson 

Sarasota, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Charles E. Jones, 111 

First Presb}'tenan Church 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Vemer (Bob) C. Jordan, Jr. 

Timpa, Florida 
The Rev. Susan Dobbs Key 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. James Malone 

HMI Industries 

Naples, Florida 
Dr. James D. Moore, Jr. 

Drs. Gloi'er & Moore, PC 

Abingdon, Virginia 
Mr. Alan I. Mossberg 

O.F. Mossberg & Sons, Inc. 

North Haven, Connecticut 
Mr. Helmar Nielsen 

Caroliim Profile 

Galax, Virginia 
Mr. Frank Newman 

Eckerd Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. George Off 

Camlma Marketing Corporation 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. L. Eugene Oliver, Jr. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. E. Leslie Peter 

Leslie Peter and Company 

Brandon, Florida 
Dr. Bluford Putnam 

Bankers Trust Company 

New York, New York " 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson, III 


Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Steven A. Raymund 

Tecfi Data Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. James M. Reed 

VC'illiams, Reed 

Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Roger P. Richardson 

Central Florida Presbytery 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Lance C. Ringhaver 

Ringhaver Equiprrient Company 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. William Ripberger 

Rowayton, Connecticut 
Mr. PN. Risser, III 

Risser Oil Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Dr. David Robinson 

Ft. Myers, Florida 
Mrs. Thelma Rothman 

Kane's Fw-niture Corporation 

Pinellas Park, Florida 

The Hon. Mel Sembler 

The Sembler Company 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Trisha M. Senterfitt 

First Presbyterian Church 

Atlanta, Georgia 
Mrs. Deedie Simmons 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Les R. Smout 

]ack Eckerd , Inc . 

Clearwater, Florida 
Dr. Joseph E. Thompson 

AtLantic University Center 

Atlanta, Georgia 
The Rev. Dr. Gerald L. Tyer 

Prest>;ytery of Tampa Bay 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. David L. Warren 

National Association of Independent 

Colleges and Universities 

Washington, D.C. 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb, Jr. 

Deenng Bay 

Coral Gables, Florida 
Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 

Wittner Companies 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Grover C. Wrenn, Jr. 

Strategic Diagrxostics , Inc. 

Alexandria, Virginia 

Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell 

Greenville, South Catolina 
The Rev. Dr. John B. Dickson 

Houston, Texas 
The Rev. Dr. Paul M. Edris 

Daytona Beach, Florida 
Dr. Willard F. Enteman 

Rhode Islarui College 

Providence, Rhode Island 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. John Wm. Galbraith 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Charles G. Gambrell 

Charlotte, North Carolina 
Mr. Willard A. Gortner 

Naples, Florida 
The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harold D. Holder 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. William R. Hough 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Orlando, Florida 
Dr. Althea Jenkins 

Chicago, Illinois 
Mr. Alfred A. McKethan 

Brooksville, Florida 
Mr. William E O'Neill 

Osprey, Florida 


Mrs. Woodbury Ransom 

Charlevoix, Michigan 
Mrs. Wyline Chapman Sayler 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Robert T. Sheen 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. John W. Sterchi 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Stewart Turley 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mrs. Martha R. Wallace 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. W. M. Zemp 

Crystal River, Florida 

Mr. Charles J. Bradshaw 

Vero Beach, Florida 

It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discnminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap, religion, sexual orientation, creed, race or color, or national origin in its educational 
programs, activities, admissions, or emplo^-ment policies as required by federal and state legislation. Inquines regarding compliance with discrimination lav\'s may be directed 
to Dean of Admissions, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Flonda 33711 813/867- 1 1 66. Eckerd College ls an equal opportunity- employer. 




Fri. , Aug. 7 Freshmen amve. Financial clearance and registiacion before 3 :00 p.m. 

Sat., Aug. 8 Autumn term begins. 

Wed., Aug. 1 9 Completed Freshmen preference sheets for tall semester courses are retumed to Registrar. 

Tues., Aug. 25 Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. tor new students tor fall semester. 

Wed. , Aug. 26 Onentation tor new students. 

Fn., Aug. 28 End of autumn term. 


Thurs., Aug. 27 Residence houses open to returning upperclass saidents at 9:00 am. 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration. 

Fri., Aug. 28 Registration and financial clearance for tall semester. 

Mon., Aug. 3 1 Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Wed., Sept. 2 Opening Qinvocation, 1 :30 p.m. 

Thurs., Sept. 10 End of drop/add pericxl tor tall semester courses. 

Mon.'Tues., Oct. 5-6 Midtemi holiday 

Fri., Oct. 9 All students fill out preference sheets tor winter term and retum them to the Registrar. 

Fri., Oct. 23 Last day to withdraw trom tall semester courses with W grade, or change trom audit to credit. 

Wed., Nov. 4 All students till out preference sheets for spring semester courses and retum them to the Registrar. 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 26-27 Thanksgivii"ig holiday; no classes 

Fri., Dec. 4 Last day of classes 

Mon.-Fri., Dec. 7-11 Examination period 

Sat., Dec. 1 2 Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon. 


Sun., Jan. 3 Residence houses open at noon. 

Mon., Jan. 4 Financial clearance tor all new students. New student registration/onentation tor wmter term. 

Returning students do not need to check in with Registrar . 

Tues., Jan. 5 Winter temi begins. All projects meet first day of wuiter term . 

Wed., Jan. 6 Last day to enter winter temi; end ot drop/add pencxl; last day to change project or withdraw 

trom winter term with W grade. 

Mon., Jan. 1 8 Martin Luther Kiiig day, no classes. 

Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 28-29 Vast comprehensi\'e examination period. 

Fn., Jan. 29 Winter term ends. 


Sun., Jan. 3 1 Residence houses open at noon. 

Mon., Feb. 1 New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance and 

registration tor-spnng semester, all students. 

Tues., Feb. 2 Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Thurs., Feb. 1 1 End of drop/add period tor spring semester courses. 

Fri., Feb. 19-Feb.21 Family Weekend 

Sat., Mar. 27 Spring recess begins. 

Mon., April 5 Students retum. 

Tues., April 6 Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Thurs., April 8 Mentor conferences and contracts tor 1 999-2000 

Fri., April 9 Last day to withdraw trom spring semester courses with W grade, or change trom audit to credit. 

Wed., April 14 All students fill out preference sheets tor fall semester courses, 1999, and retum them to the Registrar 

Thurs.-Fri., April 22-23 Second comprehensive examination period. 

Fri., May 14 Last day of classes 

Mon.-Fn., May 1 7-2 1 Examination penod 

Sat., May 22 Baccalaureate. Residence houses close at 5:00 pm. tor non-Seniors who are not attending commencement. 

Sun., May 23 Commencement 

Mon., May 24 Residence houses close at 4:00 pm. tor all students. 


May 31 -July 23 Summer term 

May 3 1 -June 25 Session A 

June 28-July 23 Session B 




Fri., Aug. 13 Fresl-unen arri\'e. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Sat., Aug. 14 Autunm temi begins. 

Wed., Aug. 2 5 G-)mpleted Freshmen preference sheets for tall semester courses iwe reaimed to Registrar. 

Tues., Aug. 3 1 Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester. 

Wed., Sept. 1 Orientation for new students. 

Fri., Sept.. 3 End of autumn temi. 


Tliurs., Sept. 2 Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 am. 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration. 

Fri., Sept. 3 Registration arid fiiiancial clearance for tall semester. 

Mon., Sept. 6 Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Wed., Sept. 8 Opening Convocation, 1 ■.iO p.m. 

ThuK., Sept. 9 End ot drop/add period for fall semester courees. 

McTL'Tues, Ctt 11-12 Midtemi holiday 

Fri., Oct. 15 All students till out preterence sheets for wiiiter term and return diem to tl"ie Registrar. 

Fri., Oct. 29 Last day to wididraw trom tall semester courses with W grade, or change trom audit to credit. 

Wed., Nov. 1 All students till out preterence sheets tor spring semester courses and retum diem to the Registrar. 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 2 5-26 Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 

Fri., Dec. 10 Last day of classes 

Mon.-Fri., Dec. 13-17 Examination period. 

Sat., Dec. 1 8 Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at ntxin. 


Sun., Jan. 2 Resilience houses open at noon. 

Mon., Jail. 3 Firtmcial clearance tor all new smdents. New saident registration/orientation for winter term. 

Retuniiiig students do not need to check in widi Registrar . 

Tues., Jan. 4 Winter temi begins. All projects meet first day ot waiter temi . 

Wed., Jan. 5 Last day to enter winter temi; end ot drop/add penod; last day to change project or withdraw 

trom winter term widi W grade. 

Mon., Jan. 1 7 Martin Luther King day, no classes. 

Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 27-28 First comprehensive examination period. 

Fri., Jan. 28 Winter temi ends. 


Sun., Jan. 30 Residence houses open at noon. 

Mon., Jan. 3 1 New and returning students arrive. New smdent orientation. Financial clearance and 

registration for-spring semester, all students. 

Tues., Feb. 1 Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Thurs. , Feb. 1 End of drop/add period tor spring semester couises. 

Fri., Feb. 25 - Feb.27 Family Weekend 

Sat., Mar. 25 Spring recess begins. 

Mon., April 3 Students retum. 

Tues., April 4 Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Thurs., April 6 Mentor conferences and contracts for 2000-2001 

Fri., April 7 Last day to withdraw trom spring semester courees with W grade, or change trom audit to credit. 

Wed., April 1 2 All students till out preference sheets for tall semester courses, 1 999, and reaim them to the Registrar 

Thurs.-Fri., April 13-14 Second comprehensive examination period. 

Fri., April 2 1 Gcxxl Friday, no classes 

Fri., May 1 2 Last day of classes 

Mon.-Fri., May 15-19 ExcTmuiation pericxl 

Sat., May 20 Baccalaureate. Residence houses ckise at 5 -.CO pm. tor non-Seniois who are not attending commencement. 

Sun., May 2 1 Commencement 

Mon., May 22 Residence houses close at 4:00 pm. tor all students. 


May 29-July 2 1 Summer term 

May 29-June 23 Session A 

June 26-July 2 1 Session B 


IJNUE/X. (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Academic Calendar 5 

Academic Credit 21 

Academic Exemption Petitions 17 

Academic Minor 27 

Academic Polities 17 

Academic Program 5 

Academic Progress Standards 22 

Academy of Senior Professionals 16 

Accreditation 1 

Admission 117 

Early Admission 119 

Equivalency Certificates 119 

Freshman 117 

International Students 120 

Procedures after Acceptance 118 

Transfer Students 118 

Adult Education 15 

Advanced Placement 119 

Aes:he±Pei-specnveCaffses 27 

Afro- American Society 115 

Alumni Association 16 

Ameriam Studies 29 

Anhropology iO 

Area of Q)ncentration/Major 18, 19 

Art 32 


Athletics 117 

Auditing Classes 24 

Autumn Term 5, 112 

Behavioral Science, Collegium of 8 

Biobgy 35 

Board of Trustees 146 

Calendar, Academic 5 

Calendar of Events, 1998-1999 148 

Calendar of Events, 1999-2000 149 

Campus Life 114 

Career Sen/ices Program 14 

Chemistry 38 

Co-Curricular Program 10 

Co-CurricLilar Transcript 10 

Q)llege Entrance Examinations 117 

Qillege Level Examination Program (CLEP) 119 

College Program Series 18 

Collegium Concept 6 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Christian Values 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 4 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 8 

Comparative Uterature 41 

Ccfmposition 41 

Composition Competency Requirement 17 

Comprehensive Examinations 18 

Computer Science 42 

Costs 132 

Course and Major Descriptions 27 

Course Requirements 17 

Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 27 

Creative Arts, Collegium ot 8 

CreoGic Writing 44 

Credit, Academic 21 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment 115 

Dance 107 

Day Students 117 

Dean's List 23 

Deferred Admissions 119 

Degree Requirements, B.A 17 

Degree Requirements, B.S 18 

Demonstrated Proficiency 21 

Directeii StMii^y Courses 46 

Dismissal, Academic 23 

Early Admission 119 

Economcs 46 

Employment on Campus 131 

EngaveringDudDegree Program 12 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 115 

EmironmeniiiiiPerspecD'ie Courses 49 

Emironmentd Studies 49 

Examination, Gimprehensive 18 

Expenses 132 

ExperiencedLeamers, Program for 15 

Extracurricular Activities Suspension 23 

Faculty and Administration 139 

Fees 132 

Financial Aid 120 

Academic Standards of 

Satisfactory Progress 121 

Employment 131 

Grants 129 

Loans 130 

Renewals 132 

Scholarships 123 

Veterans' Benefits 130 

Withdrawal Retui-id 135 

Ford Afifn-enticeScfiolars Program 18,52 

Foreign Language Qimpetency Requirement 17 

Foundations Collegium 7, 113 

French 80 

Gender and V^omerr's Sadies 109 

General Education 6 

Geography 52 

German 81 

Global A/foiVs and /ntermUKmnI Relations 64 

Global Perspective Courses 53 

Grade Reports 22 

Grading System 21 

Graduation Requirements 17 

Giants 129 

Fiealth Services 116 

History 54 

Honors at Graduation 23 

HonorsProgram 19,57 

Honor Societies 20 

Humardties 60 

Human Devebpment 57 

Human Resource Institute 11 

Incomplete Grades 21 

Independent Saidy 20 


Intormation Technology- Competency 18 

IntemadaixilBiish-icss 60 

International Educition 13 

IraemadoiYiEdiication Courses 62 

International Students 14 

International Student Admission 120 

lntematmiReklac^^sal^dGhM Affairs 64 

InternadcmalSaidies 66 

Insurance 134 

Interxdew, Admission 119 

Italim 82 

Japanese 82 

Loon 66 

Leaderehip and Self-Discover^' Practicum 8 

Letters, Collegium ot 9 

Library 9 

Uterature 67 

Loans 130 

Lcmdcni Offering 62 

Major/Area of Concentration Requirements 20 

Major and Course Descriptions 27 

Management 71 

Morrne Science 74 

Mahemadcs 77 

Medical Tec/inology 79 

Mentors 5 

Modem Longwoges 79 

Miisc 83 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 9 

Off-Campus Programs 13 

Oral Compietency Requirement 18 

Organi:ations and Clubs 115 

Payment Methods 135 

PersonneiondfiumanResoMrceManagemem 85 

Perspecdi'e Courses Reqiarement 18 

Phhsophy 86 

PhhsophylReligion 88 

Physical Education 88 

Physics 89 

Policies, Academic 17 

PoidcalScience 90 

Pre-Professional Programs 11 

Probation, Academic 22 

Program /or E>f)e7Tenced Learners 15 

Ps^'chological Ser\'ices 116 

Psychology 94 

Quantitative Competency Requirement 18 

Quest /or Meaning 18,96 

Readmission ot Students 120 

Registration 24 

Religious Life 115 

ReligmlPhibsophy 96 

Retgioiis Stndies/ReIigioiis Education 96 

Requirements tor Degree 

Autumn Term 17 

College Program Series 18 

Composition Competency- 17 

Comprehensive Examination/Thesis 18 

Foreign Language Qimpetency 17 

Information Technolog\' Competency 

Major/.Area of Concentration 

Oral Competency 

Perspective Courses 

Quantitative Competency 

Transfer Smdents 17 

Western Heritage in a Global Context 

Winter Term 17 

Resident Adviser Jiitemsliip 99 

Room and Board 133 

ROTC 12,99 

Russian Snidies 99 

St. Petersburg, the Cit\' 114 

Satisfactory- Academic Progress 22 

Satisfactory Academic Progress for 

Financial Aid 121 

Scholarships 123 

Sdenti/ic Perspeoii'e Courses 100 

SeaSemester 14, 101 

Semester Abroad 13 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 18 

Seraar Seminars 101 

SoddRehtionsPerspecdi'e Courses 102 

Sociology 103 



Special Academic Programs 


Student Activities 

Student Government 

Student Life 

Student Publications 

Student Record Policy 

Summer Term 


TiTeat7-e 106 

Theses, Senior 18 

Transfer Admission 118 

Transfer of Credit 118 

Transfer Student Requirements 17, 118 

Tuition and Fees 133 

Veteran's Benefits 



Waterfront Program 116 

Western Heritage in a Global Context 18,109 

Winter Terni 6, 109 

Winter Term Abroad 13 

Withdrawal and FinanciaLAid 136 

Withdrawal from College 23 

Withdrawal Grades 23 

Women' sandCenderSatdies 109 

WritingCenter •• 13 

Year Abroad . 



Only from a campus visit can you judge it the school and your 
expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class visit with our professors 
and students, and take time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. Check the academic 
calendar before planning your visit. We ask only one thing of you: 
give us some advance notice of your arrival. Call us or drop us a line- 
the Admissions staff will he happy to work with you. 
The Admissions office is open from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm on weekdays, 
from 9:00 am to noon on Saturday; summer hours are weekdays 8:30 
am to 5:00 pm. 

For best results, please direct all correspondence prior to your 
acceptance to the Dean of Admissions. 



For prompt handling, please address inquiries as indicated below: 

Academic Affairs 

Adult Programs 


Alumni Relations 

Business Affairs 

Events at the College 

Financial Aid to Students 

Financial Assistance to the College 

Payment of Fees 

Student Housing, Interests, and CounseUng 

Summer School 

Transcripts, Grades, and Academic Achievement 

Dean of Faculty 
Dean of Special Programs 
Dean of Admissions 
Director of Alumni Relations 
Vice President for Finance 
Director of Public Relations 
Director of Financial Aid 
Vice President for Development 
Student Accounts 
Dean of Students 
Coordinator, Summer School 

Visitors are welcome to Eckerd College. The administration offices are open Monday through Friday 
from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm. Visitors desiring interviews with members of the staft are urged to make 
appointments in advance. 


4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711 
Telephone (727) 867-1166 or (800) 456-9009 (Admissions)